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ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABLE DESIGN  
(BLD 60203) 
 
PROJECT 1: MY COMMUNITY, MY COMMITMENT 
 
 
 
 
SUBMITTED BY: 
 
 
 
                        ANG AVERLLEN                        0321444 
CHONG JIA YI 0320869 
CHIN VIN YAN 0320311 
EE YUN SHAN 0319990 
LEE NING 0320125 
LEE ZI YING 0320435 
LOONG BO LIN 0321469 
LIM ZIA HUEI 0321031 
ONG SHI HUI 0320303 
RACHAEL CHOONG KA YEN 0319926 
 
 
 
   
 
TABLE OF CONTENT 
 
NO.  TITLE  PAGE 
0  Summary   
1  Introduction   
2  Project Proposal 
 
➢ Objectives of the project 
➢ Organization 
➢ Reason to engage with the site 
 
3  Project Statement and Objectives 
 
➢ Issues identified 
➢ Solutions 
➢ Problem solving 
 
4  Life Cycle Assessment   
5  Work Distribution   
6  Budget and Expenses 
 
➢ Budget 
➢ Listing of expenses 
 
7  Community Contribution 
 
➢ Sponsorship 
➢ Acknowledgement 
 
8  Outcome and Results   
9  Reflection   
10  References   
11  Appendixes   
 
 
   
 
I. SUMMARY(NING) 2 
II. INTRODUCTION(CINDY) 2 
III. NEEDS/PROBLEMS (MICHELLE) 2 
IV. GOALS/OBJECTIVES(CINDY) 2 
V. PROCEDURES/SCOPE OF WORK(JIAYI N PAR) 2 
VI. TIMETABLE(HAZEL) 2 
VII. BUDGET(JIAYI N PAR) 2 
VIII. LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT(NING N ​WILLIAM​) 2 
IX. EVALUATION 2 
X. ENDORSEMENTS 2 
XI. NEXT STEPS 2 
XII. APPENDIX2 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
   
 
  0. Summary 
In this project, we are required to do an environmental­community service for the                         
benefit of the public. Though the concept of environmental­commuinity service is not                       
very new its has eveloped in the past few years. We took the community service as                               
our commitment to the society and relate the community service with the                       
environment. The process of doing the environment community service process is                     
beneficial both for us and the society.  
We have chosen an Old Folks Home in Kajang, Rumah Caring Kajang as the                           
commuinity. After the first visit to the home, we analysed the problem faced by the                             
home and came out with the solution after discussing with our tutor. At the end of the                                 
day, we have done the mosquitoes netting, artwork on recycled pallet, signage and                         
landscaping for them.  
We have get a sponsorship from Selangor Property Sdn. Bhd and SK One Stop                           
Home Centre Sdn. Bhd has given 20% of discount on the materials that we bought                             
when they realized we are doing an environment­community service. Besides that,                     
we have the fully supports from the community, Rumah Caring Kajang Old Folks                         
Home and our lecturers and tutor during the process of doing this assignment. 
The objectives of the environment community service that we have done are as 
follows: 
➢ to increse the awareness of current environmental issues locally 
➢ to induce creativity in attemping to explore the current environmental 
circumstances 
➢ to allow us to explore the opportunity to work with the community and for the 
community 
➢ to create awareness of the importance of creating and environmentally 
sustainable product, design and services 
➢ to be able to understand and the explain the principles of sustainability from 
environmental and social perspective 
Learning outcome of doing the environment community service are as follows: 
➢ understand the concept of environmental and ecological sustainability 
➢ complete documentation of the entire assignment with Life Cycle Assessment 
➢ demonstrate problem­solving skills 
➢ recognise the roles and responsibilties of an architect towards the environment 
and society 
➢ exaemplify creativity in attempting to explore the current environmental 
circumstances 
 
   
 
