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RA 9003
 Signed into law by President Gloria Macapagal
Arroyo on January 26, 2001
 ” provides the legal framework for the country’s
systematic, comprehensive and ecological solid
waste management program that shall ensure
protection of public health and the environment.
It underscores, among other things, the need to
create the necessary institutional mechanisms
and incentives, as well as imposes penalties for
acts in violation of any of its provisions
 Regular updating and publication of a National
Solid Waste Management Status
 Makes local governments primarily responsible
for its implementation and enforcement
 Segregation at source is mandatory
 Segregation and collection of biodegradable,
compostable and reusable wastes shall be done in
the barangays
 Segregation and collection of biodegradable,
compostable and reusable wastes shall be done in
the barangays
 Establishment of Material Recovery Facility in
every Barangay
 Collection of non-recyclables and special wastes
shall be the responsibility of the municipalities
and cities’
 Any residual waste shall betransferred to a long-
term storageor disposal facility
 New open dumps are prohibited
 Existing open dumps shall be converted to
controlled dumps by 2004 and No controlled
dumps will be allowed by 2006
Functional Elements of Ecological Solid Waste Management
 Risk to public health arising from thebreeding
of disease vectors; breeding of disease
vectors;
 Adverse effect on the environment from the
point of view of aesthetics; from the point of
view of aesthetics;
 Hazards from toxic industrial
 Danger due to the accumulation of heavy
metals
 Reduce is the practice of creating less
municipal solid waste or decreasing the
toxicity of the municipal solid waste which
needs disposing
 Reuse is the process of using acertain
material over again for the same purpose for
which it was originally designed, or utilizing it
for a different purpose.
 Recycle is where used materials are collected
and utilized in the manufacturing of new
materials, thereby saving on the quantity of
virgin materials required to make these new
products
 Littering in public places
 Open burning
 Collection of non-segregated waste
 Squatting in open dumps
 Open dumping and burying of waste in flood-
prone areas
 Establishing open dumps
 Manufacture, distribution or use of non-
environmentally acceptable packaging materials
 Importation of consumer products packaged in
non-environmentally acceptable materials
 Importation of toxic wastes misrepresented
as recyclable or with recyclable materials
 Transport and dumping in bulk of collected
domestic, industrial, commercial and
institutional wastes
 Construction or operation of any waste
disposal facility on any aquifer, groundwater
reservoir or watershed area
National Institutions :
 National Solid Waste Management
Commission;
 National Ecology Center ; and
 DENR/Environmental Management Bureau
(EMB)
Local Institutions :
 Local Government Units (LGU’s);
 Provincial Waste Management Board;
 City/Municipal Solid Waste Management
Board; and
 Barangay Solid Waste Management
Committee.
Solid waste refers to all discarded household
waste, commercial waste, non-hazardous
institutional and industrial waste, street
sweepings, construction debris, agricultural
waste, and other non-hazardous/non-toxic
solid waste.
The Commission shall oversee the
implementation of Solid Waste Management
Plan and prescribe policies to achieve the
RA 9003 objectives.
They are centers mandated to be established at the
regional level and headed by the corresponding
EMB Regional Directors in their ex officio capacity.
It is a Center mandated by RA 9003 to be
established under the National Solid Waste
Management Commission and headed by
the Director of the EMB in his/her ex officio
capacity.
1. Facilitate training/education in integrated ecological
SWM;
2. Establish and manage a comprehensive SWM
information
database and dissemination system, in coordination
with the DTI and other concerned agencies;
3. Promote the development of a recycling market
through the establishment of a national recycling
network that will enhance the opportunity for
recycling;
4. Act as the hub for networking of LGUs, NGOs and
industry on voluntary compliance of RA 9003’s
pertinent provisions;
5. Provide/facilitate expert assistance in pilot
modeling of SWM facilities including
technologies and techniques for effective
management of solid waste;
6. Develop/test/disseminate model waste
minimization and reduction auditing
procedures for evaluation options; and
7. Act as the clearinghouse for cleaner
production/cleaner technologies on SWM.
Among others, the DENR is tasked to:
1. Prepare an annual National SWM Status Report;
2. Prepare/distribute SWM information, education
and communication (IEC) materials;
3. Establish methods and other parameters for the
measurement of waste reduction, collection and
disposal;
4. Provide technical and other capability building
assistance to LGUs in developing/implementing
local SWM plans and programs.
