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Crop vocabulary (CVO): Core vocabulary of crop names

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We propose Crop Vocabulary(CVO) as a basis of the core vocabulary of crop names that becomes the guidelines for data interoperability between agricultural ICT systems on the food chain. Since a single species is treated in different ways, there are many different types of crop names. So, we organize the crop name discriminated by properties such as scientific name, planting method, edible part and registered cultivar information. Also, Crop Vocabulary is also linked to existing vocabularies issued by Japanese government agency and international organization such as AGROVOC. It is expected to use in the data format in the agricultural ICT system.
Presented in 45th Asia Pacific Advanced Network (APAN45) Meeting, Singapore (2018)

Published in: Food
  • If you come accross a valid RDF schema for practical farm activities, please let me know.
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  • Excellent work! More than necessary. Here in Europe we even have different vocabularies for products. Insane.
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Crop vocabulary (CVO): Core vocabulary of crop names

  1. 1. Crop Vocabulary(CVO) : Core Vocabulary of Crop Names Hideaki Takeda, Sungmin Joo National Institute of Informatics(NII) Akane Takezaki, Tomokazu Yoshida National Agriculture and Food Research Organization(NARO) JAPAN 1
  2. 2. Agricultural ICT systems are widely adopted to manage and record in the agriculture fields efficiently. Interoperability among these systems is needed to integrate and analyze such records to improve productivity of agriculture.  Background #イネ #米 #水稲 #riceplant #OryzaSativa #rice #koshihikari Data in agricultural ICT systems is nonetheless not easy to federate and integrate since the languages to describe data are not unified. It prevents federation and integration of these systems and their data. To provide the core vocabulary for crop names.  Purpose Standardization of crop names 2
  3. 3. - Species is not crop! - A single species is treated in different ways by different stakeholders by different market need as different food  Issues of crop names(1) Standardization of crop names #イネ #米 #水稲 #rice plant #玄米 #米 #米 #koshihikari #ライス Crop? Food? #rice Crop? Food? “Scientific name : Oryza Sativa“ on food chain 3
  4. 4. Three existing vocabularies in Japan issued by government agencies.  Issues of crop names(2) Standardization of crop names ① Agricultural chemical use reference(農薬登録における適用農作物名) issued by Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries(MAFF) ② Agricultural chemical residue reference(農産物等の食品分類表) issued by Health, Labour and Welfare Ministry(MHLW) ③ Food names in food composition database(日本食品標準成分表) issued by Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology(MEXT) #イネ #米 #水稲 #rice plant #玄米 #米 #米 #ライス #rice ① ② ③ #koshihikari 4
  5. 5. Synonyms of existing vocabularies.  Issues of crop names(2) Standardization of crop names ① Agricultural chemical use reference “わさびの根茎” Root of wasabi “わさびの葉” Leaf of wasabi “わさびの花” Flower of wasabi “わさび(根茎)” Wasabi(root) “わさび” Wasabi ② Agricultural chemical residue reference ③ Food names in food composition database “わさび” Wasabi ワサビの根茎 Root of wasabi ワサビの葉 leaf of wasabi ワサビの花 flower of wasabi ワサビ (Wasabi, or Japanese horse-radish) https://ja.wikipedia.org/wiki/ワサビ 5
  6. 6. Designing of Crop Vocabulary(CVO) Crop name(edible part) Crop name(generic) Crop name(edible part1) Crop name(edible part2) ......  Define Crop names Define activities with scientific name, synonyms, mature/immature, edible part, cultivation method and cultivar property. ex) Okra(fruits) ,Okra(flower)  Define hierarchy ex) Okra(generic) Okra(fruits) Okra(flower) The hierarchy of crop names is organized by edible part. 6
