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By
Samiran Halder
Roll No. – 06
MBA in Finance
University of Calcutta
Contents
1.Introduction
2. Objective of stock verification
3. Methods of stock verification
4. Who should do the stock taking
5. Treatment of discrepancies (Reconciliation)
6. Application
7. Conclusion
Stock
Verification
Stock verification is done by actual counting, weighing and
measuring of items in stock which is necessary to support
stock value as per ledger balance.
Objectives of
Stock Verification
Physical stock verification which involves actual counting,
measuring weighing of all items in stock is necessary for the
following reasons:
• To support the value of stock shown in the balance sheet
through physical verification.
• To verify the accuracy of stock records.
• To disclose the possibility of fraud, theft or loss or
deterioration.
• To reveal the weakness of the system, if any (i.e. whether the
stock is in safe custody)
Methods of stock
verification
 Periodic stock verification
 Perpetual stock verification
 Blind stock verification
Periodic Stock Verification
• Physical stock verification is normally done
periodically, i.e., once or twice in a year. Under this
method.
• Value of stock is determined by physical counting of
the stock on a particular date.
• Suitable for smaller organizations.
Perpetual Stock Verification
• Physical stock verification is spread throughout the
year according to a predetermined program. And
each item is physically examined at least once a year.
• During physical verification neither the stores nor the
works are to be closed.
• Surpluses and shortages arising from time to time
can be written-off after proper investigation.
Blind Stock Verification
• Stock verifiers are given the location, but not details
about code numbers, description and stock record
balances in order to ensure a fair verification of
stocks.
• Complete the verification and only then reconcile
with the stock records.
• It is not very popular and it virtually serves no
purpose when the operation of stores has to be well
planned.
Who should do the stock taking?
• In some organization store-keepers are required to take
stock of their own stores. This is not a correct procedure.
• It is in the tightness to employ full time stock verifier or
internal auditors for doing this job. However, they can
take the help of store-keepers and even engineering staff
for proper identification.
Treatment of
discrepancies(Reconciliation)
Often the amounts of stock found by physical
examination do not agree with stock records. So certain
discrepancies exist. Where physical stock is more, there
is surplus and where it is less than the stock records
there is shortage.
Application
Each User department is allocated the Budget for
the consumption of various commodities of items in the
beginning of the financial year. Issue of material to the
user department is made after ensuring the availability of
budget for that department for that commodity.
Once the issue of material is made the budget of
the department is updated. Once the budget is exhausted
the user departments need to take additional budget
provision or clearance of competent authority to draw
further material from stores. This consumption budget
monitoring is done to ensure proper control on the
expenditure and cost incurred by the user department.
Conclusion
• Used in departmental stores, pharmacies, retail
outlets, warehouses and distribution business.
• Periodic stock taking to increase the efficiency in
stock management.
• Match your physical stock with the book stock and
find out the different-store wise.
• Option to scan barcode for stock counting.
Methods of Stock Verification

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Methods of Stock Verification

  • 1. By Samiran Halder Roll No. – 06 MBA in Finance University of Calcutta
  • 2. Contents 1.Introduction 2. Objective of stock verification 3. Methods of stock verification 4. Who should do the stock taking 5. Treatment of discrepancies (Reconciliation) 6. Application 7. Conclusion
  • 3. Stock Verification Stock verification is done by actual counting, weighing and measuring of items in stock which is necessary to support stock value as per ledger balance.
  • 4. Objectives of Stock Verification Physical stock verification which involves actual counting, measuring weighing of all items in stock is necessary for the following reasons: • To support the value of stock shown in the balance sheet through physical verification. • To verify the accuracy of stock records. • To disclose the possibility of fraud, theft or loss or deterioration. • To reveal the weakness of the system, if any (i.e. whether the stock is in safe custody)
  • 5. Methods of stock verification  Periodic stock verification  Perpetual stock verification  Blind stock verification
  • 6. Periodic Stock Verification • Physical stock verification is normally done periodically, i.e., once or twice in a year. Under this method. • Value of stock is determined by physical counting of the stock on a particular date. • Suitable for smaller organizations.
  • 7. Perpetual Stock Verification • Physical stock verification is spread throughout the year according to a predetermined program. And each item is physically examined at least once a year. • During physical verification neither the stores nor the works are to be closed. • Surpluses and shortages arising from time to time can be written-off after proper investigation.
  • 8. Blind Stock Verification • Stock verifiers are given the location, but not details about code numbers, description and stock record balances in order to ensure a fair verification of stocks. • Complete the verification and only then reconcile with the stock records. • It is not very popular and it virtually serves no purpose when the operation of stores has to be well planned.
  • 9. Who should do the stock taking? • In some organization store-keepers are required to take stock of their own stores. This is not a correct procedure. • It is in the tightness to employ full time stock verifier or internal auditors for doing this job. However, they can take the help of store-keepers and even engineering staff for proper identification.
  • 10. Treatment of discrepancies(Reconciliation) Often the amounts of stock found by physical examination do not agree with stock records. So certain discrepancies exist. Where physical stock is more, there is surplus and where it is less than the stock records there is shortage.
  • 11. Application Each User department is allocated the Budget for the consumption of various commodities of items in the beginning of the financial year. Issue of material to the user department is made after ensuring the availability of budget for that department for that commodity. Once the issue of material is made the budget of the department is updated. Once the budget is exhausted the user departments need to take additional budget provision or clearance of competent authority to draw further material from stores. This consumption budget monitoring is done to ensure proper control on the expenditure and cost incurred by the user department.
  • 12. Conclusion • Used in departmental stores, pharmacies, retail outlets, warehouses and distribution business. • Periodic stock taking to increase the efficiency in stock management. • Match your physical stock with the book stock and find out the different-store wise. • Option to scan barcode for stock counting.