SlideShare a Scribd company logo
INTRODUCTION TO JAIN
RELIGION
By KAJAL KUMARI MOHAN
Introduction
Jainism or Jain dharma is one of the ancient religion in India the word . In certain
sacred scriptures and manuscripts the Jainism founder was called Mahavira
(599-527BC). He was refereed as Jina . Jain is derived from the Sanskrit word Jina
meaning ‘spiritual victor’. Jain is the one who accept all the teachings of the
Tirthankaras. Jainism was evolved in India during 600BCE
◦ Teachings of Jainism specifically include certain instances of Hinduism and
Buddhism. The origin of Jainism is considered with the rise of Buddhism
◦ The majority of Jains currently reside in India. Jains form 0.37% of India's
population, mostly in the states of Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Madhya
Pradesh, Karnataka, Uttar Pradesh, Delhi, Tamil Nadu.
◦ Jains believe that animals and plants, as well as human beings, contain living souls.
Each of these souls is considered of equal value and should be treated with respect
and compassion.
◦ Jains are strict vegetarians and live in a way that minimises their use of
the world's resource.
◦ They believe in reincarnation and seek to attain ultimate liberation - which
means escaping the continuous cycle of birth, death and rebirth so that the
immortal soul lives for ever in a state of bliss. Liberation is achieved by eliminating
all karma from the soul.
◦ Jainism is a religion of self-help. There are no gods or spiritual beings that will
help human beings.
◦ The three guiding principles of Jainism, the 'three jewels’:
are right belief,
right knowledge and
right conduct.
◦ The supreme principle of Jain living is non violence (ahimsa).
◦ There is 5 mahavratas (the 5 great vows). The other mahavratas are
non violence (ahimsa),
non-attachment to possessions,
not lying,
not stealing,
and sexual restraint (with celibacy as the ideal).
◦ The texts containing the teachings of Mahavira are called the Agamas.
◦ Jains are divided into two major sects;
the Digambara (meaning "sky clad") sect and
the Svetambara (meaning "white clad") sect.
◦ Jainism has no priests. Its professional religious people are monks and nuns, who lead
strict and ascetic lives.
Jain Symbol:
◦ Jain Symbol is a congregation of various symbols, each having a
deeper meaning.
This symbol was adopted by all sects of Jainism while
commemorating the 2500th anniversary of the nirvana of Lord
Mahavira.
◦ The outline of the symbol is defined as the universe (Lok). The lower
part of the symbol represents the seven hells (Naraki). The middle
part of the universe contains the Earth and the planets
(Manushyalok). The upper part contains the heavenly abodes
(Devlok) of all the celestial beings and abode of the Siddhas
(Siddhashila).
◦ Jains believe that this universe was neither created by anyone, nor
can it be destroyed by anyone. It may change its form, but otherwise,
it has always been and will always be here.
◦ The raised hand means stop. The word in the centre of the wheel is
"Ahimsa". Ahimsa means non-violence. Between these two, they remind
us to stop for a minute and think twice before doing anything. This gives
us a chance to scrutinize our activities to be sure that they will not hurt
anyone by our words, thoughts, or actions. We are also not supposed to
ask or encourage others to take part in any harmful activity.
◦ The wheel in the hand shows that if we are not careful and ignore these
warnings and carry on violent activities, then just as the wheel goes round
and round, we will go round and round through the cycles of birth and
death.
◦ The four arms of the swastika remind us that during the cycles of birth and
death we may be born into any one of the four destinies: heavenly beings,
human beings, animal beings, (including birds, bugs, and plants) and
hellish beings. Our aim should be the liberation and not the rebirth. To
show how we can do this, the swastika reminds us that we should become
the pillars of the four fold Jain Sangh, then only can we achieve liberation.
◦ The four pillars of the Jain Sangh are sädhus, sädhvis, shrävaks, and
shrävikäs. This means that first, we should strive to be a true shrävaks
shrävikäs, and when we can overcome our social attachments, we
should renounce the worldly life and follow the path of a sädhu or
sädhvi to be liberated.
◦ The three dots above the swastika represent the three jewels of Jainism:
Samyak Darshan (Right Faith),
Samyak Jnan (Right Knowledge), and.
Samyak Charitra (Right Conduct).
◦ We should have all three: right knowledge, right faith, and right conduct
together, then only can we achieve the liberation.
◦ At the very top part of the Jain Universe symbol is a small curved arc.
This arc represents the abode of the Siddhas. It is known as the
Siddhashila. It is the final resting place of the liberated souls. The dot
represents a siddha. In order to achieve this stage, a soul must destroy
all attached karmas. Every living being should strive for this state of the
Salvation or Liberation.
Tirthankara:
Tirthankara are the most important person in Jainism just like the purohits of Hindus. These
peoples remove themselves from all the attachment to the world. A tirthankara called Mahavira is
believed to be the founder of Jainism. Tirthankara are the saviors who have succeeded in crossing
over life’s stream of rebirth
Right faith:
Right truth is accepting the seven truth or tattvas of Jainism
◦ Jiva : all living things have an perfect immortal soul
◦ Ajiva: non living organism have no soul
◦ Asrava: doing actions drags karma to your soul
◦ Bandha: karma sticks to your soul
◦ Samvara: you can stop the influence of karma
◦ Nirjara: you can separate karma from your soul
◦ Moksha: free your soul from the cycle of rebirth amd death
Main principles of Jainism :
There are specific principles of Jainism which mention many of the teachings and actions
connecting to liberation and salvation. All the principles relate to specify the facts and clear the
confusion of what is Jainism. Some of the basic principles of Jainism, which mention the path to
Nirvana and eternal salvation:
◦ Ahimsa (Non-violence)
◦ Satya (Truthfulness)
◦ Acharya (Non-stealing)
◦ Aparigraha (non-possessiveness)
◦ Celibacy
Introduction to jain religion

