Field Experience Training at Karab village using PRA tools                     DUVASU, Mathura85th Foundation Course of Ag...
BASIC INFORMATION OF THEVILLAGE, TRANSECT & AGRO-       ECOLOGY MAP                      AMIT MISHRA
Socialization photographs
27°28’032’’77°47’021                                         77°48’013’’                          27°29’ 110’’
Satellite Image of Village Karab
Basic Information of the village  Name of the village – Karab  Village Panchayat – Karab  Block- Raya  Taluka – Mahava...
Basic Information of the village Geographical coordinates    Latitude- 27°28’ to 27° 29’ N    Longitude –77°47’ to 77° 48...
Distribution of households under different communities:             Community                   No. of householdsJat      ...
Crop husbandry      Crops in Kharif (July-October) – Rice, Maize, Sorghum, Bajra, Til,     Cotton, Pigeon pea, mung and ...
Animal husbandry Type of animals – Cow, buffalo, sheep, goat , pig and poultry Fodder availability, requirement and def...
   Other information       Ponds – 6       Anganwadi Kendra – 1       Overhead tanks – 1.       Commercial bank – Ori...
Agro-ecological Mapping &     Village Transect
Agro Ecosystem MapKis: OmPrakash, Chhetrapal Singh, Santosh Singh
Resource mapKis: OmPrakash, Chhetrapal Singh, Santosh Singh
Social MapKis: OmPrakash, Chhetrapal Singh, Santosh Singh, Padam Singh
Village TransactTopography/    Low land                           Medium land               Up landParticularsWater type  ...
Village Transact Contd….                Chenopodium album, Phalaris           Chenopodium            album,   Chenopodium ...
Technology Map, MatrixRanking & Consequence       Diagram                     Dr. P. K. Pankaj
Technology Map For A.H.                           Art                          Pankaj
Technology Map For Crops                            Art                           Pankaj
MATRIX RANKING FOR ANIMAL HUSBANDRY (BREED)                          Village: Karab, Mathura (U.P.)                       ...
MATRIX RANKING FOR AGRICULTURE (RICE VARIETY)                           Village: Karab, Mathura (U.P.)                  Ma...
Increased Gain in Income and                                                                      Consequence Diagram     ...
HIGHER PROFITABILITY TO FARMERS                                                                     Consequence Diagram Co...
Time Line, time trend, DRD, Dap &          mobility map                            Dr. Fateh Singh
Time line•   Historic profile•   By compiling the information by interviewing the elder villagers    (KIs)•   Gram Panchay...
Time line Cont……..           Time line       Particulars                Year       Village established        1880        ...
Motor cycle                     1975Car                             1975Seed drill                      1976Chemical Ferti...
Telephone               1994Jaccha baccha kendra    1995Veterinary dispensary   1998Aganwadi                1999LPG       ...
Time line Cont……..    To   understand     the   change    in   demography,     socio-economic     developments, communica...
Time TrendQualitative and quantitative changesProductivity and price of major crops and milk productivity ofthe village ...
Time trend of Productivity                                            Time Trend of Wheat productivity                    ...
Time trend of price                            Time trend of paddy price                                        Time trend...
Time trend of milk productivity                                                      Time trend of buffalo milk productivi...
Time trend of animal population                                         Time trend of animal population                   ...
Daily activity profile (DAP)   DAP may vary as per status of farmers like large,     medium and small farmers, and as per...
DAP Cont……   Work distribution between male and female of a family   Animal husbandry work by females   No child labour
DAP & DRD of male        Time                                         Activities at                            Home       ...
DAP & DRD of Female           Time                                       Activities at                              Home  ...
Mobility map    It emphasizes activity wise significance of places    To identify the places visited by rural people for...
Mobility Map:                                                        Raya                        Baldev                   ...
Mobility of the farmer, village KarabDestination   Distance   Mode of           Fare    Purpose              (Km)       tr...
Seasonal calendar (gender   wise activity), seasonalanalysis (problem), ITKs & Bio-   resource flow diagram               ...
Seasonal Calendar (Gender wise Activity for Large and                 Medium Farmers )  Item            Jan           Feb ...
Seasonal Calendar (Gender wise Activity for Small                          Farmers )  Item           Jan           Feb    ...
WOMEN at work
Seasonal Calendar (Problem)  Item         Jan          Feb             Mar        April      May      June      July     A...
ITKs S. No. Crop/Enterprise ITK Practiced                                                                                P...
ITKs (contd…..) S. No. Crop/Enterprise ITK Practiced                                                                      ...
ITKs (contd…..) S. No. Crop/Enterprise                          ITK Practiced                                             ...
Bio-resource Flow DiagramKey Informants:Om PrakashPadma SinghChhetrapal SinghChhagan Prasad
Wealth ranking, livelihood analysis & Venn diagram                     Dr. Sushil kumar
WEALTH RANKINGWealth ranking is an analytical exercise carried out with thehelp of local key informants based on their own...
CRITERIA OF WEALTH RANKINGSh. Balbir Singh, Sh. Mangelal, Sh. Tara Singh, Sh. Kanhaiya Lal and Sh. Beni Rai          Categ...
Wealth Ranking Formula           Si = ( n+1- Ci ) / n x 100 • Si = Score of household as per KI • n = Total no of categori...
