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Make your garden a bee sanctuary


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Make your garden a bee sanctuary

  1. 1. Artur Rydzewski, Flickr Make your garden a bee sanctuary
  2. 2. From the very beginning of the world, the other species were a lifeboat for the people. Now, we must be theirs. ~Robin Wall Kimmerer coniferconifer, Flickr
  3. 3. When you look at dandelions, what do you see? Weeds to be eliminated? Evi Bauman, Flickr
  4. 4. How about mullein? Another weed to get rid of?
  5. 5. Or plants with many gifts: nectar for bees, seeds for birds, food or medicine for humans
  6. 6. When you look at at stump, what do you see? Debris for the city to pick up?
  7. 7. Or a home for many pollinators? Eastern Commas, Question Marks and Mourning Cloaks survive the cold northern winter as adults, often taking shelter in a woodpile or underneath loose bark, Flickr
  8. 8. Bumblebees build burrows underneath stumps scattered throughout my garden
  9. 9. The birds like them too!
  10. 10. When you see dead plant stems, what do you see? Debris to be cleaned up?
  11. 11. Or bee nesting sites?
  12. 12. When you look at unraked leaves, what do you see? A mess to rake up? Steven Severinghaus, Flickr
  13. 13. Or winter homes for bees and next summer’s butterflies, moths and bees? Luna moths hibernating in rolled up fallen leaves Luna Moth, David Britton
  14. 14. When you look at holey leaves, what do you see? An insect ‘problem’ to deal with? Izabelle Acheson, Unsplash
  15. 15. Tom Murray, Flickr Or a sign that your plants have attracted one of many species of caterpillars? Chickadees need 6000-9000 caterpillars to feed just one brood
  16. 16. When something is munching on your plants, they’re contributing to the food web quercus, betula, prunus, populus and salix family attract the most species Larry Reis, Flickr
  17. 17. OrDo you try and cover all the bare soil in your garden with mulch or plants? Thomas Berger
  18. 18. Do you worry about how to ‘fix’ the holes in a patchy area of your lawn? F. William Ravlin
  19. 19. Or invite in ground nesting bees & wasps by deliberately creating bare patches? F. William Ravlin
  20. 20. We’ve been taught to think in static classes: bug, tree, flower, chickadee
  21. 21. But it’s the interactions and relationships that count. The tree captures sunlight, the insect chomps the leaves, the bird eats the bug, and all this makes nutrients and energy cycle around vigorously, creating niches, diversity, habitat, and opportunities. ~Thomas Christopher, The New American Landscape
  22. 22. Insects are our most important pollinators Barry Cottam
  23. 23. treegoal, Flickr Meet some bees Canada over 850 species of native bees 8 wild bee species are listed as at risk ¾ of food crops, including tomatoes, cucumbers, peppers rely on insect pollination squash is pollinated by the squash bee (Peponapis pruinosa)
  24. 24. Squash bees collect only cucurbit pollen grains; bumblebees pollinate legumes; sweat bees prefer strawberries & blueberries; mason bees help assure a good harvest of many fruit trees Illustration By Elayne Sears, Mother Earth News
  25. 25. Tiny sweat bees pollinate smaller flowered native plants henry jurenka, Flickr
  26. 26. Bumblebees pollinate early flowering plants like haskaps YkGardener, Flickr
  27. 27. Blue orchard mason bees pollinate many fruits (plums cherries, pears, apples, blueberries) Natalie Boyle/USDA
  28. 28. Mason bees are “the new frontier” for crop pollination Blake C. Wilson, Flickr
  29. 29. Blue-winged wasps attach eggs to grubs, often Japanese beetles Blake C. Wilson, Flickr
  30. 30. Osmia conjuncta, a mining bee, builds nests in shells @russell_vivianOsmia bicolor John Walters, BBC
  31. 31. Dmitry Grigoriev, Unsplash Think like a bee
  32. 32. Is there something to eat? Top plants for supporting pollen specialist bees
  33. 33. @Donna_Dean Is there a place to nest? Rocks, dead wood, leaves, bare soil, bee houses, hollow stems, shells
  34. 34. Is there a place to drink?
  35. 35. Wilder lawns diverse polycultures support life Image: Gracia Lam
  36. 36. When you look at a ‘weedy’ ‘overgrown’ lawn, what do you see?
