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Women’s
Education in India
Dhanya Lakshmi
M.Ed
Government College of Teacher
Education , Kerala, India
Women Education in Ancient India
– In the Vedic period women had access to education.
– Indian scriptures Rig Veda and Upanishads mention
about several women sages and seers.
– Women enjoyed equivalent position and rights in the
early Vedic era. However, after 500 B.C, the position of
women started to decline.
Women Education in Medieval India
– The Islamic invasion played a vital role in restricting
freedom and rights of the women. Women education in
medieval India further deteriorated with the introduction
of Purdah system . Different customs and conventions of
diverse religions like Hinduism, Islam, and Christianity
further deteriorated the state of women in the society.
– Sati, child marriage etc
Women Education in Colonial India
– Women education in Colonial India witnessed an
essential expansion. Various movements were launched
to make women of the country literate.
– Education in India in the early 19th century was largely
distributed on the basis of caste system.
Women Education in Modern India
– After the independence of India, the government of
India takes measures to provide education to all women
of the country.
– Literacy rate India in 2011 census was found to be
74.04%. Compared to the adult literacy rate here the
youth literacy rate is about 9% higher.
– Female literacy level is 65.46% where the male literacy
rate is over 80%
Continue…
– Female literacy rate in India then it is lower than the man
literacy rate.
– Kerala has the highest female literacy rate.
– Bihar and Uttar Pradesh have low female literacy rate
– wide gaps between the urban and rural populations
Factors Holding Women from Going
to School
– Poor school environment for girls.
– The lower enrolment
– Dowry system
– Early marriage
– Priority to son’s education compared to daughter’s education
– Poverty
Strategies for girls education –
UNICEF
– Making the classroom more child-centred and gender-
sensitive
– Recruiting and training teachers who are sensitive to
gender and child rights, and paying them a regular, living
wage
– Eliminating gender bias from textbooks and learning
materials
Continue..
– Enabling young mothers to return to school
– Providing alternative education for girls
– Providing alternative education for overage children
– Encouraging girls’ participation and activism for
education.
– Supplying safe water and latrines
Initiatives by Govt of India
- Beti Bachao Beti Padhao (BBBP )
objectives of the scheme are-
1. Prevent gender biased se selective elimination
2. Ensure survival and protection of the girl child
3. Ensure education of the girl child
Continue..
– Contribution of literacy campaigns to female literacy-
– Heightened social awareness-
– Increased girls enrolment in primary, secondary and
higher education
- Gender equity
Continue ..
The girl star project
1. This is a series of films which documents stories of girls
from the most disadvantaged communities.
– The Sarva Shiksha Abhiyhan programme for
universalisation of primary education and the Mahila
Samakhya programme which has set up alternative
learning centres for imparting education.
The inspiring projects that are changing
girls’ education
1. Prerna High School – Lucknow – Children from slum
areas
2. Shiksha Karmi Project – Rajastan - Adapting village
schools to overcome rural challenges
3. Yuwa- was founded by Franz Gastler, a social worker, in
Jharkhand
THANK YOU

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Women's Education in India: A Historical Overview

  • 1. Women’s Education in India Dhanya Lakshmi M.Ed Government College of Teacher Education , Kerala, India
  • 2.
  • 3. Women Education in Ancient India – In the Vedic period women had access to education. – Indian scriptures Rig Veda and Upanishads mention about several women sages and seers. – Women enjoyed equivalent position and rights in the early Vedic era. However, after 500 B.C, the position of women started to decline.
  • 4. Women Education in Medieval India – The Islamic invasion played a vital role in restricting freedom and rights of the women. Women education in medieval India further deteriorated with the introduction of Purdah system . Different customs and conventions of diverse religions like Hinduism, Islam, and Christianity further deteriorated the state of women in the society. – Sati, child marriage etc
  • 5. Women Education in Colonial India – Women education in Colonial India witnessed an essential expansion. Various movements were launched to make women of the country literate. – Education in India in the early 19th century was largely distributed on the basis of caste system.
  • 6.
  • 7. Women Education in Modern India – After the independence of India, the government of India takes measures to provide education to all women of the country. – Literacy rate India in 2011 census was found to be 74.04%. Compared to the adult literacy rate here the youth literacy rate is about 9% higher. – Female literacy level is 65.46% where the male literacy rate is over 80%
  • 8. Continue… – Female literacy rate in India then it is lower than the man literacy rate. – Kerala has the highest female literacy rate. – Bihar and Uttar Pradesh have low female literacy rate – wide gaps between the urban and rural populations
  • 9.
  • 10. Factors Holding Women from Going to School – Poor school environment for girls. – The lower enrolment – Dowry system – Early marriage – Priority to son’s education compared to daughter’s education – Poverty
  • 11.
  • 12. Strategies for girls education – UNICEF – Making the classroom more child-centred and gender- sensitive – Recruiting and training teachers who are sensitive to gender and child rights, and paying them a regular, living wage – Eliminating gender bias from textbooks and learning materials
  • 13. Continue.. – Enabling young mothers to return to school – Providing alternative education for girls – Providing alternative education for overage children – Encouraging girls’ participation and activism for education. – Supplying safe water and latrines
  • 14. Initiatives by Govt of India - Beti Bachao Beti Padhao (BBBP ) objectives of the scheme are- 1. Prevent gender biased se selective elimination 2. Ensure survival and protection of the girl child 3. Ensure education of the girl child
  • 15. Continue.. – Contribution of literacy campaigns to female literacy- – Heightened social awareness- – Increased girls enrolment in primary, secondary and higher education - Gender equity
  • 16. Continue .. The girl star project 1. This is a series of films which documents stories of girls from the most disadvantaged communities. – The Sarva Shiksha Abhiyhan programme for universalisation of primary education and the Mahila Samakhya programme which has set up alternative learning centres for imparting education.
  • 17.
  • 18. The inspiring projects that are changing girls’ education 1. Prerna High School – Lucknow – Children from slum areas 2. Shiksha Karmi Project – Rajastan - Adapting village schools to overcome rural challenges 3. Yuwa- was founded by Franz Gastler, a social worker, in Jharkhand
  • 19.