SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 52
WWII Broke out –
                              Hitler Kills
  No human rights                                   United Nations (1945)
                         approximately 9 million
                                people




                                                    Universal Declaration of
Cyrus the Great (Cyrus
                         Gandhi Protests (1915)      Human Rights (1946-
       Cylinder)
                                                             1948)




                           French Revolution
                         (1789) : Declaration of
 Rome’s Natural Law      Rights and Man of the
                           Citizen (NATURAL
                                RIGHTS)



Kings were limited of         United State’s
 their rights by their        Declaration of
subjects; Magna Carta    Independence: Individual
(1215) and Petition of      Rights and Right of
    Rights (1628)           Revolution (1776)
UDHR
                                                      The International Covenant on Civil
             Not a binding    Derives its                     and Political Rights
Passed on:
                part of       power from                            and the
December
             International      the UN                    International Covenant on
 10, 1948
                  Law           Charter                 Economic, Social and Cultural
                                                                    Rights


                                Article               Approved             Binding
                                  55                  on 1966              treaties

                               “all the members to                         Expand and
                                promote universal                        provide details
                                  respect for and
                              obedience of human                          to principles
                             rights and fundamental                      bodied by the
                                     freedoms”.
                                                                             UDHR.
Definition of Human Rights
“ Human: noun
  A member of the Homo sapiens species; a man, woman or child; a
  person.
  Rights: noun
  Things to which you are entitled or allowed; freedoms that are
  guaranteed.
  Human Rights: noun
  The rights you have simply because you are human. ”
Humanitarian Law

 aims to protect people who do not or
are no longer taking part in hostilities


applies in situations of armed conflict
 Developed through practice and then through treaty law; contains a
very large number of detailed rules that reflect the balance.
Humanitarian
Human Rights
                            Law

      protect the              applies during
    individual at all         armed conflict
   times, in war and       situations and those
      peace alike.            of occupation.



    individuals and         military necessity
         State               and humanity




  can be international       international in
      or regional                 scope
• Right to free speech




    • Right to a fair trial
• Right to freedom from   • Right to protection of
  torture, abuse            the law
• Right to education
        Second Generation

   (Economic, Social and Cultural Rights)
• Right to health
• Right to employment
                        • Right to an adequate
                          income
• Right to social security
Right to benefit
Right to economic
                       Right to prosperity      from economic
  development
                                                    growth


                                   Right to a healthy
             Right to social
                                  environment, clean
                harmony
                                   air and water, etc.
International Humanitarian Law (IHL)
                        Also known as the
                  Law of Armed Conflict
                  (LOAC), IHL is a branch of
                  Public International Law
                  and constitutes a subset of
                  Human      Rights    Law.It
                  becomes operational only
                  during times of armed
                  conflict.
International humanitarian
law is rooted in the rules of
ancient    civilizations and
religions – warfare has
always been subject to
certain     principles   and
customs.
The Geneva Law as it has
evolve since the Battle of
Solferino in 1895 concerned itself
mainly for the protection of the
victims of war while Hague Law
focused on the limitations of the
means and methods of warfare.
Ottawa Treaty of
1997 that banned
the
  production, use
and transfer of anti
personnel mines.
Categories of IHL
1.   Treaties on the protection of victims of
     war, e.g., Geneva Conventions I-IV and
     two additional 1977 Protocols




               Protocol I   Protocol II
2. Treaties on the limitation
     and/ or prohibition of
     different types of arms
       e.g. The Hague Law

3.   Treaties on the protection of certain
     objects, e.g., the protocol for the protection of
     cultural property in the event of armed conflict

4. Treaties governing international
   jurisdiction (repression of crimes) i.e.,
     the Statute of the International Criminal Court,
     Rome, 1998
Natural Rights


Constitutional Rights
• Political Rights
• Civil Rights
• Rights of an accused



Statutory Rights
Natural Rights
         These Rights are naturally
          conferred upon a person by his
          creator as human and rational
          being, which are so indispensable
          and inalienable. A person needs
          not to invoke the source of his
          right, as right to life, for example is
          an inherent one.
Constitutional
   Rights