  7. 7. How to build CVO – collecting terms Vocabulary Issued by terms Agricultural chemical use reference Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries(MAFF) 893 Agricultural chemical residue reference Health, Labour and Welfare Ministry(MHLW) 1,179 Food names in food composition database Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology(MEXT) 625 Cultivar list CAVOC 30,202 - Farmers - Agricultural chemical experts - Market operators - Food distribution companies - JA(Japan Agricultural cooperatives)  Survey and interview to stakeholders  Existing resource 7
  8. 8. How to build CVO Food names in food composition database Agricultural chemical use reference NCBI taxonomy Database AGROVOC Wikipedia Crop guideline for Agriculture IT system Cultivar listAgricultural chemical residue reference Crop name(ja) Species name synonym Scientific name English name property  Data-driven Ver. Date initiated terms 0.91 2017/09/14 1,198 1.00 2017/10/19 1,188 1.05 2017/11/16 1,187 1.12 2018/01/10 1,191 8
  9. 9.  Okra(fruits) of CVO ダウンロード (Turtle形式) http://cavoc.org/cvo/ns/1/オクラ(果実) Outline of Crop Vocabulary List of crop names Link to URI of .. Agricultural chemical use reference Food names in food composition database Agricultural chemical residue reference NCBI taxonomy Database AGROVOC ID Wikipedia Crop guideline for Agriculture IT system Crop name Species name English name Synonym Scientific name Broader concept Crop Information SKOS/Turtle 9 1,191 terms (version 1.15)
  10. 10.  Okra(fruits) of CVO ダウンロード (Turtle形式) http://cavoc.org/cvo/ns/1/オクラ(果実) Outline of Crop Vocabulary List of crop names Link to URI of .. Agricultural chemical use reference Food names in food composition database Agricultural chemical residue reference NCBI taxonomy Database AGROVOC ID Wikipedia Crop guideline for Agriculture IT system Crop name Species name English name Synonym Scientific name Broader concept Crop Information SKOS/Turtle 10 1,191 terms (version 1.15)
  11. 11.  Okra(fruits) @en http://cavoc.org/cvo/ns/1/オクラ(果実) URI of Crop Names オクラ Okra, Gumbo, lady finger 11
  12. 12.  Okra of “Agricultural Chemical Use Reference” URI of Crop Names List of crop names http://cavoc.org/cvo/ns/tekiyou_nousakumotu/オクラ Link to URI of CVO Crop Information SKOS/Turtle Crop name Group name Property value edible part : fruits 12
  13. 13.  Okra of “Agricultural Chemical Use Reference” URI of Crop Names List of crop names http://cavoc.org/cvo/ns/tekiyou_nousakumotu/オクラ Link to URI of CVO Crop Information SKOS/Turtle Crop name Group name Property value edible part : fruits 13
  14. 14. http://cavoc.org/cvo/ns/syokuhin_bunrui/オクラ http://cavoc.org/cvo/ns/syokuhin_genryou/オクラ http://cavoc.org/cvo/ns/hinsyu_meisyou/あじさい属_ノウム Crop guideline for agriculture IT systems Cultivar list http://cavoc.org/cvo/ns/nousakumotumei_guideline/オクラ URI of Crop Names Food names in food composition database Agricultural chemical residue reference 14
  15. 15. http://cavoc.org/cvo/ns/syokuhin_genryou/オクラ http://cavoc.org/cvo/ns/tekiyou_nousakumotu/オクラ http://cavoc.org/cvo/ns/syokuhin_bunrui/オクラ http://cavoc.org/cvo/ns/1/オクラ(果実) CVO http://cavoc.org/cvo/ns/nousakumotumei_guideline/オクラ Wikipedia AGROVOC Taxonomy DB (NCBI) オクラ 455045 オクラ http://cavoc.org/cvo/ns/1/オクラ(果実).ttl Federation of Crop data Crop guideline for agriculture IT systems Food names in food composition database Agricultural chemical residue reference Agricultural chemical use reference 15
  16. 16. http://cavoc.org/cvo/ns/syokuhin_genryou/オクラ http://cavoc.org/cvo/ns/tekiyou_nousakumotu/オクラ http://cavoc.org/cvo/ns/syokuhin_bunrui/オクラ http://cavoc.org/cvo/ns/1/オクラ(果実) CVO http://cavoc.org/cvo/ns/nousakumotumei_guideline/オクラ Wikipedia AGROVOC Taxonomy DB (NCBI) オクラ 455045 オクラ http://cavoc.org/cvo/ns/1/オクラ(果実).ttl Federation of Crop data Crop guideline for agriculture IT systems Food names in food composition database Agricultural chemical residue reference Agricultural chemical use reference 16
