UCLAx Cradle to Cradle: class 11

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A slide show from the eleventh class of a course titled Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems, which is part of the Certificate for Global Sustainability at the University of California Los Angeles Extension program.

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UCLAx Cradle to Cradle: class 11

  1. 1. c 2c Class 11 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension Cradle to Cradle Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension V5018 March 18, 2010 Kevin Foster O’Donnell fundamentalist @ threadcollaborative
  2. 2. Class 11 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension All Energy is Sunlight
  3. 3. Class 11 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension Ancient Sunlight
  4. 4. Class 11 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension Ancient Sunlight
  5. 5. Class 11 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension Ancient Sunlight
  6. 6. Class 11 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension Ancient Sunlight
  7. 7. Class 11 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension Ancient Sunlight
  8. 8. Class 11 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension Ancient Sunlight 400 million years ago 70 million years in duration
  9. 9. Class 11 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension Ancient Sunlight 400 million years ago 70 million years in duration
  10. 10. Class 11 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension Energy Content 1kg = 23,258 Btu 1kg 41,786 Btu
  11. 11. Class 11 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension Global Population source: United Nations 9 2050 – 9.1 billion 8 7 2006 – 6.5 billion 6 5 Billions 4 3 1945 – 2.3 billion 2 1 1776 – 1 billion First Modern Humans 1492 – 500 million 0 160,000 100,000 10,000 7,000 6,000 5,000 4,000 3,000 2,000 1,000 1 1,000 2,000 2,150 B.C. B.C. B.C. B.C. B.C. B.C. B.C. B.C. B.C. B.C. A.D. A.D. A.D. A.D.
  12. 12. Class 11 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension OPEC Oil Embargo 1973
  13. 13. Class 11 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension In 1979, the US energy industry landscape was dramatically changed.
  14. 14. Class 11 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension
  15. 15. Class 11 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension Growth in Fuel Use source: 2005 US Energy Information Administration 900 coal 750 600 Growth (billion kWh) nuclear 450 natural gas 300 150 renewables 0 -150 oil -300 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 97 97 98 99 00 01 02 03
  16. 16. Class 11 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension U.S. Energy Production source: 2005 US Energy Information Administration 54% of American adults think electricity is produced by a combination of solar, nuclear and hydropower. (2006 Roper Report)
  17. 17. Class 11 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension U.S. Energy Production source: 2005 US Energy Information Administration 54% of American adults think electricity is produced by a combination of solar, nuclear and hydropower. (2006 Roper Report) oil - 2% hydro - 4% solar/wind - 1% gas - 18% coal - 55% nuclear - 20%
  18. 18. Class 11 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension U.S. Energy Production source: 2005 US Energy Information Administration 54% of American adults think electricity is produced by a combination of solar, nuclear and hydropower. (2006 Roper Report) oil - 2% hydro - 4% solar/wind - 1% gas - 18% 75% Fossil Fuels coal - 55% nuclear - 20%
  19. 19. Class 11 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension CA Energy Production source: 2005 US Energy Information Administration coal - 2% solar/wind - 10% oil - 3% nuclear - 20% hydro - 18% gas - 47%
  20. 20. Class 11 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension CA Energy Production source: 2005 US Energy Information Administration coal - 2% solar/wind - 10% oil - 3% nuclear - 20% hydro - 18% 52% Fossil Fuels gas - 47%
  21. 21. Class 11 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension CA Percent of National Fossil Fuel source: 2005 US Energy Information Administration National Percentage Coal Gas Oil 1 14 2
  22. 22. Class 11 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension CA Percent of National Renewable Fuel source: 2005 US Energy Information Administration National Percentage Nuclear Hydro Solar/Wind 4 13 33