         They are those rights which are
          conferred and protected by the
          Constitution. Since they are part
          of the fundamental law, they
          cannot be modified or taken
          away by the law-making body.
Division of Constitutional Rights
a. Political Rights. The opportunity
    granted to the citizens to take part in
    the establishment or administration
    of the state known as political rights.

b. Civil Rights. Those rights which the law
   will enforce at the instance of private
   individuals for the purpose of securing
   to them the enjoyment of their means
   of livelihood.

c. Rights of the Accused. Those rights
   intended for the protection of a
   person who is accused of any crime.
Statutory
  Rights


         They are those rights which are
          provided by laws promulgated by law-
          making body and. Consequently, may
          be abolished by the same body.
Human rights
Human rights
Human rights
Human rights
Human rights
Human rights
Human rights
Human rights
Human rights
Human rights
Human rights
Human rights
Human rights
Human rights
Human rights
Human rights
Human rights
Human rights
Human rights
Human rights
Human rights
Human rights
Human rights

More Related Content

What's hot

An Introduction To Human Rights
An Introduction To Human RightsAn Introduction To Human Rights
An Introduction To Human Rightstotal
 
Human Rights Presentation
Human Rights PresentationHuman Rights Presentation
Human Rights Presentationellaboi
 
Model Presentation Power Point On Human Rights
Model Presentation Power Point On Human RightsModel Presentation Power Point On Human Rights
Model Presentation Power Point On Human Rightssmuench
 
International Covenant on Economics, Social & Cultural Rights (ICESCR)
International Covenant on Economics, Social & Cultural Rights (ICESCR)International Covenant on Economics, Social & Cultural Rights (ICESCR)
International Covenant on Economics, Social & Cultural Rights (ICESCR)Bhargav Dangar
 
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights
The Universal Declaration of Human RightsThe Universal Declaration of Human Rights
The Universal Declaration of Human RightsJeanette C. Patindol
 
International human rights law
International human rights lawInternational human rights law
International human rights lawFAROUQ
 
Human rights : A fundamental right
Human rights : A fundamental rightHuman rights : A fundamental right
Human rights : A fundamental right5SAH
 
Evolution of human rights in time and place
Evolution of human rights in time and placeEvolution of human rights in time and place
Evolution of human rights in time and placeSarah Hopper
 
Human rights and third world countries
Human rights and third world countriesHuman rights and third world countries
Human rights and third world countriesImran Subho
 
History of human rights, UDHR, ICCPR & ICESCR
History of human rights, UDHR, ICCPR & ICESCRHistory of human rights, UDHR, ICCPR & ICESCR
History of human rights, UDHR, ICCPR & ICESCRDr. SMITA SATAPATHY
 

What's hot (20)

An Introduction To Human Rights
An Introduction To Human RightsAn Introduction To Human Rights
An Introduction To Human Rights
 
An Introduction To Human Rights
An Introduction To Human RightsAn Introduction To Human Rights
An Introduction To Human Rights
 
Human Rights
Human RightsHuman Rights
Human Rights
 
Human Rights
Human RightsHuman Rights
Human Rights
 
Human Rights Presentation
Human Rights PresentationHuman Rights Presentation
Human Rights Presentation
 
Human rights
Human rightsHuman rights
Human rights
 
Model Presentation Power Point On Human Rights
Model Presentation Power Point On Human RightsModel Presentation Power Point On Human Rights
Model Presentation Power Point On Human Rights
 
International Covenant on Economics, Social & Cultural Rights (ICESCR)
International Covenant on Economics, Social & Cultural Rights (ICESCR)International Covenant on Economics, Social & Cultural Rights (ICESCR)
International Covenant on Economics, Social & Cultural Rights (ICESCR)
 
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights
The Universal Declaration of Human RightsThe Universal Declaration of Human Rights
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights
 
History of Human Rights
History of Human RightsHistory of Human Rights
History of Human Rights
 
International human rights law
International human rights lawInternational human rights law
International human rights law
 
Refugees
RefugeesRefugees
Refugees
 
The human rights
The human rightsThe human rights
The human rights
 
Human rights : A fundamental right
Human rights : A fundamental rightHuman rights : A fundamental right
Human rights : A fundamental right
 
Evolution of human rights in time and place
Evolution of human rights in time and placeEvolution of human rights in time and place
Evolution of human rights in time and place
 