5. Recommend policies to eliminate barriers to
waste reduction programs; and
6. Issue rules and regulations to effectively
implement the provisions of RA 9003.
Yes. The DENR has visitorial and enforcement powers to ensure
strict compliance with RA 9003.
However, the visitorial power of the DENR shall not apply to private
dwelling places unless authorized by the appropriate court. DENR shall
also have access to and the right to copy such reports and records in the
exercise of its visitorial powers
The LGUs shall be primarily responsible
for the implementation and enforcement of
the provisions of RA 9003 within their
respective jurisdictions.
RA 9003 mandates that each city or
municipality form a City or SWM Board that shall
prepare, submit and implement a plan for the
safe and sanitary management of solid waste
generated in areas under its geographic and
political coverage
The Board shall:
1. Develop the city/municipal SWM plan that shall ensure the long-term management
of solid waste as well as integrate the SWM plans and strategies of the barangays;
2. Adopt specific revenue-generating measures to promote the viability of its SWM
plan;
3. Develop the specific mechanics and guidelines for the implementation of the
city/municipal SWM plan;
4. Oversee the implementation of the city/municipal SWM plan;
5. Monitor the implementation of the city/municipal SWM plan through its various
political subdivisions and in cooperation with the private sector and the NGOs;
6. Coordinate the efforts of its component barangays in the implementation of the
city/municipal SWM plan;
7. Recommend to appropriate local government authorities specific
measures/proposals for franchise or build-operate transfer agreements with duly
recognized institutions,pursuant to RA 6957, to provide either exclusive or
nonexclusive authority for the collection, transfer, storage,processing, recycling or
disposal of solid waste;
8. Review every two years or as needed the city/municipal SWM plan to ensure its
sustainability, viability, effectiveness and relevance in relation to local and
international developments in the field of SWM.
The law requires that the plan shall:
1. Be a 10-year plan;
2. Be consistent with the National SWM Framework;
3. Be for the re-use, recycling and composting of wastes
generated in the respective jurisdictions of LGUs;
4. Ensure the efficient management of solid waste generated
within the jurisdiction of the LGU;
5. Place primary emphasis on implementation of all feasible reuse,
recycling and composting programs while identifying the
amount of landfill and transformation capacity needed for solid
waste which cannot be re-used, recycled or composted;
6. Contain all the components provided in RA 9003; and
7. Contain a timetable for the implementation of the SWM
program.
All local government SWM plans have to be approved by
the National Solid Waste Management Commission.
The components of the SWM plan are:
1. Background information;
2. Waste characterization;
3. Source reduction;
4. Recycling;
5. Composting;
6. Collection and transfer;
7. Processing;
8. Solid waste facility capacity and final disposal;
9. Education and public information;
10. Special wastes;
11. Resource requirement and funding; and
12. Privatization of SWM projects.
Disposal refers to the discharge, deposit,
dumping, spilling , leaking or placing of any
solid waste into or in any land.
There are three types of disposal. They are:
1. Open dump;
2. Controlled dump; and
3. Sanitary landfill.
OPEN DUMP is a disposal area where solid wastes are
indiscriminately thrown or disposed of without due
planning and consideration for environmental and
health standards.
CONTROLLED DUMP controlled dump is a disposal site
in which solid waste is deposited in accordance with
the minimum prescribed standards of site operation to
minimize possible adverse impacts on the
environment.
No open dumps or any disposal of solid waste, which
constitutes the use of open dumps for solid waste,
shall be allowed after the effectivity of RA 9003.
