SlideShare a Scribd company logo
UNEMPLOYMENT

                    By Lakshmi Devi
                        C.S.-A3

 www.powerpointpresentationon.blogspot.com
CONTENTS
 Definition
 Types of unemployment
 Causes of unemployment
 Costs of unemployment
 Measurement
 Solutions
UNEMPLOYMENT
Unemployment refers to a situation
in which the workers who are
capable of working and willing to
work do not get employment.
Types of unemployment
Frictional unemployment
Structural unemployment
Cyclical or Keynesian
 unemployment
Seasonal unemployment
Frictional
      unemployment
Frictional unemployment occurs when a
worker moves from one job to another. It is a
result of imperfect information in the labor
market, because if job seekers knew that
they would be employed for a particular job
vacancy, almost no time would be lost in
getting a new job, eliminating this form of
unemployment.
Structural unemployment
 Structural unemployment arises when the
 qualification of a person is not enough to
 meet his job responsibilities. Conversely,
 structural unemployment arises when the
 salary offered to a person falls short of the
 minimum wage that can be paid for the
 concerned job.
Cyclical unemployment

Cyclical or demand deficient unemployment
occurs when the economy is in need of low
workforce. The demand for labor increases with
the economy in the growth phase. Again, when
the economy passes through depression, demand
for labor decreases and the extra workers are
released as the unemployed labor force.
Seasonal unemployment
Seasonal unemployment
 occurs when an occupation is
 not in demand at certain
 seasons.
Causes of unemployment
 High Population growth.
 Absence of employment opportunities.
 Seasonal Employment.
 Joint Family System.
 Increasing turnout of students from Indian
  Universities.
 Slow Developing of Industries.
 Insufficient Rate of Economic Progress.
Costs of unemployment
Individual :Unemployed individuals are unable
 to earn money to meet financial needs. Failure to pay
 installments or to pay rent may lead to homelessness
 through eviction. Unemployment increases chances of
 malnutrition, illness, mental stress, and loss of self-
 esteem, leading to depression.
Society: An economy with high unemployment
 is not using all of the resources, i.e. labor, available to
 it. Since it is operating below its production capability,
 it could have higher output if more people are usefully
 employed.
 However, there is a difference between economic
 efficiency and unemployment: if the frictionally
 unemployed accepted the first job they were offered,
 they would be likely to be operating at below their skill
 level, reducing the economy's efficiency.
Measurement
 Economists typically focus on the unemployment rate.
 The unemployment rate is expressed as a percentage, and
 is calculated as follows:
 Unemployment rate=unemployed
 worker/total labor force*1oo
 As defined by the International labor organization,
 "unemployed workers" are those who are currently not
 working but are willing and are able to work for pay,
 currently available to work, and actively searching for
 work
Solutions
 A Change in the pattern of investment
 Encouragement to small enterprises as against big
    enterprises
   Problem of Choice of technique
   Encouragement of New Growth Centers in Small
    Towns and Rural Areas
   Subsidies on the Basis of Employment
   Reorientation of Educational Policy
Unemployment Rate Since 1960
QUERRIES
    Do you have
    any
    question ?
THANK
 YOU

More Related Content

What's hot

8 types of unemployment
8 types of unemployment8 types of unemployment
8 types of unemployment
churchie1996
 
Unemployment, India's greatest problem.
Unemployment, India's greatest problem.Unemployment, India's greatest problem.
Unemployment, India's greatest problem.
abhi23agrawal
 

What's hot (20)

unemployment
unemployment unemployment
unemployment
 
Causes of Poverty ppt
Causes of Poverty pptCauses of Poverty ppt
Causes of Poverty ppt
 
unemployment powerpoint presentation
unemployment powerpoint presentationunemployment powerpoint presentation
unemployment powerpoint presentation
 
Ppt.unemployment. jins joseph
Ppt.unemployment. jins josephPpt.unemployment. jins joseph
Ppt.unemployment. jins joseph
 
