Employment ( GROWTH INFORMALISATION AND OTHER ISSUES)
& meaning of employment and
Nature of employment
Informalisation of Indian workforce
Employment in formal sector
Employment in informal sector
Meaning of unemployment and
Estimates and causes of unemployment in
Measures for the solution of unemployment
Govt measures for promoting employment
is a situation in which a person goes
for work for a fixed period of time for a
particular and gets salary in return
Casualisation refers to a situation when the
percentage of casually-hired workers in the
total workforce tends to rise over time
Informalisation refers to a situation when
people tend to find employment more in
informal sector of the economy, and less in
formal sector of the economy.
Unemployment refers to a situation
where all able and willing persons may not
find jobs or activities to provide them with
means of living.
Causes of Unemployment :
1.Faulty employment planning.
2.Emphasies on capital intensive
3.Excessive use of foreign
4.Lack of financial resources.
5.Slow growth process of the
6.Increase in labour force with rise
A. Rural Unemployment- It can be
open unemployment, seasonal
unemployment or disguised
B. Urban Unemployment-It can
be industrial unemployment
, educated unemployment or
technological unemployment .
Adverse Effects of Unemployment:
1.Rise in poverty.
2.Unemployment is depressing.
3.Loss of human resources.
Measures to Solve Unemployment
2.Reforms in education policy.
3.Diversification of Farm Activities.
Guarantee Act ) is
a new scheme
implemented by the
to people living
below poverty line.
act was introduced with an aim
of providing 100 days assured
employment to the people below
the poverty line.
Around one-third of the stipulated
work force is women. The law was
initially called the National Rural
Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA)
but was renamed on 2 October 2009