Urban permaculture


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This is a presentation made by Sarah and Summer at Urban ReThink about urban permaculture

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Urban permaculture

  1. 1. Urban Permaculture  "Turning space into place"
  2. 2. What is Permaculture?
  3. 3. What is Permaculture?  <ul><li>&quot;Design science rooted in observation of natural ecosystems that aid in designing human settlements that have the resilience of natural systems&quot; - Penny Livingston Stark </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Earth Care </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>People Care  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fair Share  </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Principles:  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Observe- Natural cycles  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Connect- Relationships  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Catch/store energy- Gain yield  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Each element has multiple functions  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Problems = Solutions  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Creativity is an essential resource </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. &quot;Urban permaculture is intensely social. Everything you do is within sight, sound, or touch of a neighbor...or an inspector.&quot; - Charlie Headington
  5. 5. Designing the Ecological Garden Observation: Getting to know the Place <ul><li>- Location of Cardinal Directions </li></ul><ul><li>- Wind Patterns </li></ul><ul><li>- Where does water fall and flow </li></ul><ul><li>- Soil composition (jar test) </li></ul><ul><li>- Feel temperature changes, know  microclimates ! </li></ul><ul><li>- What was here before? </li></ul><ul><li>     *human impact? </li></ul><ul><li>     *what was or is currently growing? </li></ul><ul><li>- Where is the traffic flow? </li></ul><ul><li>- What goes on in you neighborhood?  </li></ul><ul><li>    *herbicide </li></ul><ul><li>    *waste/recycling </li></ul><ul><li>    *zoning rules </li></ul><ul><li>    *home owners association </li></ul><ul><li>    *water rationing </li></ul><ul><li>    *construction restrictions </li></ul><ul><li>- Resources available locally  </li></ul><ul><li>- Animals and potential pests </li></ul>
  6. 6. Visioning  <ul><li>- What do you see your space as? </li></ul><ul><li>    *sanctuary </li></ul><ul><li>    *commercial area </li></ul><ul><li>    *entertainment </li></ul><ul><li>    *food production </li></ul><ul><li>- What does your space need? </li></ul><ul><li>    *healthy soil </li></ul><ul><li>    *biodiversity </li></ul><ul><li>    *remediation </li></ul><ul><li>    *giving water back to aquifers       </li></ul><ul><li>    * resilience, the ability to with stand climate change ! </li></ul>
  7. 7. Visioning How can we incorporate Permaculture in an urban setting? <ul><li>What are your limiting factors in an urban area? </li></ul><ul><li>What are your opportunities in an urban area? </li></ul>
  8. 8. Visioning <ul><li>What are our  limiting  factors in an urban area? </li></ul><ul><li>- space </li></ul><ul><li>- time </li></ul><ul><li>- $ </li></ul><ul><li>- neighbors  </li></ul><ul><li>- laws </li></ul><ul><li>What are our  opportunities  in an urban area? </li></ul><ul><li>-mulch </li></ul><ul><li>- composting </li></ul><ul><li>- neighbors </li></ul>
  9. 9. Visioning <ul><li>What do we need to live regeneratively ? </li></ul>
  10. 10. Visioning <ul><li>What do you need to live  regeneratively ? </li></ul><ul><li>* food* </li></ul><ul><li>*water* </li></ul><ul><li>*shelter* </li></ul><ul><li>*medicine* </li></ul><ul><li>*healthy soil* </li></ul><ul><li>*healthy community* </li></ul>
  11. 11. Planning <ul><li>-Recognize patterns, form follows function. </li></ul><ul><li>EX: Branching allows the collection and flow of nutrients throughout a system. </li></ul><ul><li>     </li></ul>
  12. 12. Planning Think outside of the raised bed!