Unemployment in India
Unemployment in IndiaUnemployment in India
Unemployment in India
 
Unemployment ppt
Unemployment  pptUnemployment  ppt
Unemployment ppt
 
Unemployment
UnemploymentUnemployment
Unemployment
 
Unemployment
UnemploymentUnemployment
Unemployment
 
Presentation on Unemployment
Presentation on UnemploymentPresentation on Unemployment
Presentation on Unemployment
 
Poverty
PovertyPoverty
Poverty
 
Unemployment
Unemployment Unemployment
Unemployment
 
Employment & Unemployment
Employment & UnemploymentEmployment & Unemployment
Employment & Unemployment
 
Unemployment
UnemploymentUnemployment
Unemployment
 
Unemployment in India- problems, causes and solutions
Unemployment in India- problems, causes and solutionsUnemployment in India- problems, causes and solutions
Unemployment in India- problems, causes and solutions
 
Poverty
PovertyPoverty
Poverty
 
8 types of unemployment
8 types of unemployment8 types of unemployment
8 types of unemployment
 
Poverty In India
Poverty In IndiaPoverty In India
Poverty In India
 
Illiteracy
IlliteracyIlliteracy
Illiteracy
 
Unemployment, India's greatest problem.
Unemployment, India's greatest problem.Unemployment, India's greatest problem.
Unemployment, India's greatest problem.
 
Poverty and unemployment in india by Abhishek Lahiry
Poverty and unemployment in india by Abhishek LahiryPoverty and unemployment in india by Abhishek Lahiry
Poverty and unemployment in india by Abhishek Lahiry
 

Viewers also liked

Unemployment
UnemploymentUnemployment
Unemployment
channyb
 
Unemployment and inflation presentation
Unemployment and inflation presentationUnemployment and inflation presentation
Unemployment and inflation presentation
Damian Suchocki
 
China's Bubble Cambridge Lecture MT
China's Bubble Cambridge Lecture MTChina's Bubble Cambridge Lecture MT
China's Bubble Cambridge Lecture MT
MoTanweer
 
Unemployment types
Unemployment typesUnemployment types
Unemployment types
boxonomics
 
2017_NLRB_Handbook_Webinar_2.8.17
2017_NLRB_Handbook_Webinar_2.8.172017_NLRB_Handbook_Webinar_2.8.17
2017_NLRB_Handbook_Webinar_2.8.17
Emory D. Moore Jr.
 

Viewers also liked (20)

Unemployment
UnemploymentUnemployment
Unemployment
 
Unemployment in india
Unemployment in indiaUnemployment in india
Unemployment in india
 
Employment ( GROWTH INFORMALISATION AND OTHER ISSUES)
 Employment ( GROWTH INFORMALISATION AND OTHER ISSUES) Employment ( GROWTH INFORMALISATION AND OTHER ISSUES)
Employment ( GROWTH INFORMALISATION AND OTHER ISSUES)
 
Unemployment in india
Unemployment in indiaUnemployment in india
Unemployment in india
 
Employment & Unemployment in India
Employment & Unemployment in IndiaEmployment & Unemployment in India
Employment & Unemployment in India
 
Employment trends in India
Employment trends in IndiaEmployment trends in India
Employment trends in India
 
Desemprego No Brasil
Desemprego No BrasilDesemprego No Brasil
Desemprego No Brasil
 
Unemployment in Pakistan
Unemployment in PakistanUnemployment in Pakistan
Unemployment in Pakistan
 
Unemployment in Pakistan
Unemployment in PakistanUnemployment in Pakistan
Unemployment in Pakistan
 
Principles of Business (POB) SBA
Principles of Business (POB) SBAPrinciples of Business (POB) SBA
Principles of Business (POB) SBA
 
Unemployment and inflation presentation
Unemployment and inflation presentationUnemployment and inflation presentation
Unemployment and inflation presentation
 
