Buildings & Climate Change
            An Inconvenient Truth

                GlobalShop 2008



                   Kevin ...
5 miles   5 miles
7926 miles
Solar radiation
in the form of lightwaves
passes through the
atmosphere
Some energy is radiated back
                         into space by the earth in     Some of this outgoing
               ...
visible light waves




CO 2




                     infrared heat waves
Mercury   Venus    Earth   Mars
 800˚ F   900˚ F   59˚ F   80˚ F
Some energy is radiated back
                         into space by the earth in     Some of this outgoing
               ...
Land Mass in Southern Hemisphere
Land Mass in Northern Hemisphere
Lower CO2
in global atmosphere
Higher CO2
in global atmosphere
Kilimanjaro
          Africa




1970                 2000
Kilimanjaro
2005
Portage Glacier
                                                        Alaska




                         1914          ...
Boulder Glacier
                                           Glacier National Park




                             1932    ...
Upsala Glacier
                                            Argentina




                                              192...
Tschierva
Glacier
Rhone
Glacier
Rhone
Glacier
Adamello-
Mandron
Glacier
Huascarán, Peru




Lonnie G. Thompson
Quelccaya
Ice Cap
Peru, 1977




Lonnie G. Thompson
600



         500



         400




         300




                                                                 ...
600             Projected Concentration After 50 More Years of
                         Unrestricted Fossil Fuel Burning

...
600             Projected Concentration After 50 More Years of
                         Unrestricted Fossil Fuel Burning

...
600                 After 45 More Years of current energy use patterns



         500



         400
                   ...
Global Temperature Since 1860
                    Combined annual land air and sea surface
                         temper...
The Ten Hottest Years on Record
   Have Occurred in the Last 12 Years




2005   1998   2006   2002   2003   2004   2001  ...
Hottest Year on Record




                         2005


Source: NCDC/NOAA
High Temperatures
     July 2006
Number of Major Flood Events
                                                     Americas
                          200

...
Number of Major Flood Events
                                                          Asia
                          350
...
Number of Major Flood Events
                                                      Europe
                          125


...
Switzerland
August 23, 2005




AP Photo/Keystone, Sigi Tischler
Mumbai, India
July 26, 2005

•   37 inches of rain in 24 hours
•   Water levels reached seven feet
•   The most any Indian...
AP Photo/Dietmar Stiplovsek
Neighboring Provinces, China
                                  Summer, 2005




Photo: Rueters/China News Photo
Amazon River
Brazil, October 2005




Photo: Daniel Beltra/Greenpeace
Photo: Laister/Hulton Archive/Getty Images
Warwick Vincent - Center for Northern Studies, Laval University
© Bryon and Cherry Alexander
Photo courtesy of Paul Grabhorn/ACIA
Alaska Winter Tundra Travel Days
                              1970-2002

     250


     200


     150


     100


    ...
Photo credit: Vladimir Lightovsky, University of Alaska Fairbanks
Larsen Ice Shelf
January 31, 2002




  MODIS images courtesy of NASA's Terra satellite
Larsen Ice Shelf
February 17, 2002




  MODIS images courtesy of NASA's Terra satellite
Larsen Ice Shelf
February 23, 2002




  MODIS images courtesy of NASA's Terra satellite
Larsen Ice Shelf
March 5, 2002




  MODIS images courtesy of NASA's Terra satellite
+12˚




           ?         ?
+1˚

      ?
                 ?
Photo courtesy Peter Essick/National Geographic Society
Photo: Manuel Jung, www.sternklar.ch
The Netherlands’ Levees
U.S. Protection for New Orleans
“The maps of the world will
 have to be redrawn.”



Sir David King,
U.K. Science Advisor, in regard to what is happening ...
We are witnessing a
  collision between our
civilization and the earth

    3 factors are
causing this collision:
3 Factors


1    The Population Explosion

     The Scientific and
2
     Technological Revolution

3    Our Way of Thinking
Population Growth Throughout History
                          World Population


                9                       ...
Global Population

                               8%



                               6%
       Population (Billions)



...
Bolivia




               1975   2003
Source: UNEP
replac
e
South American Fires
       August 9–18, 2006




                           Wildfires Worldwide
 Source: NASA/Goddard Spac...
3 Factors


1    The Population Explosion

     The Scientific and
2
     Technological Revolution

3    Our Way of Thinking
Old
  Habits
                 Predictable
    +        =   Consequences
   Old
Technology
Old
  Habits         Dramatically
    +        =   Altered
                 Consequences
   New
Technology
Colorado River
3 Factors


1    The Population Explosion

     The Scientific and
2
     Technological Revolution

3    Our Way of Thinking
Two Misconceptions

•   Do we have to choose between the economy
    and the environment?

