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  1. 1. Cultural, Social Class and Generational DiversityCultural diversityBy this they mean differences in lifestyles between families of different ethnic origins, religious beliefs and so forth.In societies where the Catholic Church is politically, ideologically and (possibly) economically powerful, for example,serial monogamy and the ban on contraception have significant consequences for the family, in terms of such thingsas:Relative size (number of children per family)Stability (where divorce is not possible)Division of labour (where"traditional" male / female roles may be ideologically and structurally enforced - especially in terms of child care, forexample).An example that the Rapoports give is that of the South Asian family in Britain. They note that there areapproximately one million South Asians living in contemporary Britain (having emigrated from areas such as thePunjab, Gujarat and Bengal in the 1950s) and they argue that a distinctive family form has developed in South Asiancommunities based around their Religious beliefs, Area of origin,Caste and Kinship. What did Bhatti find in 1999? How do Asian families add to diversity?What differences did the Policy Studies institute find in 1997 with Asian families?What did the Policy Studies institute find in 1997 regarding African Caribbean families?Reynolds 2002Chamberlain 1999
  2. 2. Class DiversityClear class divisions exist both between different social classes (Upper, Middle andWorking) and within those broadclass groupings (such as, for example, differences between the "traditional" and the "new" working class - in thelatter case, the concept of the "privatised family" (Goldthorpe and Lockwood et al (The Affluent Worker in the ClassStructure) argue, that this type of family involves both partners sharing a home-centred approach to family life) issignificant in relation to family relationships). These differences are manifest in such things as: (give examples ofeach).The relationship between the sexesSocialization of childrenThe importance of kinship networksThe different kinds of support provided by wider kin.Generational / Cohort diversity.This refers to generational links within different families.For example, families with children in Higher Education may have different experiences than families whose childrenleave home at 16. Kinship networks are also significant in this respect, especially when kin (grandparents, forexample) live in close proximity to the nuclear family.Suggests ways that this may differ:Suggest different attitudes between generations for the following: older youngerCo habitationChild- bearingHomosexuality