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ESTAM FORMATION UNIVERSITY, SEME
CAMPUS, BENIN REPUBLIC
 ANTHONY-NWAEKE ABIGAIL
 FACULTY OF HEALTH
SCIENCES
 DEPARTMENT OF NURSING
 300 LEVEL
MUMPS
NATURE OF MUMPS
 MUMPS(also called parotitis) IS A
VACCINE-PREVENTABLE VIRAL INFECTION
TRANSMITTED BY AND AFFECTING ONLY
HUMANS.WHILE THE SALIVARY
GLANDS(ESPECIALLY THE PAROTID GLAND
AT THE SIDES OF THE CHEEKS)ARE WELL
KNOWN TO BE INVOLVED DURING A
MUMPS INFECTION,MANY OTHER ORGAN
SYSTEMS MAY ALSO EXPERIENCE
EFFECTS OF THE VIRUS INFECTION.THERE
IS NO CURE FOR MUMPS,BUT THE ILLNESS
IS OF SHORT DURATION(SEVEN TO 10
DAYS) AND RESOLVES SPONTANEOUSLY.
 MUMPS IS HIGHLY CONTAGIOUS ON
THE ORDER OF MAGNITUDE OF BOTH
INFLUENZA AND RUBELLA(GERMAN
MEASLES).IT IS,HOWEVER,LESS
CONTAGIOUS THAN MEASLES AND
VARICELLA(CHICKENPOX)
 MUMPS IS A SINGLE STRAND OF RNA
HOUSED INSIDE A TWO-LAYERED
ENVELOPE THAT PROVIDES THE
VIRUS ITS CHARACTERISTIC IMMUNE
SIGNATURE.
SYMPTOMS
 LOW-GRADE FEVER
 HEADACHE
 MUSCLE ACHES(MYALGIA)
 REDUCED APPETITE
 MALAISE OCCUR DURING THE FIRST 48
HOURS OF MUMPS INFECTION
 PAROTID GLAND SWELLING
CHARACTERISTICALLY IS PRESENT ON DAY
THREE OF ILLNESS.(THE PAROTID GLAND IS A
SALIVARY GLAND LOCATED ANTERIOR TO
THE EAR AND ABOVE THE ANGLE OF THE
JAW-IMAGINE A LARGE SET OF SIDEBURNS)
MODE OF TRANSMISSION OF MUMPS
 IT IS TRANSMITTED ONLY FROM HUMAN
TO HUMAN.MUMPS HAS A RAPID SPREAD
AMONG MEMBERS LIVING IN CLOSE
QUARTERS.THE VIRUS MOST COMMONLY
IS SPREAD DIRECTLY FROM ONE
PERSON TO ANOTHER VIA RESPIRATORY
DROPLETS EXPELLED DURING SNEEZING
OR COUGHING.LESS FREQUENTLY,THE
RESPIRATORY DROPLETS MAY LAND ON
FORMITES(SHEETS,PILLOWS,CLOTHING)
AND THEN BE TRANSMITTED VIA HAND-
TO-MOUTH CONTACT AFTER TOUCHING
SUCH ITEMS.ANIMALS CANNOT
CONTRACT OR SPREAD MUMPS.
 THERE IS A 14-18 DAY PERIOD BETWEEN
CONTRACTING THE MUMPS VIRUS AND
ONSET OF SYMPTOMS AND SIGNS.VIRAL
SHEDDING IS SHORT LIVED AND A
PATIENT SHOULD BE ISOLATED FROM
OTHER SUSCEPTIBLE INDIVIDUALS FOR
THE FIRST FIVE DAYS FOLLOWING THE
ONSET OF SWELLING OF THE
SALIVARY(PAROTID)GLANDS.
 THE HIGHEST RISK OF CONTRACTING
MUMPS IS TO A CHILD BETWEEN 2-12
YEARS OF AGE.
COMPLICATIONS
 ARTHRITIS
 INFLAMMATION AND INFECTION OF
THE PANCREAS
 INFECTION OF THE
MYOCARDIUM(HEART MUSCLE)
 DEAFNESS
 MENINGITIS(INFECTION OF THE
SPINAL FLUID WHICH SURROUNDS
THE BRAIN AND SPINAL CORD.
TREATMENT
 THE MAINSTAY OF
TREATMENT(REGARDLESS OF AGE RANGE)
IS TO PROVIDE COMFORT FOR THIS SELF-
LIMITED DISEASE.TAKING
ANALGESICS(ACETAMINOPHEN,IBUPROFE
N)AND APPLYING WARM OR COLD PACKS
TO THE SWOLLEN AND INFLAMED GLAND
REGION MAY B HELPFUL.
