SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 18
Download to read offline
PASSIVE
VOICE
F O U R * T Y P E S O F PA S S I V E
WHEN SHOULD WE USE THE
PASSIVE?
1. When we want to change the focus of the sentence:
The Mona Lisa was painted by Leonardo Da Vinci. (We are more interested in the painting than the artist in
this sentence)
2. When who or what causes the action is unknown or unimportant or obvious or ‘people in general’:
1. He was arrested (obvious agent, the police).
2. My bike has been stolen (unknown agent).
3. The road is being repaired (unimportant agent).
4. The form can be obtained from the post office (people in general).
3. In factual or scientific writing:
The chemical is placed in a test tube and the data entered into the computer.
4. In formal writing instead of using someone/people/they (these can be used in speaking or informal
writing):
The brochure will be finished next month.
5. In order to put the new information at the end of the sentence to improve style:
Three books are used regularly in the class. The books were written by Dr. Bell. (‘Dr. Bell wrote the books’ sound clumsy)
6. When the subject is very long:
1. I was surprised by how well the students did in the test. (More natural than: ‘how well the students did in
the test surprised me’)
ON NEWSPAPERS!!
4 TYPES OF PASSIVE
Regular 2 objects
Impersonal Causative
4 TYPES OF PASSIVE
Regular 2 objects
Impersonal Causative
4 TYPES OF PASSIVE
Regular
I wrote the letters
The letters writtenby me
S V(simple past) Object
Passive subject
to be
(conjugated
as the original)
Agent
agreement
participle
(of the
original verb)
were
It could
be
omitted
*INTRANSITIVE VERBS:
Intransitive verbs (which don’t
take an object) don’t have a
passive form: die, sleep, arrive,
go…
*SPECIAL VERB:
The verb TO BE BORN is ALWAYS
passive: I was born in 1975
WHEN CAN WE OMIT BY + AGENT?
*Some sentences need an agent because it gives important
information:
The film was directed by Alfonso Cuarón.
(Agent = subject of the active sentence, person doing the action).
When the agent is a personal pronoun:
• My hair was cut by him
When the agent is someone or people:
•A packet was delivered to me by someone.
4 TYPES OF PASSIVE
Regular 2 objects
Impersonal Causative
2 objects
4 TYPES OF PASSIVE
I had bought him a present
Object
Object
Verb
(Past perfect)
S
A present had been bought to him
Regular (DO)
Indirect Object
He had been bought a present
OBJECT
PRONOUN
SUBJECT
PRONOUN
4 TYPES OF PASSIVE
Regular 2 objects
Impersonal Causative
4 TYPES OF PASSIVE
Impersonal
People/They think/believe/say/assume/claim/suppose…
that she is a nice person.
It is thought/believed/said/assumed/claimed/supposed….
that she is a nice person.
*She is thought/believed/said/assumed/claimed/supposed….
to be a nice person.
* Personal passive
Verb to be + participle
4 TYPES OF PASSIVE
Impersonal
People/They think/believe/say/assume/claim/suppose…
that she steals money.
It is thought/believed/said/assumed/claimed/supposed….
that she steals money.
*She is thought/believed/said/assumed/claimed/supposed….
to steal money.
* Personal passive
Verb to be + participle
4 TYPES OF PASSIVE
Regular 2 objects
Impersonal Causative
4 TYPES OF PASSIVE
Causative
Actions that we don’t do ourselves or that a professional usually does for
us.
- She is having her car repaired. (Who repairs the car? A mechanic)
= Have/Get something done
Verb HAVE or GET
instead of BE
Participle of
the main verb
PASSIVE
VOICE
F I V E T Y P E S O F PA S S I V E ! ! !
NOW, DO PAGES
102-103

More Related Content

Similar to Passive FOUR TYPES.pptx

The pasive voice (mona lisa)
The pasive voice (mona lisa)The pasive voice (mona lisa)
The pasive voice (mona lisa)englishinjrm
 
Tarea 3 de inglés
Tarea 3 de inglésTarea 3 de inglés
Tarea 3 de ingléspuessebas
 
Active and passive voice
Active and passive voiceActive and passive voice
Active and passive voicecarlagfreitas
 
Unit 14 grammar_notes to upload 5
Unit 14 grammar_notes to upload 5Unit 14 grammar_notes to upload 5
Unit 14 grammar_notes to upload 5Anne Agard
 
