Employment ( GROWTH INFORMALISATION AND OTHER ISSUES)

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It is an assignment basically based on a chapter of 11 economics book .

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Employment ( GROWTH INFORMALISATION AND OTHER ISSUES)

  1. 1.  Introduction & meaning of employment and worker  Nature of employment  Informalisation of Indian workforce  Employment in formal sector  Employment in informal sector  Meaning of unemployment and underemployment  Estimates and causes of unemployment in india  Measures for the solution of unemployment problem  Govt measures for promoting employment
  2. 2. SEX TOTAL RURAL URBAN MEN 50.3 48.8 51.9 WOMEN 17.6 21.6 13.3 TOTAL 33.8 35.2 32.3
  3. 3. 60 50 40 TOTAL RURAL URBAN 30 20 10 0 MEN WOMEN
  4. 4.  It is a situation in which a person goes for work for a fixed period of time for a particular and gets salary in return
  5. 5. Seasonal employment Disguished employment
  6. 6.  Nature of employment in india is multi faceted.  Some gets employment throughout the year.  Some are employed for only a few months a year.  Many workers do not get the fair wages.
  7. 7. YEAR SELF EMPLOYED REGULAR CASUAL EMPLOYEES LABOURERS 1972-1973 61.4 15.4 23.2 1993-1994 54.6 13.6 31.2 1999-2000 52.6 14.6 32.8
  8. 8. 70 60 50 40 SELF EMPLOYED 30 REGULAR 20 CASUAL LABORERS 10 0
  9. 9. Formal / organised Sector Informal /unorganised sector
  10. 10.  Do not get regular income.  Do not have protection from the govt.  Workers are dismissed without any compensation.  Workers of this sector mainly lives in slum areas .
  11. 11.  Follows labour laws (protect the rights of workers)  Having fixed working hours  Fixed salary  Workforce from trade unions  Medical leaves  Future security  Skills are required
  12. 12. DISTRIBUTION OF WORKFORCE BY INDUSTRY 1999-2000 INDUSTRIAL RURAL URBAN MALE FEMALE PRIMARY SECTOR 76.6 9.6 53.8 75.1 INDUSTRIAL SECTOR 10.8 31.3 17.6 11.8 SERVICE SECTOR 12.5 59.1 28.6 13.1 TOTAL 100 100 100 100 CATEGORY
  13. 13. 100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% FEMALE MALE URBAN RURAL
  14. 14. Casualisation refers to a situation when the percentage of casually-hired workers in the total workforce tends to rise over time Informalisation refers to a situation when people tend to find employment more in informal sector of the economy, and less in formal sector of the economy.
  15. 15. UNEMPLOYMENT Unemployment refers to a situation where all able and willing persons may not find jobs or activities to provide them with means of living.
  16. 16. 1992-97 8TH PLAN EMPLOYMEN T 1997-2000 9TH PLAN 2002-07 10TH PLAN 2007-12 11TH PLAN 23.3 34 35.5 35.0 8th plan 9th paln 10th paln 11th plan
  17. 17. Causes of Unemployment : 1.Faulty employment planning. 2.Emphasies on capital intensive projects. 3.Excessive use of foreign technology. 4.Lack of financial resources. 5.Slow growth process of the country. 6.Increase in labour force with rise in population.
  18. 18. RURAL EMPLOYMENT URBAN EMPLOYMENT
  19. 19. A. Rural Unemployment- It can be open unemployment, seasonal unemployment or disguised unemployment. B. Urban Unemployment-It can be industrial unemployment , educated unemployment or technological unemployment .
  20. 20. Adverse Effects of Unemployment: 1.Rise in poverty. 2.Unemployment is depressing. 3.Loss of human resources. 4.Social unrest. Measures to Solve Unemployment Problem: 1.Population Control. 2.Reforms in education policy. 3.Diversification of Farm Activities. 4.Rapid Industrialisation.
  21. 21. NREGA(National Rural Employment Guarantee Act ) is a new scheme implemented by the government to provide employment to people living below poverty line.
  22. 22.  This act was introduced with an aim of providing 100 days assured employment to the people below the poverty line.  Around one-third of the stipulated work force is women. The law was initially called the National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA) but was renamed on 2 October 2009

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