  13. 13. Planning <ul><li>- STACK  functions! </li></ul><ul><li>    *Stacking Functions:   </li></ul><ul><li>      Designing each element to have multiple functions. </li></ul><ul><li>      EX: Trees </li></ul><ul><li>         -Provide shade and protection to other plants </li></ul><ul><li>         -Habitat for animals </li></ul><ul><li>         -Timber </li></ul><ul><li>         -Food </li></ul><ul><li>         -Microclimate  </li></ul><ul><li>-Design with convenience in mind. </li></ul><ul><li>    *Compost close to home </li></ul><ul><li>    *Plants that are used most frequently close to the kitchen </li></ul><ul><li>    *Water source near garden </li></ul><ul><li>    *Appropriate pathways, to prevent compacting the soil. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Planning <ul><li>Conceptual Design </li></ul><ul><li>What is the goal? </li></ul><ul><li>What do we need to design to obtain those goals? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>water catchment  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>building biodiversity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>microclimates </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Schematic Design  </li></ul><ul><li>Making lists of plants, structures, functions, materials needed, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Figuring out zoning. </li></ul><ul><li>Drawing it all out </li></ul>
  15. 15. Zoning Designing conveniently! <ul><li>Zone 1 </li></ul><ul><li>Areas of your homestead that you visit most. Not based on solely proximity, mostly about convenience. </li></ul><ul><li>EX: Seedlings, herbs, chicken coop, and compost. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Zone 2 </li></ul><ul><li>Also a frequented area, but more vegetables and things that do not need to be tended to daily. </li></ul><ul><li>Zone 3 </li></ul><ul><li>Usually areas of the homestead that do not need much management. </li></ul><ul><li>EX: Fuit trees, nut trees, beekeeping, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Zone 4 </li></ul><ul><li>More wild areas that are barely managed, used often times for resources. </li></ul><ul><li>EX: Timber, bamboo for building materials, wells, etc.  </li></ul><ul><li>Zone 5 </li></ul><ul><li>Unmanaged native lands. Allows for restoration of wild areas. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Zoning
  17. 17. Zoning for Urban Areas <ul><li>Usually in urban areas there is only enough room for zones 1-3. In order to include zones 4 and 5 we must get creative. We need extend the boundaries of our own homes to include the community, and the resources available for us to share.  </li></ul><ul><li>EX:  </li></ul><ul><li>Zone 1: Your everyday herbs, veggies, chickens, and kitchen scrap composting. </li></ul><ul><li>Zone 2: Yard trimming compost, water catchment, solar, grey water system, etc. Zone 3: Fruit trees, nut trees, storage, bees, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Zone 4: Other fruit and nut trees, building supplies, firewood, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Zone 5: Native unmanaged lands for responsible recreational use. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Designing the Ecological Garden An overview... <ul><li>1. Observation: Get to know your space  </li></ul><ul><li>2. Visioning: How do you see you working for your space and your space working for you?  </li></ul><ul><li>3. Planning: Connecting systems and functions  </li></ul><ul><li>4. Development: How are you going to implement the design?  </li></ul><ul><li>5. Implementation: Be flexible and DO IT!   </li></ul>
  19. 19. Water Cycle  &quot;Without water there is no life&quot;  <ul><li>Where do we currently get our water from and where does it go?  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Water is pumped to our sinks, toilets, baths, laundry. Its used once then pumped back out to sewers, treated by St. Johns Water Management District then, &quot;often times the treated wastewater is pumped to the St. Johns River for disposal.&quot; (SJWMD website)  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>&quot; Treated wastewater is the largest contributor of nutrient pollution in the lower St. Johns River.&quot; (SJWMD website) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Don't forget about that rainwater we force into sewers with driveways, parking lots  curbs and poor city design...that gets &quot;treated&quot; and pumped for disposal too!  </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Harvesting Rainwater  <ul><li>How can we prevent our precious water from being turned into pollution? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Keep it on our land as long as we can!  </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Permaculture principle: Take resources out of the waste stream!  </li></ul><ul><li>How does nature store water?  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>lakes, ponds, plants, air and soil </li></ul></ul><ul><li>By mimicking how nature stores water through multiple techniques that flow between each other, we can ensure water even through the driest months.  </li></ul>
  21. 21. Harvesting Rainwater in our SOIL <ul><ul><li>Cheapest way to store and use rainwater! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Healthy soil, rich in organic matter can hold rainwater like a sponge!  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Slow down runoff by creating swales on contours to keep water in the ground </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Storing water underground creates a reservoir that plants can use later on  </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Water, which is life, creates more life!  </li></ul></ul>
  22. 23. Harvesting Rainwater in our PLANTS <ul><ul><li>Grow plants that are native or have water needs suited to our climate or create microclimates </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Arrange plants according to water needs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Where is there a downspout?  </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Where does water collect during a rain?  </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>&quot;Let nature and gravity do your watering for you.&quot; -Toby Hemenway  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Densely pack plants in to create shade  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mimics a forest system </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>shading soil reduces evaporation by 60% </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>slows transpiration from plants' roots  </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  23. 24. Harvesting Rainwater by MULCHING <ul><ul><li>Mimicking forest systems once again; no soil is barren, always covered by decomposing matter  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2-4&quot; layer of mulch, keeps roots cool and slows transpiration  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Breaks down and creates humus which creates more water harvesting capacity!  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prevents erosion and leaching of precious nutrients  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Where to get mulch?  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Leaves from the yard or neighbor's yard </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Local tree services deliver for free !  </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Get creative! Use materials from your neighborhood  </li></ul></ul></ul>
  24. 25. Harvesting Rainwater with  RAIN BARRELS <ul><ul><li>Catching water from our roofs  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Plants like rainwater not chlorine city water!  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How much water can your roof provide?  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Area X Average yearly rainfall/ 12 = Water X 7.5  </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Orlando's avg rainfall: 48.4 inches </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>117 days of rain  </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Go outside when it rains! Where is water coming from?  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Make sure gutters and downspouts are in place or in good shape!  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Put rain barrels higher than garden so gravity can water for you </li></ul></ul>