•   OK, if we accept that it’s ...
Comparison of Fuel Economy and GHG
                                        Emissions Standards Around the World
          ...
Change in Market Capitalization
                                      February 2005 – August 2006

        50%
        40%...
Two Misconceptions

•   Do we have to choose between the economy and
    the environment?

•   OK, if we accept that it’s ...
The CFC Success Story
         Production of Chlorofluorocarbons in Selected Countries,
                               1986...
3 Considerations


1    Reduce Carbon Emissions

2    Rethink Waste and Resource Use

3    Create Healthier Environments
Global CO2 Emissions 1751–2002

                       8000

                       7000

                       6000

   ...
CO2 Emissions
                                                                 industry           transportation          ...
Buildings - 48%

                                   Residential        Commercial      Industrial



                     ...
Buildings - 48%

                                   Residential        Commercial      Industrial



                     ...
US Energy Production


                                                                            oil - 2%

             ...
US Energy Production
                             54% of American adults think electricity is produced
                   ...
Three Mile Island Nuclear Accident




    In 1979, the US energy producing
   landscape was dramatically altered.
Growth in Fuel Use
                                                oil      renewables         natrual gas      nuclear   ...
Building Energy Consumption
                                           How does a typical building use energy?

          ...
Building Energy Consumption

                                                          other - 10%


                     ...
Heating, Cooling, and Ventilation
CFL   LED
Energy Consumption by Sector


                                    20%

                                                17...
Energy Consumption/SF
                       60

                                                              40 kWh/sf g...
Largest Retailers
                 Name       Number of Stores   Total SF Area in Chain
Wal-Mart                         4...
2,460,343,108 sf x 13.4 kWh/sf = insanity
Alaska
       Delaware
        Hawaii
         Idaho
        Maine

32,968,597 mWh
       Montana
       Nebraska
        ...
3 Considerations


1    Reduce Carbon Emissions

2    Rethink Waste and Resource Use

3    Create Healthier Environments
Human consumption surpassed the
regenerative capacity of the planet around
1980, and we are now pushing its systems
well b...
Industrial Age Business Model
Virtually endless supply of cheap raw materials.
Abundant cheap energy.
Plentiful cheap labo...
37% of all landfill refuse
is generated by building related construction
                    source: EPA
1     31


source: Ray Anderson, CEO of Interface Carpet
Building Waste

                                                    plastics - 5%
                                      br...
Sourcing




                                                   Store
Design              Fabrication   Installation
     ...
Rapidly Renewable     Reduce
Sustainable Harvest
 New Technologies

     Salvage          Reuse
   Reclamation

Recycled C...
Re-Sourcing
Waste Pyramid


                Eliminate

                Reduce


                Reuse


                Recycle


    ...
Re-Source Pyramid

                    Eliminate

                    Reduce


                    Reuse


               ...
Recycle - Post Consumer




Ice Stone                   3Form ecoresin


            Shetka Stone                     Alke...
Reuse



        Colonial Barn




        Bleacher stock from
        Terra Mai
Reduce - Salvage




   Ancientwood                Buckskin




Halm Lumber
Reduce - Rapidly Renewable




Smith & Fong Plyboo




        Cork                           Mesquite
3 Considerations


1    Reduce Carbon Emissions

2    Rethink Waste and Resource Use

3    Create Healthier Environments
Environmental Facts
Exposure Size: 1 Hour (60 minutes)
Exposures Per Day: 8

Amount Per Exposure
Toxic Score 100
         ...
Socio-Economic




                  Societal                   Economic

                                                ...
LEED - Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design

                  Sustainable Sites
                  Water Efficienc...
Building Green
Sustainable Buildings & Construction Initiative
         US Green Building Council
              Architectu...
Greenbuild
     Living Green Expo
  Building Green Together
     ECOBuild America
      Go Green Expo
       EcoWave 2007
...
Diminishing Return
                               Ideal    Average                      Limited   LEED Certification

    ...
Life Cycle Analysis
                                      Input                               Output


