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Flipped Learning:
Innovating and Educating
Generation Y and Z Students
Prof. Dr. Muhammed ŞAHİN, Dr. Caroline FELL KURBAN
‘Distraction’
‘Overload’
Lecturing
x 50
minutes
‘Cutting through the Distraction’
‘From Distraction to Connection’
‘Connection with the Subject’
‘Connection with People’
‘Connection through Technology’
How can we make the connections to bring
relevance to our students?
BEFORE CLASS:
Online lectures, interaction, homework
IN CLASS:
Discussion, Applications, Case Studies
What is Flipped Classroom?
The Stages of Flipped Learning
Flipped Learning: The Role of the Student
Flipped Learning: The Role of the Educator
Hard work
Learning
Guide
on the
Side
Flipped Learning: The Role of the Videos
Flipped Learning:
The Role of the Learning Management System
Flipped Learning:
The Role of the Learning Management System
Guide
on the
Side
security
user-friendly
well-
established
track
outcomes
communication
channels
Video
2 million Turkish high school graduates
(2014)
MEF University 2014-2015
Hard Choice?
In Turkey:
- Total 184 Universities
- 72 Foundation Universities
In Istanbul:
- Total 53 Universities
- 38 Foundation Universities
MEF University 2014-2015
MEF University
First students admitted in 2014
Vision:
“Educate innovative and entrepreneurial
global leaders to shape the next 100 years”
MEF University 2014-2015
Introducing MEF University Students
MEF University Fill Ratio in 2014: 98.46 %
(2nd in Istanbul; 3rd in Turkey among foundation universities)
MEF students among top 10%: 73%
(2nd in Istanbul; 3rd in Turkey among foundation universities)
MEF students : Y and Z generation
MEF University 2014-2015
Introducing MEF Academic Leadership
Rector:
• Prof. Dr. Muhammed ŞAHİN
• Former Istanbul Technical University Rector
Vice-Rectors:
• Prof. Dr. Mehmet Fevzi ÜNAL
• Former Vice-Rector of Istanbul Technical University
• Prof. Dr. Erhan ERKUT
• Founding Rector of Özyeğin University
• Former Dean of Bilkent University (Ankara) Business School
Founder:
• Dr. Ibrahim Arikan
MEF University 2014-2015
Let’s Understand MEF Students
VISUAL, MULTI-TASKERS
DISTRACTED
CONTROL POWER
CREATIVE
1 Flipped Classroom
Novel Approaches to Higher Education
MEF University 2014-2015
Create
Evaluate
Analyze
Apply
Understand
Remember
Traditional vs. Flipped Classroom
MEF University 2014-2015
MEF Recording
Studio
Flipped Learning: The Role of the Videos
Flipped Learning: The Role of the Environment
Flipped Learning: Towards Creation
MEF University 2014-2015
2 International Double-
Degree Programs
3+2
Novel Approaches to Higher Education
MEF University 2014-2015
3 3 Year Bachelor Degree
+ 1 Year Non-Thesis Master
3+1
Novel Approaches to Higher Education
MEF University 2014-2015
Introducing MEF Faculty
MEF University 2014-2015
Well-respected scholars:
from top North-American
and European universities
5:1 student-instructor ratio
100% foreign instructors
in English Preparatory Program
First and only in Turkey
• Faculty of Engineering
• Faculty of Economics, Administrative and Social Sciences
• Faculty of Law
• Faculty of Arts, Design and Architecture
• Faculty of Education
• Faculty of Agriculture and Life Sciences
MEF University 2014-2015
The first university in the world
implementing the Flipped Classroom
approach across all programs
In the Trade and Business Center of İstanbul
MEF University 2014-2015
Contact
sahin@mef.edu.tr
www.facebook.com/MuhammedSahin.ITU.MEF
www.twitter.com/Muhammed__Sahin
mef@mef.edu.tr
international.office@mef.edu.tr
MEF University 2014-2015

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Flipped Learning: Innovating and Educating Generation Y and Z Students

Editor's Notes

  1. Welcome.. ‘Flipped Learning: Innovating and Educating Generation Y and Z Students’. Caroline Fell Kurban, Director of the Centre for Excellence in Teaching and Learning at MEF University. Instructional design and delivery of Flipped learning. Professor Doctor Muhammed Şahin – Rector MEF University. Start presentation talking about general idea of Flipped Learning and how we chose Blackboard as our Learning Management System Then hand over to Muhammed… how we integrated Flipped Learning in MEF University and the successes we are seeing
  2. FIRST… ISSUE OF DISTRACTION. Jane… represents Generation Y students. Her life… distractions; boyfriends, make up, cupcakes, iPhones, latest trainers. Education. Battle of distractions. (Not unlike our lives… in session checking emails, Facebook, tweeting, newspaper) Distraction… part of all of our lives…. The reality of life today.