  37. 37. For pollinators, the typical lawn is a green desert Hero Yama, Flickr
  38. 38. Green Abundance by Design Pollinators want a variety of plant heights & flower sizes, bare soil for nests & diverse native flowers, grasses, shrubs & flowering trees
  39. 39. If there is a lawn, they like it on the taller side with flowers & ‘weeds’ Hero Yama, Flickr
  40. 40. Sow flower seeds into your lawn clover, wild strawberry, barren strawberry & self-heal, dwarf cinquefoil, daisies, bugleweed, ground plum, barren strawberry
  41. 41. Mow less, fertilize less & water less to encourage native plants to move into your lawn wild strawberries, wild blue violets, trout lilies
  42. 42. What seeds are lying dormant? Try making space to see if the native seed bank will recover Photo by Clay and LimestoneImage Larry Weaner & Associates
  43. 43. The big shift horticulture over the next decade is a shift from thinking about plants as individual objects to thinking about plants as social networks--that is, communities of compatible [beings] interwoven in dense mosaics. ~Thomas Rainer Photo by Saxon Holt,
  44. 44. Thomas Rainer and Claudia West: Designing plant communities using layers
  45. 45. Replace mulch with layered plant communities
  46. 46. Green Abundance by Design A series of eruptions or localized uprising is a better way of thinking about it, rather than a uniform, homogeneous layer. ~Nigel Dunnett
  47. 47. structural layer Thomas Rainer and Claudia West: Designing plant communities using layers
  48. 48. Thomas Rainer and Claudia West: Designing plant communities using layers
  49. 49. Less weeds, more wow, Nebraska Statewide Arboretum
  50. 50. Less weeds, more wow, Nebraska Statewide Arboretum
  51. 51. Less weeds, more wow, Nebraska Statewide Arboretum
  52. 52. Less weeds, more wow, Nebraska Statewide Arboretum
  53. 53. Less weeds, more wow, Nebraska Statewide Arboretum
  54. 54. Less weeds, more wow, Nebraska Statewide Arboretum
  55. 55. Thomas Rainer and Claudia West: Designing plant communities using layers
  56. 56. 5-7 plants short mix (sedges & low grasses legible layers tidier (designed) look less diversity = less pollinators large diversity tall mix mingled layers wilder (messy) look more diversity = more pollinators
  57. 57. Greenworks
  58. 58. City of Vaughan “Aesthetic of wild, naturalized boulevard gardens will help to create a distinct character and identity”
  59. 59. Green Abundance by Design Plant Matrix
  60. 60. Parking lot at Botanical Research Institute of Texas, Fort Worth, photo by Karl Thibodeaux Invite conversation “Be brave with your invitations. They bring people together.” ~Charles Vogl
  61. 61. “We started to view seeds as tiny time-travelers.” ~Lawn Redisturbance Laboratory
  62. 62. Sally-ann Spence, minibeastmayhem
  63. 63. Fritz Haeg’s Edible Estates garden in Austin
  64. 64. Kathy Keatley Garvey
  65. 65. Lydia Liu, Flickr
  66. 66. Jill Mead/The Guardian and Handout
  67. 67. That gifts that were being offered was evident in the general hum and flutter of insect life. The meadow was audible with bees and crickets; the mowed grass was silent. The meadow waved and nodded in the wind; crowds of leafhoppers leapt to the brush of a hand. The lawn was deadly still. ~Sara Stein, Noah’s Garden Photo by Claire Takacs of a Larry Weaner garden
  68. 68. “The hum of bees is the voice of the garden.” ~Elizabeth Lawrence, A Southern Garden Bonnie Kittle, Unsplash
  69. 69. A Flower Patch for the Rusty-Patched Bumblebee: Creating Habitat Gardens for Native Pollinators in the Greater Toronto Area ~Friends of the Earth Canada
  70. 70. Bees of Toronto, City of Toronto Biodiversity Series Best native plants for Toronto gardens, David Suzuki Foundationi Meadowscaping Handbook, West Multnomah Soil & Water Conservation District Native plants for pollinators, Credit Valley Conservation Prairie and meadow plants for landscaping, Credit Valley Conservation Selecting plants for pollinators, Manitoulin–Lake Simcoe ecoregion Timothy Dykes ,Unsplash