Every LGU shall convert its open dumps into controlled
dumps within three years after the effectivity of RA
9003 (or by Year 2005
PROHIBITED ACTS FINES PENALTIES
1. Littering, throwing,
dumping of waste matters
in public places such as
roads, sidewalks,canals,
esteros or parks and
establishment or causing or
permitting the same
Payment in the amount of
not less than three hundred
pesos (P300.00) but not
more than one thousand
pesos (P1,000.00) OR
Render community service
for not less than one day
to not more than 15 days
to an LGU where such
prohibited acts are
committed, OR BOTH
FINE AND PENALTY
2. Undertaking activities or
operating, collecting or
transporting equipment in
violation of sanitation
operation
and other requirements or
permits set forth in or
established
pursuant to RA 9003
3. The open burning of
solid waste
Payment in the amount of
not less than three hundred
pesos (P300.00) but not
more than one thousand
pesos (P1,000.00) OR
Imprisonment of not less
than one day to not more
than 15 days, OR BOTH
FINE AND PENALTY
PROHIBITED ACTS FINES PENALTIES
4. Causing or permitting
the collection of non-
segregated or unsorted
waste
5. Squatting in open dumps
and landfills
6. Open dumping, burying
of biodegradable or non –
biodegradable materials in
floodprone areas
7. Unauthorized removal of
recyclable material
intended for
collection by authorized
persons
Payment in the amount of
not less than one thousand
pesos (P1,000.00) but not
more than three thousand
pesos (P3,000.00) OR
Imprisonment of not less
than 15 days but not more
than six months, OR
BOTH FINE AND
PENALTY
PROHIBITED ACTS FINES PENALTIES
8. The mixing of source-
separated recyclable
material with other solid
waste in any vehicle, box,
container or receptacle
used in solid waste
collection or disposal
9. Establishment or
operation of open dumps
as enjoined in RA 9003, or
closure of said dumps in
violation of Sec. 37, RA
9003
10. The manufacture,
distribution or use of non-
environmentally acceptable
packaging materials
11. Importation of
consumer
products packaged in non
environmentally acceptable
packaging materials
For the first violation,
payment in the amount of
five hundred thousand
pesos (P500,000.00) plus
an amount not less than
five percent (5%) but not
more than ten percent
(10%) of his/her net annual
income during the previous
year.
For the second or
subsequent violations of
paragraphs 9 and 10, the
additional penalty of
imprisonment of a
minimum period of one
year but not to exceed
three years, at the
discretion of the court,
shall be imposed
PROHIBITED ACTS FINES PENALTIES
12. Importation of toxic
wastes misrepresented as
“recyclable” or “with
recyclable content”
13. Transport and dumping
in bulk of collected
domestic, industrial,
commercial and
institutional wastes in areas
other than centers or
facilities prescribed
under RA 9003
Payment in the amount of
not less than ten thousand
pesos (P10,000.00) but not
more than two hundred
thousand pesos
(P200,000.00) OR
Imprisonment of not less
than 30 days but not more
than three years, OR
BOTH FINE AND
PENALTY
14. Site preparation,
construction, expansion or
operation of waste
management facilities
without an Environmental
Compliance Certificate
required pursuant to
Presidential Decree No.
1586 and RA 9003 and not
conforming with the land
use plan of the LGU
Payment in the amount of
not less than one hundred
thousand pesos
(P100,000.00) but not
more
than one million pesos
(P1,000,000.00) OR
Imprisonment of not less
than one year but not more
than six years, OR BOTH
FINE AND PENALTY
PROHIBITED ACTS FINES PENALTIES
15. The construction of any
establishment within 200
meters from open dumps
or controlled dumps or
sanitary landfills
16. The construction or
operation of landfills or any
waste disposal facility on
any aquifer, groundwater
reservoir or watershed area
and/or any portions
thereof
Payment in the amount of
not less than one hundred
thousand pesos
(P100,000.00) but not
more than one million
pesos (P1,000,000.00) OR
Imprisonment of not less
than one year but not more
than six years, OR BOTH
FINE AND PENALTY
 Civil
 Criminal
 Administrative
Any Filipino citizen may file a case or cases in the proper courts/
bodies depending on the kind or nature of the case
The appropriate case/s may be filed against:
1. Any person who violates or fails to comply with the provisions
of RA 9003 or its IRR; or
2. The DENR or other implementing agencies with respect to
orders, rules and regulations issued inconsistent with RA
9003; and/or
3. Any public officer who:
a. Willfully or grossly neglects the performance of an act
specifically enjoined as a duty by RA 9003 or its IRR; or
b. Abuses his authority in the performance of his duty; or
c. In any manner, improperly performs his duties under RA
9003 or its IRR.
RA 9003 provides that no case or suit can be
filed until after a public officer or alleged
violator has been given a 30-day notice
during which no appropriate action has been
taken by the alleged offender.