                  S...
Thank You!
2008 GlobalShop
2008 GlobalShop
2008 GlobalShop
2008 GlobalShop
2008 GlobalShop
2008 GlobalShop
2008 GlobalShop
2008 GlobalShop
2008 GlobalShop
2008 GlobalShop
2008 GlobalShop
2008 GlobalShop
2008 GlobalShop
2008 GlobalShop
2008 GlobalShop
2008 GlobalShop
2008 GlobalShop
2008 GlobalShop
2008 GlobalShop
2008 GlobalShop
2008 GlobalShop
2008 GlobalShop
2008 GlobalShop
2008 GlobalShop
2008 GlobalShop
2008 GlobalShop
2008 GlobalShop
2008 GlobalShop
2008 GlobalShop
2008 GlobalShop
2008 GlobalShop
2008 GlobalShop
2008 GlobalShop
2008 GlobalShop
2008 GlobalShop
2008 GlobalShop
2008 GlobalShop
2008 GlobalShop
2008 GlobalShop
2008 GlobalShop
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

2008 GlobalShop

633 views

Published on

A presentation titled Buildings & Climate Change at the GlobalShop international retail conference held in Las Vegas, NV.

Published in: Design, Travel, Technology
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
633
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
4
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

2008 GlobalShop

  1. 1. Buildings & Climate Change An Inconvenient Truth GlobalShop 2008 Kevin Foster O’Donnell
  2. 2. 5 miles 5 miles
  3. 3. 7926 miles
  4. 4. Solar radiation in the form of lightwaves passes through the atmosphere
  5. 5. Some energy is radiated back into space by the earth in Some of this outgoing the form of infrared waves infrared radiation is trapped by the earth’s atmosphere and warms it Most of this radiation is absorbed by the Earth and warms it
  6. 6. visible light waves CO 2 infrared heat waves
  7. 7. Mercury Venus Earth Mars 800˚ F 900˚ F 59˚ F 80˚ F
  8. 8. Some energy is radiated back into space by the earth in Some of this outgoing the form of infrared waves infrared radiation is trapped by the earth’s atmosphere and warms it Most of this radiation is absorbed by the Earth and warms it
  9. 9. Land Mass in Southern Hemisphere
  10. 10. Land Mass in Northern Hemisphere
  11. 11. Lower CO2 in global atmosphere
  12. 12. Higher CO2 in global atmosphere
  13. 13. Kilimanjaro Africa 1970 2000
  14. 14. Kilimanjaro 2005
  15. 15. Portage Glacier Alaska 1914 2004 Photos: NOAA Photo Collection and Gary Braasch – WorldViewOfGlobalWarming.org
  16. 16. Boulder Glacier Glacier National Park 1932 1988 Photos: George Grant, Glacier National Archive; Jerry DeSanto, national Park Service
  17. 17. Upsala Glacier Argentina 1928 Photo: © Greenpeace/De Agostini/Beltra 2004
  18. 18. Tschierva Glacier
  19. 19. Rhone Glacier
  20. 20. Rhone Glacier
  21. 21. Adamello- Mandron Glacier
  22. 22. Huascarán, Peru Lonnie G. Thompson
  23. 23. Quelccaya Ice Cap Peru, 1977 Lonnie G. Thompson
  24. 24. 600 500 400 300 CO2 Concentration 280 260 240 CO2 [ppmv] 220 200 180 600,000 500,000 400,000 300,000 200,000 100,000 0 Age (yr BP)
  25. 25. 600 Projected Concentration After 50 More Years of Unrestricted Fossil Fuel Burning 500 400 300 CO2 Concentration 280 260 240 CO2 [ppmv] 220 200 180 Temp. in F° 600,000 500,000 400,000 300,000 200,000 100,000 0 Age (yr BP)
  26. 26. 600 Projected Concentration After 50 More Years of Unrestricted Fossil Fuel Burning 500 400 Today’s CO2 Concentration 380 ppm 300 CO2 Concentration 280 260 240 CO2 [ppmv] 220 200 180 Temp. in F° 600,000 500,000 400,000 300,000 200,000 100,000 0 Age (yr BP)
  27. 27. 600 After 45 More Years of current energy use patterns 500 400 Today’s CO2 Concentration 300 CO2 Concentration 280 260 240 CO2 [ppmv] 220 200 180 Temp. in F° 600,000 500,000 400,000 300,000 200,000 100,000 0 Age (yr BP)
  28. 28. Global Temperature Since 1860 Combined annual land air and sea surface temperatures from 1860-2003 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.2 0 -0.2 -0.4 -0.6 -0.8 1860 1880 1900 1920 1940 1960 1980 2000 Source: Climatic Research Unit, University of East Anglia and Hadley Centre, The Met Office, UK http://www.knmi.nl/voorl/nader/globaltemperaturein2003thirdwarmest.htm
