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Climate Adaptation Investment
Framework
NAP Global Network Peer-learning Workshop
Victoria Falls, Zimbabwe
Michael Mullan (Michael.Mullan@oecd.org)
27-29 February 2024
2
Large untapped potential for investments in
adaptation
Source: GCA (2019) Adapt Now
3
Translation of adaptation planning into the
implementation of priorities
E.g.,
- Early warning
systems
- Relocation of
exposed assets
- Protective
infrastructure
- Capacity building
- etc
Adaptation
priorities
(NAP)
Domestic public
Bilateral
development
cooperation
Multilateral
development
banks
Climate funds
(incl. GCF)
Private sector
E.g.,
UNEP (2023) –
USD 215 – 387
bn/year total
for developing
countries
Finance
sources
“On the ground”
investments
4
NAP process provides a critical entry point for
addressing barriers to investment
1: Planning
• Identification and prioritization of adaptation
needs
• Diagnose barriers to public and private investment
and identify reforms to address them
• Indicative costing
2: Planning -> Implementation
• Further prioritization, refinement and
matchmaking for project development
3: Implementation:
• Implement projects and programmes
4: Monitoring, evaluation and learning (MEL)
• Tracking climate-related expenditures
• Monitoring trends in investment for climate adaptation
• Identifying lessons learnt in unlocking finance for
adaptation
5
Climate Adaptation Investment Framework (CAIF) is
designed to unlock investment in adaptation
Aims to:
• Identify barriers to public and private
investment in adaptation
• Identify the core policies and
measures needed to implement a
strategic approach to unlocking
investment in adaptation
• Facilitate complementary initiatives
– e.g. private sector-led disclosure
• Support dialogue with countries and
experts about good practices for
scaling-up investment in climate
change adaptation.
Potential applications:
Facilitate the integration of finance and
investment into NAPs
Support the implementation of adaptation
investment plans and project pipelines
Provide a framework for country reviews
and policy dialogues
Provide a resource for capacity building
activities
CAIF will build on the approach taken in the Policy
Framework for Investment...
Improve overall
investment
environment
Target adaptation-
specific issues
• Trade policy
• Taxation
• Infrastructure
• Etc..
Climate
Adaptation
Investment
Framework
• Physical climate
risks
• Public and private
finance flows
• Links with
adaptation
investment
planning
• Etc ...
Unlock investments
for adaptation:
• New business
opportunities
• Proactive relocation of
exposed assets
• Enhancing the
resilience of existing
infrastructure
• Capacity building
• etc
7
Illustrative example : Mainstreaming into public
finances
Objective(s): Ensure that public spending is conducive to building resilience to the impacts of
climate change
Example core questions and
principles:
• Do budget allocations consider
climate adaptation?
• Do project appraisal tools account
for the benefits of adaptation?
• Do public procurement policies
account for benefits over the
lifecycle of the investment?
• Is there a strategy in place to
manage the financial
consequences of climate
extremes?
• ...
Examples of relevant policies and measures:
- Budget tagging (CPEIR)
- Project appraisal guidance
- Procurement policies
- Disaster risk financing strategies
- ...
Resources:
- UNDP - CPEIR Methodological Guidance (link)
- NAP Global Network - finance guidance (link)
- OECD – Best practices for Green Public Procurement (link),
Recommendation on Disaster Risk Financing (link)
- GCA – Knowledge Module on PPPs for Climate-resilient
Infrastructure (link)
- …
8
Proposed thematic areas
Strategic planning
Enhancing access
to finance
Project
development
Funding for
climate resilience
Disclosure and
transparency
Mainstreaming
into public finance
Establishing priorities to
guide investment in
adaptation
Support for developing
projects that enhance
climate resilience
Suitable financial
instruments are available
to support investment
Development of funding
streams to support
continued investment
Mainstreaming
adaptation into public
finances
Improved understanding
of climate risks and
benefits of adaptation
Source: Based on Mullan and Ranger (2022) - https://www.oecd.org/environment/climate-resilient-finance-
and-investment-223ad3b9-en.htm
• Pragmatic approach to identify key common elements
• Building a shared understanding of good practice across relevant policy areas
• Flexible implementation
9
Questions for discussion
Areas for discussion:
- What are the main challenges that you have faced in
translating planning into investment?
- What resources have you found helpful in overcoming
these challenges?
- Do you agree with the proposed focal areas?
- Strategic planning, project development, enhancing access to
finance, identifying funding streams, mainstreaming into public
finance and disclosure and transparency
2024 : Phase 1
• Literature Review and gap analysis (Q1 2024)
• 2nd meeting of the Informal Expert Group (Q2 2024)
• Case studies and questionnaire (Q3-4 2024)
• Publication of Framework
2025-26 : Phase 2
• Pilot studies to apply the framework
• “Deep dives” to support application of the framework
10
Timeline and next steps