UDHR
UDHRUDHR
UDHR
 
Human Rights
 Human Rights Human Rights
Human Rights
 
Human rights and third world countries
Human rights and third world countriesHuman rights and third world countries
Human rights and third world countries
 
History of human rights, UDHR, ICCPR & ICESCR
History of human rights, UDHR, ICCPR & ICESCRHistory of human rights, UDHR, ICCPR & ICESCR
History of human rights, UDHR, ICCPR & ICESCR
 
Udhr
UdhrUdhr
Udhr
 

Viewers also liked (20)

Human rights powerpoint
Human rights powerpointHuman rights powerpoint
Human rights powerpoint
 
Human Rights
Human RightsHuman Rights
Human Rights
 
Human rights
Human rightsHuman rights
Human rights
 
international human rights law
international human rights lawinternational human rights law
international human rights law
 
RH Bill in the Philippines
RH Bill in the PhilippinesRH Bill in the Philippines
RH Bill in the Philippines
 
The Economic Problem
The Economic ProblemThe Economic Problem
The Economic Problem
 
Rh bill presentation
Rh bill presentationRh bill presentation
Rh bill presentation
 
Human rights in_india
Human rights in_indiaHuman rights in_india
Human rights in_india
 
Direitos Humanos
Direitos HumanosDireitos Humanos
Direitos Humanos
 
Social Developmental Theory
Social Developmental TheorySocial Developmental Theory
Social Developmental Theory
 
Right To Service Act 2012-KERALA
Right To Service Act 2012-KERALARight To Service Act 2012-KERALA
Right To Service Act 2012-KERALA
 
Rostows stages
Rostows stagesRostows stages
Rostows stages
 
Right to service act
Right to service actRight to service act
Right to service act
 
RIGHT TO SERVICE
RIGHT TO SERVICERIGHT TO SERVICE
RIGHT TO SERVICE
 
Social development theory
Social development theorySocial development theory
Social development theory
 
rostow stages of growth
rostow stages of growthrostow stages of growth
rostow stages of growth
 
HRBD Needs Vs Rights
HRBD Needs Vs RightsHRBD Needs Vs Rights
HRBD Needs Vs Rights
 
SEVANAVAKASA NIYAMAM -2011-KERALA
SEVANAVAKASA NIYAMAM -2011-KERALASEVANAVAKASA NIYAMAM -2011-KERALA
SEVANAVAKASA NIYAMAM -2011-KERALA
 
Growth+pole+theory
Growth+pole+theoryGrowth+pole+theory
Growth+pole+theory
 
Growth pole theory
Growth pole theoryGrowth pole theory
Growth pole theory
 

Similar to Human rights

Concept of Human Rights_VI Sem.pptx
Concept of Human Rights_VI Sem.pptxConcept of Human Rights_VI Sem.pptx
Concept of Human Rights_VI Sem.pptxAnoop Kumar Sharma
 
HUman Rights Law 1 -Notes-mekele.pptx
HUman Rights Law 1 -Notes-mekele.pptxHUman Rights Law 1 -Notes-mekele.pptx
HUman Rights Law 1 -Notes-mekele.pptxdavezeethiopia
 
Brief human rights (by adv. rai m raza sher)
Brief human rights (by adv. rai m raza sher)Brief human rights (by adv. rai m raza sher)
Brief human rights (by adv. rai m raza sher)Tr Ue Journlism
 
Human rights 2nd lecture
Human rights 2nd lectureHuman rights 2nd lecture
Human rights 2nd lectureMostafa Ahmed
 
Introduction to human rights with a special focus on indian constitution, uni...
Introduction to human rights with a special focus on indian constitution, uni...Introduction to human rights with a special focus on indian constitution, uni...
Introduction to human rights with a special focus on indian constitution, uni...Shahnawaz Ahmed Malik
 
1. Med.hum.II-Human rights.ppt
1. Med.hum.II-Human rights.ppt1. Med.hum.II-Human rights.ppt
1. Med.hum.II-Human rights.pptArhakirAlpapara
 
summary of human rights development.pptx
summary of  human rights development.pptxsummary of  human rights development.pptx
summary of human rights development.pptxsadiqfarhan2
 
