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Quo Vadis University Presses?
Frank Scholze
Leibniz Publik, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek München, 23.10.2013
KIT-BIBLIOTHEK

KIT – Universität des Landes Baden-Württemberg und nationales Forschungszentrum in der Helmholz-Gemeinschaft
University Press
academic, nonprofit publishing house

Photos from Wikimedia Commons

2

23.10.2013

KIT-Bibliothek
What do they have in common?
Unit of a research institution or university
Monograph publishing
Journal publishing with focus on HSS
Focus on sholarship
Some form of business model
Some form of collaboration

3

23.10.2013

KIT-Bibliothek
Business models
Publishing (e-)books for sale
Publishing open digital plus paid print editions and other
add-ons (freemium)
Searching for the new …
Crowdfunding
Cooperation, membership …

4

23.10.2013

KIT-Bibliothek
Publishing for sale
OUP, CUP, UCP …
Project MUSE (Johns Hopkins University)
Started as journal plattform
2012 University Press Content Consortium (UPCC)

JSTOR (ITHAKA)
Started as a digitized journal plattform
2011 books at JSTOR

5

23.10.2013

KIT-Bibliothek
Publishing open digital plus paid add on

OAPEN
Library and service plattform
Directory of Open Access Books (DOAB) launched July 1, 2013

Majority of UPs in Germany
National Academies Press in the US
Australian National University E-Press

6

23.10.2013

KIT-Bibliothek
KIT Scientific Publishing as example
Founded in 2003
2010 integration of University Press and Helmholtz publishing activities ->
KIT Scientific Publishing (KSP)
3 staff, 1 coordinator
# of projects per year

180

# of available titles

1000

among them
E-only-publications
Series

23.10.2013

60

Journal

7

101
1

KIT-Bibliothek
KSP – policy and features
Fast
Integrated service
Open Access
Print on Demand
Author fees
KIT as brand

8

23.10.2013

KIT-Bibliothek
9

23.10.2013

KIT-Bibliothek
Europe

10

23.10.2013

KIT-Bibliothek
AEUP Joint Catalog
Catalog platform for members of AEUP
Presses are responsible for their own content
Print + E
Books + journals
Back list, front titles, announced, out of print
No sales platform
Cooperation with business partners
Hosting concept with breebook GmbH (Bremen)

11

23.10.2013

KIT-Bibliothek
12

23.10.2013

KIT-Bibliothek
13

23.10.2013

KIT-Bibliothek
14

23.10.2013

KIT-Bibliothek
Trends
Digital transformation and new business models
Open access as (the) model of publication
Content designed for service
Collaboration and branding

15

23.10.2013

KIT-Bibliothek
Information

www.ksp.kit.edu
Tel.:
Fax:
E-Mail:

16

23.10.2013

KIT-Bibliothek

+49 721 608-43104
+49 721 608-44886
info@ksp.kit.edu

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Quo vadis University Presses

  • 1. Quo Vadis University Presses? Frank Scholze Leibniz Publik, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek München, 23.10.2013 KIT-BIBLIOTHEK KIT – Universität des Landes Baden-Württemberg und nationales Forschungszentrum in der Helmholz-Gemeinschaft
  • 2. University Press academic, nonprofit publishing house Photos from Wikimedia Commons 2 23.10.2013 KIT-Bibliothek
  • 3. What do they have in common? Unit of a research institution or university Monograph publishing Journal publishing with focus on HSS Focus on sholarship Some form of business model Some form of collaboration 3 23.10.2013 KIT-Bibliothek
  • 4. Business models Publishing (e-)books for sale Publishing open digital plus paid print editions and other add-ons (freemium) Searching for the new … Crowdfunding Cooperation, membership … 4 23.10.2013 KIT-Bibliothek
  • 5. Publishing for sale OUP, CUP, UCP … Project MUSE (Johns Hopkins University) Started as journal plattform 2012 University Press Content Consortium (UPCC) JSTOR (ITHAKA) Started as a digitized journal plattform 2011 books at JSTOR 5 23.10.2013 KIT-Bibliothek
  • 6. Publishing open digital plus paid add on OAPEN Library and service plattform Directory of Open Access Books (DOAB) launched July 1, 2013 Majority of UPs in Germany National Academies Press in the US Australian National University E-Press 6 23.10.2013 KIT-Bibliothek
  • 7. KIT Scientific Publishing as example Founded in 2003 2010 integration of University Press and Helmholtz publishing activities -> KIT Scientific Publishing (KSP) 3 staff, 1 coordinator # of projects per year 180 # of available titles 1000 among them E-only-publications Series 23.10.2013 60 Journal 7 101 1 KIT-Bibliothek
  • 8. KSP – policy and features Fast Integrated service Open Access Print on Demand Author fees KIT as brand 8 23.10.2013 KIT-Bibliothek
  • 11. AEUP Joint Catalog Catalog platform for members of AEUP Presses are responsible for their own content Print + E Books + journals Back list, front titles, announced, out of print No sales platform Cooperation with business partners Hosting concept with breebook GmbH (Bremen) 11 23.10.2013 KIT-Bibliothek
  • 15. Trends Digital transformation and new business models Open access as (the) model of publication Content designed for service Collaboration and branding 15 23.10.2013 KIT-Bibliothek

Editor's Notes

  1. While the dominant form of scholarly book publishing in the future will clearly be digital, as a practical matter university presses today still get at least 90 to 95 percent of their sales revenue from printed books, even as the market for scholarly monographs continues to shrink. University presses also operate in an institutional environment that regards publishing on a break-even basis (including subsidy) as virtuous, even if that means losing ground to inflation. The combination of these factors means that it is virtually impossible for university presses to generate surplus investment capital from current operations.
  2. Proposals and plans for new business models should explicitly address two issues: the potential impact of the new model on existing parts of the press’s program and the requirements, both operational and financial, for making the transition to the new model. Ideally the consideration of these issues would involve the relevant author community as well as the press, its partners such as libraries or societies, and the funding agency.
  3. Open Access in European Networks (OAPEN), seeks to develop a new model for the open access university press by supporting publication through a combination of publication fees, grant support, and institutional support The OAPEN publication model is being promoted through several pilot projects in different European countries. In the Netherlands, a pilot program including 50 books will be published over the next two years, with funding from the Dutch national research council. A similar pilot in the UK will be managed by JISC
  4. Collaboration
  5. officially established in 1937 AAUP has 131 member presses as of 2013
  6. Fundamental models Open and distributed content and service plattforms Integrated and consolidated “clouds” Developments I would like to see Enhanced peer review Transparent pricing Go for stm journal publishing