SlideShare a Scribd company logo
ESTAM FORMATION UNIVERSITY, SEME
CAMPUS, BENIN REPUBLIC
 ANTHONY-NWAEKE ABIGAIL
 FACULTY OF HEALTH
SCIENCES
 DEPARTMENT OF NURSING
 300 LEVEL
MUMPS
NATURE OF MUMPS
 MUMPS(also called parotitis) IS A
VACCINE-PREVENTABLE VIRAL INFECTION
TRANSMITTED BY AND AFFECTING ONLY
HUMANS.WHILE THE SALIVARY
GLANDS(ESPECIALLY THE PAROTID GLAND
AT THE SIDES OF THE CHEEKS)ARE WELL
KNOWN TO BE INVOLVED DURING A
MUMPS INFECTION,MANY OTHER ORGAN
SYSTEMS MAY ALSO EXPERIENCE
EFFECTS OF THE VIRUS INFECTION.THERE
IS NO CURE FOR MUMPS,BUT THE ILLNESS
IS OF SHORT DURATION(SEVEN TO 10
DAYS) AND RESOLVES SPONTANEOUSLY.
 MUMPS IS HIGHLY CONTAGIOUS ON
THE ORDER OF MAGNITUDE OF BOTH
INFLUENZA AND RUBELLA(GERMAN
MEASLES).IT IS,HOWEVER,LESS
CONTAGIOUS THAN MEASLES AND
VARICELLA(CHICKENPOX)
 MUMPS IS A SINGLE STRAND OF RNA
HOUSED INSIDE A TWO-LAYERED
ENVELOPE THAT PROVIDES THE
VIRUS ITS CHARACTERISTIC IMMUNE
SIGNATURE.
SYMPTOMS
 LOW-GRADE FEVER
 HEADACHE
 MUSCLE ACHES(MYALGIA)
 REDUCED APPETITE
 MALAISE OCCUR DURING THE FIRST 48
HOURS OF MUMPS INFECTION
 PAROTID GLAND SWELLING
CHARACTERISTICALLY IS PRESENT ON DAY
THREE OF ILLNESS.(THE PAROTID GLAND IS A
SALIVARY GLAND LOCATED ANTERIOR TO
THE EAR AND ABOVE THE ANGLE OF THE
JAW-IMAGINE A LARGE SET OF SIDEBURNS)
MODE OF TRANSMISSION OF MUMPS
 IT IS TRANSMITTED ONLY FROM HUMAN
TO HUMAN.MUMPS HAS A RAPID SPREAD
AMONG MEMBERS LIVING IN CLOSE
QUARTERS.THE VIRUS MOST COMMONLY
IS SPREAD DIRECTLY FROM ONE
PERSON TO ANOTHER VIA RESPIRATORY
DROPLETS EXPELLED DURING SNEEZING
OR COUGHING.LESS FREQUENTLY,THE
RESPIRATORY DROPLETS MAY LAND ON
FORMITES(SHEETS,PILLOWS,CLOTHING)
AND THEN BE TRANSMITTED VIA HAND-
TO-MOUTH CONTACT AFTER TOUCHING
SUCH ITEMS.ANIMALS CANNOT
CONTRACT OR SPREAD MUMPS.
 THERE IS A 14-18 DAY PERIOD BETWEEN
CONTRACTING THE MUMPS VIRUS AND
ONSET OF SYMPTOMS AND SIGNS.VIRAL
SHEDDING IS SHORT LIVED AND A
PATIENT SHOULD BE ISOLATED FROM
OTHER SUSCEPTIBLE INDIVIDUALS FOR
THE FIRST FIVE DAYS FOLLOWING THE
ONSET OF SWELLING OF THE
SALIVARY(PAROTID)GLANDS.
 THE HIGHEST RISK OF CONTRACTING
MUMPS IS TO A CHILD BETWEEN 2-12
YEARS OF AGE.
COMPLICATIONS
 ARTHRITIS
 INFLAMMATION AND INFECTION OF
THE PANCREAS
 INFECTION OF THE
MYOCARDIUM(HEART MUSCLE)
 DEAFNESS
 MENINGITIS(INFECTION OF THE
SPINAL FLUID WHICH SURROUNDS
THE BRAIN AND SPINAL CORD.
TREATMENT
 THE MAINSTAY OF
TREATMENT(REGARDLESS OF AGE RANGE)
IS TO PROVIDE COMFORT FOR THIS SELF-
LIMITED DISEASE.TAKING
ANALGESICS(ACETAMINOPHEN,IBUPROFE
N)AND APPLYING WARM OR COLD PACKS
TO THE SWOLLEN AND INFLAMED GLAND
REGION MAY B HELPFUL.
PREVENTION
THE CENTERS FOR
DISEASE CONTROL AND
PREVENTION(CDC)RECOM
MENDS A COMBINATION
VACCINE(MMR) TO
CHILDREN AT 12 TO 15
MONTHS OG AGE WITH A
BOOSTER DOSE AT 4 TO 6
YEARS OF AGE
REFERENCE
https://www.mayoclinic.org>mumps
THANK YOU