Human rights (by Advocate Raja Aleem)
Human rights (by Advocate Raja Aleem)Human rights (by Advocate Raja Aleem)
Human rights (by Advocate Raja Aleem)Raja Aleem
 
David Ford Avon Ct - An Overview of International Relation and Human Rights
David Ford Avon Ct - An Overview of International Relation and Human RightsDavid Ford Avon Ct - An Overview of International Relation and Human Rights
David Ford Avon Ct - An Overview of International Relation and Human RightsDavid Ford Avon Ct
 
Nature of Human Rights
Nature of Human RightsNature of Human Rights
Nature of Human RightsMr Shipp
 
Human Rights and Humanitarian Intervention - Copy.pptx
Human Rights and Humanitarian Intervention - Copy.pptxHuman Rights and Humanitarian Intervention - Copy.pptx
Human Rights and Humanitarian Intervention - Copy.pptxHishamAlNoman
 
Human rights in international perspective
Human rights in international perspectiveHuman rights in international perspective
Human rights in international perspectiverobiulalamsifat2
 
Human rights: Concepts, Origin, sources and ideological foundation pdf
Human rights: Concepts, Origin, sources and ideological foundation pdfHuman rights: Concepts, Origin, sources and ideological foundation pdf
Human rights: Concepts, Origin, sources and ideological foundation pdfAbdul Momin
 
What are International Human Rights - David Ford Avon CT
What are International Human Rights - David Ford Avon CTWhat are International Human Rights - David Ford Avon CT
What are International Human Rights - David Ford Avon CTDavid Ford Avon Ct
 
Inr 4075 human rights protection lecture 1 professor masl
Inr 4075 human rights protection lecture 1 professor maslInr 4075 human rights protection lecture 1 professor masl
Inr 4075 human rights protection lecture 1 professor maslsherni1
 
Lwn158 seminar 5
Lwn158 seminar 5 Lwn158 seminar 5
Lwn158 seminar 5 hollyranae
 

Similar to Human rights (20)

Concept of Human Rights_VI Sem.pptx
Concept of Human Rights_VI Sem.pptxConcept of Human Rights_VI Sem.pptx
Concept of Human Rights_VI Sem.pptx
 
HUman Rights Law 1 -Notes-mekele.pptx
HUman Rights Law 1 -Notes-mekele.pptxHUman Rights Law 1 -Notes-mekele.pptx
HUman Rights Law 1 -Notes-mekele.pptx
 
5th lecture ppp
5th lecture ppp5th lecture ppp
5th lecture ppp
 
Brief human rights (by adv. rai m raza sher)
Brief human rights (by adv. rai m raza sher)Brief human rights (by adv. rai m raza sher)
Brief human rights (by adv. rai m raza sher)
 
Human rights 2nd lecture
Human rights 2nd lectureHuman rights 2nd lecture
Human rights 2nd lecture
 
Human rights lecturer 1
Human rights lecturer 1Human rights lecturer 1
Human rights lecturer 1
 
Introduction to human rights with a special focus on indian constitution, uni...
Introduction to human rights with a special focus on indian constitution, uni...Introduction to human rights with a special focus on indian constitution, uni...
Introduction to human rights with a special focus on indian constitution, uni...
 
1. Med.hum.II-Human rights.ppt
1. Med.hum.II-Human rights.ppt1. Med.hum.II-Human rights.ppt
1. Med.hum.II-Human rights.ppt
 
summary of human rights development.pptx
summary of  human rights development.pptxsummary of  human rights development.pptx
summary of human rights development.pptx
 
Human rights (by Advocate Raja Aleem)
Human rights (by Advocate Raja Aleem)Human rights (by Advocate Raja Aleem)
Human rights (by Advocate Raja Aleem)
 
David Ford Avon Ct - An Overview of International Relation and Human Rights
David Ford Avon Ct - An Overview of International Relation and Human RightsDavid Ford Avon Ct - An Overview of International Relation and Human Rights
David Ford Avon Ct - An Overview of International Relation and Human Rights
 
Human Rights
Human RightsHuman Rights
Human Rights
 
Nature of Human Rights
Nature of Human RightsNature of Human Rights
Nature of Human Rights
 