  3. These days knowledge is doubling every 18 months What was relevant 10 years ago may no longer be relevant today Our students can’t keep pace with this amount of information They get overloaded. Imagine that we are lecturing our students non-stop 50 minutes. We need to ask ourselves, would this really work? Would students really listen for 50 minutes without being distracted by their phones, and many things in their mind? The answer is NO.
  4. So how can we cut through these issues? Our students are distracted And they are also overloaded So how can we help our student to learn while also cutting through these distractions?
  5. As educators there are two things that we need to do. First, we need to help our students cut through the distractions. And second we need to connect them to the lectures.
  6. LET’S THINK ABOUT CONNECTING WITH THE SUBJECT. Remember Jane, her life, interests. To grab Jane’s attention and engage her… need to make connections between her interests (distractions) with the knowledge and the concepts of the subject, turning her interests into a conduit for learning. Moving from what she knows, what interests her, and making connections with the new knowledge and concepts, we are taking her learning forward… in a mutually beneficial, enjoyable, effective way. Making these connections, Jane can see how subject has personal relevance and how she can apply it in her own life.
  7. We also need to understand that Jane is a social being. She is connected to many people, friends, family, and she has a lot of devices that she makes these connections through. So, we need to ask ourselves – ‘How can we get Jane connected with her lectures in the way she wants and using the technologies she is already using?’
  8. On average, these days, teenagers like Jane use four to five devices at the same time. So we need to understand how to connect to Jane’s learning, to our students’ learning through this technology.
  9. To sum up, as we have seen, our students are: Firstly, distracted Secondly, they are overloaded with knowledge And thirdly, they are digital natives So, in our learning system, we need to think about how to bring together all three of these components.
  10. In order to overcome these three issues, we decided to implement the flipped classroom approach. But first. What do I mean by Flipped Clasroom? The big picture is this: (Go over diagram) If this is the big picture, what are the stages that we go through?
  11. In the first stage, students start with remembering and understanding knowledge, which they can learn on their own before coming to the classroom. (knowledge can be learnt alone – an instructor is not necessary at this stage) In the later stages of the process, the role of the teacher is critical. Why? Because, students will analyse, apply and evaluate the knowledge they have learned, and put it into practice. This is where students need support.
  12. IN THE FLIPPED LEARNING APPROACH, THE STUDENT HAS THREE ROLES: First, To prepare before class Second, To develop collaborative skills and interact with their classmates and the instructor Third, To put into practice what they have learnt (business cases, prototypes, designs)
  13. THAT IS THE ROLE OF THE STUDENT, SO WHAT IS THE ROLE OF A FLIPPED EDUCATOR? In Flipped learning, as an educator it means no longer seeing your role as the ‘sage on the stage’ – you are no longer the main driver of the lecture.nNow, you are a guide on the side. But what does this mean? This means that the students take center stage in Flipped learning, not the instructor. As you have seen in the video, in Flipped Learning, the teacher is there to give feedback, to moderate the discussions, and guide the students to apply their knowledge in case studies, debates, and projects. Assistant Professor Dr. Gokce Bulgan. Faculty of Education, Department of Guidance and Psychological Counselling.
