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Anatomists and Their Art     Charleen M. Moore, Ph.D.  Distinguished Teaching Professor           Department of  Cellular ...
Anatomists and Their Art    Artists Who Dissected    Anatomists Who Drew  Anatomist and Artist Teams
Medieval Medical Centers                 Padua – 13th c.                 Bologna – 11th c.                 Salerno – 10th c.
Five Picture Seriesbones, nerves, muscles, veins, and arteries
Five Picture Seriesbones, nerves, muscles, veins, and arteries
Johannes de Ketham            Fasciculo di medicina (1493)Wound Man                    The Dissection         Zodiac Man  ...
Johannes de Ketham                Fasciculo di medicina (1493)                                The Dissectioncolored (eithe...
Johannes de KethamFasciculo di medicina (1493)                         Archiginnasio, Bologna                          Ana...
Jacopo Berengario da Carpi (1460-1530)      Isagoge Breves (1522-1535)     (A Short Introduction to Anatomy)         Artis...
Jacopo Berengario da Carpi (1460-1530)      Isagoge Breves (1522-1535)
Jacopo Berengario da Carpi (1460-1530)      Isagoge Breves (1522-1535)
Artists Who DissectedLeonardo da Vinci (1452-1519)Albrecht Dürer (1471-1528)Michelangelo (1475-1564)Raphael (1483-1521)
Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519)
Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519)
Leonardo da Vinci: The Mechanics of Man      Martin Clayton and Dr. Ron Philo
Albrecht Dürer (1471-1528)  Adam and Eve                Vier Bücher von menschlicher Proportion(1507) Oil on panel        ...
Michelangelo (1475-1564)
Raphael (1483-1521)La Fornarina (1518-19) Oil on wood
Anatomists Who DrewRobert Hooke (1635 - 1703)Antonio Scarpa (1747 - 1832)John Bell (1763-1820)Sir Charles Bell (1774 – 1842)
Robert Hooke (1635 – 1703)“. . . I could exceedingly plainly perceive it [cork] to be all perforatedand porous, much like ...
Robert Hooke (1635 - 1703)   Micrographia (1665)
Hernias          Antonio Scarpa (1747 - 1832)               Scarpa’s Triangle                                        Nerve...
Antonio Scarpa (1747 - 1832)Saggio di osservazioni e d’esperienze sulle principali mallatti degli occhi                 fi...
John Bell (1763-1820)
John Bell (1763-1820)Anatomy of the Human Body. 2d ed. Vol. I (1804) Etching
Sir Charles Bell (1774 – 1842)Nerves of the head                           Bell’s drawing reprinted in Charles Darwin’s   ...
Sir Charles Bell (1774 – 1842) An Exposition of the Natural Systemof the Nerves of the Human Body, 1824                   ...
Sir Charles Bell (1774 – 1842) Bell was a surgeon at Battle of Waterloo in 1815      Watercolor paintings of wounded soldi...
Anatomist and Artist TeamsAndreas Vesalius (1514 – 1564) and Jan Stephan van Calcar (1499 - ca. 1546)Giulio Casseri (ca.15...
Andreas Vesalius (1514 – 1564) and Jan Stephan van Calcar (1499 - ca. 1546)                     De humani corporis fabrica...
De humani corporis fabrica, 1543
Andreas Vesalius (1514 – 1564) and Jan Stephan van Calcar (1499 - ca. 1546)                     De humani corporis fabrica...
Andreas Vesalius (1514 – 1564) and Jan Stephan van Calcar (1499 - ca. 1546)                               Historiated     ...
Giulio Casseri (ca.1552-1616) and Odoardo FialettiTabulae Anatomicae (1627) Copperplate engraving
Bernhard Siegfried Albinus (1697-1770) and Jan Wanderlaar (1690-1759)                    Tables of the skeleton and muscle...
Clara, the rhinoceros, toured Europe from 1741 – 1758Rhinoceros, circle of Pietro Longhi, c.1751                          ...