The fines prescribed under RA 9003 shall be
increased by at least 10 percent every three
years to compensate for inflation and to
maintain the deterrent function of such fines.

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GROUP 3 REPORT PHILIPPINE ECOLOGICAL SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT ACT OF 2000.pptx

  • 2.  Signed into law by President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo on January 26, 2001  ” provides the legal framework for the country’s systematic, comprehensive and ecological solid waste management program that shall ensure protection of public health and the environment. It underscores, among other things, the need to create the necessary institutional mechanisms and incentives, as well as imposes penalties for acts in violation of any of its provisions
  • 3.  Regular updating and publication of a National Solid Waste Management Status  Makes local governments primarily responsible for its implementation and enforcement  Segregation at source is mandatory  Segregation and collection of biodegradable, compostable and reusable wastes shall be done in the barangays  Segregation and collection of biodegradable, compostable and reusable wastes shall be done in the barangays
  • 4.  Establishment of Material Recovery Facility in every Barangay  Collection of non-recyclables and special wastes shall be the responsibility of the municipalities and cities’  Any residual waste shall betransferred to a long- term storageor disposal facility  New open dumps are prohibited  Existing open dumps shall be converted to controlled dumps by 2004 and No controlled dumps will be allowed by 2006
  • 5. Functional Elements of Ecological Solid Waste Management
  • 6.  Risk to public health arising from thebreeding of disease vectors; breeding of disease vectors;  Adverse effect on the environment from the point of view of aesthetics; from the point of view of aesthetics;  Hazards from toxic industrial  Danger due to the accumulation of heavy metals
  • 7.
  • 8.  Reduce is the practice of creating less municipal solid waste or decreasing the toxicity of the municipal solid waste which needs disposing  Reuse is the process of using acertain material over again for the same purpose for which it was originally designed, or utilizing it for a different purpose.  Recycle is where used materials are collected and utilized in the manufacturing of new materials, thereby saving on the quantity of virgin materials required to make these new products
  • 9.  Littering in public places  Open burning  Collection of non-segregated waste  Squatting in open dumps  Open dumping and burying of waste in flood- prone areas  Establishing open dumps  Manufacture, distribution or use of non- environmentally acceptable packaging materials  Importation of consumer products packaged in non-environmentally acceptable materials
  • 10.  Importation of toxic wastes misrepresented as recyclable or with recyclable materials  Transport and dumping in bulk of collected domestic, industrial, commercial and institutional wastes  Construction or operation of any waste disposal facility on any aquifer, groundwater reservoir or watershed area
  • 11. National Institutions :  National Solid Waste Management Commission;  National Ecology Center ; and  DENR/Environmental Management Bureau (EMB)
  • 12. Local Institutions :  Local Government Units (LGU’s);  Provincial Waste Management Board;  City/Municipal Solid Waste Management Board; and  Barangay Solid Waste Management Committee.
  • 13. Solid waste refers to all discarded household waste, commercial waste, non-hazardous institutional and industrial waste, street sweepings, construction debris, agricultural waste, and other non-hazardous/non-toxic solid waste.
  • 14. The Commission shall oversee the implementation of Solid Waste Management Plan and prescribe policies to achieve the RA 9003 objectives.
  • 15. They are centers mandated to be established at the regional level and headed by the corresponding EMB Regional Directors in their ex officio capacity. It is a Center mandated by RA 9003 to be established under the National Solid Waste Management Commission and headed by the Director of the EMB in his/her ex officio capacity.
  • 16. 1. Facilitate training/education in integrated ecological SWM; 2. Establish and manage a comprehensive SWM information database and dissemination system, in coordination with the DTI and other concerned agencies; 3. Promote the development of a recycling market through the establishment of a national recycling network that will enhance the opportunity for recycling; 4. Act as the hub for networking of LGUs, NGOs and industry on voluntary compliance of RA 9003’s pertinent provisions;
  • 17. 5. Provide/facilitate expert assistance in pilot modeling of SWM facilities including technologies and techniques for effective management of solid waste; 6. Develop/test/disseminate model waste minimization and reduction auditing procedures for evaluation options; and 7. Act as the clearinghouse for cleaner production/cleaner technologies on SWM.
