Elements of Plot 2


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Elements of Plot 2

  1. 1. Elements of Plot in Narrative Texts What elements make up the plot? What patterns do narrative texts follow?
  2. 2. Plot: The sequence of events in a story-- beginning, middle and end. Exposition Rising Action Climax Falling Action Resolution Often Represented by the Plot Diagram: Conflict •Complications •Foreshadowing •Characterization •Irony
  3. 3. Plot Line: Exposition Rising Action Climax Falling Action Resolution Exposition: Background information at the beginning of the story; the setting and characters are established. Conflict: The protagonist meets the antagonist, and their struggle becomes apparent. Rising action: A series of events and complications build on characterization and conflict, and foreshadowing, suspense, irony, and literary devices get involved. Climax: The solution to the conflict is decided. This is the turning point--and often most emotional part--of the story. The event may be either an action or mental decision that the protagonist makes. Falling action: The events resulting from the climax. Resolution: Minor conflicts are wrapped up and there is an indication of closure or continuance of life for the characters.
  4. 4. Exposition: The Starting Situation: Setting and Characters “Exposed” Who? Characters Introduced:  Protagonist Character trying to solve the main conflict(s)  Antagonist Character creating conflict or an obstacle for the protagonist What? Opening/past situation is explained Where? When? Setting is exposed: location, culture, era, time, social/economic/political issues How? Mood is established: feelings/emotions of speaker and characters
  5. 5. Conflict: The problem in the story that the protagonist faces. 2 categories and 4 kinds of conflict All stories have one; most have several! External Conflict Man vs. Man: The main character is in conflict with another character, human or not human. Man vs. Nature: The main character is in conflict with the forces of nature, which serve as the antagonist. Man vs. Society: The main character is in conflict with a larger man-made source or group: society, culture, religion, peers, school, etc. Internal Conflict Man vs. Self: The main character experiences some kind of inner conflict like a making a difficult decision or dealing with a personal problem.
  6. 6. Theme: The author’s message about life, human nature, etc. Contains a TOPIC and a MESSAGE about that topic. Topic: 1.Love 2.Prejudice 3.Death Theme: 1.True love is blind. 2.Prejudice is learned, not naturally assumed. 3.Death comes early to those who waste their lives Applies to the literature, but is general enough to apply to other situations.
  7. 7. Techniques of Plot A few techniques that authors often use: Foreshadowing: hints or clues that suggest what will happen later in the story. Suspense: Suspense makes the reader ask, "What will happen next?" It makes the reader or audience uncertain or tense about the outcome of events. Irony: Generally, irony defies the reader’s expectations. Verbal Irony: sarcasm; saying the opposite of what is literally meant Situational Irony: the situation is the opposite of what is expected, likely, or logical; a “twist” in the story Dramatic Irony: the audience knows something that the characters do not know