PREVENTION
THE CENTERS FOR
DISEASE CONTROL AND
PREVENTION(CDC)RECOM
MENDS A COMBINATION
VACCINE(MMR) TO
CHILDREN AT 12 TO 15
MONTHS OG AGE WITH A
BOOSTER DOSE AT 4 TO 6
YEARS OF AGE
REFERENCE
https://www.mayoclinic.org>mumps
THANK YOU

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MUMPS

  • 1. ESTAM FORMATION UNIVERSITY, SEME CAMPUS, BENIN REPUBLIC  ANTHONY-NWAEKE ABIGAIL  FACULTY OF HEALTH SCIENCES  DEPARTMENT OF NURSING  300 LEVEL
  • 3. NATURE OF MUMPS  MUMPS(also called parotitis) IS A VACCINE-PREVENTABLE VIRAL INFECTION TRANSMITTED BY AND AFFECTING ONLY HUMANS.WHILE THE SALIVARY GLANDS(ESPECIALLY THE PAROTID GLAND AT THE SIDES OF THE CHEEKS)ARE WELL KNOWN TO BE INVOLVED DURING A MUMPS INFECTION,MANY OTHER ORGAN SYSTEMS MAY ALSO EXPERIENCE EFFECTS OF THE VIRUS INFECTION.THERE IS NO CURE FOR MUMPS,BUT THE ILLNESS IS OF SHORT DURATION(SEVEN TO 10 DAYS) AND RESOLVES SPONTANEOUSLY.
  • 4.  MUMPS IS HIGHLY CONTAGIOUS ON THE ORDER OF MAGNITUDE OF BOTH INFLUENZA AND RUBELLA(GERMAN MEASLES).IT IS,HOWEVER,LESS CONTAGIOUS THAN MEASLES AND VARICELLA(CHICKENPOX)  MUMPS IS A SINGLE STRAND OF RNA HOUSED INSIDE A TWO-LAYERED ENVELOPE THAT PROVIDES THE VIRUS ITS CHARACTERISTIC IMMUNE SIGNATURE.
  • 5. SYMPTOMS  LOW-GRADE FEVER  HEADACHE  MUSCLE ACHES(MYALGIA)  REDUCED APPETITE  MALAISE OCCUR DURING THE FIRST 48 HOURS OF MUMPS INFECTION  PAROTID GLAND SWELLING CHARACTERISTICALLY IS PRESENT ON DAY THREE OF ILLNESS.(THE PAROTID GLAND IS A SALIVARY GLAND LOCATED ANTERIOR TO THE EAR AND ABOVE THE ANGLE OF THE JAW-IMAGINE A LARGE SET OF SIDEBURNS)
  • 6. MODE OF TRANSMISSION OF MUMPS  IT IS TRANSMITTED ONLY FROM HUMAN TO HUMAN.MUMPS HAS A RAPID SPREAD AMONG MEMBERS LIVING IN CLOSE QUARTERS.THE VIRUS MOST COMMONLY IS SPREAD DIRECTLY FROM ONE PERSON TO ANOTHER VIA RESPIRATORY DROPLETS EXPELLED DURING SNEEZING OR COUGHING.LESS FREQUENTLY,THE RESPIRATORY DROPLETS MAY LAND ON FORMITES(SHEETS,PILLOWS,CLOTHING) AND THEN BE TRANSMITTED VIA HAND- TO-MOUTH CONTACT AFTER TOUCHING SUCH ITEMS.ANIMALS CANNOT CONTRACT OR SPREAD MUMPS.
  • 7.  THERE IS A 14-18 DAY PERIOD BETWEEN CONTRACTING THE MUMPS VIRUS AND ONSET OF SYMPTOMS AND SIGNS.VIRAL SHEDDING IS SHORT LIVED AND A PATIENT SHOULD BE ISOLATED FROM OTHER SUSCEPTIBLE INDIVIDUALS FOR THE FIRST FIVE DAYS FOLLOWING THE ONSET OF SWELLING OF THE SALIVARY(PAROTID)GLANDS.  THE HIGHEST RISK OF CONTRACTING MUMPS IS TO A CHILD BETWEEN 2-12 YEARS OF AGE.
  • 8. COMPLICATIONS  ARTHRITIS  INFLAMMATION AND INFECTION OF THE PANCREAS  INFECTION OF THE MYOCARDIUM(HEART MUSCLE)  DEAFNESS  MENINGITIS(INFECTION OF THE SPINAL FLUID WHICH SURROUNDS THE BRAIN AND SPINAL CORD.
  • 9. TREATMENT  THE MAINSTAY OF TREATMENT(REGARDLESS OF AGE RANGE) IS TO PROVIDE COMFORT FOR THIS SELF- LIMITED DISEASE.TAKING ANALGESICS(ACETAMINOPHEN,IBUPROFE N)AND APPLYING WARM OR COLD PACKS TO THE SWOLLEN AND INFLAMED GLAND REGION MAY B HELPFUL.
  • 10. PREVENTION THE CENTERS FOR DISEASE CONTROL AND PREVENTION(CDC)RECOM MENDS A COMBINATION VACCINE(MMR) TO CHILDREN AT 12 TO 15 MONTHS OG AGE WITH A BOOSTER DOSE AT 4 TO 6 YEARS OF AGE