 
1. Introduction 
The organization we were engage with is Rumah Caring Kajang located at                       
Lot1202/M Taman Cahaya Sungai Chua, 43000 Kajang, Selangor. Occupying a                   
single storey houses in a neighbourhood just beside A Wet Thai Garden which they                           
just moved in this year during early april. It is a non­profit organization looking into the                               
welfare of mainly old folks and even down syndrome. Currently they are running this                           
house taking care of 22 inmates ranging from age 21 years to 95 years old.  
Before they moved in to the new home in Taman Cahaya, Rumah Caring Kajang first                             
home is two double storey houses located at Taman Muhibah taking care of old                           
folks, single parent, orphans, down syndrome, disabled and drug rebab. They have                       
been served eviction notices by the authority and after numerous appeals, the final                         
notices was to move out by the end of 2015. They have been offered a piece of land                                   
at a discounted price and now they are building a new home. During that period,                             
Rumah Caring Kajang were given a 6 year contract temporary home for the inmates                           
to stay in and theres the place we are now helping out at Taman Cahaya.  
The organization was founded by Miss Wendy Yap in the year 2004 catering 50                           
inmates ranging from age 50 year to 95 years old inclusive of care givers. Exception                             
intake for inmates below 50 years old will only be considered under certain criteria in                             
terms of health and needs. Since this             
organization is a non­profit organization,         
they are mainly supported by contribution           
from the public to sustain the homes and               
meet the needs of old folks home with               
better nursing, health and logistic care.           
They also provide them a loving and caring               
environment and to uphold them with moral             
and spiritual support. Every weekends, the           
organization would bring the old folks for             
some outings outside.  
Other than that, the organization also look into the welfare and needs of single                             
mothers with children and young unmarried mother. The organization also help them                       
emotionally and spiritually by counseling as many often tries to attempt suicide. They                         
also help to raise funds through various activities to subsidized their monthly                       
expenses. In addition, the organization would organize trips or outing for them and                         
their children time to time.  
 
 
   
 
 
3. Project Proposal 
Rumah Caring Kajang is a non­ profit organisation. It is not very well facilitated as the                               
organisation newly moved to a new place and does not have extra fund to build up or                                 
all facilities in the home. This causes an uncomfortable state and environment of it.                           
For example, the environment of the house are not covered by many trees and this                             
causes a very bad ventilation and hot in at the area.  
We have chosen the Old Folks House to be our organisation for this community                           
projects as most of the senior citizens have been abandoned by the society.                         
Volunteers nowadays are more focusing on helping the orphanage, property or the                       
disable rather than them. This is because society are more focusing on youth. This is                             
why we think that we have to do something for them.  
To give them a better and liveable environment, we decided our main focus is the                             
empty front yard. The front yard is potentially for planting plants and landscaping                         
design. According to our observation, the community did not have any shading in the                           
front yard. Beside doing plantation on the yard, we also discovered a abandoned                         
cylinder concrete. After a brainstorming, the cylinder concrete are potentially for                     
create a DIY bench. As a next generation, we are responsible to make our                           
environment more sustain and liveable. So, we will visit the home twice a month or                             
once a week to checking the the plantation and landscaping remain a good condition.  
Beside landscaping, we also will provide Signboard, cabinet for storage, shoes racks,                       
mural arts, bench and lighting by using the recycled materials and recyclable                       
materials. The estimated cost the budget for this project is RM500­800. We are trying                           
to get sponsorship from Selangor Properties Sdn. Bhd. to cover the materials that                         
could use by the recycled materials. 
 
 Details of The Home 
Organisation Name : Rumah Caring Kajang  
Adress : Lot 1202/M Taman Cahaya, Sungai Chua, 43000 
Kajang, Selangor. 
Contact : 03­87377680  
H/P number : 012­2380043 (Wendy Yap)  
Gmail : wendyyapworld@gmail.com 
 
   
 
Facebook  : https://www.facebook.com/RumahCaringKajang  
4. Needs/Problems 
After we visiting the Rumah Caring Kajang, we found that the old folks home is lack                               
of facilities. The infrastucture also worn and old. There are also dont have sign board                             
and poor external appearance. There are also a lot of mosquito because of the linear                             
skylight. The most important thing that they lack are caring. Some of them might                           
losing their family and have a miserable pass in their life.So, we finalized out that we                               
can help them to solve some of the problem. Our objective are made them feel warm                               
and hope from our caring. 
List of their needs:  
­ caring 
­ mosquito net 
­ bench 
­ mural art 
­ Refurnish furniture 
­ landscaping 
­ sign board 
 
 
 
 
 
   
 
Most of the old folks that live in Rumah Caring Kajang have a miserable pass and                               
maybe losing their family. We try to give them our caring which is visit and chat with                                 
them. After we know about each of their story we also try to comfort them with some                                 
encourage talk. We also cook some delicious food for them to eat to achieve their                             
happily. 
 
