Elysium Technologies Private Limited                                      ISO 9001:2008 A leading Research and Development...
Elysium Technologies Private Limited                                      ISO 9001:2008 A leading Research and Development...
Elysium Technologies Private Limited                                    ISO 9001:2008 A leading Research and Development D...
Elysium Technologies Private Limited                                     ISO 9001:2008 A leading Research and Development ...
Elysium Technologies Private Limited                                     ISO 9001:2008 A leading Research and Development ...
Elysium Technologies Private Limited                                     ISO 9001:2008 A leading Research and Development ...
Elysium Technologies Private Limited                                      ISO 9001:2008 A leading Research and Development...
Elysium Technologies Private Limited                                      ISO 9001:2008 A leading Research and Development...
Elysium Technologies Private Limited                                     ISO 9001:2008 A leading Research and Development ...
Elysium Technologies Private Limited                                     ISO 9001:2008 A leading Research and Development ...
Elysium Technologies Private Limited                                     ISO 9001:2008 A leading Research and Development ...
Elysium Technologies Private Limited                                     ISO 9001:2008 A leading Research and Development ...
Elysium Technologies Private Limited                                     ISO 9001:2008 A leading Research and Development ...
Elysium Technologies Private Limited                                       ISO 9001:2008 A leading Research and Developmen...
Elysium Technologies Private Limited                                     ISO 9001:2008 A leading Research and Development ...
Elysium Technologies Private Limited                                     ISO 9001:2008 A leading Research and Development ...
Elysium Technologies Private Limited                                       ISO 9001:2008 A leading Research and Developmen...
Elysium Technologies Private Limited                                      ISO 9001:2008 A leading Research and Development...
Elysium Technologies Private Limited                                      ISO 9001:2008 A leading Research and Development...
Elysium Technologies Private Limited                                      ISO 9001:2008 A leading Research and Development...
Elysium Technologies Private Limited                                     ISO 9001:2008 A leading Research and Development ...
Elysium Technologies Private Limited                                       ISO 9001:2008 A leading Research and Developmen...
Elysium Technologies Private Limited                                      ISO 9001:2008 A leading Research and Development...
Elysium Technologies Private Limited                                      ISO 9001:2008 A leading Research and Development...
Elysium Technologies Private Limited                                      ISO 9001:2008 A leading Research and Development...
Elysium Technologies Private Limited                                      ISO 9001:2008 A leading Research and Development...
Elysium Technologies Private Limited                                     ISO 9001:2008 A leading Research and Development ...
Elysium Technologies Private Limited                                     ISO 9001:2008 A leading Research and Development ...
Elysium Technologies Private Limited                                     ISO 9001:2008 A leading Research and Development ...
Elysium Technologies Private Limited                                       ISO 9001:2008 A leading Research and Developmen...
Elysium Technologies Private Limited                                      ISO 9001:2008 A leading Research and Development...
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IEEE Final Year Projects 2011-2012 :: Elysium Technologies Pvt Ltd::Auromation science enginering

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IEEE Final Year Projects 2011-2012 :: Elysium Technologies Pvt Ltd
IEEE projects, final year projects, students project, be project, engineering projects, academic project, project center in madurai, trichy, chennai, kollam, coimbatore

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IEEE Final Year Projects 2011-2012 :: Elysium Technologies Pvt Ltd::Auromation science enginering

  1. 1. Elysium Technologies Private Limited ISO 9001:2008 A leading Research and Development Division Madurai | Chennai | Trichy | Coimbatore | Kollam| Singapore Website: elysiumtechnologies.com, elysiumtechnologies.info Email: info@elysiumtechnologies.com IEEE Final Year Project List 2011-2012 Abstract AUTOMATION SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING 2011 - 201201 A Car-Seat Example of Automated Anthropomorphic Testing of Fabrics Using Force-Controlled Robot Motions For the last years, automation is widely used to relieve humans from repetitive tasks, primarily and firstly within manufacturing. However, for products with less ideal (or hard to model) properties, and when forces depends on human interaction, automated testing has not been explored until now. This work presents the analysis of the (human-dependent) motions/ forces based on a fully implemented test case for car-seat testing. For emulation of the corresponding mechanical wear, an experimental test bench was developed. A sensor mat with a pressure gauge net was used in the test bench to determine the relevant loads, and the corresponding movements performed by the humans when sitting in a car seat were acquired by means of a photogrammetry system. Finally, to automate the reproduction of such movements by means of a dummy held by a robot, several controllers have been developed to regulate the force applied by the dummy on the seat. Simplicity and force-control performance for the human replication was also investigated in this work, showing the benefit of freely programmable (open) force control. The developed system has many practical applications, as allowing the analysis ofMadurai Trichy KollamElysium Technologies Private Limited Elysium Technologies Private Limited Elysium Technologies Private Limited230, Church Road, Annanagar, 3rd Floor,SI Towers, Surya Complex,Vendor junction,Madurai , Tamilnadu – 625 020. 15 ,Melapudur , Trichy, kollam,Kerala – 691 010.Contact : 91452 4390702, 4392702, 4394702. Tamilnadu – 620 001. Contact : 91474 2723622.eMail: info@elysiumtechnologies.com Contact : 91431 - 4002234. eMail: elysium.kollam@gmail.com eMail: elysium.trichy@gmail.com 1
  2. 2. Elysium Technologies Private Limited ISO 9001:2008 A leading Research and Development Division Madurai | Chennai | Trichy | Coimbatore | Kollam| Singapore Website: elysiumtechnologies.com, elysiumtechnologies.info Email: info@elysiumtechnologies.com IEEE Final Year Project List 2011-2012 the wearing caused by these movements on the seat upholstery. Thus, force controlled testing of fabrics using robots is a viable option.02 A Framework to Model the Topological Structure of Supply Networks Topological structure is considered more and more important in managing a supply network or predicting its development. In this paper, a new framework is proposed to model the topological structure of supply networks, where different types of supply networks can be created just by introducing different supplier-customer connecting rules. Generally, the networks created in the framework are much different from the random networks with the same degree sequences. The revealed phenomenon suggests that real-world supply networks may benefit from its intrinsic mechanism on flexibility, efficiency, and robustness to target attacks.03 A Shapley Value-Based Approach to Discover Influential Nodes in Social NetworksMadurai Trichy KollamElysium Technologies Private Limited Elysium Technologies Private Limited Elysium Technologies Private Limited230, Church Road, Annanagar, 3rd Floor,SI Towers, Surya Complex,Vendor junction,Madurai , Tamilnadu – 625 020. 15 ,Melapudur , Trichy, kollam,Kerala – 691 010.Contact : 91452 4390702, 4392702, 4394702. Tamilnadu – 620 001. Contact : 91474 2723622.eMail: info@elysiumtechnologies.com Contact : 91431 - 4002234. eMail: elysium.kollam@gmail.com eMail: elysium.trichy@gmail.com 2
