UCLAx Cradle to Cradle: class 12

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This is the final in a series of slide shows that follow my UCLA winter 2010 course titled Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems. This interdisciplinary course contributes to the school's Certificate of Global Sustainability.

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UCLAx Cradle to Cradle: class 12

  1. 1. c 2c Class 12 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension Cradle to Cradle Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension V5018 March 25, 2010 Kevin Foster O’Donnell fundamentalist @ threadcollaborative
  2. 2. Class 12 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension Disassembly Projects
  3. 3. Class 12 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension Disassembly Projects #2 Pencil 4($*3&!."!4($*3&! DIScoverY /25$55&6+3)!7(",&-. !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"#!$%!&'&()*$)!"+,&-.! 03.18.2010 Ticonderoga 89!:0!7&%-23 !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!/$(($!0($1&#2&3* !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
  4. 4. Class 12 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension Disassembly Projects #2 Pencil DISASSEMLBY !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"#!$%!&'&()*$)!"+,&-.! Paint Ferrule Wood Graphite Eraser Ticonderoga #2 Pencil 03.18.2010
  5. 5. Class 12 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension Disassembly Projects #2 Pencil PRIMARY COMPONENTS Ticonderoga #2 Pencil = + copper zinc brass ferrule + = latex extraction pumice eraser + = incense cedar trees graphite clay
  6. 6. Class 12 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension Disassembly Projects #2 Pencil WHAT IT’S MADE OF !"#$%&"'()*($+)#,)!"-$)").$/0&'1 !"# "$%"&'( =3/+%)'#:6'#$ D*;;#/E$(6,0:# " !)*+&,*+- =3/+&"$%"&' F36;#%,$3&)- .%/&*+ >#)*03,?$@33'- F0##) ./%(( A%0#9 F06/#,# .*0%'&,# 5/?%,&"$'6#( F*)2*/ 1%)&23/,&%$4,"#,(#$1#'%/ B#0/3)#*+ G&0%,&*+$39&'# 1%)"&*+ B:#,3) H/#% 1%(03/$5&) B3)6C&,6)$%"#0%0# 2 I#?#0%;)#$3&) 1)%6 B/376)#,# I&,6)E$(6,0:# "- 1377#/ B*+&"#$ J33'$()%0( 87396$/#(&, D#(3*/"&,%) K&," 80:6);#,<#,# D*;;#/E$,%0*/%) K&,"$39&'# 2)"'#$%/"#$( 03.18.2010
  7. 7. Class 12 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension Disassembly Projects #2 Pencil Canada copper, zinc Poland Korea copper erasers China Paci c NW, CA graphite, zinc wood, sawmill assembly Mexico assembly, zinc Sri Lanka Malaysia Peru castor oil rubber erasers zinc Zambia copper Chile Australia copper zinc Locations of Natural Resources, Fabrication 03.18.2010
  8. 8. Class 12 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension Disassembly Projects #2 Pencil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`3>M73 %0)', 1 '3.9/4R1[.30:64167@] ,471'3-Z3 D1:61YV1.63:01 !/:3@<1>7-/43@0 16*5& !/:3@<1>7-/43@0
  9. 9. Class 12 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension Disassembly Projects Marmoleum
  10. 10. Class 12 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension Disassembly Projects Marmoleum
  11. 11. Class 12 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension Disassembly Projects Alkaline Battery
  12. 12. Greeting Card with sound
  13. 13. The card is made of several components that are activated by opening the card. This is a celebration card made to perform sounds when activated by the user. It is composed by different materials assembled in the same manufacturer in China, then shipped in the USA.
