Making the Civil War Relevant to Children’s Lives Carole Parsons Alecia Wagoner
 
How Children Were Affected by War:   Northern/Southern/Slaves <ul><li>Boy soldiers </li></ul><ul><li>Boys - prisoners of w...
Best Source for Multiple Perspectives of Children <ul><li>Reluctant Witnesses: Children’s Voices From the Civil War by Emm...
Primary Sources <ul><li>Show how real-life children experienced historical events </li></ul><ul><li>Help students reconstr...
Children’s Voices From the Civil War Teaching History.org <ul><li>After reading a section of the textbook, students analyz...
Library of Congress: The Civil War Through a Child's Eye
CD Contents <ul><li>Annotated Civil War Bibliography </li></ul><ul><li>Primary Sources & Lessons </li></ul><ul><li>Emma La...
From the Smithsonian <ul><li>Civil War Characters </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.historyexplorer.si.edu/interactives/resourc...
Using the Premise of a Mystery <ul><li>Students act as history detectives as they explore a historical question and analyz...
Civil War CSI <ul><li>To investigate the impact the Civil War had on children, students will act as history detectives.  <...
Investigating Questions <ul><li>Factual Questions </li></ul><ul><li>Who was the child, and what was his/her age?    </li><...
To Unlock the Mystery <ul><li>Analysis Questions </li></ul><ul><li>What has happened to this child?   </li></ul><ul><li>Ho...
Get Into the Theme of Things
Extensions <ul><li>Have students in groups construct historically accurate paper dolls of the Civil War characters. </li><...
Local Sources <ul><li>Use local Civil War children’s stories to enhance your instruction and further engage your students ...
Using Local Sources <ul><li>“ Rumbling of the Chariot Wheels: Doings and Misdoings in the Barefooted Period of a Boy's Lif...
I. Jenkins Mikell Home
 
Peter’s Point Plantation Barton’s Pond
Graniteville Mill <ul><li>Used for education with permission by Richard Pearce and the Alicia Patterson Foundation </li></ul>
Corn Field Near Cotton Factory
Edisto River Moss
Martha Schofield
Schofield Normal and Industrial School Campus
Schofield Normal and Industrial School
More Books! <ul><li>Confederate Lady Comes of Age: The Journal of Pauline DeCaradeuc Heyward , 1863-1888  </li></ul><ul><l...
More Books! <ul><li>Topsy Turvy: How the Civil War Turned the War Upside Down for Southern Children.  by Anya Jabour </li>...
Clip Art <ul><li>http://www.jewish-history.com/clipartgallery/clipart3.htm </li></ul><ul><li>http://classroomclipart.com/c...
LC-DIG-cwpb-03034
LC-DIG-cwpb-02402
digital file from original photograph, front  http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/stereo.1s01314
Oldpictures.com
Digital ID: (digital file from original photograph, front) stereo 1s01305 http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/stereo.1s01305
digital file from original photograph, front) stereo 1s01304 http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/stereo.1s01304
LC-DIG-cwpb-02394
digital file from original photograph, front) stereo 1s01308 http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/stereo.1s01308
digital file from original stereograph, front) stereo 1s01816 http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/stereo.1s01816  Old Post Office a...