Human Rights and Humanitarian Intervention - Copy.pptx
Human Rights and Humanitarian Intervention - Copy.pptxHuman Rights and Humanitarian Intervention - Copy.pptx
Human Rights and Humanitarian Intervention - Copy.pptx
 
Human rights in international perspective
Human rights in international perspectiveHuman rights in international perspective
Human rights in international perspective
 
5th lecture ppp
5th lecture ppp5th lecture ppp
5th lecture ppp
 
Human rights: Concepts, Origin, sources and ideological foundation pdf
Human rights: Concepts, Origin, sources and ideological foundation pdfHuman rights: Concepts, Origin, sources and ideological foundation pdf
Human rights: Concepts, Origin, sources and ideological foundation pdf
 
What are International Human Rights - David Ford Avon CT
What are International Human Rights - David Ford Avon CTWhat are International Human Rights - David Ford Avon CT
What are International Human Rights - David Ford Avon CT
 
Inr 4075 human rights protection lecture 1 professor masl
Inr 4075 human rights protection lecture 1 professor maslInr 4075 human rights protection lecture 1 professor masl
Inr 4075 human rights protection lecture 1 professor masl
 
Lwn158 seminar 5
Lwn158 seminar 5 Lwn158 seminar 5
Lwn158 seminar 5
 

Recently uploaded

31 ĐỀ THI THỬ VÀO LỚP 10 - TIẾNG ANH - FORM MỚI 2025 - 40 CÂU HỎI - BÙI VĂN V...
31 ĐỀ THI THỬ VÀO LỚP 10 - TIẾNG ANH - FORM MỚI 2025 - 40 CÂU HỎI - BÙI VĂN V...31 ĐỀ THI THỬ VÀO LỚP 10 - TIẾNG ANH - FORM MỚI 2025 - 40 CÂU HỎI - BÙI VĂN V...
31 ĐỀ THI THỬ VÀO LỚP 10 - TIẾNG ANH - FORM MỚI 2025 - 40 CÂU HỎI - BÙI VĂN V...Nguyen Thanh Tu Collection
 
Q-Factor HISPOL Quiz-6th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
Q-Factor HISPOL Quiz-6th April 2024, Quiz Club NITWQ-Factor HISPOL Quiz-6th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
Q-Factor HISPOL Quiz-6th April 2024, Quiz Club NITWQuiz Club NITW
 
4.16.24 21st Century Movements for Black Lives.pptx
4.16.24 21st Century Movements for Black Lives.pptx4.16.24 21st Century Movements for Black Lives.pptx
4.16.24 21st Century Movements for Black Lives.pptxmary850239
 
Inclusivity Essentials_ Creating Accessible Websites for Nonprofits .pdf
Inclusivity Essentials_ Creating Accessible Websites for Nonprofits .pdfInclusivity Essentials_ Creating Accessible Websites for Nonprofits .pdf
Inclusivity Essentials_ Creating Accessible Websites for Nonprofits .pdfTechSoup
 
Oppenheimer Film Discussion for Philosophy and Film
Oppenheimer Film Discussion for Philosophy and FilmOppenheimer Film Discussion for Philosophy and Film
Oppenheimer Film Discussion for Philosophy and FilmStan Meyer
 
4.16.24 Poverty and Precarity--Desmond.pptx
4.16.24 Poverty and Precarity--Desmond.pptx4.16.24 Poverty and Precarity--Desmond.pptx
4.16.24 Poverty and Precarity--Desmond.pptxmary850239
 
How to Make a Duplicate of Your Odoo 17 Database
How to Make a Duplicate of Your Odoo 17 DatabaseHow to Make a Duplicate of Your Odoo 17 Database
How to Make a Duplicate of Your Odoo 17 DatabaseCeline George
 
Expanded definition: technical and operational
Expanded definition: technical and operationalExpanded definition: technical and operational
Expanded definition: technical and operationalssuser3e220a
 
How to Manage Engineering to Order in Odoo 17
How to Manage Engineering to Order in Odoo 17How to Manage Engineering to Order in Odoo 17
How to Manage Engineering to Order in Odoo 17Celine George
 