More Related Content

Similar to MUMPS

Avian influenza
Avian influenzaAvian influenza
Avian influenza
PriyankaGurung5
 
Epidemiology and control measures for CHICKENPOX {Varicella}
 Epidemiology and control measures for CHICKENPOX {Varicella}  Epidemiology and control measures for CHICKENPOX {Varicella}
Epidemiology and control measures for CHICKENPOX {Varicella}
AB Rajar
 
The Effects Of Cancer Paved The Road For My Life
The Effects Of Cancer Paved The Road For My LifeThe Effects Of Cancer Paved The Road For My Life
The Effects Of Cancer Paved The Road For My Life
Katie Gulley
 
Surface infection
Surface infectionSurface infection
Surface infection
tulu2015
 
All about mosquito
All about mosquitoAll about mosquito
All about mosquito
Narella Rebullar
 
Mosquitoes Integrated Pest Management
Mosquitoes Integrated Pest ManagementMosquitoes Integrated Pest Management
Mosquitoes Integrated Pest Management
School Vegetable Gardening - Victory Gardens
 
Malaria
MalariaMalaria
Malaria
Eneutron
 
Ectoparasites on genitalia in this Era - a study at tertiary care center in T...
Ectoparasites on genitalia in this Era - a study at tertiary care center in T...Ectoparasites on genitalia in this Era - a study at tertiary care center in T...
Ectoparasites on genitalia in this Era - a study at tertiary care center in T...
iosrjce
 
ONCHOCERCIASI
ONCHOCERCIASI ONCHOCERCIASI
ONCHOCERCIASI
Microbiology
 
R0 Value & Herd Immunity
R0 Value & Herd ImmunityR0 Value & Herd Immunity
R0 Value & Herd Immunity
Bhoj Raj Singh
 
Viral diseases.ppt
Viral diseases.pptViral diseases.ppt
Viral diseases.ppt
Dr. Megha PU
 
DYNAMICS OF DISEASE & DISEASE TRANSMISSION.ppt
DYNAMICS OF DISEASE & DISEASE TRANSMISSION.pptDYNAMICS OF DISEASE & DISEASE TRANSMISSION.ppt
DYNAMICS OF DISEASE & DISEASE TRANSMISSION.ppt
Vanithadurai
 
32321.ppt
32321.ppt32321.ppt
32321.ppt
SaridahMadidis
 
32321.ppt
32321.ppt32321.ppt
32321.ppt
SanaKhader1
 
Chicken pox
Chicken poxChicken pox
A quick walk through the world of microbiology-Patrick Nkemba
A quick walk through the world of microbiology-Patrick NkembaA quick walk through the world of microbiology-Patrick Nkemba
A quick walk through the world of microbiology-Patrick Nkemba
NationalwideChannelo
 
Communicable diseases, routes of transmission and control
Communicable diseases, routes of transmission and controlCommunicable diseases, routes of transmission and control
Communicable diseases, routes of transmission and control
kwizera denis
 
Infection.pptx
Infection.pptxInfection.pptx
Infection.pptx
FeriDoll
 
Neglected diseases---Overview
Neglected diseases---OverviewNeglected diseases---Overview
Neglected diseases---Overview
laddha1962
 
What are the epidemiological characteristics of infection with avian.pdf
What are the epidemiological characteristics of infection with avian.pdfWhat are the epidemiological characteristics of infection with avian.pdf
What are the epidemiological characteristics of infection with avian.pdf
excellentmobiles
 