  3. 3. Elysium Technologies Private Limited ISO 9001:2008 A leading Research and Development Division Madurai | Chennai | Trichy | Coimbatore | Kollam| Singapore Website: elysiumtechnologies.com, elysiumtechnologies.info Email: info@elysiumtechnologies.com IEEE Final Year Project List 2011-2012 Our study concerns an important current problem, that of diffusion of information in social networks. This problem has received significant attention from the Internet research community in the recent times, driven by many potential applications such as viral marketing and sales promotions. In this paper, we focus on the target set selection problem, which involves discovering a small subset of influential players in a given social network, to perform a certain task of information diffusion. The target set selection problem manifests in two forms: 1) top- nodes problem and 2) -coverage problem. In the top- nodes problem, we are required to find a set of key nodes that would maximize the number of nodes being influenced in the network. The -coverage problem is concerned with finding a set of key nodes having minimal size that can influence a given percentage of the nodes in the entire network. We propose a new way of solving these problems using the concept of Shapley value which is a well known solution concept in cooperative game theory. Our approach leads to algorithms which we call the ShaPley value-based Influential Nodes (SPINs) algorithms for solving the top- nodes problem and the -coverage problem. We compare the performance of the proposed SPIN algorithms with well known algorithms in the literature. Through extensive experimentation on four synthetically generated random graphs and six real-world data sets (Celegans, Jazz, NIPS coauthorship data set, Netscience data set, High-Energy Physics data set, and Political Books data set), we show that the proposed SPIN approach is more powerful and computationally efficient.04 A SNCCDBAGG-Based NN Ensemble Approach for Quality Prediction in Injection Molding ProcessMadurai Trichy KollamElysium Technologies Private Limited Elysium Technologies Private Limited Elysium Technologies Private Limited230, Church Road, Annanagar, 3rd Floor,SI Towers, Surya Complex,Vendor junction,Madurai , Tamilnadu – 625 020. 15 ,Melapudur , Trichy, kollam,Kerala – 691 010.Contact : 91452 4390702, 4392702, 4394702. Tamilnadu – 620 001. Contact : 91474 2723622.eMail: info@elysiumtechnologies.com Contact : 91431 - 4002234. eMail: elysium.kollam@gmail.com eMail: elysium.trichy@gmail.com 3
  4. 4. Elysium Technologies Private Limited ISO 9001:2008 A leading Research and Development Division Madurai | Chennai | Trichy | Coimbatore | Kollam| Singapore Website: elysiumtechnologies.com, elysiumtechnologies.info Email: info@elysiumtechnologies.com IEEE Final Year Project List 2011-2012 This paper presents a SNCCDBAGG-based neural network (NN) ensemble approach for quality prediction in injection molding process. Bagging is used to create NNs for the ensemble by independently training these NNs on different training sets. Negative correlation learning via correlation-corrected data (NCCD) is used to achieve negative correlation of each network’s error against errors for the rest of the ensemble by training transformed target data for NN in the ensemble as the desired network output for some epochs. A selection-based strategy is proposed to improve generalization ability when combining Bagging and NCCD.05 A Three Degree-of-Freedom Optical Orientation Measurement Method for Spherical Actuator Applications The advance of robotics, actuators and manufacturing technology motivates the research on measurement of multiple degree-of-freedom (DOF) rotational motions. A novel laser-based noncontact high-precision spherical displacement measurement methodology has been proposed for spherical actuator applications in this paper. The laser detector is utilized to measure the distance from the target to the detector on several light spots, and thus to calculate the rotation angle of the rigid body in three directions. As there is no physical contact between the laser detector and the moving body, additional mass/moment of inertia and friction on the rotor are avoided, and thus the working efficiency of moving body can be improved. The algorithm of orientation angles has been derived. Experimental apparatuses have been developed to evaluate the working performance of the measurement method. Comparison between experimental and analytical results shows that the proposed method can achieve high-precision measurement for multi-DOF rotationalMadurai Trichy KollamElysium Technologies Private Limited Elysium Technologies Private Limited Elysium Technologies Private Limited230, Church Road, Annanagar, 3rd Floor,SI Towers, Surya Complex,Vendor junction,Madurai , Tamilnadu – 625 020. 15 ,Melapudur , Trichy, kollam,Kerala – 691 010.Contact : 91452 4390702, 4392702, 4394702. Tamilnadu – 620 001. Contact : 91474 2723622.eMail: info@elysiumtechnologies.com Contact : 91431 - 4002234. eMail: elysium.kollam@gmail.com eMail: elysium.trichy@gmail.com 4
  5. 5. Elysium Technologies Private Limited ISO 9001:2008 A leading Research and Development Division Madurai | Chennai | Trichy | Coimbatore | Kollam| Singapore Website: elysiumtechnologies.com, elysiumtechnologies.info Email: info@elysiumtechnologies.com IEEE Final Year Project List 2011-2012 motions. Precision of the laser-based angular displacement measurement method can be improved further by increasing the slot density on the rigid body or using new models of laser detectors.06 A Totally Decoupled Piezo-Driven XYZ Flexure Parallel Micropositioning Stage for Micro/Nanomanipulation This paper reports the design and development processes of a totally decoupled flexure-based XYZ parallel-kinematics micropositioning stage with piezoelectric actuation. The uniqueness of the proposed XYZ stage lies in that it possesses both input and output decoupling properties with integrated displacement amplifiers. The input decoupling is realized by actuation isolation using double compound parallelogram flexures with large transverse stiffness, and the output decoupling is implemented by employing two-dimensional (2-D) compound parallelogram flexures. By simplifying each flexure hinge as a two-degree-of-freedom (2-DOF) compliant joint, analytical models of kinematics, statics, and dynamics of the XYZ stage are established and then validated with finite-element analysis (FEA). The derived models are further adopted for optimal design of the stage through particle swarm optimization (PSO), and a prototype of XYZ stage isMadurai Trichy KollamElysium Technologies Private Limited Elysium Technologies Private Limited Elysium Technologies Private Limited230, Church Road, Annanagar, 3rd Floor,SI Towers, Surya Complex,Vendor junction,Madurai , Tamilnadu – 625 020. 15 ,Melapudur , Trichy, kollam,Kerala – 691 010.Contact : 91452 4390702, 4392702, 4394702. Tamilnadu – 620 001. Contact : 91474 2723622.eMail: info@elysiumtechnologies.com Contact : 91431 - 4002234. eMail: elysium.kollam@gmail.com eMail: elysium.trichy@gmail.com 5
  6. 6. Elysium Technologies Private Limited ISO 9001:2008 A leading Research and Development Division Madurai | Chennai | Trichy | Coimbatore | Kollam| Singapore Website: elysiumtechnologies.com, elysiumtechnologies.info Email: info@elysiumtechnologies.com IEEE Final Year Project List 2011-2012 fabricated for performance tests. The nonsymmetric hysteresis behavior of the piezo-stage is identified with the modified Prandtl-Ishlinskii (MPI) model, and a control scheme combining the inverse model-based feedforward with feedback control is constructed to compensate the plant nonlinearity and uncertainty. Experimental results reveal that a submicron accuracy 1-D and 3-D positioning can be achieved by the system, which confirms the effectiveness of the proposed mechanism and controller design as well.07 Adaptive Measurement for Automated Field Reconstruction and Calibration of Magnetic Systems This paper presents an efficient method to adaptively determine the locations for taking measurements for automated calibration of electromagnetic systems using reconstructed magnetic fields. This coupled measurement- computation method solves the Laplace’s equation with measured boundary conditions. Along with the formulation of two selection criteria (chord-height and data-spacing), an adaptive scanning algorithm has been developed, which bases four local measurements to determine the next measurement point. This adaptive method, which relaxes the assumption of approximately known structure, has been illustrated (with experimental verification) with three practical applications; electromagnetic velocity probe, electromagnetic flow-meter (EMF) and spherical motor. Comparisons against publishedMadurai Trichy KollamElysium Technologies Private Limited Elysium Technologies Private Limited Elysium Technologies Private Limited230, Church Road, Annanagar, 3rd Floor,SI Towers, Surya Complex,Vendor junction,Madurai , Tamilnadu – 625 020. 15 ,Melapudur , Trichy, kollam,Kerala – 691 010.Contact : 91452 4390702, 4392702, 4394702. Tamilnadu – 620 001. Contact : 91474 2723622.eMail: info@elysiumtechnologies.com Contact : 91431 - 4002234. eMail: elysium.kollam@gmail.com eMail: elysium.trichy@gmail.com 6