 
 
Mosquito net 
The hollow of linear skylight cause the mosquito fly into the house make the old folk                               
cannot sleep well and made them got skin problem(swollen and tickle).It will also                         
effect their healty problem. From the start we want to buy the aluminium flame                           
directly from the shop but after decided we use the wooden which more                         
environmental friendly for the flame to ensure that the environment is not be pollute                           
 
   
 
because to produce the aluminium release a lot of carbon dioxide.We use the wood                           
pallet to do the flame of the mosquito net and nail it on the linear skylight. 
Mural artwork’s bench 
The exterior of the olf folk house are lack of bench for the old folk to rest, sit and chill. 
We try to find a cheap bench from home­furniture but the price is not cheap and it is 
not recycable. So, we decide to build a bench that attached along with the mural art 
panel by using wood padlet and unwanted tyres.  
 
 
 
Mural artwork 
The poor eaterior appearance make the olf folk house lake of vitality. At the start, we 
are struggling with the material of the board. Some of us feel that a wooden hard 
board from the shop is more nice compare with the wooden pallet. After some 
argument, we choose to use the wooden pallet which is the waste of the factory. We 
tear down the waste wooden pallet from the factory and reinstall them together to be 
a board and paint a nice mural on it.The paint also get with other mural painter since 
we just need to use a little amount of paint. 
 
   
 
 
 
 
Refurnish furniture 
The chairs are worn and corrosion occur which will cause the old folks fall and 
injured. We tear out the chairs and grind it with sand paper then coat it with shellac to 
prevent corrosion and preseve it. 
 
 
 
   
 
 
 
landscape 
There are so hot in the old folks house and poor exterior condition because the 
exterior of it are lack of trees. We decide to plant different type of tree and flower to 
cold down the climate of it and ensure the exterior look nice and beautiful. 
 
 
 
Sign board 
The old folks house does not have sign board. Some of the visitor fail to notice the 
old folks home, they will think that there is a normal housing area. Without the sign 
board the people who like to help others cannot get the information of the owner and 
 
   
 
cannot contact the people incharge. The other old folks that homeless who possible 
to save will failure. We use the same wooden pallet which we left over from the mural 
art to be a board and paint the name and information of the old folks home. 
 
   
 
   
 
 
5. Goals/Objectives 
• Reduce carbon footprint by reusing, By reusing the goods than others no 
longer need or use, it can dramatically reduce carbon footprint from the “provision of 
goods”. Saving the environment, saving earth. 
• Creating a better environment for the old folks to live at. By reducing the 
temperature around and preventing dengue.  
• Create awareness to the public. To attract contributors and involve other 
organization into the project and together build a caring society.  
The objectives of the environment community service that we have done are as 
follows: 
➢ to increse the awareness of current environmental issues locally 
➢ to induce creativity in attemping to explore the current environmental 
circumstances 
➢ to allow us to explore the opportunity to work with the community and for the 
community 
➢ to create awareness of the importance of creating and environmentally 
sustainable product, design and services 
➢ to be able to understand and the explain the principles of sustainability from 
environmental and social perspective 
Learning outcome of doing the environment community service are as follows: 
➢ understand the concept of environmental and ecological sustainability 
➢ complete documentation of the entire assignment with Life Cycle Assessment 
➢ demonstrate problem­solving skills 
➢ recognise the roles and responsibilties of an architect towards the environment 
and society 
➢ exaemplify creativity in attempting to explore the current environmental 
circumstances 
taken from the project brief can put in the goals and objective Thx cindy 
 
 
 
 
 
   
 
6. Life Cycle Assessment 
 
The Life Cycle of a product is calculated 
since they are raw materials then being 
processed in the manufacturing, 
packaging, distribution, then being used 
and lastly disposal or recycle. 
We calculate the energy, carbon footing 
and costing during the process and 
compare them with what we have done 
to save the environment and benefit the 
community. 
 