More Related Content

What's hot

Bhakti movement
Bhakti movementBhakti movement
Bhakti movement
Anamika Gupta
 
VARNA DHARMA
VARNA DHARMAVARNA DHARMA
VARNA DHARMA
Ananda Ang
 
guru granth sahib ji
   guru granth sahib ji   guru granth sahib ji
guru granth sahib ji
Shilpa Kumar
 
The contemporary the buddha
The contemporary the buddhaThe contemporary the buddha
The contemporary the buddha
Sri Lanka International Buddhist Academy
 
Spread of Jaininsm, Why, Result of Spread, Why less Spread, why not out of In...
Spread of Jaininsm, Why, Result of Spread, Why less Spread, why not out of In...Spread of Jaininsm, Why, Result of Spread, Why less Spread, why not out of In...
Spread of Jaininsm, Why, Result of Spread, Why less Spread, why not out of In...
Banaras Hindu University
 
Saturday presentation on desert
Saturday presentation on desertSaturday presentation on desert
Saturday presentation on desert
DEEPU HAZARIKA
 
New Empires in India
New Empires in IndiaNew Empires in India
New Empires in India
Pinecrest Academy Nevada
 
Religions of India 1
Religions of India 1Religions of India 1
Religions of India 1
pixel the photo
 
Vedic civilization & early vedic period
Vedic civilization & early vedic  periodVedic civilization & early vedic  period
Vedic civilization & early vedic period
GauravKumar2991
 
Buddhism and Jainism
Buddhism and JainismBuddhism and Jainism
Buddhism and Jainism
rahul_gautam
 
Ivc religion pdf
Ivc religion pdfIvc religion pdf
Ivc religion pdf
Prachi Sontakke
 
Harsha Vardhana
Harsha VardhanaHarsha Vardhana
Harsha Vardhana
Yatish Achar
 
Shaivism
ShaivismShaivism
Shaivism
Prachi Sontakke
 
daan.pdf
daan.pdfdaan.pdf
daan.pdf
PrachiSontakke5
 
Buddha
BuddhaBuddha
Jainism
Jainism Jainism
Hinduism Project
Hinduism ProjectHinduism Project
Hinduism Project
Sheri
 
Evolution of Sramanic Jain Culture
Evolution of Sramanic Jain CultureEvolution of Sramanic Jain Culture
Evolution of Sramanic Jain Culture
Bal Patil
 
Sikhism
SikhismSikhism
Economy of indus valley
Economy of indus valley Economy of indus valley
Economy of indus valley
Virag Sontakke
 

What's hot (20)

Bhakti movement
Bhakti movementBhakti movement
Bhakti movement
 
VARNA DHARMA
VARNA DHARMAVARNA DHARMA
VARNA DHARMA
 
guru granth sahib ji
   guru granth sahib ji   guru granth sahib ji
guru granth sahib ji
 
The contemporary the buddha
The contemporary the buddhaThe contemporary the buddha
The contemporary the buddha
 
Spread of Jaininsm, Why, Result of Spread, Why less Spread, why not out of In...
Spread of Jaininsm, Why, Result of Spread, Why less Spread, why not out of In...Spread of Jaininsm, Why, Result of Spread, Why less Spread, why not out of In...
Spread of Jaininsm, Why, Result of Spread, Why less Spread, why not out of In...
 
