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Simple xml in .net


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The simplest way to read/write file XML in .NET, demonstrated by VB.NET language

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Simple xml in .net

  1. 1. Simple XML in .NET This presentation will introduction XML and using XML in .NET by simplest way (C# and VB.NET)
  2. 2. Introduction XML is Extensible Markup Language. It is include tag defined by user and text inside the tag. The tag begin with < and end with >, tag have three type: •start-tags; for example: <section> •end-tags; for example: </section> •empty-element tags; for example: <line-break /> The tag was defined by user with any name, you can learn more on Internet.
  3. 3. Introduction Because the tag can be defined by user so it can be used as database, or setting of program, etc,... And this presentation will intro simplest way to read/write on XML document.
  4. 4. File XML to example In this presentation i will use this XML file to example <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <family> <name gender="Male" age="35"> <firstname>Tom</firstname> <lastname>Smith</lastname> </name> <name gender="Female" age="25"> <firstname>Dale</firstname> <lastname>Smith</lastname> </name> </family>
  5. 5. XML structure in .NET Element Node Name (color blue) Attribute name (color red) Attribute value (In double quote) Inner text Value
  6. 6. Read value in XML file Read Firstname (you must add Listbox control to form) Sub readValuexml () Dim xmldoc As XmlDocument = New XmlDocument xmldoc.Load("example.xml") Dim nodelist = xmldoc.SelectNodes("/family/name") For Each i As XmlNode In nodelist ListBox1.Items.Add(i("firstname").InnerText) Next End Sub Anotherway Imports System.Xml Sub readValuexml () Dim xmltext As XmlTextReader = New XmlTextReader("example.xml") Do While xmltext.Read If xmltext.Name = "firstname" Then ListBox1.Items.Add(xmltext.ReadElementString) End If Loop End Sub
  7. 7. Read attribute value in XML file Read attribute Age, return 35 and 25 Sub readAttributeXML() Dim xmldoc As XmlDocument = New XmlDocument xmldoc.Load("example.xml") Dim nodelist = xmldoc.SelectNodes("/family/name") For Each i As XmlNode In nodelist ListBox1.Items.Add(i.Attributes("age").Value) Next End Sub
  8. 8. Read data from XML file to Dataset You must add DataGridView to form. This code will read data from XML file and show in DataGridView Imports System.Xml Sub loadXMLtoDS() Dim ds As New DataSet ds.ReadXml("example.xml") DataGridView1.DataSource = ds.Tables(0) End Sub
  9. 9. Write XML file from Dataset You can write XML file very easy . The first, you get data from Database to Dataset, and write it to XML file Sub writeXML() Dim conn As New SqlConnection("Data Source=localhost;Database=NorthWind;Integrated Security=True") Dim da As New SqlDataAdapter("select * from product", conn) Dim ds As New DataSet da.Fill(ds) ds.WriteXml("product.xml") End Sub
  10. 10. Write XML file using XmlTextWriter Private Sub Form1_Load(sender As Object, e As EventArgs) Handles MyBase.Load Dim writer As New XmlTextWriter("product.xml", System.Text.Encoding.UTF8) writer.WriteStartDocument(True) writer.Formatting = Formatting.Indented writer.Indentation = 2 writer.WriteStartElement("Table") createNode(1, "Product 1", "1000", writer) createNode(2, "Product 2", "2000", writer) createNode(3, "Product 3", "3000", writer) writer.WriteEndElement() writer.WriteEndDocument() writer.Close() End Sub Sub createNode(ByVal pID As String, ByVal pName As String, ByVal pPrice As String, ByVal writer As XmlTextWriter) writer.WriteStartElement("Product") writer.WriteStartElement("Product_id") writer.WriteString(pID) writer.WriteEndElement() 'end Product_id writer.WriteStartElement("Product_name") writer.WriteString(pName) writer.WriteEndElement() 'end Product_name writer.WriteStartElement("Product_price") writer.WriteString(pPrice) writer.WriteEndElement() 'end Product_price writer.WriteEndElement() 'end Product End Sub
  11. 11. Search This code will read data from XML file to DataSet, and using Find() function of DataSet to find data. Sub findInXML() Dim ds As New DataSet ds.ReadXml("example.xml") Dim resultRow = ds.Tables(0).Select("firstname = 'Dale'") If resultRow.Count = 0 Then MsgBox("Could not be found") Else MsgBox("Found") End If End Sub
  12. 12. Reference 1. 2. 3. 4.
  13. 13. About Because this is the first presentation should not avoid errors. I wellcome any contribute to this presentation more complete. Any question or contribute please send for me via email address: or facebook: