legal aspects of navi mumbai international airport
Mumbai's population: shot up by 40% in
1951-61 , by 43.80% in 1961 – 1971
Various acute Infrastructural problem
CIDCO was incorporated on 17th March, 1970
under the Indian Companies Act, 1956
growing, modern metropolis
The largest totally planned city in the
Planned to accommodate a target
population of 4 million and jobs of 2
million in near future
The well-planned transport network
World’s largest ”Greenfield” state-of-the-art
international airports, offering world-class
The proposed second airport for MMR is
located at Navi Mumbai for several reasons
To cater for the future
population, business and
activities of MMR
It is both technically feasible and financially
The Airport master plan will be developed in
•The site of airport is located in an area of 1140 hectares
accommodating two parallel runways
•It is expected to absorb annually 10 million passengers in its first
operational year 2012, doubling to 20 million by 2020 followed by
30 million passengers in 2025 and ultimately 40 million by 2030.
•The Navi Mumbai Airport is proposed to be developed through
(ii)DIVERTING POPULATION INTO NEW
The existing airport is fast reaching saturation
The air travel demand expected to grow
Unable to handle such an increase in demand
Imperative to build a second Airport for MMR.
Includes Cost of Pre-Development Works of 4017
The Airport is proposed to be developed in three
In the first phase, North runway & attached taxi way
system, terminal building & concourse (2,69,000 sq.
m.) PROJECT COST(IN CR.)
Generation of 1.42 lakh new jobs directly,2 lakh
Likely to attract an investment of about 60,000
This boost to industrial development in turn
Further, enhanced cargo facilities will open up
Proposed Airport will also make the export / import
of cargo more economical, efficient and fast
Re-settlements & Rehabilitation (R&R)
Sustainable Green Development
The NMIA project is going to affect number of
households, minor business activities and
structures located in the vicinity of Airport area
and the same are required to be relocated.
approximately 5,000 families will have to be
re-settled due to the NMIA project.
The R&R entitlements include the allotment of
fully developed plot of area equivalent to
loss, besides other benefits in accordance with
the R&R policy
Encompasses a hill
Ten crore cubic metre
of material like murun
About six crore cubic
metre of rock is
Involves various mandatory pre development
activities to be undertaken
They include land development, filling /
reclamation, recurring of the Ulwe river and
shifting of EHVT lines(Extra High Tension )
CIDCO has stressed enormously on the preservation and
enhancement of the natural environment
Development of 245 Ha Mangrove Park/ Bio-diversity zone on
Waghivali Island, along with regeneration of lush green
mangroves in an area of 310 Ha.
At Kamothe and 60 Ha. at Moha Creek are being proposed for
preserving the ecological balance of the project area.
A large water body to the north is also being retained
1997 Ministry of civil aviation constituted a committee to
examine various sites for a second airport for Mumbai.
Rewas-Mandwa was recommended as suitable site
2000 A sub-committee constituted by the Airports
Authority of India (AAI) examined the Navi Mumbai site
and found it technically and operationally feasible
2006 International Civil Aviation Organisation conducted
simulation study sponsored jointly by Cidco/GoM & AAI.
Study said simultaneous operation is possible
2007 Cidco submitted project feasibility and business plan
to civil aviation ministry which obtained an in-principle
approval from the Union cabinet
2009 Bombay high court accepted Cidco’s
request for amendment of CRZ notifications and
MoEF issued notification permitting greenfield
airport at Navi Mumbai in CRZ areas, subject to
2010 Environment and CRZ clearance for NMIA
project granted by MoEF
2013 Forest department gave last of the
mandatory clearances for airport, only land
acquisition remains for the project to take off
The NMIA was soon mired in controversy, based on the
Environmental Impact Assessment.
The Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF)
appointed an Expert Appraisal Committee to take
decisions regarding the NMIA and its proposed location.
The CIDCO, the Government of Maharashtra, the Ministry
of Civil Aviation and the MoEF had their points of view.
There was a process of negotiation, review and
modification of plans. Finally, in November 2010, the
approval with conditions was granted
The original option of locating near Rewas
The other option of locating near Kalyan – Nevali
Recourse channel for Ulwe Creek -
Archeological / Cultural / Historic Sites -
Reclamation of marshy lands
The Government of India has recently released
the Draft National Land Acquisition and
Resettlement and Rehabilitation Bill 2011 (LARR
The LARR Bill seeks to repeal and replace the
Land Acquisition Act 1894.
Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in
Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and
Resettlement Act, 2013
The airport requires 2,042 ha (5,050 acres).
Land acquisition is stuck as the villagers
(5,000 families) are demanding a higher
compensation package of 20 crore per acre
The committee had offered the projectaffected-people (PAP) two rehabilitationrelated compensation options:
a) 12.5% of developed land at the ready
reckoner rates, in addition to monetary
b) 22.5% developed land in Navi Mumbai.
Each landowner will get 22.5 per cent Of this,
12.5 per cent was part of the original
agreement while 10 per cent will be given
based on the current value of the land.
Farmers will also get triple the size of their
plots to construct houses. And Rs 1,000 per
100 shares in the companies which will
develop the airport.
1cr land becomes 3.5 cr.
Concerns such as altering courses of rivers to avoid
flooding, reclamation of land, leveling of
hillocks, hacking hundreds of acres of mangroves &
The airport is within close vicinity of the Karnala
Aviation experts like Hormuz Mama have raised
concerns regarding the impact of aircraft
operations on birds as well as on flight safety due
to potential instances of bird ingestion into
Construction would damage mangrove cultivation
in the 2,000 hectares, besides the diversion of
Gadhi and Ulwe rivers.
90 per cent of the site i.e 170 hectares are covered
with dense and lush mangroves.
According to the Coastal Regulation Zone
Notification 1991, no development is permitted on
mangroves and other ecologically sensitive areas.
However, in May 2009, this Notification was
amended to make an exception for Mumbai's new
Noise monitoring will be carried out at critical
A thick green belt should be planned all
around the project site to mitigate noise and
vibrations to the nearby settlements.
The identification of species/plants should be
made based on the botanical studies.
Landscape plan, green belts and open spaces
may be described.
The Environment Impact Assessment (EIA) Study to
obtain Environmental and CRZ Clearance from the
Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF).
EIA identifies ways and means for improving the
project environmentally friendly by preventing
minimizing, mitigating or compensating for
adverse impact, so as to achieve a sustainable
The coastal land up to 500m from the High Tide Line
(HTL) and a stage of 100m along banks of
creeks, estuaries, backwater and rivers subject to tidal
fluctuations, is called the Coastal Regulation Zone(CRZ).
Diversion of rivers and quarrying/cutting of
mountains/earth is not a permissible activity under CRZ
Examine the details of impact of sea level rise on the
project in the next 100 years.
After amendments the crz gave a clearance.
The 160-hectare Pushpak Nagar to be developed
close to the Navi Mumbai airport site is the next
real-estate gold mine.
Of the 160 hectares, about 105 hectares will go
to the PAPs, while the rest will be used for the
development of civic amenities such as
The value of the land here will be minimum Rs
60,000 per sq m, and once the airport work
begins it will touch Rs 1.20 lakh per sq m for sure.
RFQ is a pre-bid process of the
government which narrows down the
interested bidders according to various
companies like L&T and Reliance
Infrastructure are interested in bidding
for the project.
GVK Infrastructure, the operator of the
Mumbai airport, has the first right of
As per the its right, GVK will be
allowed to revise its bid in case it falls
short of the highest bid by 10%.