Saturday presentation on desert
Saturday presentation on desertSaturday presentation on desert
Saturday presentation on desert
 
New Empires in India
New Empires in IndiaNew Empires in India
New Empires in India
 
Religions of India 1
Religions of India 1Religions of India 1
Religions of India 1
 
Vedic civilization & early vedic period
Vedic civilization & early vedic  periodVedic civilization & early vedic  period
Vedic civilization & early vedic period
 
Buddhism and Jainism
Buddhism and JainismBuddhism and Jainism
Buddhism and Jainism
 
Ivc religion pdf
Ivc religion pdfIvc religion pdf
Ivc religion pdf
 
Harsha Vardhana
Harsha VardhanaHarsha Vardhana
Harsha Vardhana
 
Shaivism
ShaivismShaivism
Shaivism
 
daan.pdf
daan.pdfdaan.pdf
daan.pdf
 
Buddha
BuddhaBuddha
Buddha
 
Jainism
Jainism Jainism
Jainism
 
Hinduism Project
Hinduism ProjectHinduism Project
Hinduism Project
 
Evolution of Sramanic Jain Culture
Evolution of Sramanic Jain CultureEvolution of Sramanic Jain Culture
Evolution of Sramanic Jain Culture
 
Sikhism
SikhismSikhism
Sikhism
 
Economy of indus valley
Economy of indus valley Economy of indus valley
Economy of indus valley
 

Similar to Introduction to jain religion

Jainism & Jainism circuit in India
Jainism & Jainism circuit in IndiaJainism & Jainism circuit in India
Jainism & Jainism circuit in India
salonibansal21
 
Jainism presentation
Jainism presentationJainism presentation
Jainism presentation
HSST PHILOSOPHY MIMHSS PEROFE
 
Doctrine of Mahavira
Doctrine of MahaviraDoctrine of Mahavira
Doctrine of Mahavira
bahubali1611
 
JAINISM AND EDUCATION.pptx
JAINISM AND EDUCATION.pptxJAINISM AND EDUCATION.pptx
JAINISM AND EDUCATION.pptx
SATYABRATA DASH
 
Hinduism
HinduismHinduism
Hinduism
Laurissa Agosta
 
Hinduism: Summary of "On Death and After in Brahmanic Hindu India" William...
Hinduism:  Summary of  "On Death and After in Brahmanic Hindu India"  William...Hinduism:  Summary of  "On Death and After in Brahmanic Hindu India"  William...
Hinduism: Summary of "On Death and After in Brahmanic Hindu India" William...
ggarcia1920
 
Hinduism
HinduismHinduism
Hinduism
satyakota123
 
Jain vaani
Jain vaaniJain vaani
Jain vaani
Arpit Jain
 
Doctrine of Karma by Sramaniji Chaitanya Pragyaji
Doctrine of Karma by Sramaniji Chaitanya Pragyaji Doctrine of Karma by Sramaniji Chaitanya Pragyaji
Doctrine of Karma by Sramaniji Chaitanya Pragyaji
Young Jains of America
 
buddhismandjainism-150217002010-conversion-gate02.pdf
buddhismandjainism-150217002010-conversion-gate02.pdfbuddhismandjainism-150217002010-conversion-gate02.pdf
buddhismandjainism-150217002010-conversion-gate02.pdf
Daksh782368
 
buddhismandjainism-150217002010-conversion-gate02.pdf
buddhismandjainism-150217002010-conversion-gate02.pdfbuddhismandjainism-150217002010-conversion-gate02.pdf
buddhismandjainism-150217002010-conversion-gate02.pdf
Daksh782368
 
buddhismandjainism-150217002010-conversion-gate02 (2).pdf
buddhismandjainism-150217002010-conversion-gate02 (2).pdfbuddhismandjainism-150217002010-conversion-gate02 (2).pdf
buddhismandjainism-150217002010-conversion-gate02 (2).pdf
Daksh782368
 