  7. 7. Elysium Technologies Private Limited ISO 9001:2008 A leading Research and Development Division Madurai | Chennai | Trichy | Coimbatore | Kollam| Singapore Website: elysiumtechnologies.com, elysiumtechnologies.info Email: info@elysiumtechnologies.com IEEE Final Year Project List 2011-2012 data demonstrate that the adaptive measurement algorithm greatly reduces the number of measurements and shortens the scanning route length of all three applications without sacrificing the accuracy of the computed results. Dry calibration results of an EMF were also experimentally verified against test data obtained from a standard flow-rig confirming that a relative error of 0.2% can be achieved. This finding makes the cost-effective dry calibration a practical alternative to the conventional flow rig calibration. As demonstrated on a spherical motor, the flexibility to include a least- square curve fit offers a practical means to filter measurement noise.08 An Enhanced Nested Partitions Algorithm Using Solution Value Prediction This paper presents an efficient method to adaptively determine the locations for taking measurements for automated calibration of electromagnetic systems using reconstructed magnetic fields. This coupled measurement- computation method solves the Laplace’s equation with measured boundary conditions. Along with the formulation of two selection criteria (chord-height and data-spacing), an adaptive scanning algorithm has been developed, which bases four localMadurai Trichy KollamElysium Technologies Private Limited Elysium Technologies Private Limited Elysium Technologies Private Limited230, Church Road, Annanagar, 3rd Floor,SI Towers, Surya Complex,Vendor junction,Madurai , Tamilnadu – 625 020. 15 ,Melapudur , Trichy, kollam,Kerala – 691 010.Contact : 91452 4390702, 4392702, 4394702. Tamilnadu – 620 001. Contact : 91474 2723622.eMail: info@elysiumtechnologies.com Contact : 91431 - 4002234. eMail: elysium.kollam@gmail.com eMail: elysium.trichy@gmail.com 7
  8. 8. Elysium Technologies Private Limited ISO 9001:2008 A leading Research and Development Division Madurai | Chennai | Trichy | Coimbatore | Kollam| Singapore Website: elysiumtechnologies.com, elysiumtechnologies.info Email: info@elysiumtechnologies.com IEEE Final Year Project List 2011-2012 measurements to determine the next measurement point. This adaptive method, which relaxes the assumption of approximately known structure, has been illustrated (with experimental verification) with three practical applications; electromagnetic velocity probe, electromagnetic flow-meter (EMF) and spherical motor. Comparisons against published data demonstrate that the adaptive measurement algorithm greatly reduces the number of measurements and shortens the scanning route length of all three applications without sacrificing the accuracy of the computed results. Dry calibration results of an EMF were also experimentally verified against test data obtained from a standard flow-rig confirming that a relative error of 0.2% can be achieved. This finding makes the cost-effective dry calibration a practical alternative to the conventional flow rig calibration. As demonstrated on a spherical motor, the flexibility to include a least- square curve fit offers a practical means to filter measurement noise.09 An Integer Programming Approach for Analyzing the Measurement Redundancy in Structured Linear Systems A linear system whose model matrix is of size is considered structured if some row vectors in the model matrix are linearly dependent. Computing the degree of redundancy for structured linear systems is proven NP-hard. PreviousMadurai Trichy KollamElysium Technologies Private Limited Elysium Technologies Private Limited Elysium Technologies Private Limited230, Church Road, Annanagar, 3rd Floor,SI Towers, Surya Complex,Vendor junction,Madurai , Tamilnadu – 625 020. 15 ,Melapudur , Trichy, kollam,Kerala – 691 010.Contact : 91452 4390702, 4392702, 4394702. Tamilnadu – 620 001. Contact : 91474 2723622.eMail: info@elysiumtechnologies.com Contact : 91431 - 4002234. eMail: elysium.kollam@gmail.com eMail: elysium.trichy@gmail.com 8
  9. 9. Elysium Technologies Private Limited ISO 9001:2008 A leading Research and Development Division Madurai | Chennai | Trichy | Coimbatore | Kollam| Singapore Website: elysiumtechnologies.com, elysiumtechnologies.info Email: info@elysiumtechnologies.com IEEE Final Year Project List 2011-2012 computation strategy is divide-and-conquer, materialized in a bound-and-decompose algorithm, which, when the required conditions are satisfied, can compute the degree of redundancy on a set of much smaller submatrices instead of directly on the original model matrix. The limitation of this algorithm is that the current decomposition conditions are still restrictive and not always satisfied for many applications. We present a mixed integer programming (MIP) formulation of the redundancy degree problem and solve it using an existing MIP solver. Our numerical studies indicate that our approach outperforms the existing methods for many applications, especially when the decomposition conditions are not satisfied. The main contribution of the paper is that we tackle this challenging problem from a different angle and test a promising new approach. The resulting approach points to a path that can potentially solve the problem in its entirety.10 Approximating the Performance of a Batch Service Queue Using Batching plays an important role in semiconductor fabs, and it can lead to inefficiency if not treated with care. The performance of parallel batch processes is often approximated by the G/G/1–based approximate models. By carefully examining the existing models, the dependence between queueing time and wait-tobatch time has been identified. A new improved model for parallel batch systems is proposed to exploit this dependence. The computation of the new model is still simple and fast, but it gives better approximation by reducing the systematic error in earlier models which ignored the dependence between queueing time and wait-tobatch time.Madurai Trichy KollamElysium Technologies Private Limited Elysium Technologies Private Limited Elysium Technologies Private Limited230, Church Road, Annanagar, 3rd Floor,SI Towers, Surya Complex,Vendor junction,Madurai , Tamilnadu – 625 020. 15 ,Melapudur , Trichy, kollam,Kerala – 691 010.Contact : 91452 4390702, 4392702, 4394702. Tamilnadu – 620 001. Contact : 91474 2723622.eMail: info@elysiumtechnologies.com Contact : 91431 - 4002234. eMail: elysium.kollam@gmail.com eMail: elysium.trichy@gmail.com 9
  10. 10. Elysium Technologies Private Limited ISO 9001:2008 A leading Research and Development Division Madurai | Chennai | Trichy | Coimbatore | Kollam| Singapore Website: elysiumtechnologies.com, elysiumtechnologies.info Email: info@elysiumtechnologies.com IEEE Final Year Project List 2011-201211 Artificial Cognition in Production Systems Today’s manufacturing and assembly systems have to be flexible to adapt quickly to an increasing number and variety of products, and changing market volumes. To manage these dynamics, several production concepts (e.g., flexible, reconfigurable, changeable or autonomous manufacturing and assembly systems) were proposed and partly realized in the past years. This paper presents the general principles of autonomy and the proposed concepts, methods and technologies to realize cognitive planning, cognitive control and cognitive operation of production systems. Starting with an introduction on the historical context of different paradigms of production (e.g., evolution of production and planning systems), different approaches for the design, planning, and operation of production systems are lined out and future trends towards fully autonomous components of an production system as well as autonomous parts and products are discussed. In flexible production systems with manual and automatic assembly tasks, human-robot cooperation is an opportunity for an ergonomic and economic manufacturing system especially for low lot sizes. The state-of-the-art and a cognitive approach in this area are outlined. Furthermore, introducing self-optimizing and self-learning control systems is a crucial factor for cognitive systems. This principles are demonstrated by a quality assurance and process control in laser welding that is used to perform improved quality monitoring. Finally, as the integration of human workers into the workflow of a production system is of the highest priority for an efficient production, worker guidance systems for manualMadurai Trichy KollamElysium Technologies Private Limited Elysium Technologies Private Limited Elysium Technologies Private Limited230, Church Road, Annanagar, 3rd Floor,SI Towers, Surya Complex,Vendor junction,Madurai , Tamilnadu – 625 020. 15 ,Melapudur , Trichy, kollam,Kerala – 691 010.Contact : 91452 4390702, 4392702, 4394702. Tamilnadu – 620 001. Contact : 91474 2723622.eMail: info@elysiumtechnologies.com Contact : 91431 - 4002234. eMail: elysium.kollam@gmail.com eMail: elysium.trichy@gmail.com 10
  11. 11. Elysium Technologies Private Limited ISO 9001:2008 A leading Research and Development Division Madurai | Chennai | Trichy | Coimbatore | Kollam| Singapore Website: elysiumtechnologies.com, elysiumtechnologies.info Email: info@elysiumtechnologies.com IEEE Final Year Project List 2011-2012 assembly with environmentally- and situationally dependent triggered paths on state-based graphs are described in this paper.12 Automated Multi-Agent Search Using Centroidal Voronoi Configuration This paper addresses the problem of automated multiagent search in an unknown environment.Autonomous agents equipped with sensors carry out a search operation in a search space, where the uncertainty, or lack of information about the environment, is known a priori as an uncertainty density distribution function. The agents are deployed in the search space to maximize single step search effectiveness. The centroidal Voronoi configuration, which achieves a locally optimal deployment, forms the basis for the proposed sequential deploy and search strategy. It is shown that with the proposed control law the agent trajectories converge in a globally asymptotic manner to the centroidal Voronoi configuration. Simulation experiments are provided to validate the strategy.13 Automating Knowledge Discovery Workflow Composition Through Ontology-Based PlanningMadurai Trichy KollamElysium Technologies Private Limited Elysium Technologies Private Limited Elysium Technologies Private Limited230, Church Road, Annanagar, 3rd Floor,SI Towers, Surya Complex,Vendor junction,Madurai , Tamilnadu – 625 020. 15 ,Melapudur , Trichy, kollam,Kerala – 691 010.Contact : 91452 4390702, 4392702, 4394702. Tamilnadu – 620 001. Contact : 91474 2723622.eMail: info@elysiumtechnologies.com Contact : 91431 - 4002234. eMail: elysium.kollam@gmail.com eMail: elysium.trichy@gmail.com 11