ECONOMIC CATEGORIES OF HOUSEHOLD          15%   13%                            Rich    26%                     Medium     ...
Livelihood Analysis • Livelihood analysis is an analytical tool   of exploring and obtaining information   on behaviour an...
SOURCE OF INCOME FROM DIFFERENT SOURCES               Rich Farmer               10%                                       ...
MIDDLE FARMERSINCOME                10%          15%                                                    Agriculture       ...
POORINCOME                                35%       50%                                     Agriculture                   ...
VERY POOR                               2 INCOME                       5                                       Agriculture...
Venn diagram(KIs: Sh. Tara Singh, Sh. Roop Chandra, Sh. Suresh Pradhan, Sh. Chhatarpal Singh)       VENN DIAGRAM PERTAININ...
Problem Identification, Ranking          & Solution                          Kundan Kumar
Problem Identification and Ranking    •Identified 30 farmers through snow ball technique.    •Given 10 main problems as fo...
Problem identification                                                                             Problems       S. No.  ...
Frequency tableSl.                                          Rank      Name of the problemNo.                              ...
1. Farmers were also asked to rank these 10   problems according to their importance.2. Rank based quotient (RBQ) was calc...
Rank Baaed Quotient (RBQ) of ProblemsSI. No.   Name of Problems                         RBQ    Rank  1       Weed of wheat...
VILLAGE SEMINAR
INSTITUTE SEMINAR
National Research Centre on Rapeseed and Mustard                       Objectives                          Collection,   ...
Interaction with scientists of NRCRM
SEED PROCESSING UNIT, CHHATA
7. Sealing  1.Precleaning                                                  5. Filling                                     ...
Krishna Cold Storage, for Mushroom Cultivation
Preparation of compost for Mushroom
Cultivation & Packaging of Mushroom
Dainik Jaagran, Dated 5th April, 2009
Conclusion Fruit of GREEN REVOLUTION, farmers are prosperous Farmers have shifted towards cultivation of Aromatic rice (...
Thank You
Participatory rural appraisal of karab village , mathura
Participatory rural appraisal of karab village , mathura
Participatory rural appraisal of karab village , mathura
Participatory rural appraisal of karab village , mathura
Participatory rural appraisal of karab village , mathura
Participatory rural appraisal of karab village , mathura
Participatory rural appraisal of karab village , mathura
Participatory rural appraisal of karab village , mathura
Participatory rural appraisal of karab village , mathura
Participatory rural appraisal of karab village , mathura
Participatory rural appraisal of karab village , mathura
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Participatory rural appraisal of karab village , mathura

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This presentation explains a case study for participatory rural appraisal (Karab village of Mathura, Uttar Pradesh)
The study was done during Field Experience Training in NAARM

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Participatory rural appraisal of karab village , mathura

  1. 1. Field Experience Training at Karab village using PRA tools DUVASU, Mathura85th Foundation Course of Agricultural Research Service Trainees:1. Dr. Prabhat Kumar Pankaj (Livestock Production and Management)2. Mr. Nirmal Kumar (Agricultural Physics)3. Mr. Kundan Kumar (Aquaculture)4. Dr. Fateh Singh (Veterinary Microbiology)5. Dr. Sushil Kumar (Plant Breeding)6. Mr. Amit Kumar Mishra (Biotechnology, Agricultural Science) Period of FET: 20th March, 2009 to 9th April, 2009
  2. 2. BASIC INFORMATION OF THEVILLAGE, TRANSECT & AGRO- ECOLOGY MAP AMIT MISHRA
  3. 3. Socialization photographs
  4. 4. 27°28’032’’77°47’021 77°48’013’’ 27°29’ 110’’
  5. 5. Satellite Image of Village Karab
  6. 6. Basic Information of the village  Name of the village – Karab  Village Panchayat – Karab  Block- Raya  Taluka – Mahavan  District – Mathura  State – Uttar Pradesh  Main social occupation of the village - Farming and Livestock  Sources of income of the village - Agricultural produce, milk, agribusiness and govt. services