ESP 4-EDITED.pdfmmcncncncmcmmnmnmncnmncmnnjvnnv
ESP 4-EDITED.pdfmmcncncncmcmmnmnmncnmncmnnjvnnvESP 4-EDITED.pdfmmcncncncmcmmnmnmncnmncmnnjvnnv
ESP 4-EDITED.pdfmmcncncncmcmmnmnmncnmncmnnjvnnvRicaMaeCastro1
 
IPCRF/RPMS 2024 Classroom Observation tool is your access to the new performa...
IPCRF/RPMS 2024 Classroom Observation tool is your access to the new performa...IPCRF/RPMS 2024 Classroom Observation tool is your access to the new performa...
IPCRF/RPMS 2024 Classroom Observation tool is your access to the new performa...MerlizValdezGeronimo
 
Mental Health Awareness - a toolkit for supporting young minds
Mental Health Awareness - a toolkit for supporting young mindsMental Health Awareness - a toolkit for supporting young minds
Mental Health Awareness - a toolkit for supporting young mindsPooky Knightsmith
 
ANG SEKTOR NG agrikultura.pptx QUARTER 4
ANG SEKTOR NG agrikultura.pptx QUARTER 4ANG SEKTOR NG agrikultura.pptx QUARTER 4
ANG SEKTOR NG agrikultura.pptx QUARTER 4MiaBumagat1
 
BIOCHEMISTRY-CARBOHYDRATE METABOLISM CHAPTER 2.pptx
BIOCHEMISTRY-CARBOHYDRATE METABOLISM CHAPTER 2.pptxBIOCHEMISTRY-CARBOHYDRATE METABOLISM CHAPTER 2.pptx
BIOCHEMISTRY-CARBOHYDRATE METABOLISM CHAPTER 2.pptxSayali Powar
 
Concurrency Control in Database Management system
Concurrency Control in Database Management systemConcurrency Control in Database Management system
Concurrency Control in Database Management systemChristalin Nelson
 
THEORIES OF ORGANIZATION-PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION
THEORIES OF ORGANIZATION-PUBLIC ADMINISTRATIONTHEORIES OF ORGANIZATION-PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION
THEORIES OF ORGANIZATION-PUBLIC ADMINISTRATIONHumphrey A Beña
 
Congestive Cardiac Failure..presentation
Congestive Cardiac Failure..presentationCongestive Cardiac Failure..presentation
Congestive Cardiac Failure..presentationdeepaannamalai16
 
Measures of Position DECILES for ungrouped data
Measures of Position DECILES for ungrouped dataMeasures of Position DECILES for ungrouped data
Measures of Position DECILES for ungrouped dataBabyAnnMotar
 
4.18.24 Movement Legacies, Reflection, and Review.pptx
4.18.24 Movement Legacies, Reflection, and Review.pptx4.18.24 Movement Legacies, Reflection, and Review.pptx
4.18.24 Movement Legacies, Reflection, and Review.pptxmary850239
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Faculty Profile prashantha K EEE dept Sri Sairam college of Engineering
Faculty Profile prashantha K EEE dept Sri Sairam college of EngineeringFaculty Profile prashantha K EEE dept Sri Sairam college of Engineering
Faculty Profile prashantha K EEE dept Sri Sairam college of Engineering
 
31 ĐỀ THI THỬ VÀO LỚP 10 - TIẾNG ANH - FORM MỚI 2025 - 40 CÂU HỎI - BÙI VĂN V...
31 ĐỀ THI THỬ VÀO LỚP 10 - TIẾNG ANH - FORM MỚI 2025 - 40 CÂU HỎI - BÙI VĂN V...31 ĐỀ THI THỬ VÀO LỚP 10 - TIẾNG ANH - FORM MỚI 2025 - 40 CÂU HỎI - BÙI VĂN V...
31 ĐỀ THI THỬ VÀO LỚP 10 - TIẾNG ANH - FORM MỚI 2025 - 40 CÂU HỎI - BÙI VĂN V...
 