Bernhard Siegfried Albinus (1697-1770) and Jan Wanderlaar (1690-1759)       Tabulae sceleti et musculorum corporis humani ...
William Hunter   John Hunter (1718 - 1783)   (1728 - 1793)
William Hunter (1718-1783) and Jan van Riemsdyk (fl. 1750-1788)           The Anatomy of the Gravid Uterus (1774)         ...
P.I. Nixon Medical Historical Library           Established 1970
Pat Ireland Nixon, M.D., (1883-1965)Dr. Pat at his writing desk at home
Friends of theP.I. Nixon Medical Historical Library           (1971 – Present)
First Gift to the P.I. Nixon Collection   on Behalf of the Friends, 1971William Smellie: A Sett of Anatomical Tables, 1754...
Sir Charles Bell (1774 – 1842)Engravings from specimens of morbid parts (1813)              15 copies world-wide
Latest Gift to the P.I. Nixon Collection    on Behalf of the Friends, 2011               Sir Charles Bell (1774 – 1842)  S...
Friends of the P.I. Nixon Medical Historical Library   Annual Dinner, November 7, 2011       Doctors and Dollars May Not A...
Anatomists and their art
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Anatomists and their art

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Anatomists and their art

  1. 1. Anatomists and Their Art Charleen M. Moore, Ph.D. Distinguished Teaching Professor Department of Cellular and Structural Biology
  2. 2. Anatomists and Their Art Artists Who Dissected Anatomists Who Drew Anatomist and Artist Teams
  3. 3. Medieval Medical Centers Padua – 13th c. Bologna – 11th c. Salerno – 10th c.
  4. 4. Five Picture Seriesbones, nerves, muscles, veins, and arteries
  5. 5. Five Picture Seriesbones, nerves, muscles, veins, and arteries
  6. 6. Johannes de Ketham Fasciculo di medicina (1493)Wound Man The Dissection Zodiac Man woodcut illustrations
  7. 7. Johannes de Ketham Fasciculo di medicina (1493) The Dissectioncolored (either with stencils or by hand-pressed color blocks) in four colors
  8. 8. Johannes de KethamFasciculo di medicina (1493) Archiginnasio, Bologna Anatomical Theatre (1637)
  9. 9. Jacopo Berengario da Carpi (1460-1530) Isagoge Breves (1522-1535) (A Short Introduction to Anatomy) Artist? Hugo da Carpi (1455-1523)
  10. 10. Jacopo Berengario da Carpi (1460-1530) Isagoge Breves (1522-1535)
  11. 11. Jacopo Berengario da Carpi (1460-1530) Isagoge Breves (1522-1535)
  12. 12. Artists Who DissectedLeonardo da Vinci (1452-1519)Albrecht Dürer (1471-1528)Michelangelo (1475-1564)Raphael (1483-1521)
  13. 13. Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519)
  14. 14. Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519)
  15. 15. Leonardo da Vinci: The Mechanics of Man Martin Clayton and Dr. Ron Philo
  16. 16. Albrecht Dürer (1471-1528) Adam and Eve Vier Bücher von menschlicher Proportion(1507) Oil on panel (1528)
  17. 17. Michelangelo (1475-1564)
  18. 18. Raphael (1483-1521)La Fornarina (1518-19) Oil on wood
  19. 19. Anatomists Who DrewRobert Hooke (1635 - 1703)Antonio Scarpa (1747 - 1832)John Bell (1763-1820)Sir Charles Bell (1774 – 1842)
  20. 20. Robert Hooke (1635 – 1703)“. . . I could exceedingly plainly perceive it [cork] to be all perforatedand porous, much like a Honey-comb, but that the pores of it werenot regular. . . . these pores, or cells, . . . were indeed the firstmicroscopical pores I ever saw, . . . “ Thin Slices of Cork
  21. 21. Robert Hooke (1635 - 1703) Micrographia (1665)
