Know a range of different Sociological views of the family. Understand the differences between modernist and post modernist views of the family Be able to analyse and evaluate sociological explanations of family diversity
What does this mean to you? Makea list of all the different family types you can think of
Post modernists take a different view than structuralists such as Marxists or Functionalists They argue that these theories ignore 2 facts1. We make choices about our relationships and family life2. We now have much greater choice about our personal relationships and thus family diversity has increased, we can no longer talk about a ‘dominant’ or ‘best’ family type (nuclear)
This Postmodernist argues the family has gone through a radical change1. We no longer live in a ‘modern’ world with predictable and orderly structures such as the nuclear family.2. We live in a postmodern world which is chaotic, family structures are fragmented and people have much more choice in their lifestyles
Arguesthat in recent decades the family and marriage have been transformed by greater choice and equality between men and women Giddens also notes that with increased freedom and choice personal relationships become less stable
Beckargues families have changed by allowing too much freedom What do you think?
These families do not conform to the traditional family norm, they vary according to the wishes and expectations of their members. There is more equality.
What do you already know about The New Right’s view of the family?1 minute to record ideas with your partner.
The conventional patriarchal nuclear family is ‘best’Lone parent Firmlyfamilies are opposed unnaturaland harmful to family to children diversity The New Right It is ‘natural’ Family for women todiversity has take an ‘expressive resulted in role’ and men social to take an problems ‘instrumental role’ The family is the cornerstone of society
BBC News - England rioters poor and young‘ BBC News - England riots: The feast of fools? Could issues such as this be down to the decline of traditional family values? Or are the youth just protesting at lack of opportunity? What’s your view?
Chester (1985) recognises that there has been some increased family diversity in recent years, however unlike The New Right he does not regard this as significant or negative. The conventional family is the nuclear one The Neo conventional family is the dual earner family, he argues that most people do not choose to be in a lone parent family and that the nuclear family is still the one people aspire to.
Increases risks to children, for example greater poverty, educational failure and health problems ‘Broken Britain’ Encourages dependency culture – benefits No male role model results in higher rates of delinquency
Organisational – differences in the way roles are organised Cultural – Different religions, cultures and ethnic groups have different family structures Social class – differences as a result of income and differences affecting things like child rearing practices Life stage – Structures according to stage reached in life cycle Generational – older and younger generations have different attitudes and experiences in periods in which they have lived
Why is the nuclear family the ideal family? How is this family promoted? How can we criticise The New Right?
2 teams Question:Has greater family diversity resulted in moresocial problems in society?Prepare your arguments and prepare todebate!!
Same sex One person households Reconstituted Extended
Low social class = lower income How might low income affect the family, it’s structure and practices?
There is diversity within ethnic groups so we should be careful when talking about typical ‘ethnic families’ Remember there are variations between ethnic groups, i.e. Muslim, Hindu and Sikhs
Does it still exist today? Charles (2005) study of Swansea found the classic 3 generation family all living under one roof is now all but extinct. Only exceptions were found amongst the city’s Bangladeshi community However Peter Wilmott (1988) argues it continues to exist as a ‘dispersed extended family’ Chamberlain (1999) found that despite being geographically dispersed (not living near) Caribbean families continued to provide support Bell (1968) Found that both working and middle class relied on support from relatives Finch and Mason (1993) Found that more was expected of females, however we all feel obligation towards kin. 90% had received financial help whilst 50% had cared for a sick relative. Balance is also important! You have to put in to get out!!