Similar to MUMPS (20)

Avian influenza
Avian influenzaAvian influenza
Avian influenza
 
Epidemiology and control measures for CHICKENPOX {Varicella}
 Epidemiology and control measures for CHICKENPOX {Varicella}  Epidemiology and control measures for CHICKENPOX {Varicella}
Epidemiology and control measures for CHICKENPOX {Varicella}
 
The Effects Of Cancer Paved The Road For My Life
The Effects Of Cancer Paved The Road For My LifeThe Effects Of Cancer Paved The Road For My Life
The Effects Of Cancer Paved The Road For My Life
 
Surface infection
Surface infectionSurface infection
Surface infection
 
All about mosquito
All about mosquitoAll about mosquito
All about mosquito
 
Mosquitoes Integrated Pest Management
Mosquitoes Integrated Pest ManagementMosquitoes Integrated Pest Management
Mosquitoes Integrated Pest Management
 
Malaria
MalariaMalaria
Malaria
 
Ectoparasites on genitalia in this Era - a study at tertiary care center in T...
Ectoparasites on genitalia in this Era - a study at tertiary care center in T...Ectoparasites on genitalia in this Era - a study at tertiary care center in T...
Ectoparasites on genitalia in this Era - a study at tertiary care center in T...
 
ONCHOCERCIASI
ONCHOCERCIASI ONCHOCERCIASI
ONCHOCERCIASI
 
R0 Value & Herd Immunity
R0 Value & Herd ImmunityR0 Value & Herd Immunity
R0 Value & Herd Immunity
 
Viral diseases.ppt
Viral diseases.pptViral diseases.ppt
Viral diseases.ppt
 
DYNAMICS OF DISEASE & DISEASE TRANSMISSION.ppt
DYNAMICS OF DISEASE & DISEASE TRANSMISSION.pptDYNAMICS OF DISEASE & DISEASE TRANSMISSION.ppt
DYNAMICS OF DISEASE & DISEASE TRANSMISSION.ppt
 
32321.ppt
32321.ppt32321.ppt
32321.ppt
 
32321.ppt
32321.ppt32321.ppt
32321.ppt
 
Chicken pox
Chicken poxChicken pox
Chicken pox
 
A quick walk through the world of microbiology-Patrick Nkemba
A quick walk through the world of microbiology-Patrick NkembaA quick walk through the world of microbiology-Patrick Nkemba
A quick walk through the world of microbiology-Patrick Nkemba
 
Communicable diseases, routes of transmission and control
Communicable diseases, routes of transmission and controlCommunicable diseases, routes of transmission and control
Communicable diseases, routes of transmission and control
 
Infection.pptx
Infection.pptxInfection.pptx
Infection.pptx
 
Neglected diseases---Overview
Neglected diseases---OverviewNeglected diseases---Overview
Neglected diseases---Overview
 
What are the epidemiological characteristics of infection with avian.pdf
What are the epidemiological characteristics of infection with avian.pdfWhat are the epidemiological characteristics of infection with avian.pdf
What are the epidemiological characteristics of infection with avian.pdf
 

More from ESTAMUNIVERSITYSEMEC1

TAPE WORM
TAPE WORMTAPE WORM
Mass Media
Mass MediaMass Media
Second Hand Smoking
Second Hand SmokingSecond Hand Smoking
Second Hand Smoking
ESTAMUNIVERSITYSEMEC1
 
Ebola
Ebola Ebola
Infectious Diseases
Infectious Diseases Infectious Diseases
Infectious Diseases
ESTAMUNIVERSITYSEMEC1
 
RESPIRATORY D & S
RESPIRATORY D & SRESPIRATORY D & S
RESPIRATORY D & S
ESTAMUNIVERSITYSEMEC1
 
PLASMODIUM
PLASMODIUMPLASMODIUM
PERSONAL HYGIENE
PERSONAL HYGIENEPERSONAL HYGIENE
PERSONAL HYGIENE
ESTAMUNIVERSITYSEMEC1
 
MEASLES
MEASLESMEASLES
Insulin Therapy
Insulin TherapyInsulin Therapy
Insulin Therapy
ESTAMUNIVERSITYSEMEC1
 