  29. 29. The Ten Hottest Years on Record Have Occurred in the Last 12 Years 2005 1998 2006 2002 2003 2004 2001 1997 1995 1999
  30. 30. Hottest Year on Record 2005 Source: NCDC/NOAA
  31. 31. High Temperatures July 2006
  32. 32. Number of Major Flood Events Americas 200 160 # of Major Floods 120 80 40 0 1960–1969 1960–1969 1970–1979 1980–1989 1990–2000 Source: Millennium Ecosystem Assessment
  33. 33. Number of Major Flood Events Asia 350 300 250 # of Major Floods 200 150 100 50 0 1950–1959 1960–1969 1970–1979 1980–1989 1990–2000 Source: Millennium Ecosystem Assessment
  34. 34. Number of Major Flood Events Europe 125 100 # of Major Floods 75 50 25 0 1950–1959 1960–1969 1970–1979 1980–1989 1990–2000 Source: Millennium Ecosystem Assessment
  35. 35. Switzerland August 23, 2005 AP Photo/Keystone, Sigi Tischler
  36. 36. Mumbai, India July 26, 2005 • 37 inches of rain in 24 hours • Water levels reached seven feet • The most any Indian city has ever received in one day • The death toll in western India reached 1,000 Source: CNN.com 8/1/2005
  37. 37. AP Photo/Dietmar Stiplovsek
  38. 38. Neighboring Provinces, China Summer, 2005 Photo: Rueters/China News Photo
  39. 39. Amazon River Brazil, October 2005 Photo: Daniel Beltra/Greenpeace
  40. 40. Photo: Laister/Hulton Archive/Getty Images
  41. 41. Warwick Vincent - Center for Northern Studies, Laval University
  42. 42. © Bryon and Cherry Alexander
  43. 43. Photo courtesy of Paul Grabhorn/ACIA
  44. 44. Alaska Winter Tundra Travel Days 1970-2002 250 200 150 100 50 0 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 © 2004 ACIA
  45. 45. Photo credit: Vladimir Lightovsky, University of Alaska Fairbanks
  46. 46. Larsen Ice Shelf January 31, 2002 MODIS images courtesy of NASA's Terra satellite
  47. 47. Larsen Ice Shelf February 17, 2002 MODIS images courtesy of NASA's Terra satellite
  48. 48. Larsen Ice Shelf February 23, 2002 MODIS images courtesy of NASA's Terra satellite
  49. 49. Larsen Ice Shelf March 5, 2002 MODIS images courtesy of NASA's Terra satellite
  50. 50. +12˚ ? ? +1˚ ? ?
  51. 51. Photo courtesy Peter Essick/National Geographic Society
  52. 52. Photo: Manuel Jung, www.sternklar.ch
  53. 53. The Netherlands’ Levees
  54. 54. U.S. Protection for New Orleans
  55. 55. “The maps of the world will have to be redrawn.” Sir David King, U.K. Science Advisor, in regard to what is happening in Greenland
  56. 56. We are witnessing a collision between our civilization and the earth 3 factors are causing this collision:
  57. 57. 3 Factors 1 The Population Explosion The Scientific and 2 Technological Revolution 3 Our Way of Thinking
  58. 58. Population Growth Throughout History World Population 9 2050 – 9.1 Billion 8 7 2006 – 6.5 Billion 6 5 Billions 4 3 1945 – 2.3 Billion 2 1 1776 – 1 Billion First Modern Humans 1492 – 500 Million 0 160,000 100,000 10,000 7,000 6,000 5,000 4,000 3,000 2,000 1,000 1 1,000 2,000 2,150 B.C. B.C. B.C. B.C. B.C. B.C. B.C. B.C. B.C. B.C. A.D. A.D. A.D. A.D. Source: United Nations
  59. 59. Global Population 8% 6% Population (Billions) 4% Developing Nations 2% Developed Nations 0% 1975 2000 2025 Source: United Nations Population Division, 2000
  60. 60. Bolivia 1975 2003 Source: UNEP
  61. 61. replac e
  62. 62. South American Fires August 9–18, 2006 Wildfires Worldwide Source: NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center
  63. 63. 3 Factors 1 The Population Explosion The Scientific and 2 Technological Revolution 3 Our Way of Thinking
  64. 64. Old Habits Predictable + = Consequences Old Technology
  65. 65. Old Habits Dramatically + = Altered Consequences New Technology
  66. 66. Colorado River
  67. 67. 3 Factors 1 The Population Explosion The Scientific and 2 Technological Revolution 3 Our Way of Thinking