  14. 14. Where Batteries come from: manufacturing
  15. 15. Class 12 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension Disassembly Projects Coffee Maker
  16. 16. Class 12 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension Disassembly Projects Coffee Maker
  17. 17. Class 12 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension Disassembly Projects Coffee Maker
  18. 18. Class 12 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension Disassembly Projects Coffee Maker
  19. 19. Class 12 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension Disassembly Projects Bottle of Wine
  20. 20. Class 12 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension Disassembly Projects Bottle of Wine glass label
  21. 21. Class 12 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension Disassembly Projects Eyeglasses Kimberley Westad Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems (V5018) Disassembly Project—Part One Professor Kevin O’Donnell 17 March 2010 pages 1-2 1 2 1 4 4 3 3 Four basic parts to an eyeglass frame: temples, frame, hinge component, and lenses. 1 2 3 4 temples frame hinge component lenses The temples are also referred to as stems The frame is the part that rests on your The hinges connect the temples Four widely used materials to make lenses: or ear-pieces, they are what keep the nose and holds the lenses in place. to the frames and work to close CR-39, which is a type of plastic, typically used eyeglasses on your head. the temples when the eyeglasses for “light” prescriptions. High index plastic, are not in use. They are composed which is used for people with poor vision, as of two pieces secured by a common the lenses cosmetically look better because eyeglass screw. they are thinner and lighter. Polycarbonate, which is also thin and light, is often used for children, safety glasses, and sports goggles because of its impact resistance. Glass is used in very limited instances for very specific lenses. The preferred material is formed into a concave or convex shape (known as spherical lenses) depending if you are near-or-far sighted. Concave lenses are thicker at the edges than in the middle and correct nearsightedness. Convex lenses are thicker in the middle than at the edges and correct farsightedness.
  22. 22. Class 12 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension Disassembly Projects Eyeglasses Kimberley Westad Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems (V5018) Disassembly Project—Part One Professor Kevin O’Donnell 17 March 2010 pages 3-4 I have chosen to disassemble a pair of eyeglasses I purchased from SEE (Selective Acetic anhydride, CH3-CO-O-CO-CH3, a derivative of acetic acid, the acid in vinegar, Eyewear Elements) optical shop in the Beverly Center in May 2003. The frame style is the most commonly used anhydride reactant. This anhydride is important in the is 1931, COL 786M (the exact color code for lilac and black). They were delivered to production of cellulose acetate by the esterification of cellulose or cotton. Cellulose me with a high index, single vision 1.67 Seiko lens with an anti-glare coating. acetate was first prepared in 1865 and was used extensively during World War I to coat airplane wings. The Beverly Center is less than a mile from my house. As I concluded my research, it became evident that this was the absolute shortest calculable distance in the The premier zyl supplier in the world is Mazzucchelli 1849 SpA, located in Castiglione journey from the various factories to my face! Olona, in the provence of Varese in the Lombardy region of Italy, very close to the Swiss border. According to Lauren Griffiths, SEE buyer, the zyl raw material for my glasses came from Mazzucchelli and was sent to France for the actual manufacture of 1 & 2 the frame style 1931, COL 786M. Temples and Frame Made from zyl (zylonite / cellulose acetate). If you want the colors of the rainbow, then 3 zyl is the material of choice. Zyl is very popular, as it can produce frames that Hinge Component feature layered colors, while still being very cost effective. The hinge and screw components are made from high quality steel. The best quality hinges are made in Germany and most often used in frames that are manufactured Cellulose acetate is prepared starting from natural in Europe. and renewable sources such as cotton flakes and wood pulp. An esterification process with acetic anhydride* To attach the temples to the frame, small slots are cut in the upper corners of the and subsequent mixtures of plasticizers, additives and frame. Half of the metal hinge is put in each slot and the frame and partial hinges pigments gives the finished product flexibility, resistance, are placed in a capitron machine. This machine induces ultrasonic vibrations in the and a vibrant color. metal hinges and creates heat and friction. The friction causes the plastic of the frame to melt around the hinge to bond it securely to the frame. This process is *Chemical processes detailed: more secure than glue or other types of bonding. Esterification is the general name for a chemical reaction in which two reactants (typically an alcohol and an acid) form an ester as the reaction product. Ester bonds Before the temples are attached to the frames, they are imprinted with the style are found in many polymers. number and size of the frame. Printing inks are made primarily with linseed oil