 
Through reusing the materials, the energy embodied to make a product will be 
reduced as the process of manufacture and the time to reproduce the raw material is 
skipped.  
   
 
   
 
Aluminium Framed Mosquito Net (1200*600) 
Energy Embodied: 170 MJ/kg 
Weight per piece: 2.5kg 
Carbon Footprint: 31.76 kg/pc 
Cost: RM 120/pc 
Quantity of Frame needed: 40 
Hardwood Framed Mosquito Net (2000*600) 
 
Weight per piece: 2.625 kg 
 
Energy Embodied: 2 MJ/kg 
Carbon Footprint: 2.78 kg/pc 
Cost: RM 25/pc 
Quantity of Frame needed: 24 
 
Aluminium Frame 
Mosquito Net 
Difference  Hardwood Framed 
Mosquito Net  
170 000  Energy Embodied (MJ)  126 
1270.4  Carbon Footprint (kg)  66.72 
2160  Cost (RM)  600 
 
Total energy saved: 169 874 MJ 
Total carbon footprint prevented: 1203.68 kg 
Total cost saved: RM 1560 
 
 
 
 
 
 
   
 
 
Buy New Chair  Difference  Refurnishing Old Chair 
639  Energy Embodied (MJ)  7.34 
432  Carbon Footprint (kg)  1.42 
65  Cost (RM)  5 
 
Quantity of chair: 12 
Total energy saved: 631.66*12 MJ 
Total carbon footprint prevented: 430.58*12 kg 
Total cost saved: RM 720 [(RM 65 ­ RM 5)* 12] 
 
The reusing of pallet prevent 
the waste of the pallet and 
reduced the emission of carbon 
dioxide. 
Making the mural wall and 
signage with pallet also 
prevented the energy 
embodied during the process 
of manufacture. 
 
 
 
 
   
 
   
 
 
Reconstituted Timber 
Weatherboard Wall 
Difference  DIY Pallet Mural Wall 
1508  Energy Embodied (MJ)  19 
44.78  Carbon Footprint (kg)  5.69 
1600  Cost (RM)  58 
 
Energy embodied by Reconstituted Timber Weatherboard Wall  
= 377 MJ (per meter square) x 4 
= 1508 MJ 
Carbon footprint by Reconstituted Timber Weatherboard Wall  
= 11.195 kg (per meter square) x 4 
= 44.78 kg 
Cost of  Reconstituted Timber Weatherboard Wall  
= RM 400 (per meter square) x 4 
= RM 1600 
Energy embodied by DIY Pallet Mural Wall  
=3.4 MJ/kg x 5.59 kg 
= 19 MJ 
Carbon footprint by DIY Pallet Mural Wall =  5.69 kg 
Cost of DIY Pallet Mural Wall  
= 1litle shellac + 2 brush + Thinner + Mural paint (FOC) + Silicon + Nails 
= 30 + 9 + 4 + 10 + 5 
= RM 58 
Total energy saved: 1489 MJ 
Total carbon footprint prevented: 39.088 kg 
Total cost saved: RM 1542 
 
   
 
 
PVC Signage  Difference  DIY Pallet Signage 
78.6  Energy Embodied (MJ)  8.5 
8.75  Carbon Footprint (kg)  2.845 
650  Cost (RM)  30 
 
Energy embodied by PVC Signage 
= 39.3 MJ (per meter square) x 2 
= 78.6 MJ 
Carbon footprint by PVC Signage 
= 4.374 kg (per meter square) x 2 
= 8.74 kg 
Cost for PVC Signage 
= 150 (per meter square) x 2 
= RM 300 
Energy embodied by DIY Pallet Signage 
= 3.4 MJ/kg x 2.5 kg 
= 8.5 MJ 
Carbon footprint by DIY Pallet Signage 
= 2.845 kg 
Cost for DIY Pallet Signage 
= 0.5 litre shellac + 2 brush + Nails + Thinner 
= 15 + 9 + 2 + 4 
= RM 30 
Total energy saved: 70.1 MJ 
Total carbon footprint prevented: 5.905 kg 
Total cost saved: RM 620 
 
