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The enemy

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The enemy

  1. 1. The enemy
  2. 2. The Aedes mosquito
  3. 3. Why?It transmits• Dengue fever – deadly killer of mankind particularly children• Chikungunya - a crippling fever
  4. 4. Characteristics of the Aedes MosquitoIt bites during the dayIt lays its eggs inclean, shady, stagnantwaterOne distinct physicalfeature – black andwhite strips on its bodyand legs-Hence called“Tiger Mosquitoes”
  5. 5. Life Cycle of Aedes sp. Vector Egg 1.5 – 3 days Adult Larva 21 days 6 – 8 days Pupa 1.5 – 3 days
  6. 6. Aedes Farms
  7. 7. Man made Aedes farms• Water storage tank or • Discarded food and cistern drink containers• Drums • Used tyres• Flower vase filled with • Discarded large water appliances• Potted plants with • Discarded buckets saucers • Rubber collection shells• Roof gutters
  8. 8. Man made Aedes farms• Animal water • Tender cocunut shells container • Plastic covers used for• Air coolers covering fruits in the• Water coolers trees• Discarded tins • Air conditioners• Window gutters
  9. 9. Natural Aedes farms• Tree holes• Rock holes• Leaf axils
  10. 10. Man made Aedes farms
  11. 11. Water storage tank or cisterns
  12. 12. Breeding in uncovered water tank
  13. 13. Generous mind to Aedes
  14. 14. Cement water container
  15. 15. Water containers
  16. 16. Water storage drum
  17. 17. Tyres every where
  18. 18. Perfect Home for the enemy?
  19. 19. Enemy home everywhere
  20. 20. Inviting the enemy
  21. 21. Concrete mixer
  22. 22. Floor mat- safe home for the enemy
  23. 23. Roof gutters
  24. 24. The forty two containers
  25. 25. Unwilling to dispose
  26. 26. Aedes in animal water container in rural areas
  27. 27. All in one place
  28. 28. Mini homes for the enemy
  29. 29. Sweet home for the enemy
  30. 30. Opening the door for the enemy
  31. 31. Devil safe behind the God
  32. 32. What a devotion !!!
  33. 33. Coconut shells
  34. 34. Clean water for the enemy
  35. 35. Clean water for the enemy
  36. 36. Natural Aedes farms
  37. 37. Tree holes
  38. 38. Tree hole harbouring Aedes
  39. 39. Plantain leaf axil
  40. 40. Vector BionomicsEggs withstand desiccation for yearsFlight range is mostly < ½ kmDay biting mosquito (Early morning andlate afternoon)Longevity - about 3 weeks
  41. 41. VECTOR BIONOMICSAmbient temperature for breeding16°C to 40°CIndoor - rests in dark and cool placesOut door - shady placesHigh humidity & High temperatureenhance the vectorial capacity
  42. 42. FACTORS FAVOURING AEDES BREEDINGPopulation explosionUrbanizationFaulty housingInadequate water supplyWide use of non-biodegradable materialsImproper disposal of solid wastes
  43. 43. Components of Aedes Control• Advocacy, social mobilization and legislation• Colloboration within the health sector and other sectors• Integrated approach to vector control• Evidence based decision making• Capacity building
  44. 44. Environmental control
  45. 45. Simpler Solutions
  46. 46. Problem to solution
  47. 47. Washing with bleaching powder or ash and a brush
  48. 48. Discarding the water by tilting the container
  49. 49. War waged by children
  50. 50. Trained eyes searching for the enemy
  51. 51. Accepts the problem: Thinks deeply to find solution
  52. 52. Eureka
  53. 53. Source Reduction By NSS Students
  54. 54. Potable water sourcesarecovered with cloth.
  55. 55. Used tyres collection campaign
  56. 56. Determined to win the war
  57. 57. Moved out for recycling/destruction
  58. 58. Young minds are trained to identify the enemy
  59. 59. Demonstration of larval breeding sources
  60. 60. School children as health messengers
  61. 61. Biological controlLarvivorous fish - Guppy, GambusiaBiolarvicides -B. thrungiensis
  62. 62. Chemical controlLarvicide -Temephos 5 ml/10 literAdulticide-Pyrethrum extract2%,Technical Malathion, Syntheticpyrethroid (Deltamethrin and Cyfluthrin)
  63. 63. Fogging as an emergency operation to knock down adult mosquitoes
  64. 64. Fogging into residences infested with the enemy
  65. 65. Fogging in the streets
  66. 66. Fogging in the public places
  67. 67. Together we can bring change Thank You

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