  23. 23. Class 12 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension Disassembly Projects Eyeglasses Kimberley Westad Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems (V5018) Disassembly Project—Part One Professor Kevin O’Donnell 17 March 2010 pages 5-6 or a petroleum distillate as the solvent combined with organic sometimes have a hint of green or purple color, depending on the individual manufac- pigments. The imprinting (what’s left of it anyway) on turer's formula. Each layer is scientifically calculated to block reflected light. The my temples is white. White pigment typically comes from result is that you'll see a reduction in glare, annoying reflections and halos around titanium dioxide. lights. This is a great safety benefit when you're driving at night. Michael Ferns, Lab Manager at SEE explained the process they use, “Anti-reflective coatings are done with For example, Huntsman Pigments specializes in the manufacture an advanced vacuum system— different types of crystals in the vacuum system create of titanium dioxide (TiO2) pigments that add whiteness and opacity to thousands of a gas that adheres to the surface of the lens. Several layers of this coating are applied consumer products. They are located in Billingham, England. While I could not trace on the front and back of the lens then it is sealed with a hydro phobic coating to pro- the ink supplier directly, this is a best-guess European manufacturer. tect the layers from perspiration and oils of the skin.” 4 The specific lens in my glasses is a 1.67 UltraThin UV semi-finished single vision Lenses aspheric lens manufactured by Pentax Vision, a division of Seiko Optical Products. In the past, eyeglass lenses had always been made with glass. With the advent of high This particular lens comes from the manufacturer with the AR coating already quality plastics in the last 20 years, glass lenses have been replaced almost completely embedded in the lens. The spec sheet from Pentax states, 1.67 UltraThin UV lenses with plastic lenses. Glass lenses have a slightly better optical clarity than plastic lenses are manufactured in compliance with FDA Regulation 21 CFR 801.410. When surfaced to and do not scratch as easily. However, glass lenses can shatter and cause serious eye a minimum center thickness of 1.5 mm and coated with a scratch-resistant coating, these injury. Most optical stores do not sell glass lenses due to safety concerns. lenses comply with FDA requirements for impact resistance. Pentax cannot assure the impact resistance of lenses after the application of non-Pentax coatings. For moderate to strong prescriptions like mine, I require a high index plastic lens, which is a thinner and lighter material. To correct my nearsightedness, my lenses are Michelle, a customer-service representative at the Hopkins, Minnesota manufacturing a concave shape. High index lenses have more surface reflections, so for best optical facility for Seiko Optical Products of America, advised me that the Pentax lenses I have performance, an anti-reflective (AR) coating should be applied to the lens. Anti- in my glasses were made at their plant in Tokyo, Japan. reflective coating improves both your vision through your lenses and the appearance of your glasses. AR coating increases the amount of visible light available to the eye, The lens blanks are shipped from Japan to the SEE manufacturing headquarters in which improves the efficiency of vision. AR coatings are similar to the coatings found Southfield, Michigan for finishing to create my exactly-tailored prescription. During on microscopes and camera lenses. They consist of several layers of metal oxides the blocking, polishing, and beveling process, a compound consisting of aluminum applied to the front and back lens surfaces. Because of the layering effect, AR coatings oxide and water is used in a circular motion on the lenses to polish them. In an article
  24. 24. Class 12 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension Disassembly Projects Eyeglasses Kimberley Westad Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems (V5018) Disassembly Project—Part One Professor Kevin O’Donnell 17 March 2010 pages 9-10 NOTE: I AM AWARE THAT THE FLIGHT 6,422 F FROM TOKYO TO MICHIGAN LYIN WOULD ACTUALLY HEAD EAST G MI L ES AND NOT WEST, BUT THERE WAS NO WAY TO REPRESENT see detail maps below THAT CLEARLY ON THIS MAP BILLINGHAM, ENGLAND HUNTSMAN PIGMENTS GERMANY HINGE COMPONENTS SOUTHFIELD, MICHGAN NEAR PARIS, FRANCE SEE FACTORY 644 DRIVING MILES FRAME FACTORY CASTIGLIONE OLONA, ITALY 505 FLYING MILES MAZZUCCHELLI ZYL FACTORY MILES HICKSVILLE, NEW YORK ING S TOKYO, JAPAN see detail map below FLY MILE UNIVERSAL PHOTONICS SEIKO PENTAX LENS MANUFACTURING 1,9 83 RIVING D 3 9 LOS ANGELES, CALIFORNIA 2,2 SEE OPTICAL SHOP + 3,9 WHERE I LIVE 41 F LYING MILES BILLINGHAM, ENGLAND HUNTSMAN PIGMENTS 531 DRIVING MILES 426 FLYING MILES GERMANY HINGE COMPONENTS SEE OPTICAL SHOP LOCATED IN THE BEVERLY CENTER APPROXIMATELY NEAR PARIS, FRANCE 350-550 DRIVING MILES MAZZUCCHELLI ZYL FACTORY FRAME FACTORY 300-450 FLYING MILES CASTIGLIONE OLONA, ITALY .8 DRIVING MILES 529 DRIVING MILES 400 FLYING MILES CASTIGLIONE OLONA, ITALY MAZZUCCHELLI ZYL FACTORY WHERE I LIVE WILLAMAN DRIVE + COLGATE AVENUE
  25. 25. Class 12 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension ! questions? !