digital file from original photo, front) stereo 1s01820 http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/stereo.1s01820
b&w film copy neg.) cph 3c19584 http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/cph.3c19584
b&w film copy neg. of left half stereo) cph 3b36927 http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/cph.3b36927
LC-DIG-stereo-2s01824
LC-B8171-3072
LC-B8171-3082
digital file from original photograph, front) stereo 1s01315 http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/stereo.1s01315
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Making the civil war relevant to children’s lives

  1. 1. Making the Civil War Relevant to Children’s Lives Carole Parsons Alecia Wagoner
  2. 3. How Children Were Affected by War: Northern/Southern/Slaves <ul><li>Boy soldiers </li></ul><ul><li>Boys - prisoners of war </li></ul><ul><li>Children with soldier fathers/brothers </li></ul><ul><li>Children who took the roles of fathers and older brothers at war </li></ul><ul><li>Children in battle areas </li></ul><ul><li>Children displaced from their homes </li></ul>
  3. 4. Best Source for Multiple Perspectives of Children <ul><li>Reluctant Witnesses: Children’s Voices From the Civil War by Emmy E. Werner </li></ul>#1 CHOICE
  4. 5. Primary Sources <ul><li>Show how real-life children experienced historical events </li></ul><ul><li>Help students reconstruct what children experienced during the Civil War </li></ul><ul><li>Develop a much deeper understanding through student analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Engage students’ interest </li></ul><ul><li>Offer multiple perspectives on historical events </li></ul><ul><li>Capture the passion and drama of the past </li></ul>
  5. 6. Children’s Voices From the Civil War Teaching History.org <ul><li>After reading a section of the textbook, students analyze primary sources showing how children their age experienced the events described in the textbook. </li></ul><ul><li>In this lesson, students examine excerpts from letters written by teenagers who witnessed or participated in Civil War battles, and they analyze period photographs to consider the extent and ramifications of children's involvement. </li></ul>
  6. 7. Library of Congress: The Civil War Through a Child's Eye
  7. 8. CD Contents <ul><li>Annotated Civil War Bibliography </li></ul><ul><li>Primary Sources & Lessons </li></ul><ul><li>Emma LaConte’s Diary </li></ul><ul><li>Background Information Articles </li></ul><ul><li>Historical Fiction Novel Units </li></ul><ul><li>Battle of Aiken Movie (produced by students) </li></ul>
  8. 9. From the Smithsonian <ul><li>Civil War Characters </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.historyexplorer.si.edu/interactives/resource.asp?id=3661 </li></ul>
  9. 10. Using the Premise of a Mystery <ul><li>Students act as history detectives as they explore a historical question and analyze clues (primary sources) to form and test hypotheses </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gather, organize and process information as they work with evidence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Formulate and test hypotheses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Think creatively and analytically to solve problems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Develop, defend and present solutions to problems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Report findings </li></ul></ul><ul><li>This strategy relates to what historians do and the process of historical inquiry. </li></ul>
  10. 11. Civil War CSI <ul><li>To investigate the impact the Civil War had on children, students will act as history detectives. </li></ul><ul><li>A group examines an evidence box to investigate clues about a real-life child, containing some of her/his possessions. </li></ul><ul><li>As students analyze primary sources and try to reconstruct information about the child from the evidence, they formulate and test hypotheses. </li></ul><ul><li>As a result of the investigation, students develop reports or short stories detailing the subject of the investigation. </li></ul>
  11. 12. Investigating Questions <ul><li>Factual Questions </li></ul><ul><li>Who was the child, and what was his/her age?    </li></ul><ul><li>Where was the child living? </li></ul><ul><li>What was the date of the events described in the primary sources? </li></ul><ul><li>Was the child for the Union or Confederacy? </li></ul><ul><li>The Women Will Howl by Mary Deborah Petite </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.women-will-howl.com / </li></ul>
  12. 13. To Unlock the Mystery <ul><li>Analysis Questions </li></ul><ul><li>What has happened to this child?   </li></ul><ul><li>How do you think this child felt about the war? </li></ul><ul><li>What were the hardships faced? </li></ul><ul><li>Describe any example of compassion or courage that the child witnessed. </li></ul><ul><li>Describe the major events in the Civil War of which the child was a part. </li></ul><ul><li>How did the Civil War change this child's life forever? </li></ul>
  13. 14. Get Into the Theme of Things