  23. 23. Class 11 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension Building Energy Consumption source: 2005 US Energy Information Administration How does a typical building use energy? other - 10% heating - 29% equipment - 13% refrigeration - 3% cooking - 1% cooling - 7% lighting - 22% ventilation - 11% water heating - 4%
  24. 24. Class 11 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension Building Energy Consumption source: 2005 US Energy Information Administration other - 10% heating - 29% equipment - 13% refrigeration - 3% 69% cooking - 1% cooling - 7% lighting - 22% ventilation - 11% water heating - 4%
  25. 25. Class 11 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension Energy Consumption per SF source: 2005 US Energy Information Administration 60 40 kWh/sf greater 53 than the average 50 40 400% 36 30 27 20 19 Average for all commercial 15 buildings - 13.4 kWh/sf 10 12 8 7 5 4 0 s e e e g y n se nt us le bl ar ic c io in ca ou io ffi Sa rv m dg at C ig O Va Se eh se uc lth Lo l d Re As ar Ed o ea l& Fo W H lic i ta b Re Pu
  26. 26. Class 11 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension U.S. Largest Retailers source: 2008 Corporate web sites & Hoovers Retailer Stores Total SF Area in Chain Wal-Mart 4,091 923,136,390 Home Depot 2,215 287,950,000 The Kroger Company 3,645 144,483,350 Costco Wholesale 513 68,229,000 Target Corporation 1,537 295,202,368 Sears Holdings 3,800 342,000,000 Walgreens Company 5,858 82,012,000 Lowe’s Companies 1,425 165,300,000 CVS Corporation 6,200 71,300,000 Safeway Incorporated 1,755 80,730,000 31,039 2,460,343,108
  27. 27. Class 11 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension 2,460,343,108 sf x 13.4 kWh
  28. 28. Class 11 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension 2,460,343,108 sf x 13.4 kWh insanity
  29. 29. Class 11 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension 32,968,597 mWh
  30. 30. Class 11 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension 32,968,597 mWh Nevada 32,500,630 mWh
  31. 31. Class 11 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension Alaska Delaware Hawaii Idaho Maine Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Mexico North Dakota Rhode Island South Dakota Utah Vermont West Virginia Wyoming
  32. 32. Class 11 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension of World Energy 24% used by U.S. Buildings 17%
  33. 33. Class 11 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension Supply Demand
  34. 34. Class 11 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension Energy Conservation Efforts source: 2008 Energy Efficiency in California Report, California Energy Commission 14,000 12,000 United States 2005 Differences 10,000 = 5,300kWh/yr = $165/capita 8,000 6,000 California 4,000 2,000 0 1960 1962 1964 1966 1968 1970 1972 1974 1976 1978 1980 1982 1984 1986 1988 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 Per Capita Electricity Sales (not including self-generation) (kWh/person) (2006 to 2008 are forecast data)
  35. 35. Class 11 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension Alternative Supply Existing Geothermal Power Wave/Tidal/Current Hydropower Power Existing Nuclear Biomass Batteries/Energy Power Power Storage
  36. 36. Class 11 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension Alternative Supply Photovoltaic Potential
  37. 37. Class 11 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension Guiding Purchasing Decisions
  38. 38. Class 11 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension Monitoring Behavior source: http://www.luciddesigngroup.com/index.php and http://www.flickr.com/photos/its_our_city/2838668732/
  39. 39. Class 11 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension Monitoring Behavior source: http://www.luciddesigngroup.com/index.php and http://www.flickr.com/photos/its_our_city/2838668732/
  40. 40. Class 11 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension Building Energy Use Over Time source: UN Environment Programme - Buildings and Climate Change Report - referenced table by Jones, 1998 Demolition and Recycling Energy Consumption (MWh/m2) Operating Energy 15% Construction Embodied Energy 10 20 30 40 50 60 Time (years)
  41. 41. Class 11 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension Embodied Energy source: Cole and Kernan Material Btu/lb. Material Btu/lb. Baled Straw 6,499 Mineral Wool Insulation 395,365 Stone (local) 21,685 Glass 430,564 Concrete Block 24,388 Fiberglass Insulation 820,524 Concrete 35,199 Steel 866,534 Lumber 67,696 PVC 1,895,615 Brick 67,696 Copper 1,911,832 Gypsum Wallboard 165,185 Paint 2,526,565 Particle Board 216,665 Linoleum 3,141,298 Aluminum (recycled) 219,367 Polystyrene Insulation 3,168,389 Steel (recycled) 240,990 Carpet (synthetic) 4,007,832 Plywood 281,658 Aluminum 6,147,204