  68. 68. Two Misconceptions • Do we have to choose between the economy and the environment? • OK, if we accept that it’s real and that we’re causing it, isn’t this problem so big that we can’t possibly fix it?
  69. 69. Comparison of Fuel Economy and GHG Emissions Standards Around the World 55 EU 50 MPG—Converted to CAFE Test Cycle Japan 45 40 China 35 Australia Canada California 30 25 US 20 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 2012 2014 2016
  70. 70. Change in Market Capitalization February 2005 – August 2006 50% 40% 30% +39.1% 20% +22.6% 10% GM Ford 0% Toyota Honda -10% -15.9% -20% -30% -38.1% -40% -50% Source: Forbes.com; Marketwatch.com
  71. 71. Two Misconceptions • Do we have to choose between the economy and the environment? • OK, if we accept that it’s real and that we’re causing it, isn’t this problem so big that we can’t possibly fix it?
  72. 72. The CFC Success Story Production of Chlorofluorocarbons in Selected Countries, 1986-1997 U.S. China Germany Japan India France 350 300 250 200 150 100 50 0 1986 1988 1990 1992 1994 1996 Source: UNEP, 1999
  73. 73. 3 Considerations 1 Reduce Carbon Emissions 2 Rethink Waste and Resource Use 3 Create Healthier Environments
  74. 74. Global CO2 Emissions 1751–2002 8000 7000 6000 5000 Million Metric Tons 4000 3000 2000 1000 0 1750 1800 1850 1900 1950 2000
  75. 75. CO2 Emissions industry transportation buildings 800 48% 700 Metric Tons of Carbon (millions) 600 27% 500 400 300 25% 200 100 0 50 52 54 56 58 60 62 64 66 68 70 72 74 76 78 80 82 84 86 88 90 92 94 96 98 00 02 source: 2005 US Energy Information Administration
  76. 76. Buildings - 48% Residential Commercial Industrial 21% 17% 10% source: 2005 US Energy Information Administration
  77. 77. Buildings - 48% Residential Commercial Industrial 21% 17% 10% source: 2005 US Energy Information Administration
  78. 78. US Energy Production oil - 2% hydro - 4% solar/wind - 1% 54% of gas - 18% American adults think electricity is produced by a combination of solar, nuclear and hydropower. (2006 Roper Report) coal - 55% nuclear - 20% source: 2005 US Energy Information Administration
  79. 79. US Energy Production 54% of American adults think electricity is produced by a combination of solar, nuclear and hydropower. (2006 Roper Report) oil - 2% hydro - 4% solar/wind - 1% 75% gas - 18% Fossil Fuels coal - 55% nuclear - 20% source: 2005 US Energy Information Administration
  80. 80. Three Mile Island Nuclear Accident In 1979, the US energy producing landscape was dramatically altered.
  81. 81. Growth in Fuel Use oil renewables natrual gas nuclear coal 900 750 600 Growth (billion kWh) 450 300 150 0 -150 -300 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 97 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 source: 2005 US Energy Information Administration
  82. 82. Building Energy Consumption How does a typical building use energy? other - 10% heating - 29% equipment - 13% refrigeration - 3% cooking - 1% cooling - 7% lighting - 22% ventilation - 11% water heating - 4% source: 2005 US Energy Information Administration
  83. 83. Building Energy Consumption other - 10% heating - 29% equipment - 13% refrigeration - 3% 69% cooking - 1% cooling - 7% lighting - 22% ventilation - 11% water heating - 4% source: 2005 US Energy Information Administration
  84. 84. Heating, Cooling, and Ventilation
  85. 85. CFL LED
  86. 86. Energy Consumption by Sector 20% 17% 13% 11% 10% 9% 8% 7% 6% ice ce n ice e g se y us in bl ar io ou gio ffi rv rv dg m at C O eh se Se Se uc Lo li lth Re As ar Ed & od ea W ic ail H Fo bl t Re Pu source: 2005 US Energy Information Administration
  87. 87. Energy Consumption/SF 60 40 kWh/sf greater 53 than the average 50 40 400% 36 30 27 20 19 Average for all commercial 15 buildings - 13.4 kWh/sf 10 12 8 7 5 4 0 les ice e ce g y n se nt us in bl ar io ca ou gio ffi Sa rv dg m at C O Va eh se Se uc Lo li od lth Re As ar Ed od Fo ea W ic H Fo bl Pu source: 1995 US Energy Information Administration