The active & passive voice
The active & passive voiceThe active & passive voice
The active & passive voicemutia89
 
Passive voice
Passive voicePassive voice
Passive voicePepa Mut
 
Writing i-week-13.1-narrative-paragarph
Writing i-week-13.1-narrative-paragarphWriting i-week-13.1-narrative-paragarph
Writing i-week-13.1-narrative-paragarphHesham Ased
 
The passive voice
The passive voiceThe passive voice
The passive voiceIES
 
Passive voice
Passive voicePassive voice
Passive voiceMíriam
 
/Media/usbdisk/relative clauses
/Media/usbdisk/relative clauses/Media/usbdisk/relative clauses
/Media/usbdisk/relative clausesrosaanguita
 
4th eso relative clauses
4th eso relative clauses4th eso relative clauses
4th eso relative clausesmarelecodi
 
Passive_voice
Passive_voicePassive_voice
Passive_voiceyuniortop
 
The passive form
The passive formThe passive form
The passive formGema Jl
 
Passive voice
Passive voicePassive voice
Passive voiceMíriam
 
Passive voice presentación 3º
Passive voice presentación 3ºPassive voice presentación 3º
Passive voice presentación 3ºencarniggea
 

Similar to Passive FOUR TYPES.pptx (20)

Passive Voice. Intermediate (Odp)
Passive Voice. Intermediate (Odp)Passive Voice. Intermediate (Odp)
Passive Voice. Intermediate (Odp)
 
The pasive voice (mona lisa)
The pasive voice (mona lisa)The pasive voice (mona lisa)
The pasive voice (mona lisa)
 
Tarea 3 de inglés
Tarea 3 de inglésTarea 3 de inglés
Tarea 3 de inglés
 
Active and passive voice
Active and passive voiceActive and passive voice
Active and passive voice
 
Unit 14 grammar_notes to upload 5
Unit 14 grammar_notes to upload 5Unit 14 grammar_notes to upload 5
Unit 14 grammar_notes to upload 5
 
The active & passive voice
The active & passive voiceThe active & passive voice
The active & passive voice
 
Passive voice-
Passive voice-Passive voice-
Passive voice-
 
Passive voice
Passive voicePassive voice
Passive voice
 
Passive voice
Passive voicePassive voice
Passive voice
 
Writing i-week-13.1-narrative-paragarph
Writing i-week-13.1-narrative-paragarphWriting i-week-13.1-narrative-paragarph
Writing i-week-13.1-narrative-paragarph
 
The passive voice
The passive voiceThe passive voice
The passive voice
 
Passive voice
Passive voicePassive voice
Passive voice
 
Passive voice
Passive voicePassive voice
Passive voice
 
/Media/usbdisk/relative clauses
/Media/usbdisk/relative clauses/Media/usbdisk/relative clauses
/Media/usbdisk/relative clauses
 
Relative Clauses
Relative ClausesRelative Clauses
Relative Clauses
 
4th eso relative clauses
4th eso relative clauses4th eso relative clauses
4th eso relative clauses
 
Passive_voice
Passive_voicePassive_voice
Passive_voice
 
The passive form
The passive formThe passive form
The passive form
 
Passive voice
Passive voicePassive voice
Passive voice
 
Passive voice presentación 3º
Passive voice presentación 3ºPassive voice presentación 3º
Passive voice presentación 3º
 

Recently uploaded

16. Discovery, function and commercial uses of different PGRS.pptx
16. Discovery, function and commercial uses of different PGRS.pptx16. Discovery, function and commercial uses of different PGRS.pptx
16. Discovery, function and commercial uses of different PGRS.pptxUmeshTimilsina1
 
Supply agency market - aiming high 2.pdf
Supply agency market - aiming high 2.pdfSupply agency market - aiming high 2.pdf
Supply agency market - aiming high 2.pdftomeskell101
 
How to Share Dashboard in the Odoo 17 ERP
How to Share Dashboard in the Odoo 17 ERPHow to Share Dashboard in the Odoo 17 ERP
How to Share Dashboard in the Odoo 17 ERPCeline George
 
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 8 - I-LEARN SMART WORLD - CẢ NĂM - CÓ FILE NGHE (BẢN...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 8 - I-LEARN SMART WORLD - CẢ NĂM - CÓ FILE NGHE (BẢN...BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 8 - I-LEARN SMART WORLD - CẢ NĂM - CÓ FILE NGHE (BẢN...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 8 - I-LEARN SMART WORLD - CẢ NĂM - CÓ FILE NGHE (BẢN...Nguyen Thanh Tu Collection
 