Q-Factor HISPOL Quiz-6th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
Q-Factor HISPOL Quiz-6th April 2024, Quiz Club NITWQ-Factor HISPOL Quiz-6th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
Q-Factor HISPOL Quiz-6th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
 
4.16.24 21st Century Movements for Black Lives.pptx
4.16.24 21st Century Movements for Black Lives.pptx4.16.24 21st Century Movements for Black Lives.pptx
4.16.24 21st Century Movements for Black Lives.pptx
 
Inclusivity Essentials_ Creating Accessible Websites for Nonprofits .pdf
Inclusivity Essentials_ Creating Accessible Websites for Nonprofits .pdfInclusivity Essentials_ Creating Accessible Websites for Nonprofits .pdf
Inclusivity Essentials_ Creating Accessible Websites for Nonprofits .pdf
 
Oppenheimer Film Discussion for Philosophy and Film
Oppenheimer Film Discussion for Philosophy and FilmOppenheimer Film Discussion for Philosophy and Film
Oppenheimer Film Discussion for Philosophy and Film
 
4.16.24 Poverty and Precarity--Desmond.pptx
4.16.24 Poverty and Precarity--Desmond.pptx4.16.24 Poverty and Precarity--Desmond.pptx
4.16.24 Poverty and Precarity--Desmond.pptx
 
How to Make a Duplicate of Your Odoo 17 Database
How to Make a Duplicate of Your Odoo 17 DatabaseHow to Make a Duplicate of Your Odoo 17 Database
How to Make a Duplicate of Your Odoo 17 Database
 
Expanded definition: technical and operational
Expanded definition: technical and operationalExpanded definition: technical and operational
Expanded definition: technical and operational
 
How to Manage Engineering to Order in Odoo 17
How to Manage Engineering to Order in Odoo 17How to Manage Engineering to Order in Odoo 17
How to Manage Engineering to Order in Odoo 17
 
ESP 4-EDITED.pdfmmcncncncmcmmnmnmncnmncmnnjvnnv
ESP 4-EDITED.pdfmmcncncncmcmmnmnmncnmncmnnjvnnvESP 4-EDITED.pdfmmcncncncmcmmnmnmncnmncmnnjvnnv
ESP 4-EDITED.pdfmmcncncncmcmmnmnmncnmncmnnjvnnv
 
IPCRF/RPMS 2024 Classroom Observation tool is your access to the new performa...
IPCRF/RPMS 2024 Classroom Observation tool is your access to the new performa...IPCRF/RPMS 2024 Classroom Observation tool is your access to the new performa...
IPCRF/RPMS 2024 Classroom Observation tool is your access to the new performa...
 
Mental Health Awareness - a toolkit for supporting young minds
Mental Health Awareness - a toolkit for supporting young mindsMental Health Awareness - a toolkit for supporting young minds
Mental Health Awareness - a toolkit for supporting young minds
 
ANG SEKTOR NG agrikultura.pptx QUARTER 4
ANG SEKTOR NG agrikultura.pptx QUARTER 4ANG SEKTOR NG agrikultura.pptx QUARTER 4
ANG SEKTOR NG agrikultura.pptx QUARTER 4
 
BIOCHEMISTRY-CARBOHYDRATE METABOLISM CHAPTER 2.pptx
BIOCHEMISTRY-CARBOHYDRATE METABOLISM CHAPTER 2.pptxBIOCHEMISTRY-CARBOHYDRATE METABOLISM CHAPTER 2.pptx
BIOCHEMISTRY-CARBOHYDRATE METABOLISM CHAPTER 2.pptx
 
Concurrency Control in Database Management system
Concurrency Control in Database Management systemConcurrency Control in Database Management system
Concurrency Control in Database Management system
 
THEORIES OF ORGANIZATION-PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION
THEORIES OF ORGANIZATION-PUBLIC ADMINISTRATIONTHEORIES OF ORGANIZATION-PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION
THEORIES OF ORGANIZATION-PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION
 
Congestive Cardiac Failure..presentation
Congestive Cardiac Failure..presentationCongestive Cardiac Failure..presentation
Congestive Cardiac Failure..presentation
 
Measures of Position DECILES for ungrouped data
Measures of Position DECILES for ungrouped dataMeasures of Position DECILES for ungrouped data
Measures of Position DECILES for ungrouped data
 
4.18.24 Movement Legacies, Reflection, and Review.pptx
4.18.24 Movement Legacies, Reflection, and Review.pptx4.18.24 Movement Legacies, Reflection, and Review.pptx
4.18.24 Movement Legacies, Reflection, and Review.pptx
 