  88. 88. Largest Retailers Name Number of Stores Total SF Area in Chain Wal-Mart 4,091 923,136,390 Home Depot 2,215 287,950,000 The Kroger Company 3,645 144,483,350 Costco Wholesale 513 68,229,000 Target Corporation 1,537 295,202,368 Sears Holdings 3,800 342,000,000 Walgreens Company 5,858 82,012,000 Lowe’s Companies 1,425 165,300,000 CVS Corporation 6,200 71,300,000 Safeway Incorporated 1,755 80,730,000 31,039 2,460,343,108
  89. 89. 2,460,343,108 sf x 13.4 kWh/sf = insanity
  90. 90. Alaska Delaware Hawaii Idaho Maine 32,968,597 mWh Montana Nebraska Nevada Nevada New Hampshire New Mexico 32,500,630 mWh North Dakota Rhode Island South Dakota Utah Vermont West Virginia Wyoming
  91. 91. 3 Considerations 1 Reduce Carbon Emissions 2 Rethink Waste and Resource Use 3 Create Healthier Environments
  92. 92. Human consumption surpassed the regenerative capacity of the planet around 1980, and we are now pushing its systems well beyond their ability to heal. National Academy of Sciences
  93. 93. Industrial Age Business Model Virtually endless supply of cheap raw materials. Abundant cheap energy. Plentiful cheap labor that’s easy to replace.
  94. 94. 37% of all landfill refuse is generated by building related construction source: EPA
  95. 95. 1 31 source: Ray Anderson, CEO of Interface Carpet
  96. 96. Building Waste plastics - 5% bricks - 5% metals - 5% asphalt roofing - 5% concrete - 45% drywall - 10% wood - 25% source: EPA
  97. 97. Sourcing Store Design Fabrication Installation Opening End of Life Waste Waste Waste
  98. 98. Rapidly Renewable Reduce Sustainable Harvest New Technologies Salvage Reuse Reclamation Recycled Content Recycle Store Sourcing Design Fabrication Installation Opening Re-Source End of Life
  99. 99. Re-Sourcing
  100. 100. Waste Pyramid Eliminate Reduce Reuse Recycle Burn Landfill
  101. 101. Re-Source Pyramid Eliminate Reduce Reuse Recycle Burn Landfill
  102. 102. Recycle - Post Consumer Ice Stone 3Form ecoresin Shetka Stone Alkemi
  103. 103. Reuse Colonial Barn Bleacher stock from Terra Mai
  104. 104. Reduce - Salvage Ancientwood Buckskin Halm Lumber
  105. 105. Reduce - Rapidly Renewable Smith & Fong Plyboo Cork Mesquite
  106. 106. 3 Considerations 1 Reduce Carbon Emissions 2 Rethink Waste and Resource Use 3 Create Healthier Environments
  107. 107. Environmental Facts Exposure Size: 1 Hour (60 minutes) Exposures Per Day: 8 Amount Per Exposure Toxic Score 100 PPM VOC Paint 124.05 Stains 37.44 Adhesives 67.30 Coatings 0 Formaldehyde MDF Panels 105.41 Acoustic Ceiling Tiles 59.72 Carcinogens 22 Hormone Disruptors 15 srotpursiD enomroH 51 snegonicraC 22 seliT gnilieC citsuocA 27.95 slenaP FDM 14.501 edyhedlamroF
  108. 108. Socio-Economic Societal Economic Sustainable Design Enviro-Societal Eco-Environmental Environmental
  109. 109. LEED - Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design Sustainable Sites Water Efficiency Materials and Resources Indoor Environmental Quality Innovation and Design Process
  110. 110. Building Green Sustainable Buildings & Construction Initiative US Green Building Council Architecture 2030 Cradle to Cradle Energy Star Green Peace Forest Stewardship Council Global Green
  111. 111. Greenbuild Living Green Expo Building Green Together ECOBuild America Go Green Expo EcoWave 2007 West Coast Green Conference Green Building Expo Earth Day Green + Design
  112. 112. Diminishing Return Ideal Average Limited LEED Certification LEED Certification Return on Investment Break Point Added Effort (Capital + Time)
  113. 113. Life Cycle Analysis Input Output Source Extraction Raw Materials Atmospheric Emissions Raw Materials Manufacturing Waterborne Wastes Fuel Packaging & Transport Solid Wastes Energy Use & Maintenance Co-products Recycle or Waste Other Releases source: EPA Life Cycle Assessments
  114. 114. Thank You!

×