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Electronic Waste(E waste)


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Electronic Waste(E waste)

  1. 1. What is Electronic Waste ? How this become E-Waste? Generators of E-Waste? Why E-Waste is a problem? E-Waste Disposal E-Waste in INDIA What should be done?
  2. 2. It is the term used to describe old , end-of-life or discarded appliances using electricity and battery.
  3. 3. Changes and Advancement in Technology Changes in Fashion , Style & Status Changing in configuration Attractive offers from manufacturers Small life of equipments
  4. 4. Small business and house-hold. Large Businesses. Institutions and Government offices. Equipment manufacturers.
  5. 5. Composed of Hazardous Materials. Electronic products are difficult to Recycle. Products are quickly obsolete and discarded. Discarded Electronics are managed badly. Most E-Waste goes to landfills. Most recyclers don’t recycle, they export.
  6. 6. Methods Recycle Landfill Incineration Reuse
  7. 7. Definition Recycling is define as the assemblin,developing , promoting , buying of new products which are prepared from waste materials. Steps in Recycling  Dismantling of E-Waste  Removal of hazardous materials sush as PCB , HG removal of plastic etc . . .  Strong acids are used to remove valuable methals such as Gold , Lead , Copper ect . . .
  8. 8. Methods for Recycling  Consumer recycling  Donation  Take back  Exchange  Corporate recycling Advantages of Recycling  Recycling materials can be used in developing new equipments.  Valuable materials are retrieved.  Help environment by avoiding pollution.
  9. 9. Definition : Land fill is also known as dump , is a site for the disposal of waste a site for the disposal of waste materials by burial and is the oldest form of waste treatment. Disadvantages :  Metals like mercury , cadmium ,  lead reaches into the soil and ground water makes them polluted.  Required large amount of space.  It is not a environmentally sound treatment .
  10. 10. Definition : It is a controlled and complete combustion process , in which the waste materials is burned in specially designed incinerator at a high temperature (900 – 1000 0c).
  11. 11. Advantages :  Reduction of waste volume.  Utilization of energy of combustible substances.  Hazardous substance are converted into less hazardous substance. Disadvantages :  Emission of harmful gases and residues.  Emission of cadmium and mercury.
  12. 12. Definition : It constitute direct use or use after slight modifications to the original function equipment. Advantages :  Electronic equipments like computers , cell phones etc . . . Can be reused.  This method also reduces the volume of E-Waste generation.  No wastage of time and money.
  13. 13. In INDIA :  Over 2million E-Waste is generated ever year .  Harmful techniques like burning wires are common practice in the informal recycling sectors in big cities in India. Recycle steps in INDIA:  Manual Dismantling  Refining and conditioning  Soil waste is deposited in a municipal landfill.
  14. 14. What should be done?  Proper laws and policies should be made.  Awareness among consumers and manufacturers.  Recycle should be made recyclable.  Make usage of recycled products  Do not throw any old equipments. Did you know ?  The average lifespan of computer has dropped from 6years in 1997 to just 2years in 2005.  Mobile phones have a lifecycle of less than 2years in developed countries.  183million computers were sold worldwide in 2004-11.6% more than in2003.  674million mobiles phones were sold worldwide in 2004- 30% more than in 2003.  By 2010 there will be 716 million new computers in use. There will be 178 new computers users in China , 80million new users in INDIA.