  14. The first stage of this is for instructors to create a video. But what is the role The main purpose of the videos is like saying ‘What is the big idea here?’ I have this idea, and I need to get this hook into the students minds with the videos and reel them in. Normally a traditional lecture would take two hours, so one may think that the videos go on for two hours, well that is not the case. We are, in fact, taking the key concepts of a lecture, which never exceed 20 minutes.
  15. THIS BRINGS ME ON TO THE ROLE OF THE LEARNING MANAGEMENT SYSTEM IN THE FLIPPED CLASSROOM MODEL. First,THE INSTRUCTORS UPLOAD THE VIDEOS ONTO THE LMS. Next, the students watch the videos and we hook them in. Now, as instructors, we need to get our students to interact with the material both by themselves and with their classmates. In order to do this, the instructors set up communication forums, such as discussion boards, for their students to pose questions, answer questions, and share ideas. This forum is by the students, for the students. We encourage students to try and work out the answers to questions between themselves in advance of class. This forum also allows for ‘just in time’ teaching, whereby the instructor can follow conversations and questions posed by students and integrate these into the upcoming lesson. To wrap up, through using this system Knowledge grows collaboratively.
  16. At MEF University, the Learning Management System that we use is Blackboard. Blackboard proivdes us with a secure, easy to use, closed system on which videos and materials are embedded, and the communication tools are used. So, what led us to choose Blackboard? We asked our faculty members about what is really essential and we prioritised our needs to fit the flipped classroom needs. We had five priorities (see diagram and go over each one) Our rector put together a committee to investigate all the LMS options against our list of priorities. We came to the conclusion that Blackboard satisfies all the conditions we were looking for in one product.
  17. To summarise, we have integrated the Flipped Classroom approach in our university.. Now, I’m going to show you a short video, through the eyes of our students and our instructors, on how Flipped Learning works. After the video, Muhammed will talk in more detail about how we have implemented Flipped Learning in our university.
  18. In Turkey, there are around 2 million high school graduates making these important decisions: Which job to choose? Will I be a lawyer, engineer or teacher? And which university is the best one for me?
  19. While these are important decisions to make, there are lots of universities in Turkey. Let me give you some numbers. There are 184 universities in Turkey, in total and 72 are foundation universities. Even when we look at Istanbul, which is the largest city in population, the numbers are high. There around 50 universities in Istanbul, and 38 of them are foundation universities.
  20. It is obvious that there are already lots of universities in Turkey. And MEF University was founded recently. We accepted our first students in September 2014. One could wonder why we founded a new university as there are already some many others. Was there a need at all? Yes! Today I will talk about the reasons why we founded MEF University, and how we bring innovative learning tools to the education field.
  21. Before going in any details, let me introduce MEF University students. We always like putting our students on the spotlight before anything else. So, I will first talk about them. First of all, MEF students are smart choosers. In the first year university accepted students, our fill ratio was 98.46%. This is a great number to achieve in the first year. More importantly, we rank 2nd in Istanbul, and 3rd in Turkey in our fill-ratios among foundation universities. This clearly shows our students know where to choose. Second, MEF students are successful students. Majority of them have scored at the top 10% in the university entrance exam. This makes MEF University rank 2nd in Istanbul, and 3rd in Turkey among foundation universities in terms of students quality. Finally, MEF students are Y and Z generation. This is the case for other universities. But we are very aware that they come from a different generation than we are. And I will talk more about why this is important later in my talk.
  22. I would like to also briefly introduce our academic leadership. I have worked in Istanbul Technical University for several years, and was the former rector. My colleagues acting as vice-rectors are also well-respected scholars. Prof. Dr. Mehmet Fevzi ÜNAL, who was the former Former Vice-Rector of Istanbul Technical University And Prof. Dr. Erhan ERKUT, who was the founding Rector of Özyeğin University. He was also the former Dean of Bilkent Business School, which is the first business school in Turkey to receive international accreditation, namely AACSB.