Human rights

  • 1.
  • 2. WWII Broke out – Hitler Kills No human rights United Nations (1945) approximately 9 million people Universal Declaration of Cyrus the Great (Cyrus Gandhi Protests (1915) Human Rights (1946- Cylinder) 1948) French Revolution (1789) : Declaration of Rome’s Natural Law Rights and Man of the Citizen (NATURAL RIGHTS) Kings were limited of United State’s their rights by their Declaration of subjects; Magna Carta Independence: Individual (1215) and Petition of Rights and Right of Rights (1628) Revolution (1776)
  • 3. UDHR The International Covenant on Civil Not a binding Derives its and Political Rights Passed on: part of power from and the December International the UN International Covenant on 10, 1948 Law Charter Economic, Social and Cultural Rights Article Approved Binding 55 on 1966 treaties “all the members to Expand and promote universal provide details respect for and obedience of human to principles rights and fundamental bodied by the freedoms”. UDHR.
  • 4. Definition of Human Rights “ Human: noun A member of the Homo sapiens species; a man, woman or child; a person. Rights: noun Things to which you are entitled or allowed; freedoms that are guaranteed. Human Rights: noun The rights you have simply because you are human. ”
  • 5.
  • 6. Humanitarian Law  aims to protect people who do not or are no longer taking part in hostilities applies in situations of armed conflict
  • 7.  Developed through practice and then through treaty law; contains a very large number of detailed rules that reflect the balance.
  • 8. Humanitarian Human Rights Law protect the applies during individual at all armed conflict times, in war and situations and those peace alike. of occupation. individuals and military necessity State and humanity can be international international in or regional scope
  • 9.
  • 10.
  • 11. • Right to free speech • Right to a fair trial
  • 12. • Right to freedom from • Right to protection of torture, abuse the law
  • 13. • Right to education Second Generation (Economic, Social and Cultural Rights)
  • 14. • Right to health
  • 15. • Right to employment • Right to an adequate income
  • 16. • Right to social security
  • 17. Right to benefit Right to economic Right to prosperity from economic development growth Right to a healthy Right to social environment, clean harmony air and water, etc.
  • 18. International Humanitarian Law (IHL) Also known as the Law of Armed Conflict (LOAC), IHL is a branch of Public International Law and constitutes a subset of Human Rights Law.It becomes operational only during times of armed conflict.
  • 19. International humanitarian law is rooted in the rules of ancient civilizations and religions – warfare has always been subject to certain principles and customs.
  • 20. The Geneva Law as it has evolve since the Battle of Solferino in 1895 concerned itself mainly for the protection of the victims of war while Hague Law focused on the limitations of the means and methods of warfare.
  • 21. Ottawa Treaty of 1997 that banned the production, use and transfer of anti personnel mines.
  • 22. Categories of IHL 1. Treaties on the protection of victims of war, e.g., Geneva Conventions I-IV and two additional 1977 Protocols Protocol I Protocol II
  • 23. 2. Treaties on the limitation and/ or prohibition of different types of arms e.g. The Hague Law 3. Treaties on the protection of certain objects, e.g., the protocol for the protection of cultural property in the event of armed conflict 4. Treaties governing international jurisdiction (repression of crimes) i.e., the Statute of the International Criminal Court, Rome, 1998
  • 24.
  • 25. Natural Rights Constitutional Rights • Political Rights • Civil Rights • Rights of an accused Statutory Rights
  • 26. Natural Rights  These Rights are naturally conferred upon a person by his creator as human and rational being, which are so indispensable and inalienable. A person needs not to invoke the source of his right, as right to life, for example is an inherent one.
  • 27. Constitutional Rights  They are those rights which are conferred and protected by the Constitution. Since they are part of the fundamental law, they cannot be modified or taken away by the law-making body.
  • 28. Division of Constitutional Rights a. Political Rights. The opportunity granted to the citizens to take part in the establishment or administration of the state known as political rights. b. Civil Rights. Those rights which the law will enforce at the instance of private individuals for the purpose of securing to them the enjoyment of their means of livelihood. c. Rights of the Accused. Those rights intended for the protection of a person who is accused of any crime.
  • 29. Statutory Rights  They are those rights which are provided by laws promulgated by law- making body and. Consequently, may be abolished by the same body.