Lesson One: Learning the Computer Basics

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Introduction to Digital Literacy Course Lesson One


Created by B. Spearman

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Lesson One: Learning the Computer Basics

  1. 1. Learning the Computer Basics Lesson One
  2. 2. Lesson Objectives:At the end of this lesson, the student should be able to:• Designate five things you can do with a computer• Compare and contrast the five different types of a computer• Designate six main computer parts• Differentiate hardware from software• Differentiate internal and external hardware• Differentiate application and system software
  3. 3. 5 Ways to Use a Computer• Create documents (e.g. letters, memos, and reports)• Store data (e.g. recipes, CDs, contact information)• Budgeting & Saving• Research (e.g. travel plans, genealogy, product reviews, homework)
  4. 4. 5 Different Computer Types• Desktop Computer- most common of computers• The desktop comes with a mouse, keyboard, monitor, and a computer tower All Images courtesy of Microsoft Clipart
  5. 5. 5 Different Computer TypesNotebook-• Combines the tower & keyboard…• In addition the monitor…• Speakers and mouse into one All Images courtesy of Microsoft Clipart
  6. 6. 5 Different Computer TypesTablet PC• Looks like a small notebook computer• The screen moves horizontal or vertical• A digital pen (e.g. a Stylus pen) is used• Or you can user your fingers All Images courtesy of Microsoft Clipart
  7. 7. 5 Different Computer TypesHandheld (PDA or Smartphone)• Very small computer• Sometimes a mobile phone• Weighs less than 2lbs• A.K.A. personal digital assistant (PDA)• Stores schedules• Check email All Images courtesy of Microsoft Clipart
  8. 8. 5 Different Computer TypesServer-• Powerful Computer• Central Resource for other computers• Computers connect to the server• Includes terminals and Mainframes• Run large scale operations All Images courtesy of Microsoft Clipart
  9. 9. 6 Main Computer PartsComputer Case• AKA Central Processing Unit (CPU)• System Unit• Console All Images courtesy of Microsoft Clipart
  10. 10. 6 Main Computer PartsMonitor-• AKA Screen• Display• Looks similar to a TV All Images courtesy of Microsoft Clipart
  11. 11. 6 Main Computer PartsKeyboard-• Looks similar to a type writer• Used to type information• Enter instructions for computer• More in Chapter 4  All Images courtesy of Microsoft Clipart
  12. 12. 6 Main Computer PartsMouse-• Hand operated• Pointing device• Use to select or move items on monitor• Provides instructions for computer All Images courtesy of Microsoft Clipart
  13. 13. 6 Main Computer PartsPrinter-• A device we use to print documents• Some printers features an all in one device system• It can copy, print, scan, or fax All Images courtesy of Microsoft Clipart
  14. 14. 6 Main Computer PartsSpeakers-• The output for audio or sound• For music, narrations• E.g. Headphones All Images courtesy of Microsoft Clipart
  15. 15. Hardware vs. SoftwareHardware-• Physical computer components• E.g. parts, buttons, ports• Devices such as a printer, keyboard, CPUSoftware-• Instructs the computer to perform• Helps the computer complete tasks• E.g. Microsoft Office; Windows 7 All Images courtesy of Microsoft Clipart
  16. 16. Internal HardwareInternal Hardware-• Hardware that is “inside” the computer• Includes the CPU• Memory Chips• Disk Drives• Circuit Boards All Images courtesy of Microsoft Clipart
  17. 17. External HardwareExternal Hardware-• AKA Peripherals• The hardware that “connects” to the computer• “Outside of the computer”• E.g. Printer, Keyboard, Mouse All Images courtesy of Microsoft Clipart
  18. 18. Application SoftwareApplication Software-• Programs we interact with• E.g. Microsoft Word/ Office• E.g. Adobe Dreamweaver (Web design software) All Images courtesy of Microsoft Clipart
  19. 19. System SoftwareSystem Software-• The software that operates “behind the scenes”• Helps your computer to run smoothly• E.g. Operating System• E.g. Windows XP, Vista, & Windows 7 All Images courtesy of Microsoft Clipart
  20. 20. ResourcesMcFedries, P. (2007). Chapter 1: Getting Familiar with Computer Basics. In Simplified Computers. (7th ed.). (pp. 4-17). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley Publishing, Inc. Image courtesy of Wiley Publishing Inc.

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