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FAO at RIO+20 and beyond
Rio vision in 1992


 “Human beings are at the centre of
 concern for sustainable development.
   They are entitled to a healthy and
productive life in harmony with nature                   ”
                   (First Principle of the Rio Declaration, 1992)
FAO’s vision for Rio+20 and beyond



        “End hunger and
make the transition to sustainable

 agricultural and food systems   ”
3 main messages for Rio+20


                             1

                             2

                             3
1. Eradicating hunger and
improving human nutrition
• Fair access to resources, employment and income
  is key
• Nearly 1 billion people suffer hunger
   – Smallholder producers and the landless, mainly in Sub-
     Saharan Africa and Asia
• Chronically hungry people: no resilience to shocks
• Well-targeted social safety nets are essential
• Reducing the gender gap in access to productive
  resources -> lift 100–150 million people out of
  hunger
• Actual outcomes depend on the choices we make
  today in both production and consumption
2. Sustainable food consumption and
                   production systems
• 60 % increase in food production is expected
  by 2050, but this must also be achieved in
  an environmentally sustainable way
• Agriculture:
   – 70 % of freshwater resources
   – 30 % of GHG emissions and, at the same time
     potential for supporting mitigation efforts
   – 30 % of the energy consumption in food system
     and, at the same time 10-15 % of overall energy
     produced by the agriculture sectors
• Global food losses and waste:
   – 1/3 of the food production
   – 10 % of the world’s energy consumption
2. Sustainable food consumption and
              production systems cont’d
• Major improvements are needed along the
  whole food chain
   – More resilient production systems: use fewer
     resources, less pollution
   – Sustainable diets, and reducing food losses and
     food waste
• Sustainable intensification across all
  production systems is a must
• Strong support to agricultural development
  (agriculture, fisheries and forestry) that
  integrates multiple objectives
• Agriculture must become climate-smart and
  energy-smart - do more with less
3. Inclusive and effective governance
• Inclusive, nationally owned and flexible
  governance mechanisms are essential to
  ensure that all stakeholders can work
  together in a coordinated manner
• Sound policies and strong institutions
  are necessary
• Equitable distribution of the transition
  costs and benefits is a must
5 key national actions
• Establish and protect rights to resources,
  especially for the most vulnerable
• Incorporate incentives for sustainable
  consumption and production into food
  systems
• Promote fair and well-functioning agricultural
  and food markets
• Reduce risk and increase the resilience of the
  most vulnerable
• Invest public resources in essential public
  goods, including innovation and infrastructure
FAO calls Rio +20 for 6 commitments
• Accelerate the pace for eradicating hunger and malnutrition
• Use the Voluntary Guidelines
   •   Right to Adequate Food
   •   Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries and Forests
3. Support the efforts of all stakeholders to integrate food
   security and environmental objectives
4. Ensure an equitable distribution of costs and benefits from
   the transition to sustainable consumption and production;
   and secure people’s livelihoods and access to resources
5. Adopt integrated approaches to managing multiple
   objectives and linking financing sources
6. Implement governance reforms -> transparency,
   participation and accountability. The Committee on World
   Food Security can serve as a model
FAO at Rio+20
• Technical seminar                   19 June
• High level event            21 June
• Forest sector event         18 June
• Involved in the broad agenda, including many other
  events, days and dialogues
• Support to countries to take action
• Strong collaboration among the Rome based
  agencies IFAD, WFP and Bioversity International
      •   Including joint contributions to support the
          negotiation process

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FAO at RIO+20 and beyond

  • 2. Rio vision in 1992 “Human beings are at the centre of concern for sustainable development. They are entitled to a healthy and productive life in harmony with nature ” (First Principle of the Rio Declaration, 1992)
  • 3. FAO’s vision for Rio+20 and beyond “End hunger and make the transition to sustainable agricultural and food systems ”
  • 4. 3 main messages for Rio+20 1 2 3
  • 5. 1. Eradicating hunger and improving human nutrition • Fair access to resources, employment and income is key • Nearly 1 billion people suffer hunger – Smallholder producers and the landless, mainly in Sub- Saharan Africa and Asia • Chronically hungry people: no resilience to shocks • Well-targeted social safety nets are essential • Reducing the gender gap in access to productive resources -> lift 100–150 million people out of hunger • Actual outcomes depend on the choices we make today in both production and consumption
  • 6. 2. Sustainable food consumption and production systems • 60 % increase in food production is expected by 2050, but this must also be achieved in an environmentally sustainable way • Agriculture: – 70 % of freshwater resources – 30 % of GHG emissions and, at the same time potential for supporting mitigation efforts – 30 % of the energy consumption in food system and, at the same time 10-15 % of overall energy produced by the agriculture sectors • Global food losses and waste: – 1/3 of the food production – 10 % of the world’s energy consumption
  • 7. 2. Sustainable food consumption and production systems cont’d • Major improvements are needed along the whole food chain – More resilient production systems: use fewer resources, less pollution – Sustainable diets, and reducing food losses and food waste • Sustainable intensification across all production systems is a must • Strong support to agricultural development (agriculture, fisheries and forestry) that integrates multiple objectives • Agriculture must become climate-smart and energy-smart - do more with less
  • 8. 3. Inclusive and effective governance • Inclusive, nationally owned and flexible governance mechanisms are essential to ensure that all stakeholders can work together in a coordinated manner • Sound policies and strong institutions are necessary • Equitable distribution of the transition costs and benefits is a must
  • 9. 5 key national actions • Establish and protect rights to resources, especially for the most vulnerable • Incorporate incentives for sustainable consumption and production into food systems • Promote fair and well-functioning agricultural and food markets • Reduce risk and increase the resilience of the most vulnerable • Invest public resources in essential public goods, including innovation and infrastructure
  • 10. FAO calls Rio +20 for 6 commitments • Accelerate the pace for eradicating hunger and malnutrition • Use the Voluntary Guidelines • Right to Adequate Food • Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries and Forests 3. Support the efforts of all stakeholders to integrate food security and environmental objectives 4. Ensure an equitable distribution of costs and benefits from the transition to sustainable consumption and production; and secure people’s livelihoods and access to resources 5. Adopt integrated approaches to managing multiple objectives and linking financing sources 6. Implement governance reforms -> transparency, participation and accountability. The Committee on World Food Security can serve as a model
  • 11. FAO at Rio+20 • Technical seminar 19 June • High level event 21 June • Forest sector event 18 June • Involved in the broad agenda, including many other events, days and dialogues • Support to countries to take action • Strong collaboration among the Rome based agencies IFAD, WFP and Bioversity International • Including joint contributions to support the negotiation process