Objective: To examinethe major events leadingup to the War of 1812.Do Now: p. 280 How wasthe U.S. able to profitfrom the war betweenEngland and France?• U.S. merchants profitedby selling goods to boththe British and theFrench.
American merchant Great Britain I hate you, French dude! Je vous hais plus! You boys can keep on killing each other. If either of y’all need anything, just give us Yankees a France holler!
Causes of the War of 1812 Great Britain• In 1803, Britain andFrance went to waragain.• Bothcountriesseized U.S.ships sailingtowards theports of theirenemy. France
• Britain continued its’ impressment of U.S. sailors. Between 1808 and 1811 over 6,000 Americans were impressed by the British.
One cause of the War of 1812 was the British disregard of Americanshipping rights. British ships frequently stopped American ships,confiscated their cargo, and impressed (captured) crew members,claiming they were deserters from Britain’s Royal Navy.
I know what to do! If we don’t allow American ships to trade with anyone, then they won’t get attacked! True, but Mr. President, that’s not the British what I had in and French mind! keep seizing American merchant ships. Something must be done!President Thomas American Jefferson merchant
Embargo Act (1807)• The Embargo Act banned U.S. ships from trading with anycountry. • All imports and exports were banned! • This hurt the U.S. economy! Non-Intercourse Act (1809)• Trade with all nations was allowed except Britain or France.
The Embargo Act of 1813 is personified by a huge terrapin, who seizes asmuggler by the pants. The cartoon was aimed at the people of NewEngland, who, allegedly, were supplying the British with provisions.
War HawksWar Hawks – members of Congress, led by Henry Clay ofKentucky, that wanted to declare war on Great Britain 34 year old Henry Clay, Speaker of the U.S. House of Repr and War Hawk leader.
War Hawk’s Rationale for WarI. Nationalism – pride or devotion to one’s country• Many Americans felt that Great Britain still treated theUnited States like a British colony.II. Revenge• War Hawk’s wanted to revenge on Britain for seizingAmerican ships.
War Hawk’s Rationale for WarIII. Territorial Expansion• Henry Clay wanted an excuse to conquer Canada from GreatBritain and Florida from Spain.IV. Native American Attacks• War Hawks felt that Great Britain was arming NativeAmericans on the frontier and encouraging them to attackAmericans.
The Prophet and Tecumseh • Tenskwatawa, also known as “The Prophet”, believed that in order to survive, Native Americans had to give up white ways of life. Tenskwatawa, alsoknown as “The Prophet”
The Prophet and Tecumseh • Tecumseh unified many tribes behind the message of the Prophet, who was his older brother.Chief Tecumseh of the Shawnee tribe
• In 1808, the Prophet built a village for his followers inTippecanoe, Indiana.
Showdown at Tippecanoe • In 1811, fearful of the growing strength of the Prophet and Tecumseh, Governor William Henry Harrison led 1,000 troops against them in the Battle of Tippecanoe. William Henry Harrison,Territorial Governor of Indiana
• The battle was viewed by Americans as a major victory, eventhough it was unclear which side actually won.