  12. 12. Elysium Technologies Private Limited ISO 9001:2008 A leading Research and Development Division Madurai | Chennai | Trichy | Coimbatore | Kollam| Singapore Website: elysiumtechnologies.com, elysiumtechnologies.info Email: info@elysiumtechnologies.com IEEE Final Year Project List 2011-2012 The paper presents an approach helping developers to maintain source code identifiers and comments consistent with high-level artifacts. Specifically, the approach computes and shows the textual similarity between source code and related high-level artifacts. Our conjecture is that developers are induced to improve the source code lexicon, i.e., terms used in identifiers or comments, if the software development environment provides information about the textual similarity between the source code under development and the related high-level artifacts. The proposed approach also recommends candidate identifiers built from high-level artifacts related to the source code under development and has been implemented as an Eclipse plug-in, called COde Comprehension Nurturant Using Traceability (COCONUT). The paper also reports on two controlled experiments performed with master’s and bachelor’s students. The goal of the experiments is to evaluate the quality of identifiers and comments (in terms of their consistency with high-level artifacts) in the source code produced when using or not using COCONUT.Madurai Trichy KollamElysium Technologies Private Limited Elysium Technologies Private Limited Elysium Technologies Private Limited230, Church Road, Annanagar, 3rd Floor,SI Towers, Surya Complex,Vendor junction,Madurai , Tamilnadu – 625 020. 15 ,Melapudur , Trichy, kollam,Kerala – 691 010.Contact : 91452 4390702, 4392702, 4394702. Tamilnadu – 620 001. Contact : 91474 2723622.eMail: info@elysiumtechnologies.com Contact : 91431 - 4002234. eMail: elysium.kollam@gmail.com eMail: elysium.trichy@gmail.com 12
  13. 13. Elysium Technologies Private Limited ISO 9001:2008 A leading Research and Development Division Madurai | Chennai | Trichy | Coimbatore | Kollam| Singapore Website: elysiumtechnologies.com, elysiumtechnologies.info Email: info@elysiumtechnologies.com IEEE Final Year Project List 2011-201214 Bouc–Wen Modeling and Inverse Multiplicative Structure to Compensate Hysteresis Nonlinearity in Piezoelectric A new approach to compensate the strong hysteresis nonlinearity in piezoelectric materials is proposed. Based on the inverse multiplicative scheme, the approach avoids models inversion as employed in existing works. The compensator is therefore simple to implement and does not require additional computation as soon as the direct model is available. The proposed compensation technique is valuable for hysteresis that are modeled with the Bouc–Wen set of equations. Note to Practitioners—Since many years, the hysteresis nonlinearity in piezoelectric micro/nanoactuators (AFM, microgrippers, etc.) has been moving many researchers. Despite the high resolution and the high speed of these materials, the hysteresis strongly compromises the accuracy. If feedback control laws could easily improve the performances, their use in micro/nanoactuators and small systems are constrained by the luck of convenient sensors. On the one hand, accurate and high bandwidth sensors are very expensive and bulky (accelerometers, optical sensors). On the other hand, integrable sensors are highly sensitive to noises and are very fragile (strain gage). To surpass the use of sensors, feedforward control techniques have been used. These techniques represent a great interest in an integration/package point-of-view but the existing methods show a complexity in terms of computation and implementation.Madurai Trichy KollamElysium Technologies Private Limited Elysium Technologies Private Limited Elysium Technologies Private Limited230, Church Road, Annanagar, 3rd Floor,SI Towers, Surya Complex,Vendor junction,Madurai , Tamilnadu – 625 020. 15 ,Melapudur , Trichy, kollam,Kerala – 691 010.Contact : 91452 4390702, 4392702, 4394702. Tamilnadu – 620 001. Contact : 91474 2723622.eMail: info@elysiumtechnologies.com Contact : 91431 - 4002234. eMail: elysium.kollam@gmail.com eMail: elysium.trichy@gmail.com 13
  14. 14. Elysium Technologies Private Limited ISO 9001:2008 A leading Research and Development Division Madurai | Chennai | Trichy | Coimbatore | Kollam| Singapore Website: elysiumtechnologies.com, elysiumtechnologies.info Email: info@elysiumtechnologies.com IEEE Final Year Project List 2011-201215 Decision Fusion from Heterogeneous Sensors in Surveillance Sensor Systems Using multiple, heterogeneous sensors in surveillance systems is desirable, not only to tolerate sensor failures, but also to increase the accuracy of the event detection process and to provide complementary capability under different operating conditions. In the operation of multiple, heterogeneous sensors, we may encounter inconsistent sensor observations. Motivated by the need to make coherent decisions, we propose in this study a decision scheme to determine the right interpretations of sensor outputs when conflict arises. The proposed decision rule considers sensor heterogeneity in a surveillance system, while attempting to minimize the expected misclassification cost. Case studies of the surveillance sensor system in a major U.S. port demonstrate that the proposed decision scheme achieves a better robustness in the presence of sensor failures than the popular -out-of- decision fusion rule.16 Distributed Optimization for Model Predictive Control of Linear Dynamic Networks with Control-Input and Output ConstraintsMadurai Trichy KollamElysium Technologies Private Limited Elysium Technologies Private Limited Elysium Technologies Private Limited230, Church Road, Annanagar, 3rd Floor,SI Towers, Surya Complex,Vendor junction,Madurai , Tamilnadu – 625 020. 15 ,Melapudur , Trichy, kollam,Kerala – 691 010.Contact : 91452 4390702, 4392702, 4394702. Tamilnadu – 620 001. Contact : 91474 2723622.eMail: info@elysiumtechnologies.com Contact : 91431 - 4002234. eMail: elysium.kollam@gmail.com eMail: elysium.trichy@gmail.com 14
  15. 15. Elysium Technologies Private Limited ISO 9001:2008 A leading Research and Development Division Madurai | Chennai | Trichy | Coimbatore | Kollam| Singapore Website: elysiumtechnologies.com, elysiumtechnologies.info Email: info@elysiumtechnologies.com IEEE Final Year Project List 2011-2012 A linear dynamic network is a system of subsystems that approximates the dynamic model of large, geographically distributed systems such as the power grid and traffic networks.A favorite technique to operate such networks is distributed model predictive control (DMPC), which advocates the distribution of decision-making while handling constraints in a systematic way. This paper contributes to the state-of-the-art of DMPC of linear dynamic networks in two ways. First, it extends a baseline model by introducing constraints on the output of the subsystems and by letting subsystem dynamics to depend on the state besides the control signals of the subsystems in the neighborhood. With these extensions, constraints on queue lengths and delayed dynamic effects can be modeled in traffic networks. Second, this paper develops a distributed interior-point algorithm for solving DMPC optimization problems with a network of agents, one for each subsystem, which is shown to converge to an optimal solution. In a traffic network, this distributed algorithm permits the subsystem of an intersection to be reconfigured by only coordinating with the subsystems in its vicinity.17 Excursion Yield Loss and Cycle Time Reduction in Semiconductor Manufacturing The importance of cycle time reduction is well known to the semiconductor manufacturing industry in the sense of reduced inventory costs and faster response to the market. Less emphasized is the fact that the overall die yield is also closely related to cycle time. In particular, some yield losses are due to “excursions,” when process or equipment shift out of specifications. While some and perhaps most excursions are detected by in-line inspections, some are not detected untilMadurai Trichy KollamElysium Technologies Private Limited Elysium Technologies Private Limited Elysium Technologies Private Limited230, Church Road, Annanagar, 3rd Floor,SI Towers, Surya Complex,Vendor junction,Madurai , Tamilnadu – 625 020. 15 ,Melapudur , Trichy, kollam,Kerala – 691 010.Contact : 91452 4390702, 4392702, 4394702. Tamilnadu – 620 001. Contact : 91474 2723622.eMail: info@elysiumtechnologies.com Contact : 91431 - 4002234. eMail: elysium.kollam@gmail.com eMail: elysium.trichy@gmail.com 15
