AS Sociology: The Rapoports

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AS Sociology: The Rapoports

  1. 1. Five Types of Family Diversity<br />AS Sociology: The Rapoports<br />
  2. 2. Rhona & Robert Rapoports (1982)<br />Diversity is central to understanding the modern family<br />Believe we’ve moved away from the traditional nuclear family<br />British families have adapted to a pluralistic society– this is one in which cultures & lifestyle are more diverse. <br />They have identified five different types of family diversity in Britain today.<br />
  3. 3. 1) Organisational Diversity<br />Refers to differences in the way family roles are organised.<br />Examples: <br />Some couples have joint conjugal roles and are joint- wage-earners.<br />Segregated conjugal roles and one wage earner.<br />
  4. 4. 2) Cultural Diversity<br />Different cultural, religious and ethnic groups have different family structures.<br />Example:<br />There is a higher proportion of female-headed families among Afro-Caribbean households.<br />Can you think of an example based on the above?<br />
  5. 5. 3) Social Class Diversity<br />Differences in family structure are partly the result of income differences between households of different classes.<br />This also affects child-rearing practices.<br />In relation to the 2 points above, discuss the following with the person sat next to you:<br />Royal family<br />Income support families<br />Hollywood actors and actresses<br />Poorly educated adults with children<br />
  6. 6. 4) Life-Stage Diversity<br />Family structure depends on the point at which you find yourself in your life-cycle.<br />Examples:<br />Newlyweds<br />Couples with children<br />Retired couples whose children have left home<br />Widows/widowers who live alone<br />
  7. 7. 5) Generational Diversity<br />Defined as older and younger generations having different attitudes and experiences that reflect the historical periods in which they have lived.<br />Example: <br />Morality about divorce, cohabitation, children born outside of marriage & homosexuality might be very controversial to one generation and a non-issue to another.<br />
  8. 8. Check Your Understanding<br />Suggest two reasons why there might be differences in child-rearing practices between middle-class and working class families.<br />Suggest two ways in which cultural or religious factors may affect family structures or relationships.<br />

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