  7. 7. Basic Information of the village Geographical coordinates Latitude- 27°28’ to 27° 29’ N Longitude –77°47’ to 77° 48 E Altitude – 558 m from MSL in centre of village Mean annual rainfall – 600 mm Demographic patternTotal Population - 7523Male - 4213Female - 3310Total Households - 2389Below poverty line household - 589Above poverty line house hold - 1800Literacy: 80 %; Male 92 % and Female 64 %
  8. 8. Distribution of households under different communities: Community No. of householdsJat 1402Brahmins 700Schedule caste 150Muslim 70Gupta 60Swarnkar 5Rajput 2Land use pattern: Land use Area (acres)Total area: 2618a.Cultivated area (Net Sown Area): 2136b.Irrigated area: 2136c.Residential area: 248d.Other area: 234 Barren land 128 pasture land 49 Panchayat land 30 Road etc 27
  9. 9. Crop husbandry  Crops in Kharif (July-October) – Rice, Maize, Sorghum, Bajra, Til, Cotton, Pigeon pea, mung and urd  Rabi (October-April) – Wheat, Barley, Mustard, Potato, Masoor, Chickpea and pea  Orchards – Mango and Guava  Vegetables –Tomato, chilies, Brinjal and Cauliflower,  Yield per unit (acre)  Rice - 23-25Q/acre  Wheat - 20-22Q/acre  Mustard - 5-7 Q/acre  Potato - 100-150 Q/acre Bt Cotton started by few farmers
  10. 10. Animal husbandry Type of animals – Cow, buffalo, sheep, goat , pig and poultry Fodder availability, requirement and deficit  Sufficiently available  Berseem  Sudan grass  Sorghum and Bajra (grown in sandy loam soils )
  11. 11.  Other information  Ponds – 6  Anganwadi Kendra – 1  Overhead tanks – 1.  Commercial bank – Oriental Bank of Commerce  Schools : Primary School: (Government- 02 and Private- 03) Government Girls Junior high school- 01 Intermediate colleges- 02 (one having agriculture in curriculum) Ayurvedic hospital, Maternity centre, Post office and Veterinary dispensary
  12. 12. Agro-ecological Mapping & Village Transect
  13. 13. Agro Ecosystem MapKis: OmPrakash, Chhetrapal Singh, Santosh Singh
  14. 14. Resource mapKis: OmPrakash, Chhetrapal Singh, Santosh Singh
  15. 15. Social MapKis: OmPrakash, Chhetrapal Singh, Santosh Singh, Padam Singh
  16. 16. Village TransactTopography/ Low land Medium land Up landParticularsWater type Teliya, Khara and Meetha Meetha Water Khara and Meetha water waterSoil Type Clay Loam Sandy Loam Sandy LoamCrop Rice, Wheat, Mustard, Moong Rice, Wheat, Cotton Sorghum, Bajra, Cotton, Mustard, TilAnimals Cattle & Buffalo Poultry, Swine, Cattle & Sheep, Goat, Cattle & Buffalo BuffaloHorticulture Jamun, Pomegranate Mango, Lemon Guava, LemonVegetable Bhindi, Brinjal, chilli Cauliflower, Cabbage, Potato, tomatocrops Tomato, PotatoWater source Canal and Rainfall Canal and Bore well Canal, bore wellTree Species Neem, Peepal, shisam Neem,Peepal, jamun Neem,Peepal, Babool, Babool, Ficus sp., Ficus sp., Prosopis sp. Prosopis sp.
  17. 17. Village Transact Contd…. Chenopodium album, Phalaris Chenopodium album, Chenopodium album, minor, Avena ludoviciana, Phalaris minor, Avena Phalaris minor, Avena Trianthema portulacastrum, ludoviciana, Trianthema ludoviciana, TrianthemaWeeds Cyprus Sp., Cynodon dactylon, portulacastrum, Argemon portulacastrum, Cyprus Sp., Argemon maxicana, Phyllanthus maxicana, Prathenium Cynodon dactylon, Argemon niruri, agropyron repens hysterophorus maxicana, Phyllanthus niruri Berseem, Bajra, sorghum andFodder - Berseem Sudan grass. 1. Water scarcity & poor 1. Water scarcity & poor quality water quality water 1. Water Logging 2. Weeds 2. Weeds 2. Weeds 3. Insect & Pest 3. Insect & Pest 3. Insect & Pest 4. Diseases of plant & 4. Diseases of plant &Problems 4. Diseases of plant & animals animals animals 5. Unavailability of agri. inputs 5. Unavailability of 5. Unavailability of timely agricultural inputs agricultural inputs 6. Soil quality timely timely 6. Soil quality 6. Soil quality 1. Contract Farming 1. Contract Farming 1. Contract Farming 2. Rice Processing Plant 2. Rice Processing Plant 2. Rice Processing Plant 3. Oil Expeller installation 3. Oil Expeller installation 3. Oil Expeller installationOpportunities 4. Poultry farming 4. Poultry farming 4. Poultry farming 5. Value addition in milk & 5. Value addition in milk & 5. Value addition in milk & milk milk products milk products products 6. Flower cultivation 6. Flower cultivation