  16. 16. Elysium Technologies Private Limited ISO 9001:2008 A leading Research and Development Division Madurai | Chennai | Trichy | Coimbatore | Kollam| Singapore Website: elysiumtechnologies.com, elysiumtechnologies.info Email: info@elysiumtechnologies.com IEEE Final Year Project List 2011-2012 the wafers are tested in the probing area after fabrication. A long production cycle time will expose significant amounts of wafers in production to defective processing by such excursions. This paper introduces analytical formulas to quantify the revenue losses due to excursions not detected until end-of-line testing as a function of manufacturing cycle time, excursion probabilities and kill rates. The formulas provide a means to evaluate the revenue gains due to cycle time reduction, based on the assumption that the average selling prices of semiconductor products are declining steadily at predictable rates.. 18 KnitSketch: A Sketch Pad for Conceptual Design of 2D Garment Patterns In this paper, we present a new sketch-based system — KnitSketch, to improve the efficiency of process planning for knitting garments at an early design stage. The KnitSketch system utilizes sketching interface with the pen-paper metaphor and users only need to draw outlines of different parts of the garment. Based on sketching understanding, the system automatically makes reasonable geometric inferences about the process-planning data of the garment. The system is designed for nonprofessional users and can design diverse garment styles by freehand drawings. The contributions of this work include contextual extraction of reusable data from sketches, a MDG structure for sketch beautification, and an integrated system with natural expression and effective communication that reduces the cognitive load of human beings. User experience shows that the proposed system helps designers focus on the task instead of the designing tools, and thus improves the efficiency and productivity of human beings.Madurai Trichy KollamElysium Technologies Private Limited Elysium Technologies Private Limited Elysium Technologies Private Limited230, Church Road, Annanagar, 3rd Floor,SI Towers, Surya Complex,Vendor junction,Madurai , Tamilnadu – 625 020. 15 ,Melapudur , Trichy, kollam,Kerala – 691 010.Contact : 91452 4390702, 4392702, 4394702. Tamilnadu – 620 001. Contact : 91474 2723622.eMail: info@elysiumtechnologies.com Contact : 91431 - 4002234. eMail: elysium.kollam@gmail.com eMail: elysium.trichy@gmail.com 16
  17. 17. Elysium Technologies Private Limited ISO 9001:2008 A leading Research and Development Division Madurai | Chennai | Trichy | Coimbatore | Kollam| Singapore Website: elysiumtechnologies.com, elysiumtechnologies.info Email: info@elysiumtechnologies.com IEEE Final Year Project List 2011-201219 Manufacturing Intelligence to Exploit the Value of Production and Tool Data to Reduce Cycle Time Cycle time reduction is crucial for semiconductor wafer fabrication companies to maintain competitive advantages as the semiconductor industry is becoming more dynamic and changing faster. According to Little’s Law, while maintaining the same throughput level, the reduction in Work-in-Process (WIP) will result in cycle time reduction. On one hand, the existing queueing models for predicting the WIP of tool sets in wafer fabrication facilities (fab) have limitations in real settings. On the other hand, little research has been done to predict the WIP of tool sets with tool dedication and waiting time constraint so as to control the corresponding WIP levels of various tool sets to reduce cycle time without affecting throughput. This study aims to fill the gap by proposing a manufacturing intelligence (MI) approach based on neural networks (NNs) to exploit the value of the wealthy production data and tool data for predicting the WIP levels of the tool sets for cycle time reduction. To validate this approach, empirical data were collected and analyzed in a leading semiconductor company. The comparison results have shown practical viability of this approach. Furthermore, the proposed approach can identify and improve the critical input factors for reducing the WIP to reduce cycle time in a fab.20 Module Selection and Supply Chain Optimization for Customized Product Families Using Redundancy and StandardizationMadurai Trichy KollamElysium Technologies Private Limited Elysium Technologies Private Limited Elysium Technologies Private Limited230, Church Road, Annanagar, 3rd Floor,SI Towers, Surya Complex,Vendor junction,Madurai , Tamilnadu – 625 020. 15 ,Melapudur , Trichy, kollam,Kerala – 691 010.Contact : 91452 4390702, 4392702, 4394702. Tamilnadu – 620 001. Contact : 91474 2723622.eMail: info@elysiumtechnologies.com Contact : 91431 - 4002234. eMail: elysium.kollam@gmail.com eMail: elysium.trichy@gmail.com 17
  18. 18. Elysium Technologies Private Limited ISO 9001:2008 A leading Research and Development Division Madurai | Chennai | Trichy | Coimbatore | Kollam| Singapore Website: elysiumtechnologies.com, elysiumtechnologies.info Email: info@elysiumtechnologies.com IEEE Final Year Project List 2011-2012 In this paper, we study the problem of configuring a product family which has to satisfy diversified customer requirements. Modular design strategies allow a bill of materials to be generated for various finished products from a limited subset of modules. Simultaneously, a production location must be selected for the manufacture of each module. From a product point- of-view, the strategies adopted are often extreme, proposing either the manufacturing of the total diversity (all possible products) or a limited set of standardized products (only a few products are proposed). The objective of this paper is to investigate intermediate cases on this continuum, in order to better understand the potential for profit. Our comparison is based on the product family configuration (selection of the best modules) that minimizes production and transportation costs under time constraints.21 Multiclass Flow Line Models of Semiconductor Manufacturing Equipment for Fab-Level Simulation For multiclass flow line models, we identify a class of service times that allow a decomposition of the system into subsets of servers called channels. In each channel, the customer delay is well structured and we develop a recursion to calculate it. The recursions provide an alternative to the elementary evolution equations. By considering batch arrivals and restricting the structure of the model, the recursions can require nearly one order of magnitude less computation than is otherwise possible. Flow lines can be used as models for semiconductor manufacturing equipment such as multicluster orMadurai Trichy KollamElysium Technologies Private Limited Elysium Technologies Private Limited Elysium Technologies Private Limited230, Church Road, Annanagar, 3rd Floor,SI Towers, Surya Complex,Vendor junction,Madurai , Tamilnadu – 625 020. 15 ,Melapudur , Trichy, kollam,Kerala – 691 010.Contact : 91452 4390702, 4392702, 4394702. Tamilnadu – 620 001. Contact : 91474 2723622.eMail: info@elysiumtechnologies.com Contact : 91431 - 4002234. eMail: elysium.kollam@gmail.com eMail: elysium.trichy@gmail.com 18
  19. 19. Elysium Technologies Private Limited ISO 9001:2008 A leading Research and Development Division Madurai | Chennai | Trichy | Coimbatore | Kollam| Singapore Website: elysiumtechnologies.com, elysiumtechnologies.info Email: info@elysiumtechnologies.com IEEE Final Year Project List 2011-2012 clustered photolithography tools. The models allow for internal wafer buffers and setups that are wafer location dependent. The models have shown to be very accurate in tests with data from clustered photolithography tools in production. As such, the models may serve as good candidates to improve the fidelity of existing equipment models in fablevel simulation.22 Multiresource Shop Scheduling With Resource Flexibility and Blocking This paper proposes a general scheduling model that extends job-shop scheduling models to incorporate important features of real manufacturing systems. More precisely, each operation can be performed in different modes and requires a different set of resources depending on the mode. Further, we consider blocking constraints that requires to hold resources used for an operation till resources needed for the next operation of the same job are available. A shortest path approach extending the classical geometric approach is proposed for the two-job case. A greedy heuristic is then proposed to schedule jobs by considering jobs sequentially, grouping scheduled jobs into a combined job and then scheduling it and the next unscheduled job using the shortest path approach. A metaheuristic is then used to identify effective job sequences. Extensive numerical experimentation proves the efficiency of our approach.23 Optimal Paint Gun Orientation in Spray Paint Applications—Experimental ResultsMadurai Trichy KollamElysium Technologies Private Limited Elysium Technologies Private Limited Elysium Technologies Private Limited230, Church Road, Annanagar, 3rd Floor,SI Towers, Surya Complex,Vendor junction,Madurai , Tamilnadu – 625 020. 15 ,Melapudur , Trichy, kollam,Kerala – 691 010.Contact : 91452 4390702, 4392702, 4394702. Tamilnadu – 620 001. Contact : 91474 2723622.eMail: info@elysiumtechnologies.com Contact : 91431 - 4002234. eMail: elysium.kollam@gmail.com eMail: elysium.trichy@gmail.com 19