  26. 26. Class 12 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension transition template industrial age ecology energy society economy green greener greenest sustainable age
  27. 27. Class 12 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension transition template industrial age ecology energy society economy green greener greenest sustainable age
  28. 28. Class 12 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension transition template industrial age ecology energy society economy green greener greenest sustainable age
  29. 29. Class 12 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension Waste Reduction municipal solid waste industrial special hazardous
  30. 30. Class 12 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension Waste Reduction 1 32
  31. 31. Class 12 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension Waste Reduction
  32. 32. Class 12 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension transition template industrial age ecology energy society economy green greener greenest sustainable age
  33. 33. Class 12 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension Toxin Elimination
  34. 34. Class 9.2 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension Resource Conservation
  35. 35. Class 9.2 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension Resource Conservation
  36. 36. Class 9.2 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension Resource Conservation
  37. 37. Class 12 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension Resource Conservation
  38. 38. Class 12 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension transition template industrial age ecology energy society economy green greener greenest sustainable age
  39. 39. Class 12 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension Closed Loop Raw Materials Manufacturing Packaging & Transport Use & Maintenance Recycle or Waste
  40. 40. Class 12 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension Closed Loop Raw Materials Manufacturing techno bio Packaging & Transport Use & Maintenance Recycle or Waste
  41. 41. Class 12 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension transition template industrial age ecology energy society economy green greener greenest sustainable age
  42. 42. Class 12 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension Energy Conservation
  43. 43. Class 12 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension Energy Conservation 900 coal 750 600 Growth (billion kWh) nuclear 450 natural gas 300 150 renewables 0 -150 oil -300 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 97 97 98 99 00 01 02 03
  44. 44. Class 12 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension Energy Conservation 54% of American adults think electricity is produced by a combination of solar, nuclear and hydropower. (2006 Roper Report) oil - 2% hydro - 4% solar/wind - 1% gas - 18% 75% Fossil Fuels coal - 55% nuclear - 20%
  45. 45. Class 12 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension Energy Conservation of World Energy 24% used by U.S. Buildings 17%
  46. 46. Class 12 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension Energy Conservation 100,000 Btu of Energy Pounds of CO2 Emitted 1 therm of natural gas 11.7 3/4 gallon of heating oil 16 29.3 kWh of electricity 39.3* *At national average emission rate of 1.34 lbs. of CO2 per kWh
  47. 47. Class 12 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension transition template industrial age ecology energy society economy green greener greenest sustainable age
  48. 48. Class 12 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension Embodied Energy
  49. 49. Class 12 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension Embodied Energy 42g/mi. 156g/mi. 243g/mi. 480g/mi.
  50. 50. Class 12 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension transition template industrial age ecology energy society economy green greener greenest sustainable age
  51. 51. Class 12 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension Community Engagement
  52. 52. Class 12 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension Community Engagement
  53. 53. Class 12 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension Community Engagement
  54. 54. Class 12 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension Community Engagement
  55. 55. Class 12 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension Community Engagement
  56. 56. Class 12 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension Community Engagement
  57. 57. Class 12 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension transition template industrial age ecology energy society economy green greener greenest sustainable age
  58. 58. Class 12 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension Life Cycle Assessment Input Output Source Extraction Raw Materials Atmospheric Emissions Raw Materials Manufacturing Waterborne Wastes Fuel Packaging & Transport Solid Wastes Energy Use & Maintenance Co-products Recycle or Waste Other Releases
  59. 59. Class 12 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension transition template industrial age ecology energy society economy green greener greenest sustainable age
  60. 60. Class 12 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension Toxin Elimination VOC
  61. 61. Class 12 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension Toxin Elimination
  62. 62. Class 12 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension Toxin Elimination
  63. 63. Class 12 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension Toxin Elimination Lead PCBs 5 Asbestos DDT CFCs 62,000 35,000
  64. 64. Class 12 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension Toxin Elimination
  65. 65. Class 12 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension Toxin Elimination
  66. 66. Class 12 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension Toxin Elimination
  67. 67. Class 12 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension thank you ! questions? !

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