  18. 18. Technology Map, MatrixRanking & Consequence Diagram Dr. P. K. Pankaj
  19. 19. Technology Map For A.H. Art Pankaj
  20. 20. Technology Map For Crops Art Pankaj
  21. 21. MATRIX RANKING FOR ANIMAL HUSBANDRY (BREED) Village: Karab, Mathura (U.P.) Matrix RankingCRITERIA KIs INDIGENOUS CROSSBRED MURRAH RANK OVERALL CATTLE CATTLE BUFFALO VALUE SCORE K1 III = 1 I=3 I=3 7 K2 III = 1 I=3 I=3 7Productivity 28 K3 III = 1 I=3 I=3 7 K4 III = 1 I=3 I=3 7 K1 II = 2 I=3 I=3 8Less labour K2 III = 1 II = 2 II = 2 5 27requirement K3 II = 2 I=3 II = 2 7 K4 III = 1 I=3 I=3 7 K1 I=3 II = 2 I=3 8 Disease K2 II = 2 II = 2 I=3 7 29resistance K3 II = 2 II = 2 I=3 7 K4 I=3 III = 1 I=3 7 K1 III = 1 II = 2 II = 2 5 Ease to K2 III = 1 II = 2 II = 2 5 22 manage K3 III = 1 II = 2 I=3 6 K4 III = 1 I=3 II = 2 6 K1 III = 1 I=3 I=3 7 K2 III = 1 I=3 I=3 7Profitability 27 K3 III = 1 I=3 II = 2 6 K4 III = 1 I=3 I=3 7Column 28 51 54TotalKIs: K1: Sh. Omprakashji Scores: I = 3 K2: Sh. Subhash Yadav II = 2 K3: Sh. Amar Singh III = 1 K4: Sh. Digambar Singh
  22. 22. MATRIX RANKING FOR AGRICULTURE (RICE VARIETY) Village: Karab, Mathura (U.P.) Matrix Ranking Contd…CRITERIA KIs SAKET-4 PRH-10 PUSA RANK OVERALL SUGANDH VALUE SCORE K1 III = 1 II = 2 I=3 6 K2 III = 1 II= 2 II = 2 5Profitability 23 K3 III = 1 II = 2 I=3 6 K4 III = 1 II = 2 I=3 6 K1 II = 2 I=3 I=3 8 K2 III = 1 II = 2 II = 2 5 Yield 27 K3 II = 2 I=3 II = 2 7 K4 III = 1 I=3 I=3 7 K1 III = 1 II = 2 I=3 6 Pest K2 II = 2 II = 2 II = 2 6 24resistance K3 II = 2 II = 2 I=3 7 K4 III = 1 III = 1 I=3 5 K1 III = 1 II = 2 II = 2 5Less weed K2 III = 1 II = 2 II = 2 5 21 problem K3 III = 1 II = 2 II = 2 5 K4 III = 1 I=3 II = 2 6 K1 III = 1 II = 2 II = 2 5 Market K2 III = 1 II = 2 II = 2 5 22 Demand K3 III = 1 I=3 II = 2 6 K4 III = 1 II = 2 I=3 6Column 24 44 49TotalKIs: K1: Sh. Omprakashji Scores: I = 3 K2: Sh. Subhash Yadav II = 2 K3: Sh. Amar Singh III = 1 K4: Sh. Digambar Singh
  23. 23. Increased Gain in Income and Consequence Diagram Improvement in the Living Standard Higher Milk Production Increased Profitability HOLSTEIN + FRIESIAN CROSSBRED - CATTLE HigherSusceptibility to Heat Stress Higher Mortality Rate Higher Disease Mastitis Incidence incidence more Losses to FarmersKIs: Sh. Omprakashji, Sh. Subhash Yadav, Sh. Amar Singh and Sh. Digambar Singh
  24. 24. HIGHER PROFITABILITY TO FARMERS Consequence Diagram Contd.. Higher Yield Fertilizer Lodging Resistant Responsive Tillering More Large Panicle Size & More No. of grain/Panicle Semi-dwarf variety Pusa Sugandh + variety of - Grain Size Rice elongation less after cooking High Preference for self Consumption & No separate Low Market Demand Minimum Support Weed Price for specific problem variety LOSSES TO FARMERSKIs: Sh. Omprakashji, Sh. Subhash Yadav, Sh. Amar Singh and Sh. Digambar Singh
  25. 25. Time Line, time trend, DRD, Dap & mobility map Dr. Fateh Singh
  26. 26. Time line• Historic profile• By compiling the information by interviewing the elder villagers (KIs)• Gram Panchayat, school, pakka road, introduction of electricity, tractor, agricultural mechanization, high yielding varieties and hybrids, use of chemical fertilizers and health organizations for human as well as animals
  27. 27. Time line Cont…….. Time line Particulars Year Village established 1880 1930 Primary school 1955 Gram Panchayat Bore well 1958 Tractor 1960 Cultivator 1960 Electricity 1965 Secondary school 1975
  28. 28. Motor cycle 1975Car 1975Seed drill 1976Chemical Fertilizer (DAP) 1979Electric controlled bore well 1980Hybrid varieties 1980Television 1988Pesticides 1988Artificial insemination 1988Hand pump 1988
  29. 29. Telephone 1994Jaccha baccha kendra 1995Veterinary dispensary 1998Aganwadi 1999LPG 1999Mobile phone 2004Electric generator 2007
  30. 30. Time line Cont……..  To understand the change in demography, socio-economic developments, communication, technology diffusion and adoption.  Overall, the village has well developed time line in term of agriculture, animal husbandry, social structure, education and modern updating.