  17. 17. API based on CVO Crop names in Agricultural chemical use reference has crop name, class name and property value. Food names in Food composition database has food name, food number, English name and scientific name. http://cavoc.org/cvo/api/CVO_TekiyounousakumotuToCVO.php?term=いちょう(種子) {"group": "イチョウ科", "scientific_name": "Ginkgo biloba"} (json) Input : crop name in Agricultural chemical use reference Output : English name and Scientific name 17
  18. 18. API based on CVO Crop name English Name Scientific name Cultivar Information CVO Crop name Class name 1 Class name 2 Property value Food name English name Scientific name Food Name Food type AGROVOC Wikipedia NCBI Agricultural chemical use reference Food names in food composition database Agricultural chemical residue reference NCBI taxonomy Database AGROVOC ID Wikipedia Crop guideline for Agriculture IT system Group name 3 Group name 1 Group name 2 Food number Crop name in Agricultural chemical use reference English name and scientific name in Food composition database 18
  19. 19. API based on CVO Crop name English Name Scientific name Cultivar Information CVO Crop name Class name 1 Class name 2 Property value Food name English name Scientific name Food Name Food type AGROVOC Wikipedia NCBI Agricultural chemical use reference Food names in food composition database Agricultural chemical residue reference NCBI taxonomy Database AGROVOC ID Wikipedia Crop guideline for Agriculture IT system Group name 3 Group name 1 Group name 2 Food number Crop name English name Scientific name Crop name in Agricultural chemical use reference English name and scientific name in Food composition database Crop name in CVO 19
  20. 20. International interoperability using CVO CVO Agricultural chemical use reference Food names in food composition database Agricultural chemical residue reference NCBI taxonomy Database ID : 455045 AGROVOC ID : c_8557 Crop guideline for Agriculture IT system http://cavoc.org/cvo/ns/tekiyou_nousakumotu/オクラ http://cavoc.org/cvo/ns/1/オクラ(果実) http://cavoc.org/cvo/ns/syokuhin_bunrui/オクラ http://cavoc.org/cvo/ns/syokuhin_genryou/オクラ http://cavoc.org/cvo/ns/nousakumotumei_guideline/オクラ https://ja.wikipedia.org/wiki/オクラ Wikipedia https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/Taxonomy/Bro wser/wwwtax.cgi?mode=Info&id=455045 http://artemide.art.uniroma2.it:8081 /agrovoc/agrovoc/en/page/c_8557?cl ang=en 20
  21. 21. Issues of International interoperability(1) NCBI http://cavoc.org/cvo/ns/1/ワサビ Wasabi is the most well known Japanese condiments. However… https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/Taxonomy/Br owser/wwwtax.cgi?mode=Info&id=75806 Taxonomy DB ID :75806 ワサビ(Wasabi) X ワサビダイコン(Horseradish) http://cavoc.org/cvo/ns/1/ワサビダイコン AGROVOC https://pl.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plik:Armoracia_rusticana_03_ies.jpg 21
  22. 22. Issues of International interoperability(2) Shiso is a very popular herb in Japan. http://cavoc.org/cvo/ns/1/シソ Egoma Scientific name : Perilla frutescens var. crispa Scientific name : Perilla frutescens http://cavoc.org/cvo/ns/1/エゴマ Taxonomy DB ID :48386 NCBI Redirect?? AGROVOC 22
  23. 23. Future works and conclusion  Addition and verification of new crops Survey more documents and domains to collect crop names. By adding these terms, properties and their values will be verified and extended if necessary.  International interoperability We would like to improve the international interoperability through discussion with international standards for domestic crop names. We provide the Crop VOcabulary(CVO) so as to standardize the vocabulary for crop names. By using CVO, it is possible to improve interoperability beyond the linguistic diversity of the vocabulary for agricultural ICT systems. 23

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