18. Training and prunning of horicultural crops.pptx
18. Training and prunning of horicultural crops.pptx18. Training and prunning of horicultural crops.pptx
18. Training and prunning of horicultural crops.pptxUmeshTimilsina1
 
Paul Dobryden In Media Res Media Component
Paul Dobryden In Media Res Media ComponentPaul Dobryden In Media Res Media Component
Paul Dobryden In Media Res Media ComponentInMediaRes1
 
4.9.24 Social Capital and Social Exclusion.pptx
4.9.24 Social Capital and Social Exclusion.pptx4.9.24 Social Capital and Social Exclusion.pptx
4.9.24 Social Capital and Social Exclusion.pptxmary850239
 
Sulphonamides, mechanisms and their uses
Sulphonamides, mechanisms and their usesSulphonamides, mechanisms and their uses
Sulphonamides, mechanisms and their usesVijayaLaxmi84
 
Employablity presentation and Future Career Plan.pptx
Employablity presentation and Future Career Plan.pptxEmployablity presentation and Future Career Plan.pptx
Employablity presentation and Future Career Plan.pptxryandux83rd
 
HackerOne X IoT Lab Bug Bounty 101 with Encryptsaan & IoT Lab at KIIT Univers...
HackerOne X IoT Lab Bug Bounty 101 with Encryptsaan & IoT Lab at KIIT Univers...HackerOne X IoT Lab Bug Bounty 101 with Encryptsaan & IoT Lab at KIIT Univers...
HackerOne X IoT Lab Bug Bounty 101 with Encryptsaan & IoT Lab at KIIT Univers...kumarpriyanshu81
 
Shark introduction Morphology and its behaviour characteristics
Shark introduction Morphology and its behaviour characteristicsShark introduction Morphology and its behaviour characteristics
Shark introduction Morphology and its behaviour characteristicsArubSultan
 
The Emergence of Legislative Behavior in the Colombian Congress
The Emergence of Legislative Behavior in the Colombian CongressThe Emergence of Legislative Behavior in the Colombian Congress
The Emergence of Legislative Behavior in the Colombian CongressMaria Paula Aroca
 
PART 1 - CHAPTER 1 - CELL THE FUNDAMENTAL UNIT OF LIFE
PART 1 - CHAPTER 1 - CELL THE FUNDAMENTAL UNIT OF LIFEPART 1 - CHAPTER 1 - CELL THE FUNDAMENTAL UNIT OF LIFE
PART 1 - CHAPTER 1 - CELL THE FUNDAMENTAL UNIT OF LIFEMISSRITIMABIOLOGYEXP
 
Executive Directors Chat Initiating Equity for Impact.pdf
Executive Directors Chat  Initiating Equity for Impact.pdfExecutive Directors Chat  Initiating Equity for Impact.pdf
Executive Directors Chat Initiating Equity for Impact.pdfTechSoup
 
Objectives n learning outcoms - MD 20240404.pptx
Objectives n learning outcoms - MD 20240404.pptxObjectives n learning outcoms - MD 20240404.pptx
Objectives n learning outcoms - MD 20240404.pptxMadhavi Dharankar
 
Healthy Minds, Flourishing Lives: A Philosophical Approach to Mental Health a...
Healthy Minds, Flourishing Lives: A Philosophical Approach to Mental Health a...Healthy Minds, Flourishing Lives: A Philosophical Approach to Mental Health a...
Healthy Minds, Flourishing Lives: A Philosophical Approach to Mental Health a...Osopher
 
Transdisciplinary Pathways for Urban Resilience [Work in Progress].pptx
Transdisciplinary Pathways for Urban Resilience [Work in Progress].pptxTransdisciplinary Pathways for Urban Resilience [Work in Progress].pptx
Transdisciplinary Pathways for Urban Resilience [Work in Progress].pptxinfo924062
 

Recently uploaded (20)

16. Discovery, function and commercial uses of different PGRS.pptx
16. Discovery, function and commercial uses of different PGRS.pptx16. Discovery, function and commercial uses of different PGRS.pptx
16. Discovery, function and commercial uses of different PGRS.pptx
 
Supply agency market - aiming high 2.pdf
Supply agency market - aiming high 2.pdfSupply agency market - aiming high 2.pdf
Supply agency market - aiming high 2.pdf
 