  31. 31. Time TrendQualitative and quantitative changesProductivity and price of major crops and milk productivity ofthe village were considered for time trend analysisThe KIs representing small, medium and large farmer groupswere interviewed for collecting the information
  32. 32. Time trend of Productivity Time Trend of Wheat productivity Time trend of mustard productivity 30 11 10 25 Yield (Qt/Acre)Yield (Qt/Acre) 9 20 8 7 15 6 10 5 4 5 1970s 1980s 1990s 2000s 2010s 1970 1980 1990 2000 2005 2007 2008 years Years Time Trend of Paddy Productivity 30 Yield (Qt/Acre 25 20 15 10 5 0 1970 1980 1990 1995 2000 2005 2008 Years
  33. 33. Time trend of price Time trend of paddy price Time trend of wheat price1800 12001600 10001400 Price (Rs/qt)1200 8001000 Price (Rs/qt) 600800600 400400 200200 0 0 Year 1970 1980 1990 Year 2000 2008 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2004 2006 2008
  34. 34. Time trend of milk productivity Time trend of buffalo milk productivity 16 15 14 (lit/day/animal) 13 Milk yield 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 1970 1980 1990 2000 2008 Year Time trend of cattle milk productivity Milk yield (lit/day/animal) 18 16 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 1970 1980 1990 2000 2008 Year
  35. 35. Time trend of animal population Time trend of animal population Buffalo Cattle Others 90 80 Percent population 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 1970 1980 1990Year 2000 2008
  36. 36. Daily activity profile (DAP) DAP may vary as per status of farmers like large, medium and small farmers, and as per time or seasonal calendar In village, Karab, no much difference in DAP Some difference in DAP of large and small farmers
  37. 37. DAP Cont……  Work distribution between male and female of a family  Animal husbandry work by females  No child labour
  38. 38. DAP & DRD of male Time Activities at Home Field Outside 6.00 am Getup - - 7.00 Care of children 8.00 Breakfast and plan for work 9.00 - Irrigation or Occasionally go harvesting of crops at near local place 10.00 for example wheat when need for 11.00 and mustard daily house hold presently or agriculture 12.00 activities 1.00 pm Lunch 2.00 Do rest of work as - above 3.00 4.00 5.00 6.00 Come back at - home 7.00 Care of children 8.00 Gossiping with friends 9.00 10.00 Dinner 11.00 pm & onward Sleep
  39. 39. DAP & DRD of Female Time Activities at Home Field Outside 5.00 am Getup, feeding, - - watering of animals 6.00 Milking and making dung cake 7.00 Care of children 8.00 Breakfast 9.00 Occasionally go at 10.00 Making lunch near local place 11.00 with husband 12.00 - Carrying lunch for 1.00 pm husband at field 2.00 Field work with 3.00 husband - 4.00 Collecting fodder 5.00 for animals 6.00 Come back home, feeding and watering of animals 7.00 Care of children 8.00 Make dinner 9.00 10.00 11.00 pm & onward Sleep
  40. 40. Mobility map  It emphasizes activity wise significance of places  To identify the places visited by rural people for their various purposes  Also includes mode of transport, time taken to reach and expenditure incurred
  41. 41. Mobility Map: Raya Baldev 9.0 Km 8 km Mahaban Mahavan 16 km Village- Karab Mode of transport- Bus, Tractor, Jugad, Jeep, Motor cycle, Bicycle Mathura Fertilizers 20 Km Seeds and pesticides Sale of produce Marketing KIs: Higher education Mr. Vijendra Advance health facilities Mr. Chhattra pal Govt. schemes or plan Mr. Maharaj Singh or land record Religious norms
  42. 42. Mobility of the farmer, village KarabDestination Distance Mode of Fare Purpose (Km) transport** (Rs.)Baldev 8.0 Bi, Mo, Ju, Je, 5.00 Fertilizers, Marketing, Religious Tr, and BuRaya 9.0 Bi, Mo, Ju, Je, 8.00 Fertilizers, Seeds and pesticides, Tr, and Bu Marketing, Govt. schemes or planMahavan 16.0 Bi, Mo, Ju, Je, 12.00 Fertilizers, Seeds and pesticides, Tr, and Bu Govt. schemes or planMathura 20.0 Bi, Mo, Ju, Je, 15.00 Fertilizers, Seeds and pesticides, Tr, and Bu sale of produce, Marketing, higher education, advance health facilities, land record, Religious ** Bi=Bicycle, Mo=Motorcycle, Ju=Jugad, Je=Jeep, Tr=Tractor and Bu=Bus
  43. 43. Seasonal calendar (gender wise activity), seasonalanalysis (problem), ITKs & Bio- resource flow diagram Nirmal Kumar