  20. 20. Elysium Technologies Private Limited ISO 9001:2008 A leading Research and Development Division Madurai | Chennai | Trichy | Coimbatore | Kollam| Singapore Website: elysiumtechnologies.com, elysiumtechnologies.info Email: info@elysiumtechnologies.com IEEE Final Year Project List 2011-2012 In this paper, we present the experimental results of a new spray paint algorithm presented in previous publications. Both theory and simulations indicate that the proposed method allows a robotic manipulator to paint a given surface using substantially lower joint torques than with conventional approaches. In this paper, we confirm this by implementing the algorithm on an ABB robot and we find that the joint torques needed to follow the trajectory are substantially lower than for the conventional approach. The approach presented is based on the observation that a small error in the orientation of the end effector does not affect the quality of the paint job. It is far more important to maintain constant velocity for the entire trajectory. We thus propose to allow a small error in the specification of the end-effector orientation, and we show how this allows us to obtain a higher constant speed throughout the trajectory. In addition, to improve the uniformity of the paint coating we are also able perform the paint job in less time.24 Optimal Scheduling of Biochemical Analyses on Digital Microfluidic Systems Digital microfluidic systems (DMFS) are an emerging class of lab-on-a-chip systems that manipulate individual droplets of chemicals on a planar array of electrodes. The biochemical analyses are performed by repeatedly moving, mixing, andMadurai Trichy KollamElysium Technologies Private Limited Elysium Technologies Private Limited Elysium Technologies Private Limited230, Church Road, Annanagar, 3rd Floor,SI Towers, Surya Complex,Vendor junction,Madurai , Tamilnadu – 625 020. 15 ,Melapudur , Trichy, kollam,Kerala – 691 010.Contact : 91452 4390702, 4392702, 4394702. Tamilnadu – 620 001. Contact : 91474 2723622.eMail: info@elysiumtechnologies.com Contact : 91431 - 4002234. eMail: elysium.kollam@gmail.com eMail: elysium.trichy@gmail.com 20
  21. 21. Elysium Technologies Private Limited ISO 9001:2008 A leading Research and Development Division Madurai | Chennai | Trichy | Coimbatore | Kollam| Singapore Website: elysiumtechnologies.com, elysiumtechnologies.info Email: info@elysiumtechnologies.com IEEE Final Year Project List 2011-2012 splitting droplets on the electrodes. Mixers and storage units, composed of electrodes, are two important functional resources. Mixers perform droplet mixing and splitting operations, while storage units store droplets that have been produced for subsequent mixings. In this paper, we focus on minimizing the completion time of biochemical analyses by exploiting the binary tree representation of analyses to schedule mixing operations. Using pipelining, we overlap mixing operations with input and transportation operations. We find the lower bound of the mixing completion time based on the tree structure of input analyses, and calculate the minimum number of mixers required to achieve the lower bound. We present a scheduling algorithm for the case with a specified number of mixers , and prove it is optimal to minimize the mixing completion time. We also analyze resource constraint issues for two extreme cases. For the case with just one mixer, we prove that all schedules that keep the mixer busy at all times result in the same mixing completion time and then design algorithms for scheduling and to minimize the number of storage units. For the case with zero storage units, we find the minimum number of mixers required. We extend our analyses and algorithms assuming identical mixing durations to the case of different mixing durations. Finally, we illustrate the benefits of our scheduling methods on an example of DNA polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis.25 Optimal Scheduling of Multicluster Tools With Constant Robot Moving Times, Part II: Tree-Like Topology ConfigurationsMadurai Trichy KollamElysium Technologies Private Limited Elysium Technologies Private Limited Elysium Technologies Private Limited230, Church Road, Annanagar, 3rd Floor,SI Towers, Surya Complex,Vendor junction,Madurai , Tamilnadu – 625 020. 15 ,Melapudur , Trichy, kollam,Kerala – 691 010.Contact : 91452 4390702, 4392702, 4394702. Tamilnadu – 620 001. Contact : 91474 2723622.eMail: info@elysiumtechnologies.com Contact : 91431 - 4002234. eMail: elysium.kollam@gmail.com eMail: elysium.trichy@gmail.com 21
  22. 22. Elysium Technologies Private Limited ISO 9001:2008 A leading Research and Development Division Madurai | Chennai | Trichy | Coimbatore | Kollam| Singapore Website: elysiumtechnologies.com, elysiumtechnologies.info Email: info@elysiumtechnologies.com IEEE Final Year Project List 2011-2012 In this paper, we analyze optimal scheduling of a tree-like multicluster tool with single-blade robots and constant robot moving times. We present a recursive minimal cycle time algorithm to reveal a multi-unit resource cycle for multicluster tools under a given robot schedule. For a serial-cluster tool, we provide a closed-form formulation for the minimal cycle time. The formulation explicitly provides the interaction relationship among clusters. We further present decomposition conditions under which the optimal scheduling of multicluster becomes much easier and straightforward. Optimality conditions for the widely used robot pull schedule are also provided. An example from industry production is used to illustrate the analytical results. The decomposition and optimality conditions for the robot pull schedule are also illustrated by Monte Carlo simulation for the industrial example.26 Optimal Scheduling of Multicluster Tools With Constant Robot Moving Times, Part I: Two-Cluster Analysis In semiconductor manufacturing, finding an efficient way for scheduling a multicluster tool is critical for productivity improvement and cost reduction. This two-part paper analyzes optimal scheduling of multicluster tools equipped with single-blade robots and constant robot moving times. In this first part of the paper, a resource-based method is proposed to analytically derive closed-form expressions for the minimal cycle time of two-cluster tools. We prove that the optimal robot scheduling of two-cluster tools can be solved in polynomial time. We also provide an algorithm to find the optimal schedule.Madurai Trichy KollamElysium Technologies Private Limited Elysium Technologies Private Limited Elysium Technologies Private Limited230, Church Road, Annanagar, 3rd Floor,SI Towers, Surya Complex,Vendor junction,Madurai , Tamilnadu – 625 020. 15 ,Melapudur , Trichy, kollam,Kerala – 691 010.Contact : 91452 4390702, 4392702, 4394702. Tamilnadu – 620 001. Contact : 91474 2723622.eMail: info@elysiumtechnologies.com Contact : 91431 - 4002234. eMail: elysium.kollam@gmail.com eMail: elysium.trichy@gmail.com 22
  23. 23. Elysium Technologies Private Limited ISO 9001:2008 A leading Research and Development Division Madurai | Chennai | Trichy | Coimbatore | Kollam| Singapore Website: elysiumtechnologies.com, elysiumtechnologies.info Email: info@elysiumtechnologies.com IEEE Final Year Project List 2011-2012 Examples are presented to illustrate the proposed approaches and formulations.27 Petri Net-Based Scheduling of Single-Arm Cluster Tools with Reentrant Atomic Layer Deposition Processes For some wafer fabrication processes in cluster tools, e.g., atomic layer deposition (ALD), wafer revisiting is required. Typically, in such processes, wafers need to visit two consecutive processing steps several times. Such a revisiting process can be denoted as ___, where means the th-step and and _ mean the corresponding quantity of the processing modules in and _ __th steps, and the number of visiting times. This paper conducts a study for scheduling single-arm cluster tools with such a wafer revisiting process. The system is modeled by Petri nets (PNs) to guarantee the feasibility of robot activities. Based on the model, a deadlock avoidance policy is presented. With the control policy, cycle time analysis for the revisiting process is made. With the fact that wafer processing times are much longer than robot movement times in cluster tools, it is shown that, when _ _ _ _, i.e., each step has only one processing module, the optimal one-wafer cyclic schedule is deterministic and unique, and the minimal cycle time can be calculated by an analytical expression. It is also shown that, when _ _and _ _ _or _ _ and _ _ _, the optimal one-wafer cyclic schedule can be obtained by finding deterministic schedules and the one with the least cycle time. A novel analytical method is finally presented to schedule the overall system containing such reentrant wafer flow. This represents a significant advance in single-arm cluster equipmentMadurai Trichy KollamElysium Technologies Private Limited Elysium Technologies Private Limited Elysium Technologies Private Limited230, Church Road, Annanagar, 3rd Floor,SI Towers, Surya Complex,Vendor junction,Madurai , Tamilnadu – 625 020. 15 ,Melapudur , Trichy, kollam,Kerala – 691 010.Contact : 91452 4390702, 4392702, 4394702. Tamilnadu – 620 001. Contact : 91474 2723622.eMail: info@elysiumtechnologies.com Contact : 91431 - 4002234. eMail: elysium.kollam@gmail.com eMail: elysium.trichy@gmail.com 23