Hinduism
HinduismHinduism
Hinduism
Mohit Singla
 
Hinduism
HinduismHinduism
Hinduism
Mohit Singla
 
Jainism beliefs sikhms beliefs
Jainism beliefs  sikhms beliefsJainism beliefs  sikhms beliefs
Jainism beliefs sikhms beliefs
Cinthia Ortega
 
Jainism ....
Jainism ....Jainism ....
Jainism ....
Deepak Somaji-Sawant
 
Jainism
JainismJainism
Jainism
Dana Bredeson
 
World ReligionsReligionOrigin of All ThingsNature of GodCreatorVi.docx
World ReligionsReligionOrigin of All ThingsNature of GodCreatorVi.docxWorld ReligionsReligionOrigin of All ThingsNature of GodCreatorVi.docx
World ReligionsReligionOrigin of All ThingsNature of GodCreatorVi.docx
ericbrooks84875
 
jainismandjsmcintrobydd-120521060817-phpapp02.pdf
jainismandjsmcintrobydd-120521060817-phpapp02.pdfjainismandjsmcintrobydd-120521060817-phpapp02.pdf
jainismandjsmcintrobydd-120521060817-phpapp02.pdf
Rogie David
 
Jainism
JainismJainism
Jainism
Alok Sansthan
 

Similar to Introduction to jain religion (20)

Jainism & Jainism circuit in India
Jainism & Jainism circuit in IndiaJainism & Jainism circuit in India
Jainism & Jainism circuit in India
 
Jainism presentation
Jainism presentationJainism presentation
Jainism presentation
 
Doctrine of Mahavira
Doctrine of MahaviraDoctrine of Mahavira
Doctrine of Mahavira
 
JAINISM AND EDUCATION.pptx
JAINISM AND EDUCATION.pptxJAINISM AND EDUCATION.pptx
JAINISM AND EDUCATION.pptx
 
Hinduism
HinduismHinduism
Hinduism
 
Hinduism: Summary of "On Death and After in Brahmanic Hindu India" William...
Hinduism:  Summary of  "On Death and After in Brahmanic Hindu India"  William...Hinduism:  Summary of  "On Death and After in Brahmanic Hindu India"  William...
Hinduism: Summary of "On Death and After in Brahmanic Hindu India" William...
 
Hinduism
HinduismHinduism
Hinduism
 
Jain vaani
Jain vaaniJain vaani
Jain vaani
 
Doctrine of Karma by Sramaniji Chaitanya Pragyaji
Doctrine of Karma by Sramaniji Chaitanya Pragyaji Doctrine of Karma by Sramaniji Chaitanya Pragyaji
Doctrine of Karma by Sramaniji Chaitanya Pragyaji
 
buddhismandjainism-150217002010-conversion-gate02.pdf
buddhismandjainism-150217002010-conversion-gate02.pdfbuddhismandjainism-150217002010-conversion-gate02.pdf
buddhismandjainism-150217002010-conversion-gate02.pdf
 
buddhismandjainism-150217002010-conversion-gate02.pdf
buddhismandjainism-150217002010-conversion-gate02.pdfbuddhismandjainism-150217002010-conversion-gate02.pdf
buddhismandjainism-150217002010-conversion-gate02.pdf
 
buddhismandjainism-150217002010-conversion-gate02 (2).pdf
buddhismandjainism-150217002010-conversion-gate02 (2).pdfbuddhismandjainism-150217002010-conversion-gate02 (2).pdf
buddhismandjainism-150217002010-conversion-gate02 (2).pdf
 
Hinduism
HinduismHinduism
Hinduism
 
Hinduism
HinduismHinduism
Hinduism
 
Jainism beliefs sikhms beliefs
Jainism beliefs  sikhms beliefsJainism beliefs  sikhms beliefs
Jainism beliefs sikhms beliefs
 
Jainism ....
Jainism ....Jainism ....
Jainism ....
 