  44. 44. Seasonal Calendar (Gender wise Activity for Large and Medium Farmers ) Item Jan Feb Mar April May June July Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec Rice S, FP T I F, I, W I, W H Jwar FP, S H H H H Cotton S P P P P Wheat I, F I H, TH FP S IMustard I, F I H, TH FP S I Potato Eth H S I, FBerseem H H H S I Saunf H S Brinjal T P P P SChick pea H S I,W SF, HC, Mlivestock FG, AIAi: Artificial insemination, F: Fertilization, FG: Free Grazing, FP: Key Informants:Field preparation, H: Harvesting, HC: Health care, Eth: Om Prakash Work done by male Padma Singhearthing, I: Irrigation, M: Milking, P: Picking, S: Sowing, SF: Chhetrapal Singh Work done by femaleStall feeding, T: Transplanting, W: Weeding Chhagan Prasad Work done by both
  45. 45. Seasonal Calendar (Gender wise Activity for Small Farmers ) Item Jan Feb Mar April May June July Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec Rice S, FP T F, W W H Jwar FP, S H H H H Wheat I, F I H, TH FP S IMustard I, F I H, TH FP S I Potato Eth H S I, FBerseem H H H S I Brinjal T P P P SChick pea H S I,W SF, HC, Mlivestock FG, AI Ai: Artificial insemination, F: Fertilization, FG: Free Grazing, FP: Field Key Informants: Work done by male preparation, H: Harvesting, HC: Health care, Eth: earthing, I: Om Prakash Padma Singh Work done by female Irrigation, M: Milking, P: Picking, S: Sowing, SF: Stall feeding, T: Chhetrapal Singh Work done by both Transplanting, W: Weeding Chhagan Prasad
  46. 46. WOMEN at work
  47. 47. Seasonal Calendar (Problem) Item Jan Feb Mar April May June July Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec Weed, water scarcity, gundhi Rice Seed labour bug, neelgai PM, CA, WO, Wheat PM, CA, WO, Neelgai Neelgai FrostMustard Aphid Aphid frost Aphid Potato EB, LB M, St EB, LB Brinjal SB FB SB Frost, Frost,Chick pea FB wilt wilt FMD, HS, BQ, Cattle FMD Sarra Summer stress, repeat Buffalo breeding, silent heat Paultry Ranikhet, ILT, IBR PM: Phaleris minor, CA: Chenopodium album, WO: Wild , , , oat EB: Early blight LB: late blight M: Marketing St: , , , , Storage SB: Stem borer FB: fruit borer FMD: Foot & Mouth Key Informants: Om Prakash disease, HS: Haemorrhagic Septicaemia, BQ: Black Padma Singh Chhetrapal Singh quarter, ILT: Infectious laryngotracheitis, IBR: infectious Bursal Chhagan Prasad disease
  48. 48. ITKs S. No. Crop/Enterprise ITK Practiced Purpose of ITK 1 Animals Use of camphor, lime and tobacco mixture to heal wounds Healing of wounds 2 Various crops In situ sowing of mustard in furrows in conserved rain To avoid brackish water. problem (effect on germination) 3 Cotton De-linting of cotton seeds by cow dung De-linting 4 Various crops Use of neem seeds, tobacco & mint to control insects and Control of insects and pests pests 5 Various seeds Use of 10-15 g heing in container of storage to prevent Prevention of seed from attack of insects pest during storage 6 Various seeds Use of neem leaves, ash, calcium and salts in storage of Prevention of seed from grain pest during storage 7 Vegetables Top dressing of the ash at the seedling stage as well as on Minimize the insect crop in vegetables when the top of the plant attacked by attack in vegetables insects. 8 Vegetables Mustard rows are sown in the field of cauliflower, cabbage To avoid aphid attack in and radish these crops 9 Mustard Treatment of mustard seeds with 10-15 g of garlic juice To prevent stem rot in mustard 10 Chillies Spraying of crop with a mixture of whey and water in ratio To control leaf curl of 1:3Key Informants: Om Prakash, Padma Singh, Chhetrapal Singh, Chhagan Prasad, Vikram Singh, Lakhan Singh, Lekh Pal, Dr. Y. K. Sharma
  49. 49. ITKs (contd…..) S. No. Crop/Enterprise ITK Practiced Purpose of ITK 11 Various crops Spraying of crops with 12.5 g bran + 1 lt. kerosene oil. To control stem borer 12 Paddy Spraying of mixture of 1 kg extracted material of garlic, 200 g To control gundhi bug leaves of desi tobacco, 250 g castic soda in 150 lt. water in one acre. 13 Pulses Seed treatment of gram, pea, masoor, and arhar with 20-30 g To control wilt heing 14 Mustard Cultivation of few rows of marigold with mustard crop To control aphid 15 Various crops Neelgai dung (50 kg) + 2 kg garlic + 5-7 kg neem leaves + 25 kg To keep neelgai away fine sand. Make it 200kg by adding water. Stir the whole from the crops material well to make it slurry like solution and spray it from border to 3 meter on crop with the help of bruise. 16 Various crops Dig 4 pits of 1*1*1 size on four corners of the field. Fill them with To control termite dung and add some jaggery on each of them. After 15 days sprinkle 50-100 gm kerosene oil and lit it with match/fire. 17 Human Haldi paste Wound and injury healing 18 Human Mustered oil Injury and ear pain 19 Human Neem leaves Control chicken pox 20 Human Neem tree bark Abscess woundKey Informants: Om Prakash, Padma Singh, Chhetrapal Singh, Chhagan Prasad ,Vikram Singh, Lakhan Singh, Lekh Pal, Dr. Y. K. Sharma