HEPATITIS D
HEPATITIS DHEPATITIS D
HEPATITIS B
HEPATITIS BHEPATITIS B
HEPATITIS A.pptx
HEPATITIS A.pptxHEPATITIS A.pptx
HEPATITIS A.pptx
ESTAMUNIVERSITYSEMEC1
 
The heart, the brain and the kidney
The heart, the brain and the kidneyThe heart, the brain and the kidney
The heart, the brain and the kidney
ESTAMUNIVERSITYSEMEC1
 
DISEASES ASSOCIATED WITH THE LUNGS.pptx
DISEASES ASSOCIATED WITH THE LUNGS.pptxDISEASES ASSOCIATED WITH THE LUNGS.pptx
DISEASES ASSOCIATED WITH THE LUNGS.pptx
ESTAMUNIVERSITYSEMEC1
 
Erectile Dysfunction
Erectile DysfunctionErectile Dysfunction
Erectile Dysfunction
ESTAMUNIVERSITYSEMEC1
 
Blue Eyes Technology.pptx
Blue Eyes Technology.pptxBlue Eyes Technology.pptx
Blue Eyes Technology.pptx
ESTAMUNIVERSITYSEMEC1
 
GSM SECURITY
GSM SECURITYGSM SECURITY
GSM SECURITY
ESTAMUNIVERSITYSEMEC1
 
Thrombosis
ThrombosisThrombosis
Breast Cancer
Breast CancerBreast Cancer
Breast Cancer
ESTAMUNIVERSITYSEMEC1
 

More from ESTAMUNIVERSITYSEMEC1 (20)

TAPE WORM
TAPE WORMTAPE WORM
TAPE WORM
 
Mass Media
Mass MediaMass Media
Mass Media
 
Second Hand Smoking
Second Hand SmokingSecond Hand Smoking
Second Hand Smoking
 
Ebola
Ebola Ebola
Ebola
 
Infectious Diseases
Infectious Diseases Infectious Diseases
Infectious Diseases
 
RESPIRATORY D & S
RESPIRATORY D & SRESPIRATORY D & S
RESPIRATORY D & S
 
PLASMODIUM
PLASMODIUMPLASMODIUM
PLASMODIUM
 
PERSONAL HYGIENE
PERSONAL HYGIENEPERSONAL HYGIENE
PERSONAL HYGIENE
 
MEASLES
MEASLESMEASLES
MEASLES
 
Insulin Therapy
Insulin TherapyInsulin Therapy
Insulin Therapy
 
HEPATITIS D
HEPATITIS DHEPATITIS D
HEPATITIS D
 
HEPATITIS B
HEPATITIS BHEPATITIS B
HEPATITIS B
 
HEPATITIS A.pptx
HEPATITIS A.pptxHEPATITIS A.pptx
HEPATITIS A.pptx
 
The heart, the brain and the kidney
The heart, the brain and the kidneyThe heart, the brain and the kidney
The heart, the brain and the kidney
 
DISEASES ASSOCIATED WITH THE LUNGS.pptx
DISEASES ASSOCIATED WITH THE LUNGS.pptxDISEASES ASSOCIATED WITH THE LUNGS.pptx
DISEASES ASSOCIATED WITH THE LUNGS.pptx
 
Erectile Dysfunction
Erectile DysfunctionErectile Dysfunction
Erectile Dysfunction
 
Blue Eyes Technology.pptx
Blue Eyes Technology.pptxBlue Eyes Technology.pptx
Blue Eyes Technology.pptx
 
GSM SECURITY
GSM SECURITYGSM SECURITY
GSM SECURITY
 
Thrombosis
ThrombosisThrombosis
Thrombosis
 
Breast Cancer
Breast CancerBreast Cancer
Breast Cancer
 

Recently uploaded

NKTI Annual Report - Annual Report FY 2022
NKTI Annual Report - Annual Report FY 2022NKTI Annual Report - Annual Report FY 2022
NKTI Annual Report - Annual Report FY 2022
nktiacc3
 
LGBTQ+ Adults: Unique Opportunities and Inclusive Approaches to Care
LGBTQ+ Adults: Unique Opportunities and Inclusive Approaches to CareLGBTQ+ Adults: Unique Opportunities and Inclusive Approaches to Care
LGBTQ+ Adults: Unique Opportunities and Inclusive Approaches to Care
VITASAuthor
 