Economics presentation unemployment
Economics presentation unemploymentEconomics presentation unemployment
Economics presentation unemployment
 
Jamie drummond ss sba
Jamie drummond ss sbaJamie drummond ss sba
Jamie drummond ss sba
 
China's Bubble Cambridge Lecture MT
China's Bubble Cambridge Lecture MTChina's Bubble Cambridge Lecture MT
China's Bubble Cambridge Lecture MT
 
Unemployment types
Unemployment typesUnemployment types
Unemployment types
 
Unemployment
UnemploymentUnemployment
Unemployment
 
Employment in INDIA
Employment in INDIAEmployment in INDIA
Employment in INDIA
 
Employment in india
Employment in indiaEmployment in india
Employment in india
 
Employment Problem in India
Employment Problem in India Employment Problem in India
Employment Problem in India
 
2017_NLRB_Handbook_Webinar_2.8.17
2017_NLRB_Handbook_Webinar_2.8.172017_NLRB_Handbook_Webinar_2.8.17
2017_NLRB_Handbook_Webinar_2.8.17
 

Similar to Ppt on unemployment

Final powerpoint presentation, prof3 a sphiwe dladla-201221896
Final powerpoint presentation, prof3 a sphiwe dladla-201221896Final powerpoint presentation, prof3 a sphiwe dladla-201221896
Final powerpoint presentation, prof3 a sphiwe dladla-201221896
Sphiwe Dladla
 
Effects of unemployment on economy
Effects of unemployment on economyEffects of unemployment on economy
Effects of unemployment on economy
Mahvesh Zahra
 

Similar to Ppt on unemployment (20)

Unempolyement in India
Unempolyement in IndiaUnempolyement in India
Unempolyement in India
 
ZOQQjcBoiPiXklpH914.pptx
ZOQQjcBoiPiXklpH914.pptxZOQQjcBoiPiXklpH914.pptx
ZOQQjcBoiPiXklpH914.pptx
 
pptonunemployment-121203092944-phpapp02.pptx
pptonunemployment-121203092944-phpapp02.pptxpptonunemployment-121203092944-phpapp02.pptx
pptonunemployment-121203092944-phpapp02.pptx
 
Employment & unemployment cause and effect.pptx
Employment & unemployment cause and effect.pptxEmployment & unemployment cause and effect.pptx
Employment & unemployment cause and effect.pptx
 
Employment & unemployment in an economy.
Employment & unemployment in an economy.Employment & unemployment in an economy.
Employment & unemployment in an economy.
 
Final powerpoint presentation, prof3 a sphiwe dladla-201221896
Final powerpoint presentation, prof3 a sphiwe dladla-201221896Final powerpoint presentation, prof3 a sphiwe dladla-201221896
Final powerpoint presentation, prof3 a sphiwe dladla-201221896
 
Unemployment
UnemploymentUnemployment
Unemployment
 
Unemployment.ppt
Unemployment.pptUnemployment.ppt
Unemployment.ppt
 
Unemployment_Thất nghiệp
Unemployment_Thất nghiệp Unemployment_Thất nghiệp
Unemployment_Thất nghiệp
 
Unemployment
UnemploymentUnemployment
Unemployment
 
Unemployment
UnemploymentUnemployment
Unemployment
 
UNEMPLOYMENT- A DISGUISED THREAT TO SOCIETY
UNEMPLOYMENT- A DISGUISED THREAT TO SOCIETYUNEMPLOYMENT- A DISGUISED THREAT TO SOCIETY
UNEMPLOYMENT- A DISGUISED THREAT TO SOCIETY
 
Unemployment In Pakistan by MEHAK NOOR,JAVERIA,ABDULLAH,ADNAN .pptx
Unemployment In Pakistan by MEHAK NOOR,JAVERIA,ABDULLAH,ADNAN .pptxUnemployment In Pakistan by MEHAK NOOR,JAVERIA,ABDULLAH,ADNAN .pptx
Unemployment In Pakistan by MEHAK NOOR,JAVERIA,ABDULLAH,ADNAN .pptx
 