   
 
Landscaping  
 Empty land  Difference (per year)  Well planned Landscape 
0  Carbon dioxide absorbed  168 kg per year 
0   Oxygen released  2730.22  kg per year 
0  Temperature  3­5 degree celcius 
 
co2 absorbed by a tree 28 kg per year 
o2 released by a tree 118 kg per year 
O2 released by 2.3 m2 lawn area can support a human daily oxygen consumption 
O2 consumption of a human = 0.84kg per day/ 306.6 kg per year 
Therefore, O2 released by 2.3 m2 lawn area = 0.84 kg per day /  306.6 kg per year 
Trees planted= 6 
Area planted soft wood plants= 15.17 m2 
 
Carbon dioxide absorbed per year = (28 x 6 ) = 168 kg  
Oxygen released per year = (306.6 x 15.17 / 2.3) + (118 x 6) 
= 2730.22 kg 
Trees can bring down the temperature of the surrounding by 3­5 degree celcius 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
   
 
Wooden bench bought from outside  
Energy Embodied: 898.15 MJ/kg 
Carbon footprint: 33.58​kg CO​2eq 
Cost: RM 650 
 
Pallet bench  
 
Energy Embodied: 144.52 MJ/kg + (tires) 8165.43 MJ/kg 
Carbon Footprint: 5.27​kg CO​2eq +​ (Tires) 205.2​kg CO​2eq​/unit 
** as we are reusing the tires, carbon footprint and embodied energy shall not be 
calculated 
Cost: RM 0/pc 
 
 
Wooden bench  Difference  Pallet bench 
898.15  Energy Embodied (MJ)  144.52 
33.58  Carbon Footprint (kg)  5.27 
650  Cost (RM)  0 
 
Total energy saved: 753.63 MJ 
Total carbon footprint prevented: 28.31 kg 
Total cost saved: RM 650 
 
 
 
 
Machinery VS Labour 
 
   
 
Machinery: 
Carbon footprint: 2.2kg 
Labour: 
Carbon footprint: 1.125 kg 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
6. Procedures/Scope of Work 
 
   
 
Signboard 
Signboard is strongly requested by the owner of the old folks’ home as it is significant 
to mark up the location of it for the convenience of the people who are interested to 
visit it. The signboard that we need to build required having clear and accurate 
information, stable and corrosion resistant to resist harsh weather. Therefore, before 
we design the signboard, we discuss with the owner about their design requirement 
for the signboard. Here is the design of the signboard we done after discussion: 
 
Wood pallets had chosen as the material for signboard as it can be reuse from the 
factory and it is strong as well as weather resistant if a coat of shellac was applies on 
it. We use mural paint that left over from one of our group mate for the signboard 
word painting to reduce the wastage of the 
material. Here is the photos of the progression of 
work: 
 
   
 
 
 
 
 
­ Tearing down the wood pallet for 
signboard making 
    ­ Wood pallet donated by a factory 
 
 
   
 
 
­ The painted signboard 
 
Mosquito Net 
After the feedback from the old folks who living there, we found that the pest netting 
are needed to prevent mosquito from entering to the interior. The pest­netting will 
install at the linear skylight (for ventilation) between the roof and the wall as the 
mosquito is entering from there. 
  
 
   
 
   
­ The linear skylight that allowed entering of mosquito 
  
We use recycled wood as the frame of the netting to reduce carbon footprint. It is 
because the common material of the frame is aluminium which will produce a lot of 
carbon footprint and it is non­renewable. Therefore, using recycle wood for framing 
can reduce carbon footprint.  
 
­ Making pest­netting 
 
   
 
 
 
Mural Work 
Mural work is used to decorate the exterior of the old folk’s home. We draw a mural 
of an old man with black color mural paint. This is to call the attention of people that 
passby the old folk’s home about the issue of children ungrateful to their parents. We 
hope that people will think twice before they send their parents to the old folk’s home 
after they saw this mural.  Firstly, we grind the wooden pallets to make it smooth so 
that people will not hurt their hands when they touch it. We nail the wooden pallets to 
from a board after that. Later, one of our members draws a draft on the pallets and 
paints it with black mural paint. Lastly, we write quote that reminds people to be 
grateful to their parents beside the mural. 
   