  • 18. Among others, the DENR is tasked to: 1. Prepare an annual National SWM Status Report; 2. Prepare/distribute SWM information, education and communication (IEC) materials; 3. Establish methods and other parameters for the measurement of waste reduction, collection and disposal; 4. Provide technical and other capability building assistance to LGUs in developing/implementing local SWM plans and programs.
  • 19. 5. Recommend policies to eliminate barriers to waste reduction programs; and 6. Issue rules and regulations to effectively implement the provisions of RA 9003. Yes. The DENR has visitorial and enforcement powers to ensure strict compliance with RA 9003. However, the visitorial power of the DENR shall not apply to private dwelling places unless authorized by the appropriate court. DENR shall also have access to and the right to copy such reports and records in the exercise of its visitorial powers
  • 20. The LGUs shall be primarily responsible for the implementation and enforcement of the provisions of RA 9003 within their respective jurisdictions. RA 9003 mandates that each city or municipality form a City or SWM Board that shall prepare, submit and implement a plan for the safe and sanitary management of solid waste generated in areas under its geographic and political coverage
  • 21. The Board shall: 1. Develop the city/municipal SWM plan that shall ensure the long-term management of solid waste as well as integrate the SWM plans and strategies of the barangays; 2. Adopt specific revenue-generating measures to promote the viability of its SWM plan; 3. Develop the specific mechanics and guidelines for the implementation of the city/municipal SWM plan; 4. Oversee the implementation of the city/municipal SWM plan; 5. Monitor the implementation of the city/municipal SWM plan through its various political subdivisions and in cooperation with the private sector and the NGOs; 6. Coordinate the efforts of its component barangays in the implementation of the city/municipal SWM plan; 7. Recommend to appropriate local government authorities specific measures/proposals for franchise or build-operate transfer agreements with duly recognized institutions,pursuant to RA 6957, to provide either exclusive or nonexclusive authority for the collection, transfer, storage,processing, recycling or disposal of solid waste; 8. Review every two years or as needed the city/municipal SWM plan to ensure its sustainability, viability, effectiveness and relevance in relation to local and international developments in the field of SWM.
  • 22. The law requires that the plan shall: 1. Be a 10-year plan; 2. Be consistent with the National SWM Framework; 3. Be for the re-use, recycling and composting of wastes generated in the respective jurisdictions of LGUs; 4. Ensure the efficient management of solid waste generated within the jurisdiction of the LGU; 5. Place primary emphasis on implementation of all feasible reuse, recycling and composting programs while identifying the amount of landfill and transformation capacity needed for solid waste which cannot be re-used, recycled or composted; 6. Contain all the components provided in RA 9003; and 7. Contain a timetable for the implementation of the SWM program.
  • 23. All local government SWM plans have to be approved by the National Solid Waste Management Commission. The components of the SWM plan are: 1. Background information; 2. Waste characterization; 3. Source reduction; 4. Recycling; 5. Composting; 6. Collection and transfer; 7. Processing; 8. Solid waste facility capacity and final disposal; 9. Education and public information; 10. Special wastes; 11. Resource requirement and funding; and 12. Privatization of SWM projects.
  • 24. Disposal refers to the discharge, deposit, dumping, spilling , leaking or placing of any solid waste into or in any land. There are three types of disposal. They are: 1. Open dump; 2. Controlled dump; and 3. Sanitary landfill.