  24. 24. Elysium Technologies Private Limited ISO 9001:2008 A leading Research and Development Division Madurai | Chennai | Trichy | Coimbatore | Kollam| Singapore Website: elysiumtechnologies.com, elysiumtechnologies.info Email: info@elysiumtechnologies.com IEEE Final Year Project List 2011-2012 automation. We study the problem of configuring a product family which has to satisfy diversified customer requirements. Modular design strategies allow a bill of materials to be generated for various finished products from a limited subset of modules. Simultaneously, a production location must be selected for the manufacture of each module. From a product point- of-view, the strategies adopted are often extreme, proposing either the manufacturing of the total diversity (all possible products) or a limited set of standardized products (only a few products are proposed). The objective of this paper is to investigate intermediate cases on this continuum, in order to better understand the potential for profit. Our comparison is based on the product family configuration (selection of the best modules) that minimizes production and transportation costs under time constraints.28 Productivity Improvement From Using Machine Buffers in Dual-Gripper Cluster Tools Cluster tools (also referred to as robotic cells) are extensively used in semiconductor wafer fabrication. We consider the problem of scheduling operations in an -machine cluster tool that produces identical parts (wafers). Each machine is equipped with a unit-capacity input buffer and a unit-capacity output buffer. The machines and buffers are served by a dual- gripper robot. Each wafer is processed on each of the machines, and the objective is to find a cyclic sequence of robot moves that minimizes the long-run average time to produce a part or, equivalently, maximizes the throughput. We first obtain a tight upper bound on the optimal throughput and then use this bound to obtain an asymptotically optimal sequence under conditions that are common in practice. Next, we quantify the improvement in productivity that can be realized from the useMadurai Trichy KollamElysium Technologies Private Limited Elysium Technologies Private Limited Elysium Technologies Private Limited230, Church Road, Annanagar, 3rd Floor,SI Towers, Surya Complex,Vendor junction,Madurai , Tamilnadu – 625 020. 15 ,Melapudur , Trichy, kollam,Kerala – 691 010.Contact : 91452 4390702, 4392702, 4394702. Tamilnadu – 620 001. Contact : 91474 2723622.eMail: info@elysiumtechnologies.com Contact : 91431 - 4002234. eMail: elysium.kollam@gmail.com eMail: elysium.trichy@gmail.com 24
  25. 25. Elysium Technologies Private Limited ISO 9001:2008 A leading Research and Development Division Madurai | Chennai | Trichy | Coimbatore | Kollam| Singapore Website: elysiumtechnologies.com, elysiumtechnologies.info Email: info@elysiumtechnologies.com IEEE Final Year Project List 2011-2012 of unit-capacity input and output buffers at the machines. Finally, we illustrate our analysis on cluster tools with realistic parameters, based on our work with a Dallas-based semiconductor equipment manufacturer.29 Rapid Color Grading for Fruit Quality Evaluation Using Direct Color Mapping Color grading is a crucial step in the processing of fruits and vegetables that directly affects profitability, because the quality of agricultural products is often associated with their color. Most existing automatic color grading systems determine color quality either by directly comparing product color against a predefined and fixed set of reference colors or by using a set of color separating parameters, often in three-dimensional color spaces. Using these methods, it is not convenient for the user to adjust color preferences or grading parameters. In this paper, we present an effective and user-friendly color mapping concept for automated color grading that is well suited for commercial production. User friendliness is often viewed by the industry as a very important factor to the acceptance and success of automation equipment. This color mapping method uses preselected colors of interest specific to a given application to calculate a unique set of coefficients for color space conversion. The three-dimensional RGB color space is converted into a small set of color indices unique to the application. In contrast with more complex color grading techniques, the proposed method makes it easy for a human operator to specify and adjust color-preference settings Tomato and date maturity evaluation and date surface defect detection are used to demonstrate the performance of this novel color mapping concept.Madurai Trichy KollamElysium Technologies Private Limited Elysium Technologies Private Limited Elysium Technologies Private Limited230, Church Road, Annanagar, 3rd Floor,SI Towers, Surya Complex,Vendor junction,Madurai , Tamilnadu – 625 020. 15 ,Melapudur , Trichy, kollam,Kerala – 691 010.Contact : 91452 4390702, 4392702, 4394702. Tamilnadu – 620 001. Contact : 91474 2723622.eMail: info@elysiumtechnologies.com Contact : 91431 - 4002234. eMail: elysium.kollam@gmail.com eMail: elysium.trichy@gmail.com 25
  26. 26. Elysium Technologies Private Limited ISO 9001:2008 A leading Research and Development Division Madurai | Chennai | Trichy | Coimbatore | Kollam| Singapore Website: elysiumtechnologies.com, elysiumtechnologies.info Email: info@elysiumtechnologies.com IEEE Final Year Project List 2011-201230 Schedulability Analysis of Short-Term Scheduling for Crude Oil Operations in Refinery with Oil Residency For short-term scheduling of crude oil operations in refinery, often crude oil residency time constraint and chargingtank- switch-overlap constraint are ignored by mathematical programming models to make the problem solvable. Thus, a schedule obtained by such mathematical programming models is infeasible and cannot be deployed. To solve this problem, this work studies the short-term scheduling problem of crude oil operations in a control theory perspective. The system is modeled by a hybrid Petri net and a short-term schedule is seen as a series of control commands. With this model, schedulability analysis is carried out and schedulability conditions are presented. These conditions can be used as constraints for finding a realizable and optimal refining schedule. Moreover, based on the proposed approach, a detailed schedule can be easily obtained given a realizable refining schedule. In this way, the complexity for the short-term scheduling problem of crude oil operations in refinery is greatly reduced and effective techniques and tools for practical applications can be obtained.Madurai Trichy KollamElysium Technologies Private Limited Elysium Technologies Private Limited Elysium Technologies Private Limited230, Church Road, Annanagar, 3rd Floor,SI Towers, Surya Complex,Vendor junction,Madurai , Tamilnadu – 625 020. 15 ,Melapudur , Trichy, kollam,Kerala – 691 010.Contact : 91452 4390702, 4392702, 4394702. Tamilnadu – 620 001. Contact : 91474 2723622.eMail: info@elysiumtechnologies.com Contact : 91431 - 4002234. eMail: elysium.kollam@gmail.com eMail: elysium.trichy@gmail.com 26
  27. 27. Elysium Technologies Private Limited ISO 9001:2008 A leading Research and Development Division Madurai | Chennai | Trichy | Coimbatore | Kollam| Singapore Website: elysiumtechnologies.com, elysiumtechnologies.info Email: info@elysiumtechnologies.com IEEE Final Year Project List 2011-201231 Selection Schemes of Dual Virtual-Metrology Outputs for Enhancing Prediction Accuracy Selection schemes between neural-network (NN) and multiple-regression (MR) outputs of a virtual metrology system (VMS) are studied in this paper. Both NN and MR are applicable algorithms for implementing virtual-metrology (VM) conjecture models. A MR algorithm may achieve better accuracy only with a stable process, whereas a NN algorithm may have superior accuracy when equipment property drift or shift occurs. To take advantage of both MR and NN algorithms, the simple- selection scheme (SS-scheme) is first proposed to enhance the VM conjecture accuracy. This SS-scheme simply selects either NN or MR output according to the smaller Mahalanobis distance between the input process data set and the NN/MR- group historical process data sets. Furthermore, a weighted-selection scheme (WS-scheme), which computes the VM output with a weighted sum of NN and MR results, is also developed. This WS-scheme generates a well-behaved system with continuity between the NN and MR outputs. Both the CVD and photo processes of a fifth-generation TFT-LCD factory are adopted in this paper to test and compare the conjecture accuracy among the solo-NN, solo-MR, SS-scheme, and WS- scheme algorithms. One-hidden-layered back-propagation neural network (BPNN-I) is applied to establish the NN conjecture model. Test results show that the conjecture accuracy of the WS-scheme is the best among those solo-NN, solo-MR, SS- scheme, and WS-scheme algorithms.Madurai Trichy KollamElysium Technologies Private Limited Elysium Technologies Private Limited Elysium Technologies Private Limited230, Church Road, Annanagar, 3rd Floor,SI Towers, Surya Complex,Vendor junction,Madurai , Tamilnadu – 625 020. 15 ,Melapudur , Trichy, kollam,Kerala – 691 010.Contact : 91452 4390702, 4392702, 4394702. Tamilnadu – 620 001. Contact : 91474 2723622.eMail: info@elysiumtechnologies.com Contact : 91431 - 4002234. eMail: elysium.kollam@gmail.com eMail: elysium.trichy@gmail.com 27