  50. 50. ITKs (contd…..) S. No. Crop/Enterprise ITK Practiced Purpose of ITK 21 Human Babool leaves Skin sloughing 22 Human Castor oil Constipation 23 Human Pudina + onion Vomition 24 Human Amaltas pulp Digestive problem 25 Human Tulsi leaves Common cold, cough 26 Human Radish leaves Deworming 27 Human Garlic Cough 28 Human Ajwain + ginger Common cold, cough 29 Human Palak, radish Jaundice 30 Human Anar + jamun leaves Diarrhea 31 Animals Methi seeds Increase milk productionKey Informants: Om Prakash, Padma Singh, Chhetrapal Singh, Chhagan Prasad, Vikram Singh, Lakhan Singh, Lekh Pal, Dr. Y. K. Sharma
  51. 51. Bio-resource Flow DiagramKey Informants:Om PrakashPadma SinghChhetrapal SinghChhagan Prasad
  52. 52. Wealth ranking, livelihood analysis & Venn diagram Dr. Sushil kumar
  53. 53. WEALTH RANKINGWealth ranking is an analytical exercise carried out with thehelp of local key informants based on their own criteria. OBJECTIVES • To investigate perception of wealth differences and inequalities in community, • To discover local indicators and criteria for wealth ranking and well-being and • To establish the relative positions of households
  54. 54. CRITERIA OF WEALTH RANKINGSh. Balbir Singh, Sh. Mangelal, Sh. Tara Singh, Sh. Kanhaiya Lal and Sh. Beni Rai Category Value Criteria allotted Rich 100 More than 10 Acre of land, Pakka House, Car, Tractor, Motor cycle, Thresher, TV, Refrigerator, DTH, Cellphone, Pump set, More than 5 Buffaloes, One person in government service Medium 75 2-10 Acre of land, Pakka House, may be having Tractor, Motor cycle, Thresher, TV, DTH, Cellphone, Pump set, 2-4 Buffaloes, some complementary source of income, viz., shop Poor 50 Less than 2 Acre of land, Kaccha house, 1-2 buffalo, rear sheep and goat Very 25 Landless labours, rear pig and poultry Poor
  55. 55. Wealth Ranking Formula Si = ( n+1- Ci ) / n x 100 • Si = Score of household as per KI • n = Total no of categories • Ci = Category of household given by KI (Maximum – Minimum) Correction Factor= Number of Category = (100-25)/4 = 18.5 Catgory Class Interval Rich (R) 80.5 - 100.0 Medium (M) 62.0 - 80.5 Poor (P) 43.5 - 62.0 Very Poor (VP) 25.0 - 43.5
  56. 56. ECONOMIC CATEGORIES OF HOUSEHOLD 15% 13% Rich 26% Medium 46% Poor Very Poor
  57. 57. Livelihood Analysis • Livelihood analysis is an analytical tool of exploring and obtaining information on behaviour and decision regarding the income and expenditure of the villagers. KIs: Sh. Babulal, Sh. Bacchu Singh, Sh. Prem Singh, Sh. Chatur Singh,
  58. 58. SOURCE OF INCOME FROM DIFFERENT SOURCES Rich Farmer 10% Agriculture 25% Livestock 65% Services EXPENDITURE BY FARMERS Food 10% 20% Livestock 10% Vehicle 10% Cloth 5% Education 30% 5% 10% Agriculture health Miscellaneous
  59. 59. MIDDLE FARMERSINCOME 10% 15% Agriculture 75% Livestock Services EXPENDITURE % Food 11 20 8 Livestock Vehicle 10 Cloth 35 5 Education 7 Agriculture 4 health Miscellaneous
  60. 60. POORINCOME 35% 50% Agriculture Livestock Wages 15%EXPENDITURE % 3 8 Food 20 Livestock 50 Cloth Education 7 Agriculture 8 health 4 Miscellaneous
  61. 61. VERY POOR 2 INCOME 5 Agriculture Livestock Wages 93 31 2 4EXPENDITURE 5 5 Food Livestock Cloth Education Agriculture 80 health Miscellaneous
  62. 62. Venn diagram(KIs: Sh. Tara Singh, Sh. Roop Chandra, Sh. Suresh Pradhan, Sh. Chhatarpal Singh) VENN DIAGRAM PERTAINING TO CULTIVATION OF HIGH YIELDING VARIETIES (PUSA BASMATI-1, PUSA SUGANDH-2, 3, 4, 5) & HYBRID (PRH-10) IN RICE CSAUAT NDUAT, Faizabad IARI, New Delhi Kanpur Rice Processing Mill State Agriculture Agra KVK, DUVASU, Mathura Department, Mathura Fertilizer Co- operatives Mathura OBC, Karab Agriculture Co- KRBL, operative, Kara New Delhi b FCI, KARAB VILLAGE, Mathura RAYA, MATHURA NSC Mathura
  63. 63. Problem Identification, Ranking & Solution Kundan Kumar
  64. 64. Problem Identification and Ranking •Identified 30 farmers through snow ball technique. •Given 10 main problems as follows: 1. Weed of wheat 2. Water scarcity 3. Yield reduction of crops 4. Diseases in cattle and buffalo 5. Late blight of potato 6. Low Productivity in cattle and buffalo 7. Unavailability of agri. Inputs on time 8. Smut of rice 9. Saline water 10. Poor marketing & storage