  25. 26. Soil  &quot;The dance from death to life&quot; <ul><ul><li>human comes from the same roots as the word humus meaning &quot;earth&quot; and our bodies are made up of the same elements and microorganisms as fertile organic soil </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What soil is and what soil does:   </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>One teaspoon of good pasture soil can contain billions of bacteria, fungi and amoebae  </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Soil is living and teaming with microbial life!  </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Soil, microbes/ fungi, plants have symbiotic relationship ---- Diversity builds diversity!  </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Microbes decompose organic matter, plants provide food for microbes so microbes can provide nutrients that plants can't breakdown on their own </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fungi and bacteria secrete antibiotics that protect plants </li></ul></ul></ul>
  26. 27. How do we create healthy, productive soil?  <ul><ul><li>One of the easiest and cheapest ways is SHEET MULCHING </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Building soil through layers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>How to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>DON'T PULL WEEDS! Put down a layer of cardboard or newspaper  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>restaurants, stores, everywhere!  </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Make sure its wet  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Add layer of compost   </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Add layer of mulch (2-4&quot;)  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Plant directly or sow in ground cover  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Create a border to prevent leaching/runoff  </li></ul></ul>
  27. 29. Plants   <ul><ul><li>Diversity of plants  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>&quot;The more diverse the plants, the more diverse the opportunities.&quot; - H.C. Flores  </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Less disease and insect infestation  </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Less resource competition between plants  </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Yields more  </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Diversity of plant functions  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Edibles  </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Medicinals  </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Aromatics/Insectaries  </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fiber </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Dynamic Accumulators/Nitrogen Fixers  </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mulches  </li></ul></ul></ul>
  28. 30. Plants Guilds & Polycultures  <ul><ul><li>&quot;Dynamic, self organizing plant communities composed of several to many species.&quot; - Toby Hemenway  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mimics nature by filling in niches  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Blending plant functions so they interact harmoniously </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Looking at how indigenous tribes grow food </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>3 sisters guild: corn, squash, and beans  </li></ul></ul></ul>
  29. 31. Edible Forest Gardens  <ul><ul><li>Designing gardens that mimic forest ecosystems where nutrients are tightly cycled and niches are filled  </li></ul></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Canopy  </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Understory  </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Shrub  </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Herb </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Groundcover  </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Vine  </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Focuses on perennial and native species  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>&quot;Incognito Gardening&quot;: Using edible analogs of ornamental plants  </li></ul></ul>
  30. 33. Where to get plants... <ul><ul><li>Seed saving (PDF) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cuttings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ask your neighbors :)  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Simple Living Institute  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Seed Exchange  </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Plants for sale through Homegrown Co-op </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>UCF Arboretum Plant Sale  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Audubon Park Community Market  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>EOS (Florida Seed Co)  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nurseries  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>  ECHO  </li></ul></ul>
  31. 34. Reclaiming Community Space  <ul><ul><li>Envisioning what we want our community to look like  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Edible Landscapes/Food not Lawns  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ornamentals to Edibles  </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Trees -----> Fruit  </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Buffers/ Medians  </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Grass -----> Food </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Low maintenance  </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Natives/ Naturalized/ Resilient plants  </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Repairing community space, places to come together and meet to share ideas  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>walkable </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>bikeable  </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>grid system? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>City Repair (Portland)  </li></ul></ul></ul>
  32. 35. Portland's City Repair  De-paving Project They de-paved 28,000 square feet in 2009 which increased space for more gardens and native lands in their urban environment!
  33. 36. Reclaiming Community Space... <ul><ul><li>Vacant Lots  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Turning unproductive land into FOOD FORESTS! </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cuba  </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cleveland  </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Guerilla gardening  </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Changing city codes/ zones  </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Skill Share </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Empowering each other!  </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sharing the knowledge each of us has  </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Creating and strengthening                                 community bonds  </li></ul></ul></ul>
  34. 38. Guerilla Gardening
  35. 39. Opportunities in Orlando to learn more! <ul><li>Simple Living Institute </li></ul><ul><li>A non-profit all about &quot;simple living&quot;. This Fall Simple Living is offering a Permaculture Design Course starting September 17th!  </li></ul><ul><li>Florida School of Holistic Living </li></ul><ul><li>Here you can learn about everything from Herbalisim to Permaculture right in the downtown area. Internships opportunities are available too! </li></ul>
  36. 40. UCF Arboretum and Community Garden Great place to begin learning the basic gardening techniques for free! Open for volunteers on weekday mornings!
  37. 41. Urban Permaculture Resource Guide <ul><li>Websites:  </li></ul><ul><li>permaculture-media-download.blogspot.com  </li></ul><ul><li>permacultureactivist.net  </li></ul><ul><li>operationpropagation.tumbler.com </li></ul><ul><li>Books:  </li></ul><ul><li>Intro to Permaculture by Bill Mollison </li></ul><ul><li>Permaculture: A Designer's Manual by Bill Mollison and David Holmgren </li></ul><ul><li>Permaculture: Principles and Pathways Beyond Sustainability by David Holmgren </li></ul><ul><li>Gais's Garden by Toby Hemenway  </li></ul><ul><li>Food Not Lawns by H.C. Flores  </li></ul><ul><li>Edible Forest Gardens by Dave Jacke </li></ul><ul><li>One Straw Revolution by Masanobu Fukuoka </li></ul><ul><li>Create and Oasis with Grey Water by Art Ludwig </li></ul><ul><li>How to Grow More Vegetables by John Jeavons </li></ul><ul><li>Perennial Vegetables by Eric Toensmeier  </li></ul>