  23. With our clear vision and mission, we work very hard to achieve our goals. That is why, we started from the core. We work towards understanding our students and shape our education. I have mentioned that our students are Y and Z generation. But what does this mean? Let me summarize 4 main characteristics of MEF students, in other words the new generation: First, Y and Z generation is distracted with lots of things around them. They are not only occupied with courses, but also have hobbies and interests. Within this clutter, their average attention span is 8 seconds. So, if we lose them in 8 seconds, they focus on something else. Second, they love visuals, pictures, but not text. And they are multi-taskers. They can watch TV and use 4 other devices at the same time. Third, they love creating and are more eager to set up their own jobs. They do not want to do what others want, but they want to follow their own taste. Finally, and related to being creative, they want to have control. They want to make their own choices. They want to choose where to study and where to study. http://www.socialbusinesstr.com/2015/03/30/yeni-nesil-musteri-z-jenerasyonu/
  24. That is why we adapt novel approaches to higher education. The first one is Flipped Classroom.
  25. How is flipped classroom different than traditional learning? In order to understand this, we can through Bloom’s learning taxonomy. Learning is like a pyramid, which starts from remembering knowledge to the final result: creation. In a traditional setting, the teacher would lecture and students are supposed to remember and understand. With all the distractions and their limited attention span, it is not realistic to expect this from students. Students should be encouraged to start understanding and remembering concepts before the class, with tools that are provided by the lecturer. They should be flexible to read and do research on their own. They should be able to do it at any place they want and at any time. Z generation is capable of researching on their own and use technology, we should take advantage of this. So, students should already start working on the lecture before they come to the class. In the traditional learning methods, students are supposed to do application until creating on their own. In flipped classroom, this is the opposite. Students do all these steps in the class. The lecturer is on the side to guide students, but they will not lecture. In sum, we are reversing the steps in learning. That is why this is flipped classroom.
  26. In order to achieve this difference in learning, we also need to have a special environment/ Because the traditional 200 people auditoriums would not be pedagogically feasible. In this learning, we need an environment just like this picture where students can interact and see each other. The teacher is just on the side, not standing behind a rostrum.
  27. In order to achieve this difference in learning, we also need to have a special environment/ Because the traditional 200 people auditoriums would not be pedagogically feasible. In this learning, we need an environment just like this picture where students can interact and see each other. The teacher is just on the side, not standing behind a rostrum.
  28. Flipped Learning a step-wise process, where the ultimate goal is to create. Students go through all the steps with the instructor as a guide. As a result, we guide students to achieve their goals through creating products, designs and ideas that they apply their learning.
  29. International 3+2 Double-Degree Programs First 3 years of undergraduate at MEF 4th year (+1) of undergraduate at the global partner institution, earning credit towards completing bachelor’s and towards accelerated admission to graduate level 5th year (+2) master degree at the global partner Bachelor degree from MEF, Master’s from the global partner
  30. 3 Year Bachelor Degree + 1 Year Non-Thesis Master Flexibility in course selection, course load, and plentiful course offerings in the Summer School allow students to complete the 240 ECTS Bachelor degree in 3 years instead of the normal 4 years Non-thesis Master in the 4th year, provided that admission conditions met
  31. Who is behind these innovative tools in education? There is a strong faculty behind all these innovative education program. They work very hard for our mission, and all of them are very respected scholars. They joined us from leading institutions such as Purdue, University of Florida, Carnegie Mellon, Erasmus University Rotterdam and University of California, just to name a few. We have around 100 Faculty members. This means 5:1 student-instructor ratio Finally, our English Language Preparatory Program consists of 100% foreign instructors. This is first and only in Turkey.
  32. We have six faculties. As you can see on the slides, we have diverse set of majors, and some new ones are opening this year. Rest of the departments in the next slide.
  33. MEF University’s innovative education is built into a modern infrastructure. The modern classrooms, library and facilities allows us to perform flipped classroom and stay innovative.
  34. I would like to thank you once more for attending my talk today. In case, you would like to stay in touch with us or ask any questions, please note our contact details.