  22. 22. Hernias Antonio Scarpa (1747 - 1832) Scarpa’s Triangle Nerve Supply (Femoral Triangle) to Heart Bracing for Clubfoot
  23. 23. Antonio Scarpa (1747 - 1832)Saggio di osservazioni e d’esperienze sulle principali mallatti degli occhi first edition copper plate illustration
  24. 24. John Bell (1763-1820)
  25. 25. John Bell (1763-1820)Anatomy of the Human Body. 2d ed. Vol. I (1804) Etching
  26. 26. Sir Charles Bell (1774 – 1842)Nerves of the head Bell’s drawing reprinted in Charles Darwin’s The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals (1872)
  27. 27. Sir Charles Bell (1774 – 1842) An Exposition of the Natural Systemof the Nerves of the Human Body, 1824 A System of Dissections, 1798
  28. 28. Sir Charles Bell (1774 – 1842) Bell was a surgeon at Battle of Waterloo in 1815 Watercolor paintings of wounded soldiers
  29. 29. Anatomist and Artist TeamsAndreas Vesalius (1514 – 1564) and Jan Stephan van Calcar (1499 - ca. 1546)Giulio Casseri (ca.1552-1616) and Odoardo FialettiBernhard Siegfried Albinus (1697-1770) and Jan Wanderlaar (1690-1759)William Hunter (1718-1783) and Jan van Riemsdyk (fl. 1750-1788)
  30. 30. Andreas Vesalius (1514 – 1564) and Jan Stephan van Calcar (1499 - ca. 1546) De humani corporis fabrica, 1543
  31. 31. De humani corporis fabrica, 1543
  32. 32. Andreas Vesalius (1514 – 1564) and Jan Stephan van Calcar (1499 - ca. 1546) De humani corporis fabrica, 1543
  33. 33. Andreas Vesalius (1514 – 1564) and Jan Stephan van Calcar (1499 - ca. 1546) Historiated Initials De humani corporis fabrica, 1543
  34. 34. Giulio Casseri (ca.1552-1616) and Odoardo FialettiTabulae Anatomicae (1627) Copperplate engraving
  35. 35. Bernhard Siegfried Albinus (1697-1770) and Jan Wanderlaar (1690-1759) Tables of the skeleton and muscles of the human body (London, 1749) Used a net with square webbing between artist and specimen that increased the scientific accuracy of the illustration
  36. 36. Clara, the rhinoceros, toured Europe from 1741 – 1758Rhinoceros, circle of Pietro Longhi, c.1751 Map from Clara’s Grand Tour by Glynis Ridley, 2004
  37. 37. Bernhard Siegfried Albinus (1697-1770) and Jan Wanderlaar (1690-1759) Tabulae sceleti et musculorum corporis humani (Leiden, 1747) Tables of the skeleton and muscles of the human body (London, 1749)
  38. 38. William Hunter John Hunter (1718 - 1783) (1728 - 1793)
  39. 39. William Hunter (1718-1783) and Jan van Riemsdyk (fl. 1750-1788) The Anatomy of the Gravid Uterus (1774) Plate XX Plate VI
  40. 40. P.I. Nixon Medical Historical Library Established 1970
  41. 41. Pat Ireland Nixon, M.D., (1883-1965)Dr. Pat at his writing desk at home
  42. 42. Friends of theP.I. Nixon Medical Historical Library (1971 – Present)
  43. 43. First Gift to the P.I. Nixon Collection on Behalf of the Friends, 1971William Smellie: A Sett of Anatomical Tables, 1754 Less than one hundred copies are known.
  44. 44. Sir Charles Bell (1774 – 1842)Engravings from specimens of morbid parts (1813) 15 copies world-wide
  45. 45. Latest Gift to the P.I. Nixon Collection on Behalf of the Friends, 2011 Sir Charles Bell (1774 – 1842) Series of engravings explaining the course of the nerves London 1803
  46. 46. Friends of the P.I. Nixon Medical Historical Library Annual Dinner, November 7, 2011 Doctors and Dollars May Not Always Be Enough Fernando Guerra, M.D.Director of Health for the San Antonio Metropolitan Health District

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