  42. 42. Class 11 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension Embodied Energy source: Cole and Kernan Material Btu/lb. Material Btu/lb. Baled Straw 6,499 Mineral Wool Insulation 395,365 Stone (local) 21,685 Glass 430,564 Concrete Block 24,388 Fiberglass Insulation 820,524 Concrete 35,199 Steel 866,534 Lumber 67,696 PVC 1,895,615 Brick 67,696 Copper 1,911,832 Gypsum Wallboard 165,185 Paint 2,526,565 Particle Board 216,665 Linoleum 3,141,298 Aluminum (recycled) 219,367 Polystyrene Insulation 3,168,389 Steel (recycled) 240,990 Carpet (synthetic) 4,007,832 Plywood 281,658 Aluminum 6,147,204
  43. 43. Class 11 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension Embodied Energy source: Cole and Kernan:
  44. 44. Class 11 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension Embodied Energy Transportation
  45. 45. Class 11 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension Embodied Energy Transportation How far does your food travel to get to the store shelf?
  46. 46. Class 11 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension Embodied Energy Transportation 1500 miles
  47. 47. Class 11 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension Embodied Energy Modes of Transportation 42g/mi. 156g/mi. 243g/mi. 480g/mi.
  48. 48. Class 11 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension Raw Materials Closing the Loop Manufacturing Packaging & Transport design cycle material cycle Use & Maintenance renewable Recycle or Waste reduced transport local rethought design construction production transport extraction t t t maintenance use t recycled reused reclaimed t t t t t source end of life disposal t t recycled repurposed/reused transport renewable recondition reduced rethought incinerate landfill locally cultivated
  49. 49. Class 11 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension Raw Materials Closing the Loop Manufacturing Packaging & Transport design cycle material cycle Use & Maintenance renewable Recycle or Waste reduced transport local rethought design construction production transport extraction t t t maintenance use t recycled reused reclaimed t t t t t source end of life disposal t t recycled repurposed/reused transport renewable recondition reduced rethought incinerate landfill locally cultivated
  50. 50. Class 11 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension Raw Materials Closing the Loop Manufacturing Packaging & Transport design cycle material cycle Use & Maintenance Recycle or Waste transport design construction production transport extraction t maintenance use t t t source end of life disposal t recycled repurposed/reused transport renewable landfill reduced rethought incinerate storage locally cultivated
  51. 51. Class 11 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension Raw Materials Closing the Loop Manufacturing Packaging & Transport design cycle material cycle Use & Maintenance renewable Recycle or Waste reduced transport local rethought design construction production transport extraction t t t maintenance use t recycled reused reclaimed t t t t t source end of life disposal t t recycled repurposed/reused transport renewable recondition reduced rethought incinerate landfill locally cultivated
  52. 52. Class 11 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension Raw Materials Closing the Loop Manufacturing Packaging & Transport design cycle material cycle Use & Maintenance renewable Recycle or Waste reduced transport local rethought design construction production transport extraction t t t maintenance use t recycled reused reclaimed t t t t t source end of life disposal t t recycled repurposed/reused transport renewable recondition reduced rethought incinerate landfill locally cultivated
  53. 53. Class 11 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension Raw Materials Closing the Loop Manufacturing Packaging & Transport design cycle material cycle Use & Maintenance renewable Recycle or Waste reduced local rethought transport design construction production transport extraction t t t maintenance use t recycled reused reclaimed t t t t t t source end of life disposal t t recycled repurposed/reused transport renewable recondition reduced rethought incinerate landfill locally cultivated
  54. 54. Class 11 V5018 Cradle to Cradle: Closed Loop Systems UCLA Extension ! questions? !

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