  14. 15. Extensions <ul><li>Have students in groups construct historically accurate paper dolls of the Civil War characters. </li></ul><ul><li>Have students form a human timeline with each presenting a Civil War child's view: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Students use their assigned child’s primary source words and views for the presentation. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Presentations occur in chronological order to provide an overall summary of the war through the eyes of real Civil War children. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Draw parallels from what children experienced in the Civil War to children in war-torn areas today. </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>1861 T.G. Barker 1863 Johnny Clem 1862 Celine Fremaux 1864 Michael Dougherty 1865 Emma LaConte <ul><ul><li>living history time line </li></ul></ul>
  15. 16. Local Sources <ul><li>Use local Civil War children’s stories to enhance your instruction and further engage your students </li></ul><ul><li>Start with your local public library to find published journals, letters, diaries, reminiscences, and news articles. </li></ul><ul><li>Aiken, SC area: I. Jenkins Mikell, Pauline DeCaradeuc, and Schofield Normal and Industrial School </li></ul>
  16. 17. Using Local Sources <ul><li>“ Rumbling of the Chariot Wheels: Doings and Misdoings in the Barefooted Period of a Boy's Life on a Southern Plantation.” </li></ul><ul><li>by I. Jenkins Mikell </li></ul>
  17. 18. I. Jenkins Mikell Home
  18. 20. Peter’s Point Plantation Barton’s Pond
  19. 21. Graniteville Mill <ul><li>Used for education with permission by Richard Pearce and the Alicia Patterson Foundation </li></ul>
  20. 22. Corn Field Near Cotton Factory
  21. 23. Edisto River Moss
  22. 24. Martha Schofield
  23. 25. Schofield Normal and Industrial School Campus
  24. 26. Schofield Normal and Industrial School
  25. 27. More Books! <ul><li>Confederate Lady Comes of Age: The Journal of Pauline DeCaradeuc Heyward , 1863-1888 </li></ul><ul><li>by Mary D. Robertson </li></ul><ul><li>At the age of nineteen Pauline DeCaradeuc Heyward began keeping a journal in which she recorded the final years of the Civil War, including the destruction of her plantation home near Aiken, South Carolina; the hardship of the Reconstruction era; her marriage into a distinguished Charleston family; and her efforts to provide for her large family after her husband's death. A fascinating document that spans a traumatic quarter of a century, Heyward's diary offers intimate insights into the deprivation and devastation suffered by southern women during and after the Civil War. </li></ul>From USC Press
  26. 28. More Books! <ul><li>Topsy Turvy: How the Civil War Turned the War Upside Down for Southern Children. by Anya Jabour </li></ul><ul><li>From Publishers Weekly </li></ul><ul><li>University of Montana professor Jabour explores the American Civil War through its effects on children, both black and white, from the time before the war to Reconstruction. Jabour's extensive use of journals, diaries, and records of interviews with adults who lived through the war as children enlivens her text considerably. The recollection of a former slave girl's comment to a passing white boy-&quot;Bottom rail on top now!&quot;-is but one example of the power of Jabour's anecdotes. Given the efficacy of these recollections, it's unfortunate that Jabour chose not to expand more on the people she includes. Instead, her writing suffers from an overtly academic style with a tendency toward obvious statements such as, &quot;...children's attitudes toward the national conflict were shaped by their families and their identities.&quot; While the unique topic is intriguing, and the use of primary sources admirable, the ultimate result is nonetheless disappointing. 28 b&w illustrations. (c) Copyright PWxyz, LLC. All rights reserved. </li></ul>From Amazon
  27. 29. Clip Art <ul><li>http://www.jewish-history.com/clipartgallery/clipart3.htm </li></ul><ul><li>http://classroomclipart.com/cgibin/kids/imageFolio.cgi?direct=History/United_States/Civil_War </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.cksinfo.com/americana/ushistory/civilwar/index.html </li></ul>
  28. 30. LC-DIG-cwpb-03034
  29. 31. LC-DIG-cwpb-02402
  30. 32. digital file from original photograph, front http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/stereo.1s01314
  31. 33. Oldpictures.com
  32. 34. Digital ID: (digital file from original photograph, front) stereo 1s01305 http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/stereo.1s01305
  33. 35. digital file from original photograph, front) stereo 1s01304 http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/stereo.1s01304
  34. 36. LC-DIG-cwpb-02394
  35. 37. digital file from original photograph, front) stereo 1s01308 http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/stereo.1s01308
  36. 38. digital file from original stereograph, front) stereo 1s01816 http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/stereo.1s01816 Old Post Office and the only remaining palmetto in Charleston
  37. 39. digital file from original photo, front) stereo 1s01820 http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/stereo.1s01820
  38. 40. b&w film copy neg.) cph 3c19584 http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/cph.3c19584
  39. 41. b&w film copy neg. of left half stereo) cph 3b36927 http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/cph.3b36927
  40. 42. LC-DIG-stereo-2s01824
  41. 43. LC-B8171-3072
  42. 44. LC-B8171-3082
  43. 45. digital file from original photograph, front) stereo 1s01315 http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/stereo.1s01315

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