Jainism
JainismJainism
Jainism
 
World ReligionsReligionOrigin of All ThingsNature of GodCreatorVi.docx
World ReligionsReligionOrigin of All ThingsNature of GodCreatorVi.docxWorld ReligionsReligionOrigin of All ThingsNature of GodCreatorVi.docx
World ReligionsReligionOrigin of All ThingsNature of GodCreatorVi.docx
 
jainismandjsmcintrobydd-120521060817-phpapp02.pdf
jainismandjsmcintrobydd-120521060817-phpapp02.pdfjainismandjsmcintrobydd-120521060817-phpapp02.pdf
jainismandjsmcintrobydd-120521060817-phpapp02.pdf
 
Jainism
JainismJainism
Jainism
 

Recently uploaded

ASONAM2023_presection_slide_track-recommendation.pdf
ASONAM2023_presection_slide_track-recommendation.pdfASONAM2023_presection_slide_track-recommendation.pdf
ASONAM2023_presection_slide_track-recommendation.pdf
ToshihiroIto4
 
Collapsing Narratives: Exploring Non-Linearity • a micro report by Rosie Wells
Collapsing Narratives: Exploring Non-Linearity • a micro report by Rosie WellsCollapsing Narratives: Exploring Non-Linearity • a micro report by Rosie Wells
Collapsing Narratives: Exploring Non-Linearity • a micro report by Rosie Wells
Rosie Wells
 
Gregory Harris' Civics Presentation.pptx
Gregory Harris' Civics Presentation.pptxGregory Harris' Civics Presentation.pptx
Gregory Harris' Civics Presentation.pptx
gharris9
 
Competition and Regulation in Professions and Occupations – OECD – June 2024 ...
Competition and Regulation in Professions and Occupations – OECD – June 2024 ...Competition and Regulation in Professions and Occupations – OECD – June 2024 ...
Competition and Regulation in Professions and Occupations – OECD – June 2024 ...
OECD Directorate for Financial and Enterprise Affairs
 
Supercharge your AI - SSP Industry Breakout Session 2024-v2_1.pdf
Supercharge your AI - SSP Industry Breakout Session 2024-v2_1.pdfSupercharge your AI - SSP Industry Breakout Session 2024-v2_1.pdf
Supercharge your AI - SSP Industry Breakout Session 2024-v2_1.pdf
Access Innovations, Inc.
 
2024-05-30_meetup_devops_aix-marseille.pdf
2024-05-30_meetup_devops_aix-marseille.pdf2024-05-30_meetup_devops_aix-marseille.pdf
2024-05-30_meetup_devops_aix-marseille.pdf
Frederic Leger
 
Gregory Harris - Cycle 2 - Civics Presentation
Gregory Harris - Cycle 2 - Civics PresentationGregory Harris - Cycle 2 - Civics Presentation
Gregory Harris - Cycle 2 - Civics Presentation
gharris9
 
Tom tresser burning issue.pptx My Burning issue
Tom tresser burning issue.pptx My Burning issueTom tresser burning issue.pptx My Burning issue
Tom tresser burning issue.pptx My Burning issue
amekonnen
 
Presentatie 4. Jochen Cremer - TU Delft 28 mei 2024
Presentatie 4. Jochen Cremer - TU Delft 28 mei 2024Presentatie 4. Jochen Cremer - TU Delft 28 mei 2024
Presentatie 4. Jochen Cremer - TU Delft 28 mei 2024
Dutch Power
 
Announcement of 18th IEEE International Conference on Software Testing, Verif...
Announcement of 18th IEEE International Conference on Software Testing, Verif...Announcement of 18th IEEE International Conference on Software Testing, Verif...
Announcement of 18th IEEE International Conference on Software Testing, Verif...
Sebastiano Panichella
 
XP 2024 presentation: A New Look to Leadership
XP 2024 presentation: A New Look to LeadershipXP 2024 presentation: A New Look to Leadership
XP 2024 presentation: A New Look to Leadership
samililja
 
Presentatie 8. Joost van der Linde & Daniel Anderton - Eliq 28 mei 2024
Presentatie 8. Joost van der Linde & Daniel Anderton - Eliq 28 mei 2024Presentatie 8. Joost van der Linde & Daniel Anderton - Eliq 28 mei 2024
Presentatie 8. Joost van der Linde & Daniel Anderton - Eliq 28 mei 2024
Dutch Power
 
Updated diagnosis. Cause and treatment of hypothyroidism
Updated diagnosis. Cause and treatment of hypothyroidismUpdated diagnosis. Cause and treatment of hypothyroidism
Updated diagnosis. Cause and treatment of hypothyroidism
Faculty of Medicine And Health Sciences
 
Bonzo subscription_hjjjjjjjj5hhhhhhh_2024.pdf
Bonzo subscription_hjjjjjjjj5hhhhhhh_2024.pdfBonzo subscription_hjjjjjjjj5hhhhhhh_2024.pdf
Bonzo subscription_hjjjjjjjj5hhhhhhh_2024.pdf
khadija278284
 
