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  1. 1. Memory Hooks for use with AQAGCSE and AS / A2 Sociology
  2. 2. The “Memory Hooks” used in this presentation have been built up over many years. They have been developed by teachers and students at Balby Carr CSSC, Doncaster and are used to help students to remember important factual information. The memory hooks are colour coded and organisedaccording to the various themes. Please see next slide. Media hooks are in the process of development If anyone has any useful memory hooks that are not featured here, please let us know!
  3. 3. General Memory Hooks FAMILY EducationSocial Inequality / Poverty Beliefs in Society Crime and Deviance Theories and Methods
  4. 4. To remember reasons for changes... use FLIRTS•F Rise of Feminism• L Law Changes•I Rise of Individualism• R Decline of Religion• T Decline of Tradition•S Social Changes
  5. 5. To remember the social factors thatinfluence people’s lives... use CARGO• C Class• A Age• R Race• G Gender• O Other factors (religion, media etc)•
  6. 6. To remember the different social systems use SPLECT•S Social•P Political•L Legal•E Economic•C Cultural•T Technological
  7. 7. To remember the different types of family diversity use CLOGS•C Class, Cultural•L Life Stage•O Organisational•G Generational•S Structural, Sexual OR
  8. 8. OR...CLC ROCKS!• C Class• L Life Stage• C Cultural• R Regional• O Organisational• C Cohort / Generational• K Kinship• S Structural / sexual
  9. 9. To remember the functions/roles of the family... use CREEEPS•C Citizenship•R Reproduction / Regulation of Sex•E Economic support•E Emotional support•E Education•P Primary Socialisation / political•S Stabilisation of adult personalities
  10. 10. To remember the functions of education ... use All the Ssssss!• S Secondary Socialisation• S Social Solidarity / Cohesion• S Specialist Skills / Social Mobility• S Social Control / Order• S Sifting and Sorting•
  11. 11. To remember the main aims of education since 1997 use VOICE•V Vocational Education•O Overcoming Obstacles•I Improving attainment•C Choice, Competition, diversity•E Equal opportunities
  12. 12. To remember the key areas of agreementbetween New Right and Functionalists regarding Education, use... MTVS •M Meritocracy •T Talents •V Vocational Education •S Secondary Socialisation
  13. 13. To remember the key areas of DISagreementbetween New Right and Functionalists regarding Education, use... USA • U Universalism • S State interference • A Accountability
  14. 14. To remember the key areas of cultural deprivation in relation to ethnicity and educational performance: Whizzing Asians Fight Class In A Class• W White working class families• A Asian Families• F Family structure / parental attitudes• C Compensatory Education• I Intellectual and Linguistic development• A Attitudes and Values• C Criticisms of cultural deprivation•
  15. 15. To remember the main social issues tackled by the Welfare State... use SQWIDI• Sq Squalor - poor housing•W Want - lack of money•I Idleness - lack of work•D Disease - ill health•I Ignorance - lack of education
  16. 16. To remember the definitions/types of poverty... use ARSE!•A Absolute poverty• R Relative poverty• S Subjective poverty• E Environmental poverty
  17. 17. To remember the key terms/ideas associated with secularisation use “Darling, Shortly I’m Going To Purposely Shop Really Drunk!”• D Disengagement• S Structural Differentiation• I Individuation• G Generalisation• T Transformation• P Participation• S Secularisation of Religious Institutions• R Religious Pluralism• D De-sacrilisation / Disenchantment
  18. 18. To remember the MYTHS associated with secularisation use: “Don’t Risk Biased Understanding of Secularisation”Disengagement is seen by some to be a mythRe-sacrilisation is seen by some to be a mythBelieving without Belonging is seen by someto be a mythSecularisation as a Universal process isgenerally seen to be a mythThe rise of Spirituality / a religious revival isseen by some to be a myth
  19. 19. To remember how to compare religious organisations use MHWRAMCI• M My Membership• H House Hierarchy• W Will Worship• R Rot Ritual• A And Attitude to wider society• M Might Monopoly of the truth• C Cave Commitment• I In Ideology (right or left wing?)
  20. 20. To remember the main ways in whichcrime/deviance is ‘relative’ use PPPTTC•P Person - WHO commits the act•P Place - WHERE it is committed•P Power - WHO sees it committed•T Time - WHEN it is committed•T Tradition - How far away from tradition•C Culture - In which culture the act occurs
  21. 21. To remember Hirschi’s factors that propel people away from crime use CABI • C ommitment • A ttachment • B eliefs • I nvolvement
  22. 22. To remember Box’s factors that propel people towards crime use the ‘S’ Factors• S - Secrecy• S - Supply• S - Symbolic support• S - Social support• S - Skill
  23. 23. To remember the key features of New Right theory and crime/deviance use SCRUBBAS S - Situational Theory C - Control Theory R - Rational Choice Theory U - Underclass Theory B - Broken Windows Theory B - Biological determinism A - Anti communitarianism S - Socialisation (differential)
  24. 24. To remember the important features of research methods use PROVE •P Practicality - Is it do-able? •R Reliability - Is it repeatable? •O Objectivity - Is it bias free? •V Validity - Is it TRUE? •E Ethical concerns - have the rules of research been observed?
  25. 25. To remember the important features of research methods use PERVERTO • P Practicality - Is it do-able? • E Evidence of Studies? • R Reliability - Is it repeatable/replicable? • V Validity - Is it TRUE? • E Ethical concerns - have the rules of research been observed? • R Representativeness - does it reflect society? • T Theoretical Stance - positivist or anti-positivist? • O Objectivity - Is it bias free?
  26. 26. To remember the Functional pre-requisites of society, use AGIL• Adaptation• Goal Attainment• Integration• Latency / pattern maintenance