MBC Support Group for Black Women – Insights in Genetic Testing.pdf
MBC Support Group for Black Women – Insights in Genetic Testing.pdfMBC Support Group for Black Women – Insights in Genetic Testing.pdf
MBC Support Group for Black Women – Insights in Genetic Testing.pdf
bkling
 
Unlocking the Secrets to Safe Patient Handling.pdf
Unlocking the Secrets to Safe Patient Handling.pdfUnlocking the Secrets to Safe Patient Handling.pdf
Unlocking the Secrets to Safe Patient Handling.pdf
Lift Ability
 
Innovative Minds France's Most Impactful Healthcare Leaders.pdf
Innovative Minds France's Most Impactful Healthcare Leaders.pdfInnovative Minds France's Most Impactful Healthcare Leaders.pdf
Innovative Minds France's Most Impactful Healthcare Leaders.pdf
eurohealthleaders
 
Michigan HealthTech Market Map 2024 with Policy Makers, Academic Innovation C...
Michigan HealthTech Market Map 2024 with Policy Makers, Academic Innovation C...Michigan HealthTech Market Map 2024 with Policy Makers, Academic Innovation C...
Michigan HealthTech Market Map 2024 with Policy Makers, Academic Innovation C...
Levi Shapiro
 
PET CT beginners Guide covers some of the underrepresented topics in PET CT
PET CT  beginners Guide  covers some of the underrepresented topics  in PET CTPET CT  beginners Guide  covers some of the underrepresented topics  in PET CT
PET CT beginners Guide covers some of the underrepresented topics in PET CT
MiadAlsulami
 
Tips for Pet Care in winters How to take care of pets.
Tips for Pet Care in winters How to take care of pets.Tips for Pet Care in winters How to take care of pets.
Tips for Pet Care in winters How to take care of pets.
Dinesh Chauhan
 
PrudentRx's Function in the Management of Chronic Illnesses
PrudentRx's Function in the Management of Chronic IllnessesPrudentRx's Function in the Management of Chronic Illnesses
PrudentRx's Function in the Management of Chronic Illnesses
PrudentRx Program
 
How Effective is Homeopathic Medicine for Anxiety and Stress Relief.pdf
How Effective is Homeopathic Medicine for Anxiety and Stress Relief.pdfHow Effective is Homeopathic Medicine for Anxiety and Stress Relief.pdf
How Effective is Homeopathic Medicine for Anxiety and Stress Relief.pdf
Dharma Homoeopathy
 
Under Pressure : Kenneth Kruk's Strategy
Under Pressure : Kenneth Kruk's StrategyUnder Pressure : Kenneth Kruk's Strategy
Under Pressure : Kenneth Kruk's Strategy
Kenneth Kruk
 
DELIRIUM BY DR JAGMOHAN PRAJAPATI.......
DELIRIUM BY DR JAGMOHAN PRAJAPATI.......DELIRIUM BY DR JAGMOHAN PRAJAPATI.......
DELIRIUM BY DR JAGMOHAN PRAJAPATI.......
DR Jag Mohan Prajapati
 
NEEDLE STICK INJURY - JOURNAL CLUB PRESENTATION - DR SHAMIN EABENSON
NEEDLE STICK INJURY - JOURNAL CLUB PRESENTATION - DR SHAMIN EABENSONNEEDLE STICK INJURY - JOURNAL CLUB PRESENTATION - DR SHAMIN EABENSON
NEEDLE STICK INJURY - JOURNAL CLUB PRESENTATION - DR SHAMIN EABENSON
SHAMIN EABENSON
 
Can coffee help me lose weight? Yes, 25,422 users in the USA use it for that ...
Can coffee help me lose weight? Yes, 25,422 users in the USA use it for that ...Can coffee help me lose weight? Yes, 25,422 users in the USA use it for that ...
Can coffee help me lose weight? Yes, 25,422 users in the USA use it for that ...
nirahealhty
 
PrudentRx: A Resource for Patient Education and Engagement
PrudentRx: A Resource for Patient Education and EngagementPrudentRx: A Resource for Patient Education and Engagement
PrudentRx: A Resource for Patient Education and Engagement
PrudentRx Program
 
