Guidelines about dengue

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A Guide to know about Dengue Fever Symptoms and Prevention In Pakistan.

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Guidelines about dengue

  1. 1. Dengue PreventionWhat you need to know… LearnPakistan.Com Go to http://www.learnpakistan.com/ for more details about dengue, symptoms, treatment and prevention.
  2. 2. What is dengue fever? Dengue fever is a virus infection caused by the dengue virus. There are 4 kinds of dengue viruses.LearnPakistan.ComGo to http://www.learnpakistan.com/ formore details about dengue, symptoms,treatment and prevention. Close-up of an Aedes mosquito
  3. 3. Aedes mosquito Aedes Aegypti Aedes AlbopictusLearnPakistan.ComGo to http://www.learnpakistan.com/ formore details about dengue, symptoms,treatment and prevention.
  4. 4. Symptoms of Dengue Fever Example of a skin rash due to dengue feverLearnPakistan.ComGo to http://www.learnpakistan.com/ formore details about dengue, symptoms,treatment and prevention.
  5. 5. Do you know…•Dengue fever and dengue haemorrhagic fever are themost common mosquito-borne viral disease in the world.•Only the female mosquito feeds on blood. This isbecause they need the protein found in blood to produceeggs. Male mosquitoes feed only on plant nectar.•The mosquito is attracted by the body odours, carbondioxide and heat emitted from the animal or humans.•The female Aedes mosquito searches for suitable places tolay their eggs.•Aedes are day-biters, most active during dawn anddusk.
  6. 6. Life cycle of the Aedes mosquito1-2 days Pupae Larvae Eggs 4-5 days 2-3 days Stagnant water
  7. 7. How Do Aedes mosquitoes Transmit Diseases...LearnPakistan.ComGo to http://www.learnpakistan.com/ formore details about dengue, symptoms,treatment and prevention. Mozzie bites an infected personHealthy Infectedperson mozzie bitescomes down a healthywith persondenguefever
  8. 8. This is what youcan do to help… LearnPakistan.Com Go to http://www.learnpakistan.com/ for more details about dengue, symptoms, treatment and prevention.
  9. 9. Prevent Mosquitoes from Breeding! Remove ALL sources of stagnant water. Deny the Aedes mosquito of any chance to breed. LearnPakistan.Com Go to http://www.learnpakistan.com/ for more details about dengue, symptoms, treatment and prevention.
  10. 10. Potential Breeding Grounds
  11. 11. Common Mosquito Breeding Grounds Artificial containers (man-made) Natural containers1. Flower vases and pot plates 1. Tree Holes, bamboo2. Pails, water-storage jars, basins stumps3. Discarded receptacles 2. Leaf axils, fallen leaves4. Choked roof gutters 3. Ground Depressions5. Gully Traps6. Unused toilet bowls and cisterns LearnPakistan.Com7. Aircon Tray and dish rack tray Go to http://www.learnpakistan.com/ for more details about dengue, symptoms, treatment and prevention.8. Concrete drains All these sites require constant inspection !!
  12. 12. Potential Breeding Grounds Flower Pots Flower Pot Plates
  13. 13. Potential Breeding GroundsOverflow cistern of the WC Gully Trap
  14. 14. Potential Breeding Grounds Collar of the toilet bowl
  15. 15. Potential Breeding GroundsHardened soil of potted Tree holes plants
  16. 16. Potential Breeding Grounds Plant axils
  17. 17. Potential Breeding GroundsScupper drains Bamboo pole holders
  18. 18. Potential Breeding Grounds Barbeque pitRoad side drain
  19. 19. Potential Breeding Grounds Canvas sheets
  20. 20. Potential Breeding Grounds Discarded receptacles
  21. 21. Potential Breeding Grounds Air-con tray
  22. 22. Potential Breeding Grounds Roof gutters Litter Bins
  23. 23. The 10-MinuteMozzie Wipe-Out Exercise
  24. 24. 5 Easy Steps1. •Change water in vases/ bowls every other day. •Add sand granular insecticide* to water. *You can view the list of retailers carrying sand granular insecticide at the following webpage: http://www.nea.gov.sg/aedes/insecticides
  25. 25. 5 Easy Steps2. •Remove water from flower pot plates every other day.
  26. 26. 5 Easy Steps3. •Turn over all storage containers
  27. 27. 5 Easy Steps4. •Inform your parents or any adults in your household to cover bamboo pole holders when not in use.
  28. 28. 5 Easy Steps5. •Clear blockages and put Bti insecticide in roof gutters at least once a month
  29. 29. What Else Can You Do… Check your landscape structures for any water retention & mosquito breeding regularly. Remove these structures if possible. Add in prescribed amounts of sand granular insecticides to stagnant water.
  30. 30. Use of the Anti-mosquito valve
  31. 31. If you are going onholiday or vacating your home…
  32. 32. If going on holiday..•Seal off all floor and •Cover all toilet bowls gully traps
  33. 33. If going on holiday.. Leave your contact number with your neighbor so that the NEA can contact you should there be a needto inspect your premises urgently.
  34. 34. Spread the dengue prevention message to others… Let your family, friends and neighbours know about the dangers of breeding mosquitoes
  35. 35. How to Prevent Mosquitoes Bites Wear shoes, socks, long pants and long-sleeved shirt Use mosquito repellents Mosquito coils Mosquito nets
  36. 36. For more information, you can visit the website at www.dengue.gov.sg

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