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OECD Climate Adaptation Investment Framework

  • 1. Climate Adaptation Investment Framework NAP Global Network Peer-learning Workshop Victoria Falls, Zimbabwe Michael Mullan (Michael.Mullan@oecd.org) 27-29 February 2024
  • 2. 2 Large untapped potential for investments in adaptation Source: GCA (2019) Adapt Now
  • 3. 3 Translation of adaptation planning into the implementation of priorities E.g., - Early warning systems - Relocation of exposed assets - Protective infrastructure - Capacity building - etc Adaptation priorities (NAP) Domestic public Bilateral development cooperation Multilateral development banks Climate funds (incl. GCF) Private sector E.g., UNEP (2023) – USD 215 – 387 bn/year total for developing countries Finance sources “On the ground” investments
  • 4. 4 NAP process provides a critical entry point for addressing barriers to investment 1: Planning • Identification and prioritization of adaptation needs • Diagnose barriers to public and private investment and identify reforms to address them • Indicative costing 2: Planning -> Implementation • Further prioritization, refinement and matchmaking for project development 3: Implementation: • Implement projects and programmes 4: Monitoring, evaluation and learning (MEL) • Tracking climate-related expenditures • Monitoring trends in investment for climate adaptation • Identifying lessons learnt in unlocking finance for adaptation
  • 5. 5 Climate Adaptation Investment Framework (CAIF) is designed to unlock investment in adaptation Aims to: • Identify barriers to public and private investment in adaptation • Identify the core policies and measures needed to implement a strategic approach to unlocking investment in adaptation • Facilitate complementary initiatives – e.g. private sector-led disclosure • Support dialogue with countries and experts about good practices for scaling-up investment in climate change adaptation. Potential applications: Facilitate the integration of finance and investment into NAPs Support the implementation of adaptation investment plans and project pipelines Provide a framework for country reviews and policy dialogues Provide a resource for capacity building activities
  • 6. CAIF will build on the approach taken in the Policy Framework for Investment... Improve overall investment environment Target adaptation- specific issues • Trade policy • Taxation • Infrastructure • Etc.. Climate Adaptation Investment Framework • Physical climate risks • Public and private finance flows • Links with adaptation investment planning • Etc ... Unlock investments for adaptation: • New business opportunities • Proactive relocation of exposed assets • Enhancing the resilience of existing infrastructure • Capacity building • etc
  • 7. 7 Illustrative example : Mainstreaming into public finances Objective(s): Ensure that public spending is conducive to building resilience to the impacts of climate change Example core questions and principles: • Do budget allocations consider climate adaptation? • Do project appraisal tools account for the benefits of adaptation? • Do public procurement policies account for benefits over the lifecycle of the investment? • Is there a strategy in place to manage the financial consequences of climate extremes? • ... Examples of relevant policies and measures: - Budget tagging (CPEIR) - Project appraisal guidance - Procurement policies - Disaster risk financing strategies - ... Resources: - UNDP - CPEIR Methodological Guidance (link) - NAP Global Network - finance guidance (link) - OECD – Best practices for Green Public Procurement (link), Recommendation on Disaster Risk Financing (link) - GCA – Knowledge Module on PPPs for Climate-resilient Infrastructure (link) - …
  • 8. 8 Proposed thematic areas Strategic planning Enhancing access to finance Project development Funding for climate resilience Disclosure and transparency Mainstreaming into public finance Establishing priorities to guide investment in adaptation Support for developing projects that enhance climate resilience Suitable financial instruments are available to support investment Development of funding streams to support continued investment Mainstreaming adaptation into public finances Improved understanding of climate risks and benefits of adaptation Source: Based on Mullan and Ranger (2022) - https://www.oecd.org/environment/climate-resilient-finance- and-investment-223ad3b9-en.htm • Pragmatic approach to identify key common elements • Building a shared understanding of good practice across relevant policy areas • Flexible implementation
  • 9. 9 Questions for discussion Areas for discussion: - What are the main challenges that you have faced in translating planning into investment? - What resources have you found helpful in overcoming these challenges? - Do you agree with the proposed focal areas? - Strategic planning, project development, enhancing access to finance, identifying funding streams, mainstreaming into public finance and disclosure and transparency
  • 10. 2024 : Phase 1 • Literature Review and gap analysis (Q1 2024) • 2nd meeting of the Informal Expert Group (Q2 2024) • Case studies and questionnaire (Q3-4 2024) • Publication of Framework 2025-26 : Phase 2 • Pilot studies to apply the framework • “Deep dives” to support application of the framework 10 Timeline and next steps

Editor's Notes

  1. 90% of Paris housing stock is ill-adapted to hot climate (c. EUR 600bn+). Predicted 7x increase in the use of air conditioning -> increasing the urban heat island by 3degC