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Notes in Philippine Government and Constitution<br />ARTICLE IV<br />Citizenship is a term denoting membership of a citizen in a political society.<br />Citizen is person having the title of citizenship. He is a member of a democratic community who enjoys full civil and political rights.<br />Alien is a citizen of a country who is residing in or passing through another country.<br />General ways of acquiring citizenship<br />Voluntary method – naturalization, cessation, conquest or treaty.<br />Involuntary method – by birth, place of birth, or by blood relationship.<br />Citizenship by birth<br />Jus Soli or loci – citizenship is determined by the place of birth<br />Jus Sanguinis – citizenship is determined by blood relations<br />,[object Object],Kinds of citizen<br />Natural-born are those who do not need to perform any act to acquire his Philippine citizenship.<br />Naturalized are those who were origionally citizens of another country, but who, by an intervening act, have acquired new citizenship in a different country.<br />Expatriation refers to the voluntary loss or renunciation of citizenship.<br />Expatriate are those who voluntarily lost or renounced their citizenship.<br />,[object Object]

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Notes in Philippine Government and Constitution (Finals)