  28. 28. Elysium Technologies Private Limited ISO 9001:2008 A leading Research and Development Division Madurai | Chennai | Trichy | Coimbatore | Kollam| Singapore Website: elysiumtechnologies.com, elysiumtechnologies.info Email: info@elysiumtechnologies.com IEEE Final Year Project List 2011-201232 Spatial Variance Spectrum Analysis and Its Application to Unsupervised Detection of Systematic Wafer Spatial Variations Investigation of wafer spatial variations is critical for semiconductor process/equipment optimization and circuit design. The objective of spatial variation study is to differentiate the systematic variation component from the random component. This is usually done by contrasting with a set of known systematic patterns based on engineering knowledge. However, there could exist unknown systematic components remaining in the unexplained residuals and overlooked by the conventional spatial variation study. In this paper, we develop a novel spatial variance spectrum _ to analyze the systematic variations without any priori information of the systematic patterns. The is a series of spatial variations over a range of spatial moving window sizes from the smallest spatial moving window consisting of only two metrology sites to the largest one covering all metrology sites of the entire wafer. The can be used to characterize the wafer spatial variations and to detect existence of systematic variations by a proposed hypothesis test. We also propose an index to summarize from the the systematic proportion of the spatial variation. The proposed test and index of systematic variations will be demonstrated and validated through both hypothetical examples and actual cases of wafer critical dimension (CD) metrology data.Madurai Trichy KollamElysium Technologies Private Limited Elysium Technologies Private Limited Elysium Technologies Private Limited230, Church Road, Annanagar, 3rd Floor,SI Towers, Surya Complex,Vendor junction,Madurai , Tamilnadu – 625 020. 15 ,Melapudur , Trichy, kollam,Kerala – 691 010.Contact : 91452 4390702, 4392702, 4394702. Tamilnadu – 620 001. Contact : 91474 2723622.eMail: info@elysiumtechnologies.com Contact : 91431 - 4002234. eMail: elysium.kollam@gmail.com eMail: elysium.trichy@gmail.com 28
  29. 29. Elysium Technologies Private Limited ISO 9001:2008 A leading Research and Development Division Madurai | Chennai | Trichy | Coimbatore | Kollam| Singapore Website: elysiumtechnologies.com, elysiumtechnologies.info Email: info@elysiumtechnologies.com IEEE Final Year Project List 2011-201233 Statistical Weight Kinetics Modeling and Estimation for Silica Nanowire Growth Catalyzed by Pd Thin Film This work intends to understand and model the kinetic aspect or the change of substrate weight over time in the selective growth of silica nanowires (NWs) catalyzed through Pd thin film. Various adsorption-induced, diffusion-induced, or unified vapor-liquid-solid (VLS) growth models have been developed to describe the NW length varying with time. Since NW length has been difficult to be measured, substrate weight change is therefore used as an alternative in this study to investigate growth kinetics of NWs.We investigate six different weight kinetics models in predicting weight changes during growth. Model estimation and comparison are conducted using both maximum-likelihood estimation (MLE) and Bayesian approaches. Owing to the embedded kinetics information in the nonlinear growth models, the Bayesian hierarchical model is shown to be more desirable when process data is limited.34 The Base Stock/Base Backlog Control Policy for a Make-to-Stock System With Impatient CustomersMadurai Trichy KollamElysium Technologies Private Limited Elysium Technologies Private Limited Elysium Technologies Private Limited230, Church Road, Annanagar, 3rd Floor,SI Towers, Surya Complex,Vendor junction,Madurai , Tamilnadu – 625 020. 15 ,Melapudur , Trichy, kollam,Kerala – 691 010.Contact : 91452 4390702, 4392702, 4394702. Tamilnadu – 620 001. Contact : 91474 2723622.eMail: info@elysiumtechnologies.com Contact : 91431 - 4002234. eMail: elysium.kollam@gmail.com eMail: elysium.trichy@gmail.com 29
  30. 30. Elysium Technologies Private Limited ISO 9001:2008 A leading Research and Development Division Madurai | Chennai | Trichy | Coimbatore | Kollam| Singapore Website: elysiumtechnologies.com, elysiumtechnologies.info Email: info@elysiumtechnologies.com IEEE Final Year Project List 2011-2012 We study a single-stage production system that produces one product type. The system employs a base stock policy to maintain an inventory of finished items and cope with random demand. During stockout periods, the system incurs three types of potential customer loss: (a) balking, i.e., arriving customers may be unwilling to place orders and leave immediately; (b) rejection, i.e., the system rejects new customer orders if its backlog has reached a certain limit, called the base backlog; (c) reneging, i.e., outstanding customers waiting in queue may become impatient and withdraw their orders. The objective is to determine the base stock and base backlog that maximize the mean profit rate of the system. This quantity is estimated analytically using a finite capacity M/M/1 queueing model, in which the arrival rate is a decreasing but otherwise arbitrary function of the backlog and customer reneging times have an arbitrary but known distribution. Certain properties are established which ensure that the optimal control parameters can be determined in finite time by exhaustive search. The model is then extended to take into account a fixed order quantity policy for replenishing raw material. Numerical results show that managing inventories35 WireWarping++: Robust and Flexible Surface Flattening With Length ControlMadurai Trichy KollamElysium Technologies Private Limited Elysium Technologies Private Limited Elysium Technologies Private Limited230, Church Road, Annanagar, 3rd Floor,SI Towers, Surya Complex,Vendor junction,Madurai , Tamilnadu – 625 020. 15 ,Melapudur , Trichy, kollam,Kerala – 691 010.Contact : 91452 4390702, 4392702, 4394702. Tamilnadu – 620 001. Contact : 91474 2723622.eMail: info@elysiumtechnologies.com Contact : 91431 - 4002234. eMail: elysium.kollam@gmail.com eMail: elysium.trichy@gmail.com 30
  31. 31. Elysium Technologies Private Limited ISO 9001:2008 A leading Research and Development Division Madurai | Chennai | Trichy | Coimbatore | Kollam| Singapore Website: elysiumtechnologies.com, elysiumtechnologies.info Email: info@elysiumtechnologies.com IEEE Final Year Project List 2011-2012 Surface flattening has numerous applications in sheet manufacturing industries, such as garment industry, shoe industry, toy industry, furniture industry, and ship industry. Motivated by the requirements of those industries, WireWarping approach presented by Wang, 2008 is exploited to generate 2-D patterns with invariant length of feature and boundary curves. However, strict length constraints on all feature curves sometimes cause large distortions on 2-D patterns, especially for those 3-D surfaces which are highly non-developable. In this paper, we present a flexible and robust extension ofWireWarping by introducing a new type of feature curves named elastic feature, which brings flexibility to shape control of the resultant 2-D patterns. On these new feature curves, instead of strictly preserving the exact lengths, only the ranges of their lengths are controlled. To achieve this function, a multiloop shape control optimization framework is proposed to find the optimized 2-D shape among all possible flattening results with different length variations on those elastic feature curves, while the lengths of other feature curves are kept unchanged. Besides, we also present a topology processing algorithm on the network of feature curves to eliminate cases that lead to numerical singularity. Experimental results show that the WireWarping++ can successfully flatten surface patches into 2-D patterns with more flexible shape control and more robust numerical performance.Madurai Trichy KollamElysium Technologies Private Limited Elysium Technologies Private Limited Elysium Technologies Private Limited230, Church Road, Annanagar, 3rd Floor,SI Towers, Surya Complex,Vendor junction,Madurai , Tamilnadu – 625 020. 15 ,Melapudur , Trichy, kollam,Kerala – 691 010.Contact : 91452 4390702, 4392702, 4394702. Tamilnadu – 620 001. Contact : 91474 2723622.eMail: info@elysiumtechnologies.com Contact : 91431 - 4002234. eMail: elysium.kollam@gmail.com eMail: elysium.trichy@gmail.com 31

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