Unemployment
UnemploymentUnemployment
Unemployment
 
Effects of unemployment on economy
Effects of unemployment on economyEffects of unemployment on economy
Effects of unemployment on economy
 
Unemployment
UnemploymentUnemployment
Unemployment
 
Unemployment
UnemploymentUnemployment
Unemployment
 
4901.pdf
4901.pdf4901.pdf
4901.pdf
 
Lack of economic opportunity and unemployment
Lack of economic opportunity and unemploymentLack of economic opportunity and unemployment
Lack of economic opportunity and unemployment
 
Unemployment Problem & Solutions : Bangladesh Tourism Prospect
Unemployment Problem & Solutions : Bangladesh Tourism ProspectUnemployment Problem & Solutions : Bangladesh Tourism Prospect
Unemployment Problem & Solutions : Bangladesh Tourism Prospect
 

Ppt on unemployment

  • 1. UNEMPLOYMENT By Lakshmi Devi C.S.-A3 www.powerpointpresentationon.blogspot.com
  • 2. CONTENTS  Definition  Types of unemployment  Causes of unemployment  Costs of unemployment  Measurement  Solutions
  • 3. UNEMPLOYMENT Unemployment refers to a situation in which the workers who are capable of working and willing to work do not get employment.
  • 4. Types of unemployment Frictional unemployment Structural unemployment Cyclical or Keynesian unemployment Seasonal unemployment
  • 5. Frictional unemployment Frictional unemployment occurs when a worker moves from one job to another. It is a result of imperfect information in the labor market, because if job seekers knew that they would be employed for a particular job vacancy, almost no time would be lost in getting a new job, eliminating this form of unemployment.
  • 6. Structural unemployment  Structural unemployment arises when the qualification of a person is not enough to meet his job responsibilities. Conversely, structural unemployment arises when the salary offered to a person falls short of the minimum wage that can be paid for the concerned job.
  • 7. Cyclical unemployment Cyclical or demand deficient unemployment occurs when the economy is in need of low workforce. The demand for labor increases with the economy in the growth phase. Again, when the economy passes through depression, demand for labor decreases and the extra workers are released as the unemployed labor force.
  • 8. Seasonal unemployment Seasonal unemployment occurs when an occupation is not in demand at certain seasons.
  • 9. Causes of unemployment  High Population growth.  Absence of employment opportunities.  Seasonal Employment.  Joint Family System.  Increasing turnout of students from Indian Universities.  Slow Developing of Industries.  Insufficient Rate of Economic Progress.
  • 10. Costs of unemployment Individual :Unemployed individuals are unable to earn money to meet financial needs. Failure to pay installments or to pay rent may lead to homelessness through eviction. Unemployment increases chances of malnutrition, illness, mental stress, and loss of self- esteem, leading to depression.
  • 11. Society: An economy with high unemployment is not using all of the resources, i.e. labor, available to it. Since it is operating below its production capability, it could have higher output if more people are usefully employed. However, there is a difference between economic efficiency and unemployment: if the frictionally unemployed accepted the first job they were offered, they would be likely to be operating at below their skill level, reducing the economy's efficiency.
  • 12. Measurement  Economists typically focus on the unemployment rate. The unemployment rate is expressed as a percentage, and is calculated as follows: Unemployment rate=unemployed worker/total labor force*1oo As defined by the International labor organization, "unemployed workers" are those who are currently not working but are willing and are able to work for pay, currently available to work, and actively searching for work
  • 13. Solutions  A Change in the pattern of investment  Encouragement to small enterprises as against big enterprises  Problem of Choice of technique  Encouragement of New Growth Centers in Small Towns and Rural Areas  Subsidies on the Basis of Employment  Reorientation of Educational Policy
  • 15. QUERRIES Do you have any question ?