  • 25. OPEN DUMP is a disposal area where solid wastes are indiscriminately thrown or disposed of without due planning and consideration for environmental and health standards. CONTROLLED DUMP controlled dump is a disposal site in which solid waste is deposited in accordance with the minimum prescribed standards of site operation to minimize possible adverse impacts on the environment. No open dumps or any disposal of solid waste, which constitutes the use of open dumps for solid waste, shall be allowed after the effectivity of RA 9003. Every LGU shall convert its open dumps into controlled dumps within three years after the effectivity of RA 9003 (or by Year 2005
  • 26. PROHIBITED ACTS FINES PENALTIES 1. Littering, throwing, dumping of waste matters in public places such as roads, sidewalks,canals, esteros or parks and establishment or causing or permitting the same Payment in the amount of not less than three hundred pesos (P300.00) but not more than one thousand pesos (P1,000.00) OR Render community service for not less than one day to not more than 15 days to an LGU where such prohibited acts are committed, OR BOTH FINE AND PENALTY 2. Undertaking activities or operating, collecting or transporting equipment in violation of sanitation operation and other requirements or permits set forth in or established pursuant to RA 9003 3. The open burning of solid waste Payment in the amount of not less than three hundred pesos (P300.00) but not more than one thousand pesos (P1,000.00) OR Imprisonment of not less than one day to not more than 15 days, OR BOTH FINE AND PENALTY
  • 27. PROHIBITED ACTS FINES PENALTIES 4. Causing or permitting the collection of non- segregated or unsorted waste 5. Squatting in open dumps and landfills 6. Open dumping, burying of biodegradable or non – biodegradable materials in floodprone areas 7. Unauthorized removal of recyclable material intended for collection by authorized persons Payment in the amount of not less than one thousand pesos (P1,000.00) but not more than three thousand pesos (P3,000.00) OR Imprisonment of not less than 15 days but not more than six months, OR BOTH FINE AND PENALTY
  • 28. PROHIBITED ACTS FINES PENALTIES 8. The mixing of source- separated recyclable material with other solid waste in any vehicle, box, container or receptacle used in solid waste collection or disposal 9. Establishment or operation of open dumps as enjoined in RA 9003, or closure of said dumps in violation of Sec. 37, RA 9003 10. The manufacture, distribution or use of non- environmentally acceptable packaging materials 11. Importation of consumer products packaged in non environmentally acceptable packaging materials For the first violation, payment in the amount of five hundred thousand pesos (P500,000.00) plus an amount not less than five percent (5%) but not more than ten percent (10%) of his/her net annual income during the previous year. For the second or subsequent violations of paragraphs 9 and 10, the additional penalty of imprisonment of a minimum period of one year but not to exceed three years, at the discretion of the court, shall be imposed
  • 29. PROHIBITED ACTS FINES PENALTIES 12. Importation of toxic wastes misrepresented as “recyclable” or “with recyclable content” 13. Transport and dumping in bulk of collected domestic, industrial, commercial and institutional wastes in areas other than centers or facilities prescribed under RA 9003 Payment in the amount of not less than ten thousand pesos (P10,000.00) but not more than two hundred thousand pesos (P200,000.00) OR Imprisonment of not less than 30 days but not more than three years, OR BOTH FINE AND PENALTY 14. Site preparation, construction, expansion or operation of waste management facilities without an Environmental Compliance Certificate required pursuant to Presidential Decree No. 1586 and RA 9003 and not conforming with the land use plan of the LGU Payment in the amount of not less than one hundred thousand pesos (P100,000.00) but not more than one million pesos (P1,000,000.00) OR Imprisonment of not less than one year but not more than six years, OR BOTH FINE AND PENALTY
  • 30. PROHIBITED ACTS FINES PENALTIES 15. The construction of any establishment within 200 meters from open dumps or controlled dumps or sanitary landfills 16. The construction or operation of landfills or any waste disposal facility on any aquifer, groundwater reservoir or watershed area and/or any portions thereof Payment in the amount of not less than one hundred thousand pesos (P100,000.00) but not more than one million pesos (P1,000,000.00) OR Imprisonment of not less than one year but not more than six years, OR BOTH FINE AND PENALTY
  • 31.  Civil  Criminal  Administrative Any Filipino citizen may file a case or cases in the proper courts/ bodies depending on the kind or nature of the case
  • 32. The appropriate case/s may be filed against: 1. Any person who violates or fails to comply with the provisions of RA 9003 or its IRR; or 2. The DENR or other implementing agencies with respect to orders, rules and regulations issued inconsistent with RA 9003; and/or 3. Any public officer who: a. Willfully or grossly neglects the performance of an act specifically enjoined as a duty by RA 9003 or its IRR; or b. Abuses his authority in the performance of his duty; or c. In any manner, improperly performs his duties under RA 9003 or its IRR.
  • 33. RA 9003 provides that no case or suit can be filed until after a public officer or alleged violator has been given a 30-day notice during which no appropriate action has been taken by the alleged offender.
  • 34. The fines prescribed under RA 9003 shall be increased by at least 10 percent every three years to compensate for inflation and to maintain the deterrent function of such fines.