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AP Human Geography 2011 - Confucianism and Daoism


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AP Human Geography 2011 - Confucianism and Daoism

  1. 1.  Confucius was a Chinese philosopher who lived from 551-479 B.C. who wished to be an advisor to a noble Confucius taught and emphasized the importance of “correct behaviors”, an art known as li He traveled from region to region with a small group of students, his disciples Brittany Cole
  2. 2.  Confucianism is an ethnic religion because it focuses primarily on works Confucius believed that any perception about the after life was beyond human comprehension Confucius also rejected the idea of “sin” but viewed mistakes as an opportunity to do better the next time Their ultimate goal is to be perfect and moral Brittany Cole
  3. 3.  Confucius actually did not write anything The "Five Classics" of Chinese literature are attributed to him as writer. The "Analects" is a collection of aphorisms put together by Confuciuss students after his death. The "Liji," or "Record of Rites," also contains dialogs, discourses, anecdotes, and narratives about Confucius and his teachings. Brittany Cole
  4. 4.  Confucius believed that ordinary life was a sacred time because he could not comprehend an external reality. He also believed that each day should be a ritual (wake up at the same time, eat at the same times, etc.) so that the day would be more sacred. He also theorized that rituals united large groups of people and made a stronger community. Brittany Cole
  5. 5.  Essentially, Confucius  Worship simply left most › No definite means of questions worship other than living a good life unanswered, making a very undefined religion.  Holy Days He ultimately believed › Each day is an opportunity to be that he should try to be better good, and that he did not and could not know  Holy Places anything beyond that. › None on earth Morals are surprisingly undefined Brittany Cole
  6. 6.  Only definite symbol associated with Confucianism Means “scholar” in Chinese Also associated with to “yin” of yin-yang Brittany Cole
  7. 7. Daoism’s Origins and Beliefs Founder is believed to be Lao-Tse who is rumored to have lived from 604-531 BCE. Many historians argue that he could be mythical, or mixture of many different political leaders Searching for a way to avoid constant warfare and feuding during his lifetime Started as a combination of psycology and philosophy Emily Harris
  8. 8. Daoist Belief Believe in the Tao, the first-cause of the universe There is no god that they worship or pray to, try to achieve answers through meditation and observartion Believe in small spirits/deities, but they aren’t personified Promote health and vitality Must nuture Ch’i (air/breath) that has been given to them Be kind and virtuous to others, but are also looking for the behavior to be reciprocated Plan in advance and think through each decision carefully Follow “wu wei,” letting nature take it’s course Believe people are naturally kind and compassionate Five main organs of the body correspond to the five parts of the sky: water, fire, wood, metal and earth. Emily Harris Ultimate goal is to harmonize oneself with the Tao
  9. 9. Daoist Holy Books and Writings Tao te Ching-The Book of the Way. Said to have been written directly by Lao Tzu Emily Harris
  10. 10. Daoist Traditions, Rituals, and Practices Tai Chi-believed to balance energy flow and improve the function of the organs, nerves, and bloodstream Emily Harris
  11. 11. Yin Yang •Represents balance of opposites in the universe •When it is in balance, all is calm. If not, things are in chaos. •Swirling shapes represent change, believed to be the only constant in the universe •Humans upset the balance of Yin Yang •Yin corresponds to night and is darker, feminine, passive, and more downward-seeking •Yang corresponds to day and is brighter, masculine, active, and more upward-seeking •Nothing can be fully black or white, that is why there is a dot of the opposite color in each swirling shape. Emily Harris
  12. 12.  cianism.html n/confucianism/ m.htm