How to Share Dashboard in the Odoo 17 ERP
How to Share Dashboard in the Odoo 17 ERPHow to Share Dashboard in the Odoo 17 ERP
How to Share Dashboard in the Odoo 17 ERP
 
Mattingly "AI & Prompt Design" - Introduction to Machine Learning"
Mattingly "AI & Prompt Design" - Introduction to Machine Learning"Mattingly "AI & Prompt Design" - Introduction to Machine Learning"
Mattingly "AI & Prompt Design" - Introduction to Machine Learning"
 
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 8 - I-LEARN SMART WORLD - CẢ NĂM - CÓ FILE NGHE (BẢN...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 8 - I-LEARN SMART WORLD - CẢ NĂM - CÓ FILE NGHE (BẢN...BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 8 - I-LEARN SMART WORLD - CẢ NĂM - CÓ FILE NGHE (BẢN...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH 8 - I-LEARN SMART WORLD - CẢ NĂM - CÓ FILE NGHE (BẢN...
 
18. Training and prunning of horicultural crops.pptx
18. Training and prunning of horicultural crops.pptx18. Training and prunning of horicultural crops.pptx
18. Training and prunning of horicultural crops.pptx
 
Paul Dobryden In Media Res Media Component
Paul Dobryden In Media Res Media ComponentPaul Dobryden In Media Res Media Component
Paul Dobryden In Media Res Media Component
 
4.9.24 Social Capital and Social Exclusion.pptx
4.9.24 Social Capital and Social Exclusion.pptx4.9.24 Social Capital and Social Exclusion.pptx
4.9.24 Social Capital and Social Exclusion.pptx
 
Sulphonamides, mechanisms and their uses
Sulphonamides, mechanisms and their usesSulphonamides, mechanisms and their uses
Sulphonamides, mechanisms and their uses
 
Employablity presentation and Future Career Plan.pptx
Employablity presentation and Future Career Plan.pptxEmployablity presentation and Future Career Plan.pptx
Employablity presentation and Future Career Plan.pptx
 
HackerOne X IoT Lab Bug Bounty 101 with Encryptsaan & IoT Lab at KIIT Univers...
HackerOne X IoT Lab Bug Bounty 101 with Encryptsaan & IoT Lab at KIIT Univers...HackerOne X IoT Lab Bug Bounty 101 with Encryptsaan & IoT Lab at KIIT Univers...
HackerOne X IoT Lab Bug Bounty 101 with Encryptsaan & IoT Lab at KIIT Univers...
 
Shark introduction Morphology and its behaviour characteristics
Shark introduction Morphology and its behaviour characteristicsShark introduction Morphology and its behaviour characteristics
Shark introduction Morphology and its behaviour characteristics
 
The Emergence of Legislative Behavior in the Colombian Congress
The Emergence of Legislative Behavior in the Colombian CongressThe Emergence of Legislative Behavior in the Colombian Congress
The Emergence of Legislative Behavior in the Colombian Congress
 
PART 1 - CHAPTER 1 - CELL THE FUNDAMENTAL UNIT OF LIFE
PART 1 - CHAPTER 1 - CELL THE FUNDAMENTAL UNIT OF LIFEPART 1 - CHAPTER 1 - CELL THE FUNDAMENTAL UNIT OF LIFE
PART 1 - CHAPTER 1 - CELL THE FUNDAMENTAL UNIT OF LIFE
 
Chi-Square Test Non Parametric Test Categorical Variable
Chi-Square Test Non Parametric Test Categorical VariableChi-Square Test Non Parametric Test Categorical Variable
Chi-Square Test Non Parametric Test Categorical Variable
 
Executive Directors Chat Initiating Equity for Impact.pdf
Executive Directors Chat  Initiating Equity for Impact.pdfExecutive Directors Chat  Initiating Equity for Impact.pdf
Executive Directors Chat Initiating Equity for Impact.pdf
 
Objectives n learning outcoms - MD 20240404.pptx
Objectives n learning outcoms - MD 20240404.pptxObjectives n learning outcoms - MD 20240404.pptx
Objectives n learning outcoms - MD 20240404.pptx
 
Israel Genealogy Research Assoc. April 2024 Database Release
Israel Genealogy Research Assoc. April 2024 Database ReleaseIsrael Genealogy Research Assoc. April 2024 Database Release
Israel Genealogy Research Assoc. April 2024 Database Release
 
Healthy Minds, Flourishing Lives: A Philosophical Approach to Mental Health a...
Healthy Minds, Flourishing Lives: A Philosophical Approach to Mental Health a...Healthy Minds, Flourishing Lives: A Philosophical Approach to Mental Health a...
Healthy Minds, Flourishing Lives: A Philosophical Approach to Mental Health a...
 