  65. 65. Problem identification Problems S. No. Name of the farmer I II III IV V VI VII VIII IX X 1 OM PRAKASH 4 3 1 7 5 9 2 8 6 10 2 PADMA SINGH 2 3 1 6 5 7 4 10 9 8 3 DHARAMVEER SINGH 5 2 1 9 8 4 3 7 6 10 4 TULSI RAM 4 3 1 5 7 9 2 8 6 10 5 RAVENDRA SINGH 6 1 2 9 8 5 4 7 3 10 6 KESHAR SINGH 2 3 1 6 5 7 4 10 9 8 7 SURESH KUMAR 5 2 1 9 8 4 3 7 6 10 8 CHHIDDI SINGH 4 1 3 5 10 6 2 9 8 7 9 DHANESH SINGH 4 3 1 5 7 9 2 6 8 10 10 CHHETRAPAL SINGH 6 1 2 9 8 5 4 7 3 10 11 GANGVEER SINGH 2 3 1 6 5 7 4 10 9 8 12 HARENDRA SINGH 2 4 1 6 5 7 3 10 9 8 13 DIGAMBAR SINGH 5 2 1 9 8 4 3 7 6 10 14 PAMMU DAYAL 4 3 1 5 10 6 9 2 8 7 15 RAM SINGH 5 3 4 6 10 8 2 1 7 9 16 MANGAL SINGH 2 7 1 4 5 3 6 10 9 8 17 SANJAY SINGH 5 2 1 9 8 4 3 7 6 10 18 KAMTA PRASAD 4 3 1 5 7 9 2 10 8 6 19 TEJPAL 6 1 2 9 8 5 4 7 3 10 20 KETIRAMAN 2 3 1 6 5 7 4 10 9 8 21 JWALA YADAV 5 2 1 9 8 4 3 7 6 10 22 RISHIPAL 4 1 3 5 9 6 2 10 8 7 23 HUSHIYAR SINGH 4 5 1 3 8 9 2 6 7 10 24 SUBHAS YADAV 6 1 2 9 8 5 4 7 3 10 25 KRISHNA KANT 2 3 1 6 5 4 7 10 9 8 26 BABU LAL 2 3 1 6 5 7 4 10 9 8 27 PAPPU SINGH 5 2 1 9 8 4 3 7 6 10 28 RANJAN PRASAD 4 2 1 5 10 6 3 9 8 7 29 GANGADHAR 4 3 1 5 7 9 2 6 8 10 30 SATYA PAL 1 5 3 6 2 4 9 8 7 10
  66. 66. Frequency tableSl. Rank Name of the problemNo. I II III IV V VI VII VIII IX X1 Weed of wheat 1 8 - 10 7 4 - - - -2 Water scarcity 6 7 13 1 2 - 1 - - -3 Yield reduction of crops 22 4 3 1 - - - - - -4 Diseases in cattle and buffalo - - 1 1 8 9 1 - 10 -5 Late blight of potato - 1 - - 9 - 4 11 1 46 Low Productivity in cattle and buffalo - 9 8 9 - 1 1 - 2 -7 Unavailability of agri. Inputs on time 1 1 - - - 3 10 3 2 108 Smut of rice - - 4 - - 7 3 8 8 -9 Saline water - - 1 8 4 4 6 1 6 -10 Poor marketing & storage - - - - - 1 4 8 1 16
  67. 67. 1. Farmers were also asked to rank these 10 problems according to their importance.2. Rank based quotient (RBQ) was calculated and topmost researchable problem was identified. n ∑ f( i n + 1 − i) RBQ = i =1 × 100 N×n i= concerned rank (1-10) N= Total no farmers (30) n= no of ranks (10) fi= number of farmers reporting that particular problem under ith rank
  68. 68. Rank Baaed Quotient (RBQ) of ProblemsSI. No. Name of Problems RBQ Rank 1 Weed of wheat 71.2 4 2 Water scarcity 83.2 2 3 Yield reduction of crops 95.6 1 4 Diseases in cattle and buffalo 43.8 6 5 Late blight of potato 39.2 8 6 Low Productivity in cattle and buffalo 73.5 3 7 Unavailability of agri. Inputs on time 29.2 9 8 Smut of rice 39.9 7 9 Saline water 48.8 5 10 Poor marketing & storage 20.8 10
  69. 69. VILLAGE SEMINAR
  70. 70. INSTITUTE SEMINAR
  71. 71. National Research Centre on Rapeseed and Mustard Objectives  Collection, conservation, evaluation and cataloguing of rapeseed-mustard germplasm.  Development of varieties of high yield, quality and resistance to biotic and abiotic stresses through conventional and biotechnological approaches.  Development of agro techniques for increasing production and productivity of rapeseed- mustard.  Integrated pest and disease management.  Socio-economic aspects of cultivation, marketing and information dissemination in rapeseed-mustard  Development of application software for rapeseed-mustard information management
  72. 72. Interaction with scientists of NRCRM
  73. 73. SEED PROCESSING UNIT, CHHATA
  74. 74. 7. Sealing 1.Precleaning 5. Filling 6. Weighing 3. Gravity 4. Insecticide2. Grading Separator treatment
  75. 75. Krishna Cold Storage, for Mushroom Cultivation
  76. 76. Preparation of compost for Mushroom
  77. 77. Cultivation & Packaging of Mushroom
  78. 78. Dainik Jaagran, Dated 5th April, 2009
  79. 79. Conclusion Fruit of GREEN REVOLUTION, farmers are prosperous Farmers have shifted towards cultivation of Aromatic rice (PB-1, Pusa Sugandh- 2,3,4 & 5, Basmati-370 and PRH-10) Adoption of CONTRACT FARMING now-a-days due to its proximity to Delhi Diffusion of agro-technology is faster and farmers are progressiveConstraints Due to INTENSIVE FARMING, Economical and Ecological Sustainability is in danger Increased soil salinity and continuous depletion of water tableSuggestions Crop diversification and judicious use of fertilizers (IPNM) Agro-forestry based cropping system Water Harvesting and Recharge of soil acquifers during rainy season Cultivation of Aonla, Bael and Ber Provision of MICROFINANCE to women for self-employment through NGO ,SHG formation and linkage with Bank
  80. 80. Thank You

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