U Part Wigs_ A Natural Look with Minimal Effort Jokerwigs.in.pdf
U Part Wigs_ A Natural Look with Minimal Effort Jokerwigs.in.pdfU Part Wigs_ A Natural Look with Minimal Effort Jokerwigs.in.pdf
U Part Wigs_ A Natural Look with Minimal Effort Jokerwigs.in.pdf
Jokerwigs arts and craft
 
Let's Talk About It: Breast Cancer (What is Mindset and Does it Really Matter?)
Let's Talk About It: Breast Cancer (What is Mindset and Does it Really Matter?)Let's Talk About It: Breast Cancer (What is Mindset and Does it Really Matter?)
Let's Talk About It: Breast Cancer (What is Mindset and Does it Really Matter?)
bkling
 
HUMAN BRAIN.pptx.PRIYA BHOJWANI@GAMIL.COM
HUMAN BRAIN.pptx.PRIYA BHOJWANI@GAMIL.COMHUMAN BRAIN.pptx.PRIYA BHOJWANI@GAMIL.COM
HUMAN BRAIN.pptx.PRIYA BHOJWANI@GAMIL.COM
priyabhojwani1200
 
INFECTION OF THE BRAIN -ENCEPHALITIS ( PPT)
INFECTION OF THE BRAIN -ENCEPHALITIS ( PPT)INFECTION OF THE BRAIN -ENCEPHALITIS ( PPT)
INFECTION OF THE BRAIN -ENCEPHALITIS ( PPT)
blessyjannu21
 
Letter to MREC - application to conduct study
Letter to MREC - application to conduct studyLetter to MREC - application to conduct study
Letter to MREC - application to conduct study
Azreen Aj
 

Recently uploaded (20)

NKTI Annual Report - Annual Report FY 2022
NKTI Annual Report - Annual Report FY 2022NKTI Annual Report - Annual Report FY 2022
NKTI Annual Report - Annual Report FY 2022
 
LGBTQ+ Adults: Unique Opportunities and Inclusive Approaches to Care
LGBTQ+ Adults: Unique Opportunities and Inclusive Approaches to CareLGBTQ+ Adults: Unique Opportunities and Inclusive Approaches to Care
LGBTQ+ Adults: Unique Opportunities and Inclusive Approaches to Care
 
MBC Support Group for Black Women – Insights in Genetic Testing.pdf
MBC Support Group for Black Women – Insights in Genetic Testing.pdfMBC Support Group for Black Women – Insights in Genetic Testing.pdf
MBC Support Group for Black Women – Insights in Genetic Testing.pdf
 
Unlocking the Secrets to Safe Patient Handling.pdf
Unlocking the Secrets to Safe Patient Handling.pdfUnlocking the Secrets to Safe Patient Handling.pdf
Unlocking the Secrets to Safe Patient Handling.pdf
 
Innovative Minds France's Most Impactful Healthcare Leaders.pdf
Innovative Minds France's Most Impactful Healthcare Leaders.pdfInnovative Minds France's Most Impactful Healthcare Leaders.pdf
Innovative Minds France's Most Impactful Healthcare Leaders.pdf
 
Michigan HealthTech Market Map 2024 with Policy Makers, Academic Innovation C...
Michigan HealthTech Market Map 2024 with Policy Makers, Academic Innovation C...Michigan HealthTech Market Map 2024 with Policy Makers, Academic Innovation C...
Michigan HealthTech Market Map 2024 with Policy Makers, Academic Innovation C...
 
PET CT beginners Guide covers some of the underrepresented topics in PET CT
PET CT  beginners Guide  covers some of the underrepresented topics  in PET CTPET CT  beginners Guide  covers some of the underrepresented topics  in PET CT
PET CT beginners Guide covers some of the underrepresented topics in PET CT
 
Tips for Pet Care in winters How to take care of pets.
Tips for Pet Care in winters How to take care of pets.Tips for Pet Care in winters How to take care of pets.
Tips for Pet Care in winters How to take care of pets.
 