Transdisciplinary Pathways for Urban Resilience [Work in Progress].pptx
Transdisciplinary Pathways for Urban Resilience [Work in Progress].pptxTransdisciplinary Pathways for Urban Resilience [Work in Progress].pptx
Transdisciplinary Pathways for Urban Resilience [Work in Progress].pptx
 

Passive FOUR TYPES.pptx

  • 1. PASSIVE VOICE F O U R * T Y P E S O F PA S S I V E
  • 2. WHEN SHOULD WE USE THE PASSIVE? 1. When we want to change the focus of the sentence: The Mona Lisa was painted by Leonardo Da Vinci. (We are more interested in the painting than the artist in this sentence) 2. When who or what causes the action is unknown or unimportant or obvious or ‘people in general’: 1. He was arrested (obvious agent, the police). 2. My bike has been stolen (unknown agent). 3. The road is being repaired (unimportant agent). 4. The form can be obtained from the post office (people in general). 3. In factual or scientific writing: The chemical is placed in a test tube and the data entered into the computer. 4. In formal writing instead of using someone/people/they (these can be used in speaking or informal writing): The brochure will be finished next month. 5. In order to put the new information at the end of the sentence to improve style: Three books are used regularly in the class. The books were written by Dr. Bell. (‘Dr. Bell wrote the books’ sound clumsy) 6. When the subject is very long: 1. I was surprised by how well the students did in the test. (More natural than: ‘how well the students did in the test surprised me’) ON NEWSPAPERS!!
  • 3. 4 TYPES OF PASSIVE Regular 2 objects Impersonal Causative
  • 4. 4 TYPES OF PASSIVE Regular 2 objects Impersonal Causative
  • 5. 4 TYPES OF PASSIVE Regular I wrote the letters The letters writtenby me S V(simple past) Object Passive subject to be (conjugated as the original) Agent agreement participle (of the original verb) were It could be omitted
  • 6. *INTRANSITIVE VERBS: Intransitive verbs (which don’t take an object) don’t have a passive form: die, sleep, arrive, go… *SPECIAL VERB: The verb TO BE BORN is ALWAYS passive: I was born in 1975
  • 7. WHEN CAN WE OMIT BY + AGENT? *Some sentences need an agent because it gives important information: The film was directed by Alfonso Cuarón. (Agent = subject of the active sentence, person doing the action). When the agent is a personal pronoun: • My hair was cut by him When the agent is someone or people: •A packet was delivered to me by someone.
  • 8. 4 TYPES OF PASSIVE Regular 2 objects Impersonal Causative
  • 9. 2 objects 4 TYPES OF PASSIVE I had bought him a present Object Object Verb (Past perfect) S A present had been bought to him Regular (DO) Indirect Object He had been bought a present OBJECT PRONOUN SUBJECT PRONOUN
  • 10.
  • 11. 4 TYPES OF PASSIVE Regular 2 objects Impersonal Causative
  • 12. 4 TYPES OF PASSIVE Impersonal People/They think/believe/say/assume/claim/suppose… that she is a nice person. It is thought/believed/said/assumed/claimed/supposed…. that she is a nice person. *She is thought/believed/said/assumed/claimed/supposed…. to be a nice person. * Personal passive Verb to be + participle
  • 13. 4 TYPES OF PASSIVE Impersonal People/They think/believe/say/assume/claim/suppose… that she steals money. It is thought/believed/said/assumed/claimed/supposed…. that she steals money. *She is thought/believed/said/assumed/claimed/supposed…. to steal money. * Personal passive Verb to be + participle
  • 14.
  • 15. 4 TYPES OF PASSIVE Regular 2 objects Impersonal Causative
  • 16. 4 TYPES OF PASSIVE Causative Actions that we don’t do ourselves or that a professional usually does for us. - She is having her car repaired. (Who repairs the car? A mechanic) = Have/Get something done Verb HAVE or GET instead of BE Participle of the main verb
  • 17. PASSIVE VOICE F I V E T Y P E S O F PA S S I V E ! ! !