Chapter 15<br />The Civil War<br />
The Call to Arms<br />President Lincoln<br />Declared rebellion existed in South, after Fort Sumter attack<br />Asked for ...
The Border States<br />Delaware<br />Strong support for Union<br />Kentucky, Missouri, & Maryland <br />supported the Sout...
North Against South<br />Southern Advantages:<br />Outnumbered, but had military advantages<br />Northern armies would hav...
The Two Sides Plan Strategies<br />North:<br />Win a quick victory<br />Naval blockade on Southern seaports<br />Block sup...
Americans Against Americans<br />Civil War<br />War between Americans<br />Families spilt apart: brothers against brothers...
First Battle of Bull Run<br />Union<br />Led by General Irvin McDowell<br />30,000 men (not very well prepared for battle)...
A Soldier’s Life<br />¾ of time spent in camp, not fighting<br />Trained for 10 hours per day<br />Rest of time they stood...
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Chapter 15 section 1

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Chapter 15 section 1

  1. 1. Chapter 15<br />The Civil War<br />
  2. 2. The Call to Arms<br />President Lincoln<br />Declared rebellion existed in South, after Fort Sumter attack<br />Asked for 75,000 troops<br />Many states begged to send more<br />More States Secede<br />Tennessee, Kentucky, & Missouri<br />Refused to send troops<br />Maryland & Delaware did not respond to call for troops<br />Virginia, Arkansas, Tennessee, & North Carolina left the Union<br />Western counties of Virginia refused to secede & were admitted into Union as state of West Virginia<br />
  3. 3. The Border States<br />Delaware<br />Strong support for Union<br />Kentucky, Missouri, & Maryland <br />supported the South<br />Control of Ohio river & protecting Washington was part of these states<br />Kentucky<br />Declared itself neutral<br />Union did not invade Kentucky<br />Confederates invaded in September 1861<br />W/ move Kentucky decided to support Union<br />Missouri & Maryland<br />Lincoln used force to hold states in Union<br />Troops were sent in Missouri to break up fighting between Southern supporters & Union supporters<br />Maryland placed under martial law when Southern supporters destroyed railroad & telegraph lines<br />
  4. 4. North Against South<br />Southern Advantages:<br />Outnumbered, but had military advantages<br />Northern armies would have to invade & conquer South<br />Would be fighting on their own territory<br />Had most experienced military officers<br />Albert Johnston, Joseph Johnston, & Robert E. Lee<br />Northern Advantages:<br />Had more factories for producing supplies<br />Twice as much railroad track & farmland<br />Population advantage<br />Able to field, feed, & equip larger armies<br />
  5. 5. The Two Sides Plan Strategies<br />North:<br />Win a quick victory<br />Naval blockade on Southern seaports<br />Block supply of manufactured goods & overseas sales of cotton<br />Gain control of Mississippi River<br />South:<br />Did not need to invade the North<br />Defend their land until Northerners got tired of fighting<br />Sought aid from Britain & other European nations<br />British need for cotton would force support towards South<br />
  6. 6. Americans Against Americans<br />Civil War<br />War between Americans<br />Families spilt apart: brothers against brothers, father against son<br />Mary Lincoln<br />4 brothers who fought for Confederacy<br />Soldiers came from many backgrounds<br />Farmers, immigrants, etc.<br />Most of men between 18-45 years old, some as young as 14<br />
  7. 7. First Battle of Bull Run<br />Union<br />Led by General Irvin McDowell<br />30,000 men (not very well prepared for battle)<br />Confederates<br />Led by General Thomas Jackson<br />30,000 men<br />Hundreds of people came from Washington to watch the battle<br />Armies clashed along Bull Run River<br />Northern armies pushed forward at first<br />Southern army rallied & poorly trained Union army began to panic & fled back to Washington<br />
  8. 8. A Soldier’s Life<br />¾ of time spent in camp, not fighting<br />Trained for 10 hours per day<br />Rest of time they stood guard, wrote home, & gathered firewood<br />Harsh Conditions<br />Camp conditions were miserable<br />Lack of clean water<br />Diseases swept through camps<br />Prisoners of War<br />Prison camps were built by both sides<br />were overcrowded & became deathtraps<br />10% of those who died during the war, died in prison camps<br />

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