PrudentRx's Function in the Management of Chronic Illnesses
PrudentRx's Function in the Management of Chronic IllnessesPrudentRx's Function in the Management of Chronic Illnesses
PrudentRx's Function in the Management of Chronic Illnesses
 
How Effective is Homeopathic Medicine for Anxiety and Stress Relief.pdf
How Effective is Homeopathic Medicine for Anxiety and Stress Relief.pdfHow Effective is Homeopathic Medicine for Anxiety and Stress Relief.pdf
How Effective is Homeopathic Medicine for Anxiety and Stress Relief.pdf
 
Under Pressure : Kenneth Kruk's Strategy
Under Pressure : Kenneth Kruk's StrategyUnder Pressure : Kenneth Kruk's Strategy
Under Pressure : Kenneth Kruk's Strategy
 
DELIRIUM BY DR JAGMOHAN PRAJAPATI.......
DELIRIUM BY DR JAGMOHAN PRAJAPATI.......DELIRIUM BY DR JAGMOHAN PRAJAPATI.......
DELIRIUM BY DR JAGMOHAN PRAJAPATI.......
 
NEEDLE STICK INJURY - JOURNAL CLUB PRESENTATION - DR SHAMIN EABENSON
NEEDLE STICK INJURY - JOURNAL CLUB PRESENTATION - DR SHAMIN EABENSONNEEDLE STICK INJURY - JOURNAL CLUB PRESENTATION - DR SHAMIN EABENSON
NEEDLE STICK INJURY - JOURNAL CLUB PRESENTATION - DR SHAMIN EABENSON
 
Can coffee help me lose weight? Yes, 25,422 users in the USA use it for that ...
Can coffee help me lose weight? Yes, 25,422 users in the USA use it for that ...Can coffee help me lose weight? Yes, 25,422 users in the USA use it for that ...
Can coffee help me lose weight? Yes, 25,422 users in the USA use it for that ...
 
PrudentRx: A Resource for Patient Education and Engagement
PrudentRx: A Resource for Patient Education and EngagementPrudentRx: A Resource for Patient Education and Engagement
PrudentRx: A Resource for Patient Education and Engagement
 
U Part Wigs_ A Natural Look with Minimal Effort Jokerwigs.in.pdf
U Part Wigs_ A Natural Look with Minimal Effort Jokerwigs.in.pdfU Part Wigs_ A Natural Look with Minimal Effort Jokerwigs.in.pdf
U Part Wigs_ A Natural Look with Minimal Effort Jokerwigs.in.pdf
 
Let's Talk About It: Breast Cancer (What is Mindset and Does it Really Matter?)
Let's Talk About It: Breast Cancer (What is Mindset and Does it Really Matter?)Let's Talk About It: Breast Cancer (What is Mindset and Does it Really Matter?)
Let's Talk About It: Breast Cancer (What is Mindset and Does it Really Matter?)
 
HUMAN BRAIN.pptx.PRIYA BHOJWANI@GAMIL.COM
HUMAN BRAIN.pptx.PRIYA BHOJWANI@GAMIL.COMHUMAN BRAIN.pptx.PRIYA BHOJWANI@GAMIL.COM
HUMAN BRAIN.pptx.PRIYA BHOJWANI@GAMIL.COM
 
INFECTION OF THE BRAIN -ENCEPHALITIS ( PPT)
INFECTION OF THE BRAIN -ENCEPHALITIS ( PPT)INFECTION OF THE BRAIN -ENCEPHALITIS ( PPT)
INFECTION OF THE BRAIN -ENCEPHALITIS ( PPT)
 
Letter to MREC - application to conduct study
Letter to MREC - application to conduct studyLetter to MREC - application to conduct study
Letter to MREC - application to conduct study
 