International Workshop on Artificial Intelligence in Software Testing
International Workshop on Artificial Intelligence in Software TestingInternational Workshop on Artificial Intelligence in Software Testing
International Workshop on Artificial Intelligence in Software Testing
Sebastiano Panichella
 
Mastering the Concepts Tested in the Databricks Certified Data Engineer Assoc...
Mastering the Concepts Tested in the Databricks Certified Data Engineer Assoc...Mastering the Concepts Tested in the Databricks Certified Data Engineer Assoc...
Mastering the Concepts Tested in the Databricks Certified Data Engineer Assoc...
SkillCertProExams
 
Suzanne Lagerweij - Influence Without Power - Why Empathy is Your Best Friend...
Suzanne Lagerweij - Influence Without Power - Why Empathy is Your Best Friend...Suzanne Lagerweij - Influence Without Power - Why Empathy is Your Best Friend...
Suzanne Lagerweij - Influence Without Power - Why Empathy is Your Best Friend...
Suzanne Lagerweij
 
María Carolina Martínez - eCommerce Day Colombia 2024
María Carolina Martínez - eCommerce Day Colombia 2024María Carolina Martínez - eCommerce Day Colombia 2024
María Carolina Martínez - eCommerce Day Colombia 2024
eCommerce Institute
 
Burning Issue Presentation By Kenmaryon.pdf
Burning Issue Presentation By Kenmaryon.pdfBurning Issue Presentation By Kenmaryon.pdf
Burning Issue Presentation By Kenmaryon.pdf
kkirkland2
 
Media as a Mind Controlling Strategy In Old and Modern Era
Media as a Mind Controlling Strategy In Old and Modern EraMedia as a Mind Controlling Strategy In Old and Modern Era
Media as a Mind Controlling Strategy In Old and Modern Era
faizulhassanfaiz1670
 

Recently uploaded (20)

ASONAM2023_presection_slide_track-recommendation.pdf
ASONAM2023_presection_slide_track-recommendation.pdfASONAM2023_presection_slide_track-recommendation.pdf
ASONAM2023_presection_slide_track-recommendation.pdf
 
Collapsing Narratives: Exploring Non-Linearity • a micro report by Rosie Wells
Collapsing Narratives: Exploring Non-Linearity • a micro report by Rosie WellsCollapsing Narratives: Exploring Non-Linearity • a micro report by Rosie Wells
Collapsing Narratives: Exploring Non-Linearity • a micro report by Rosie Wells
 
Gregory Harris' Civics Presentation.pptx
Gregory Harris' Civics Presentation.pptxGregory Harris' Civics Presentation.pptx
Gregory Harris' Civics Presentation.pptx
 
Competition and Regulation in Professions and Occupations – OECD – June 2024 ...
Competition and Regulation in Professions and Occupations – OECD – June 2024 ...Competition and Regulation in Professions and Occupations – OECD – June 2024 ...
Competition and Regulation in Professions and Occupations – OECD – June 2024 ...
 
Supercharge your AI - SSP Industry Breakout Session 2024-v2_1.pdf
Supercharge your AI - SSP Industry Breakout Session 2024-v2_1.pdfSupercharge your AI - SSP Industry Breakout Session 2024-v2_1.pdf
Supercharge your AI - SSP Industry Breakout Session 2024-v2_1.pdf
 
2024-05-30_meetup_devops_aix-marseille.pdf
2024-05-30_meetup_devops_aix-marseille.pdf2024-05-30_meetup_devops_aix-marseille.pdf
2024-05-30_meetup_devops_aix-marseille.pdf
 
Gregory Harris - Cycle 2 - Civics Presentation
Gregory Harris - Cycle 2 - Civics PresentationGregory Harris - Cycle 2 - Civics Presentation
Gregory Harris - Cycle 2 - Civics Presentation
 
Tom tresser burning issue.pptx My Burning issue
Tom tresser burning issue.pptx My Burning issueTom tresser burning issue.pptx My Burning issue
Tom tresser burning issue.pptx My Burning issue
 
Presentatie 4. Jochen Cremer - TU Delft 28 mei 2024
Presentatie 4. Jochen Cremer - TU Delft 28 mei 2024Presentatie 4. Jochen Cremer - TU Delft 28 mei 2024
Presentatie 4. Jochen Cremer - TU Delft 28 mei 2024
 
Announcement of 18th IEEE International Conference on Software Testing, Verif...
Announcement of 18th IEEE International Conference on Software Testing, Verif...Announcement of 18th IEEE International Conference on Software Testing, Verif...
Announcement of 18th IEEE International Conference on Software Testing, Verif...
 