Strengthening the structure                                               The wooden board 
  Painting the mural 
 
   
 
Bench 
We will build a bench which will be connected to the mural artwork. Sometimes, the 
old folk will take a small walk outside the old folk’s home where there is a lake around 
that area. The bench provides a resting place and a place to chit chat for the old folk. 
The visitors that come to the old folk’s home also can have a rest on the bench. We 
are planning to reuse materials such as old tyres and wooden pallets to make the 
bench. We get the old tyres from an owner of a garage who kindly donates the tyres 
to us. The tyres are tied together with ropes so that it will not move easily. After that, 
the wooden pallets are installed on the tyres as the seating place. 
We are planning to reuse materials such as old tyres and wooden pallet to make the 
bench. We get the old tyre from a kind owner of a garage. 
 
Refurnish furnitures (Chairs) 
According to our observation, the furniture there are all old and fragile. Especially the 
wooden chair which they moved from the old place. The surface of the chairs are 
uneven and it corrode so it cause uncomforting to the people who sitting. First, we 
grinded off the uneven surface of the wooden seat. Then we painted a coat of shellac 
on the surface. After the shellac dried off we repeat these two steps again. 
Initially, they plan to buy new furniture using the donation. However, after we renew 
the old furniture, they had saved the money to buy new furniture and we successfully 
reduce the wastage of the furniture. 
 
 
   
 
 
7. Work Distribution 
These are the work distribution for everyone but we helped each others to finish the 
works together.  
Group Members  Main jobs 
 Ang Averllen   Install mosquito netting  
Chin Vin Yan  Structure of board 
Chong Jia Yi   Mural painting and bench  
Ee Yun Shan  Paint the furniture 
Lee Ning  Measure and cut the wood  
Lee Zi Ying  Signboard painting  
Lim Zia Huei  Landscaping 
Loong Bo Lin  Landscaping 
Ong Shi Hui   Signboard painting 
Rachael Choong  Mural painting 
 
8. Timetable 
 
Site visit  Dates  Description of Work  
1st   April 19  ­ Observe the environment and their 
needs.  
­ Chatting with senior citizens.   
2nd  April 23  ­ Discussing works to do with person 
in charge.  
­ Chatting with senior citizens.  
3rd  April 30   ­ Plant some plants into the empty 
land.  
4th  May 6  ­ Refurnish furniture. 
5th  May 7  ­ Making mosquito netting.  
6th  May 13  ­ Tear down the wooden patlet.  
­ Nail the padlet together become 
wooden board for mural and 
signboard.  
­ Grind off the uneven surface of 
padlet.   
7th  May 25  ­ Start painting mural and signboard.  
­ Done the signboard.  
8th   May 27  ­ Finished the mural painting. 
 
   
 
­ Clean the empty land.  
9th   May 28  ­ Installed mural artwork and the 
bench together.  
­ Installed signboard at the front of the 
old folk home.  
­ Done mosquito netting.  
­ Done the landscape design.  
 
9. Budget 
 
No.  Material  Price (RM)  Qty  Total (RM) 
1  Nail  5  1  5 
2  Mosquito net  5  24  120 
3  Hammer  7.50  2  15 
4  Screws  0.30  100  30 
5  Shellac  35  3  105 
6  Shallac  brushes  4.50  4  18 
7  Silicon  8  3  24 
8  Plants  ­  ­  114 
9  Thinner  4  2  8 
10  Sand paper  1.50  10  15 
11  Wooden bar  3.50  90  315 
12  Cement  3  3  9 
13  Soil  1.50  2  3 
14  Fertilizer  5  2  10 
15  Drill bit  3.50  2  7 
         
  Total       798 
 
 
 
Evaluation 
Discuss how progress will be evaluated throughout and at the end of the project. 
– Formulate clear indicators for each objective and result 
 
   
 
– Indicate how and when to conduct monitoring and evaluation activities to determine 
project’s progress and outcome 
– State which methods will be used to monitor and evaluate the project 
– Identify who will carry out the project evaluation. 
 