MUMPS

  • 1. ESTAM FORMATION UNIVERSITY, SEME CAMPUS, BENIN REPUBLIC  ANTHONY-NWAEKE ABIGAIL  FACULTY OF HEALTH SCIENCES  DEPARTMENT OF NURSING  300 LEVEL
  • 3. NATURE OF MUMPS  MUMPS(also called parotitis) IS A VACCINE-PREVENTABLE VIRAL INFECTION TRANSMITTED BY AND AFFECTING ONLY HUMANS.WHILE THE SALIVARY GLANDS(ESPECIALLY THE PAROTID GLAND AT THE SIDES OF THE CHEEKS)ARE WELL KNOWN TO BE INVOLVED DURING A MUMPS INFECTION,MANY OTHER ORGAN SYSTEMS MAY ALSO EXPERIENCE EFFECTS OF THE VIRUS INFECTION.THERE IS NO CURE FOR MUMPS,BUT THE ILLNESS IS OF SHORT DURATION(SEVEN TO 10 DAYS) AND RESOLVES SPONTANEOUSLY.
  • 4.  MUMPS IS HIGHLY CONTAGIOUS ON THE ORDER OF MAGNITUDE OF BOTH INFLUENZA AND RUBELLA(GERMAN MEASLES).IT IS,HOWEVER,LESS CONTAGIOUS THAN MEASLES AND VARICELLA(CHICKENPOX)  MUMPS IS A SINGLE STRAND OF RNA HOUSED INSIDE A TWO-LAYERED ENVELOPE THAT PROVIDES THE VIRUS ITS CHARACTERISTIC IMMUNE SIGNATURE.
  • 5. SYMPTOMS  LOW-GRADE FEVER  HEADACHE  MUSCLE ACHES(MYALGIA)  REDUCED APPETITE  MALAISE OCCUR DURING THE FIRST 48 HOURS OF MUMPS INFECTION  PAROTID GLAND SWELLING CHARACTERISTICALLY IS PRESENT ON DAY THREE OF ILLNESS.(THE PAROTID GLAND IS A SALIVARY GLAND LOCATED ANTERIOR TO THE EAR AND ABOVE THE ANGLE OF THE JAW-IMAGINE A LARGE SET OF SIDEBURNS)
  • 6. MODE OF TRANSMISSION OF MUMPS  IT IS TRANSMITTED ONLY FROM HUMAN TO HUMAN.MUMPS HAS A RAPID SPREAD AMONG MEMBERS LIVING IN CLOSE QUARTERS.THE VIRUS MOST COMMONLY IS SPREAD DIRECTLY FROM ONE PERSON TO ANOTHER VIA RESPIRATORY DROPLETS EXPELLED DURING SNEEZING OR COUGHING.LESS FREQUENTLY,THE RESPIRATORY DROPLETS MAY LAND ON FORMITES(SHEETS,PILLOWS,CLOTHING) AND THEN BE TRANSMITTED VIA HAND- TO-MOUTH CONTACT AFTER TOUCHING SUCH ITEMS.ANIMALS CANNOT CONTRACT OR SPREAD MUMPS.
  • 7.  THERE IS A 14-18 DAY PERIOD BETWEEN CONTRACTING THE MUMPS VIRUS AND ONSET OF SYMPTOMS AND SIGNS.VIRAL SHEDDING IS SHORT LIVED AND A PATIENT SHOULD BE ISOLATED FROM OTHER SUSCEPTIBLE INDIVIDUALS FOR THE FIRST FIVE DAYS FOLLOWING THE ONSET OF SWELLING OF THE SALIVARY(PAROTID)GLANDS.  THE HIGHEST RISK OF CONTRACTING MUMPS IS TO A CHILD BETWEEN 2-12 YEARS OF AGE.
  • 8. COMPLICATIONS  ARTHRITIS  INFLAMMATION AND INFECTION OF THE PANCREAS  INFECTION OF THE MYOCARDIUM(HEART MUSCLE)  DEAFNESS  MENINGITIS(INFECTION OF THE SPINAL FLUID WHICH SURROUNDS THE BRAIN AND SPINAL CORD.
  • 9. TREATMENT  THE MAINSTAY OF TREATMENT(REGARDLESS OF AGE RANGE) IS TO PROVIDE COMFORT FOR THIS SELF- LIMITED DISEASE.TAKING ANALGESICS(ACETAMINOPHEN,IBUPROFE N)AND APPLYING WARM OR COLD PACKS TO THE SWOLLEN AND INFLAMED GLAND REGION MAY B HELPFUL.
  • 10. PREVENTION THE CENTERS FOR DISEASE CONTROL AND PREVENTION(CDC)RECOM MENDS A COMBINATION VACCINE(MMR) TO CHILDREN AT 12 TO 15 MONTHS OG AGE WITH A BOOSTER DOSE AT 4 TO 6 YEARS OF AGE