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Effects of Climate Change on Maternal and Pregnancy Outcomes

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Climate change and the potential effects on maternal and pregnancy outcomes

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Effects of Climate Change on Maternal and Pregnancy Outcomes

  1. 1. Climate change and the potential effects on maternal and pregnancy outcomes Oratechsolve Inc
  2. 2. Climate can influence human health • Lack of food and safe drinking water • Poor sanitation • Population migration • Changing disease pattern and morbidity • Frequent extreme weather events • Lack of shelter
  3. 3. Health Risks for mothers and children Malnutrition Infectious diseases Environmental Problems Direct Heat Exposure
  4. 4. Women in developing countries suffer from climate change due to •Poverty •Poor sanitation • Poor population health status • High population density • Poor health care systems • Political instability
  5. 5. Good maternal health is crucial for a healthy birth outcome and a healthy gestational period.
  6. 6. Almost 3 million neonatal deaths and stillbirths yearly are attributable to maternal health conditions, such as poor nutritional status, deprived living environment, and infectious diseases.
  7. 7. Temporary side effects of pregnancy in first trimester due to hormonal changes • Exhaustion • Altered appetite • Nausea and vomiting • Weight loss • Abdominal cramps • Yeast infections • Headaches • Breast pain • Pica
  8. 8. • Weight gain • Dizziness • Fluid retention • Haemorrhoids • Abdominal cramps • Yeast infections • Backache • Headache • Difficult sleep pattern • Pica • Leg cramps • Joint pain • Hair loss Temporary side effects of pregnancy in second trimester due to hormonal changes
  9. 9. Temporary side effects of pregnancy in third trimester due to hormonal changes •Heartburn •Indigestion •Constipation •Dizziness •Swelling •Fluid retention •Haemorrhoids •Yeast infections •Backache •Headache •Difficult sleep pattern •Discomfort while sleeping •Increased urination and incontinence •Pica •Swelling of joints •Leg cramps •Increasing blood pressure •Hair loss •Anaemia
  10. 10. Maternal complication in first trimester • Spontaneous abortion • Missed abortion • Dehydration • Hyperemesis gravidarum
  11. 11. Maternal complication in second trimester • Spontaneous abortion • Premature contractions
  12. 12. Maternal complication in third trimester •Premature contractions •Abruptio placentae •Dehydration •Renal failure •Premature delivery •Pre-eclampsia •HELLP syndrome
  13. 13. Possible diseases and complications related to climate change • Spontaneous abortion • Premature contractions • Low birth weight • Premature delivery • Increased neonatal mortality • Dehydration • Renal failure • Vector-borne diseased (e.g. malaria and dengue) • Malnutrition and food insecurity • Diarrhea • Respiratory disease • Water scarcity • Exposures to toxic chemicals • Worsened poverty • Natural disasters • Population displacement
  14. 14. Climate induced health risks Malnutrition During pregnancy and period of breastfeeding, energy demand of women increases by approximately 20%. Underweight women are more likely to give birth to children suffering from IUGR/low birth weight, which is considered a risk factor for infant morbidity and mortality.
  15. 15. Climate induced health risks Diarrhea, cholera Diarrheal disease, including Cholera is the third common cause of death. It leads to dehydration which is a life threatening condition.
  16. 16. Climate induced health risks vector-borne diseases Increased temperatures are expected to increase transmission and spreading of vector- borne diseases such as Malaria, Dengue fever, Schistosomiasis.
  17. 17. Extreme events and migration Perinatal common mental disorder, postpartum depression are common among immigrant mothers. Reduced access to safe drinking water and food, increased risk of infectious diseases, lack of access to proper pregnancy care increases the risk of complications and maternal and infant mortality.
  18. 18. Effects of direct heat exposure The increase in core body temperature is risky for both mother and fetus. Newborn is sensitive to too high or too-low temperature due to its limited temperature regulation capacity. Dehydration, renal effects, preterm birth, stillbirth, low birth weight are associated with direct heat exposure.
  19. 19. Evidence based results • Increase of hot days above 100 F during any trimester corresponds to a decrease in birth weight. • Higher amounts of precipitation during any trimester resulted in larger birth weights. • Low birth weight infants are susceptible to illness, high risk of mortality, develop disability and impaired cognitive development.
  20. 20. References: http://www.globalhealthaction.net/index.php/gha/art icle/view/19538/html http://unews.utah.edu/climate-change-negatively- affects-birth-weight-u-study-finds/ Compiled by Vijaya Sawant www.oratechsolve.com email: info@oratechsolve.com

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