Endorsements 
Kayin Holdings SDN BHD 
Level 2, Block D,  
Kompleks, Pejabat Damansara,  
Jalan Dungun, Damansara Heights,  
50490 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.  
RM500 
 
Kawasaki Motors (Malaysia) SDN BHD 
No.12, Jalan Jurunilai U1/20,  
Seksyen U1, Hicom Glenmarie Industrial Park,  
40150 Shah Alam, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia. 
Wooden Pallets 
 
Shang Kuan One Stop Home Centre S/B 
No.1, Jalan Sungai Chua,  
Taman Seri Kota,  
43000 Kajang, Selangor, Malaysia. 
Discount in hardware purchasing. 
 
 
References 
(2016). Retrieved 20 May 2016, from 
http://www.unruhturf.com/pdf/2Did%20You%20Know­Trees%20%26%20Grass
%20Both%20Clean%20the%20Ari.pdf 
About AEA​. (2016). ​Arborenvironmentalalliance.com​. Retrieved 20 May 2016, from 
http://www.arborenvironmentalalliance.com/carbon­tree­facts.asp 
 
   
 
BEACN Embedded Carbon Calculator​. (2016). ​Beacn.github.io​. Retrieved 20 May 2016, 
from http://beacn.github.io/framingwalls.html 
CO2 ­ the major cause of global warming | Time for change​. (2016). ​Timeforchange.org​. 
Retrieved 20 May 2016, from 
http://timeforchange.org/CO2­cause­of­global­warming 
Forestry, M. (2016). ​Oxygen Generation by planting a tree or having a tree 
planted.​.​Millsonforestry.com​. Retrieved 20 May 2016, from 
http://www.millsonforestry.com/oxygen.php 
Global Warming: Plants Absorbing More CO2 Than We Thought​. (2014). ​Nature World 
News​. Retrieved 20 May 2016, from 
http://www.natureworldnews.com/articles/9576/20141014/global­warming­pla
nts­absorbing­more­co2­than­we­thought.htm 
How many trees are needed to provide enough oxygen for one person?​. (2015). ​Science 
Focus​. Retrieved 20 May 2016, from 
http://www.sciencefocus.com/qa/how­many­trees­are­needed­provide­enough­ox
ygen­one­person 
How much oxygen does a person consume in a day?​. (2000). ​HowStuffWorks​. Retrieved 
20 May 2016, from 
http://health.howstuffworks.com/human­body/systems/respiratory/question98.h
tm 
How much Oxygen is there for a person to survive in an air­tight enclosure?​. (2016). 
Members.shaw.ca​. Retrieved 20 May 2016, from 
http://members.shaw.ca/tfrisen/how_much_oxygen_for_a_person.htm 
Lawns and the Air that We Breathe | ScienTurfic Sod​. (2016). ​Scienturficsod.com​. 
Retrieved 20 May 2016, from 
http://www.scienturficsod.com/growing­great­lawns/lawns­and­the­air­that­we­b
reathe/ 
 
   
 
Loer SA, e. (2016). ​How much oxygen does the human lung consume? ­ PubMed ­ 
NCBI​.​Ncbi.nlm.nih.gov​. Retrieved 20 May 2016, from 
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9066318 
Turfgrass Lawns and Cleaned Oxygen | The Lawn Institute​. (2016). 
Thelawninstitute.org​. Retrieved 20 May 2016, from 
http://www.thelawninstitute.org/pages/environment/benefits­of­lawn/oxygen­an
d­turfgrass/ 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Appendix 
Provide supporting material for your proposal here.​ ​It may be: 
● Company history 
● Research materials 
● Statistics or estimates 
● External quotes or tenders 
● Detailed cost / benefit spreadsheets 
● Other relevant information or correspondence. 
 
 
 
 
 
 
   
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
         
[Name], Project Client 
 
 
Date: _____________ 
  [Name], Project Sponsor 
 
 
Date: _____________ 
  [Name], Project Manager 
 
 
Date: _____________ 
 
 
 
   

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