XP 2024 presentation: A New Look to Leadership
XP 2024 presentation: A New Look to LeadershipXP 2024 presentation: A New Look to Leadership
XP 2024 presentation: A New Look to Leadership
 
Presentatie 8. Joost van der Linde & Daniel Anderton - Eliq 28 mei 2024
Presentatie 8. Joost van der Linde & Daniel Anderton - Eliq 28 mei 2024Presentatie 8. Joost van der Linde & Daniel Anderton - Eliq 28 mei 2024
Presentatie 8. Joost van der Linde & Daniel Anderton - Eliq 28 mei 2024
 
Updated diagnosis. Cause and treatment of hypothyroidism
Updated diagnosis. Cause and treatment of hypothyroidismUpdated diagnosis. Cause and treatment of hypothyroidism
Updated diagnosis. Cause and treatment of hypothyroidism
 
Bonzo subscription_hjjjjjjjj5hhhhhhh_2024.pdf
Bonzo subscription_hjjjjjjjj5hhhhhhh_2024.pdfBonzo subscription_hjjjjjjjj5hhhhhhh_2024.pdf
Bonzo subscription_hjjjjjjjj5hhhhhhh_2024.pdf
 
International Workshop on Artificial Intelligence in Software Testing
International Workshop on Artificial Intelligence in Software TestingInternational Workshop on Artificial Intelligence in Software Testing
International Workshop on Artificial Intelligence in Software Testing
 
Mastering the Concepts Tested in the Databricks Certified Data Engineer Assoc...
Mastering the Concepts Tested in the Databricks Certified Data Engineer Assoc...Mastering the Concepts Tested in the Databricks Certified Data Engineer Assoc...
Mastering the Concepts Tested in the Databricks Certified Data Engineer Assoc...
 
Suzanne Lagerweij - Influence Without Power - Why Empathy is Your Best Friend...
Suzanne Lagerweij - Influence Without Power - Why Empathy is Your Best Friend...Suzanne Lagerweij - Influence Without Power - Why Empathy is Your Best Friend...
Suzanne Lagerweij - Influence Without Power - Why Empathy is Your Best Friend...
 
María Carolina Martínez - eCommerce Day Colombia 2024
María Carolina Martínez - eCommerce Day Colombia 2024María Carolina Martínez - eCommerce Day Colombia 2024
María Carolina Martínez - eCommerce Day Colombia 2024
 
Burning Issue Presentation By Kenmaryon.pdf
Burning Issue Presentation By Kenmaryon.pdfBurning Issue Presentation By Kenmaryon.pdf
Burning Issue Presentation By Kenmaryon.pdf
 
Media as a Mind Controlling Strategy In Old and Modern Era
Media as a Mind Controlling Strategy In Old and Modern EraMedia as a Mind Controlling Strategy In Old and Modern Era
Media as a Mind Controlling Strategy In Old and Modern Era
 

Introduction to jain religion

  • 1. INTRODUCTION TO JAIN RELIGION By KAJAL KUMARI MOHAN
  • 2. Introduction Jainism or Jain dharma is one of the ancient religion in India the word . In certain sacred scriptures and manuscripts the Jainism founder was called Mahavira (599-527BC). He was refereed as Jina . Jain is derived from the Sanskrit word Jina meaning ‘spiritual victor’. Jain is the one who accept all the teachings of the Tirthankaras. Jainism was evolved in India during 600BCE
  • 3. ◦ Teachings of Jainism specifically include certain instances of Hinduism and Buddhism. The origin of Jainism is considered with the rise of Buddhism ◦ The majority of Jains currently reside in India. Jains form 0.37% of India's population, mostly in the states of Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Karnataka, Uttar Pradesh, Delhi, Tamil Nadu. ◦ Jains believe that animals and plants, as well as human beings, contain living souls. Each of these souls is considered of equal value and should be treated with respect and compassion. ◦ Jains are strict vegetarians and live in a way that minimises their use of the world's resource.
  • 4. ◦ They believe in reincarnation and seek to attain ultimate liberation - which means escaping the continuous cycle of birth, death and rebirth so that the immortal soul lives for ever in a state of bliss. Liberation is achieved by eliminating all karma from the soul. ◦ Jainism is a religion of self-help. There are no gods or spiritual beings that will help human beings. ◦ The three guiding principles of Jainism, the 'three jewels’: are right belief, right knowledge and right conduct. ◦ The supreme principle of Jain living is non violence (ahimsa). ◦ There is 5 mahavratas (the 5 great vows). The other mahavratas are non violence (ahimsa), non-attachment to possessions, not lying, not stealing, and sexual restraint (with celibacy as the ideal).
  • 5. ◦ The texts containing the teachings of Mahavira are called the Agamas. ◦ Jains are divided into two major sects; the Digambara (meaning "sky clad") sect and the Svetambara (meaning "white clad") sect. ◦ Jainism has no priests. Its professional religious people are monks and nuns, who lead strict and ascetic lives.
  • 6. Jain Symbol: ◦ Jain Symbol is a congregation of various symbols, each having a deeper meaning. This symbol was adopted by all sects of Jainism while commemorating the 2500th anniversary of the nirvana of Lord Mahavira. ◦ The outline of the symbol is defined as the universe (Lok). The lower part of the symbol represents the seven hells (Naraki). The middle part of the universe contains the Earth and the planets (Manushyalok). The upper part contains the heavenly abodes (Devlok) of all the celestial beings and abode of the Siddhas (Siddhashila). ◦ Jains believe that this universe was neither created by anyone, nor can it be destroyed by anyone. It may change its form, but otherwise, it has always been and will always be here.
  • 7. ◦ The raised hand means stop. The word in the centre of the wheel is "Ahimsa". Ahimsa means non-violence. Between these two, they remind us to stop for a minute and think twice before doing anything. This gives us a chance to scrutinize our activities to be sure that they will not hurt anyone by our words, thoughts, or actions. We are also not supposed to ask or encourage others to take part in any harmful activity. ◦ The wheel in the hand shows that if we are not careful and ignore these warnings and carry on violent activities, then just as the wheel goes round and round, we will go round and round through the cycles of birth and death. ◦ The four arms of the swastika remind us that during the cycles of birth and death we may be born into any one of the four destinies: heavenly beings, human beings, animal beings, (including birds, bugs, and plants) and hellish beings. Our aim should be the liberation and not the rebirth. To show how we can do this, the swastika reminds us that we should become the pillars of the four fold Jain Sangh, then only can we achieve liberation.
  • 8. ◦ The four pillars of the Jain Sangh are sädhus, sädhvis, shrävaks, and shrävikäs. This means that first, we should strive to be a true shrävaks shrävikäs, and when we can overcome our social attachments, we should renounce the worldly life and follow the path of a sädhu or sädhvi to be liberated. ◦ The three dots above the swastika represent the three jewels of Jainism: Samyak Darshan (Right Faith), Samyak Jnan (Right Knowledge), and. Samyak Charitra (Right Conduct). ◦ We should have all three: right knowledge, right faith, and right conduct together, then only can we achieve the liberation. ◦ At the very top part of the Jain Universe symbol is a small curved arc. This arc represents the abode of the Siddhas. It is known as the Siddhashila. It is the final resting place of the liberated souls. The dot represents a siddha. In order to achieve this stage, a soul must destroy all attached karmas. Every living being should strive for this state of the Salvation or Liberation.
  • 9. Tirthankara: Tirthankara are the most important person in Jainism just like the purohits of Hindus. These peoples remove themselves from all the attachment to the world. A tirthankara called Mahavira is believed to be the founder of Jainism. Tirthankara are the saviors who have succeeded in crossing over life’s stream of rebirth
  • 10. Right faith: Right truth is accepting the seven truth or tattvas of Jainism ◦ Jiva : all living things have an perfect immortal soul ◦ Ajiva: non living organism have no soul ◦ Asrava: doing actions drags karma to your soul ◦ Bandha: karma sticks to your soul ◦ Samvara: you can stop the influence of karma ◦ Nirjara: you can separate karma from your soul ◦ Moksha: free your soul from the cycle of rebirth amd death
  • 11. Main principles of Jainism : There are specific principles of Jainism which mention many of the teachings and actions connecting to liberation and salvation. All the principles relate to specify the facts and clear the confusion of what is Jainism. Some of the basic principles of Jainism, which mention the path to Nirvana and eternal salvation: ◦ Ahimsa (Non-violence) ◦ Satya (Truthfulness) ◦ Acharya (Non-stealing) ◦ Aparigraha (non-possessiveness) ◦ Celibacy