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EMC 3130
Lecture Four
Production Audio – “What Did They Say”
Edward Bowen
Sound
Sound
http://youtu.be/GSUFeMYNhTM
Sound
Under the clouds https://vimeo.com/26805821
Sound
Under the clouds https://vimeo.com/26805821
Music for One Apartment and Six
Drummers (short version)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oEx7c-bgzKQ
Music for One Apartment and Six
Drummers (long version)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sVPVbc8LgP4&feature=relmfu
Sound
Sound waves are vibrations.
Microphones convert vibrations to electrical signals.
Receivers and speakers convert electrical signals
to vibrations.
Vibrations are sound waves.
Sound
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cK2-6cgqgYA
Sound
Ruben’s Tube
http://videos.howstuffworks.com/discovery/6517-mythbusters-rubens-tube-uncut-video.htm
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ynqzeIYA7Iw
Sound
Acoustics
.
http://vimeo.com/2887685
Sound
Acoustics
.
http://youtu.be/669AcEBpdsY
Sound
Acoustics
When sound hits a
• Hard surface (plastic, glass, tile, stone, metal)
more sound is REFLECTED – higher
frequencies are reinforced – sound is brighter
and sharper. LIVE
• Sounds bounce back. The larger the space,
the greater the reverberation.
Sound
Acoustics
When sound hits a
• Soft surface (curtains, couches, rugs) more
sound is ABSORBED, in particular higher
frequencies – sound is more mellow, even dull
or muted. DEAD
Sound
Acoustics
Surroundings are too “live”
• Move mic closer to subject
• Pull curtains or drape blankets
• Add thick rugs or cushions
• Use upholstered furniture
• Add acoustic panels
Sound
Acoustics
Surroundings are too “dead”
•Move mic further from subject
•Open curtains, increase hard surface space
•Remove rugs or cushions
•Remove upholstered furniture and use un-
upholstered furniture
•Add board, plastic, floor panels
•Add artificial reverberation (reverb) in post
Sound
Acoustics
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cKITWfS41zw
Sound
Signal to Noise Ratio (SNR, S/N)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qU35efpu_Kk
Sound
Microphones
Sound
Microphones - Directionality
Polar Pattern
Sound
Microphones - Directionality
Polar Pattern
http://youtu.be/Ooy4puTYLpk
Sound
Microphones - Directionality
http://youtu.be/HF6rNYU_a4o
Sound
Microphones - Directionality
http://youtu.be/wppG76olNjk
Sound
Microphones – Dynamic (Handheld)
• Rugged workhorses
• Resist distortion from loud sounds
• Decent sound quality
• No electrical power required
Sound
Microphones – Condenser
• Produces very high audio quality
• Can be small
• Needs battery or phantom electrical power
• Examples – shotgun, lavalier, miniature.
Sound
Microphones
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KQSZUMnHgJs
Sound
Microphones
http://vimeo.com/1080128
Sound
Microphones
http://vimeo.com/11451198
Sound
Microphones
http://vimeo.com/dvgeartalk
Sound
Microphones - Shotguns
Sound
Microphones - Shotguns
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=smQf9W1tx5A
Sound
Microphones - Shotguns
http://www.makingof.com/posts/watch/208/jerry-carnevale-wardrobe-trailer-tour
Sound
Microphones – Shotguns/Boom
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ileoGjvS8OU
Sound
Microphones – Shotguns/Boom
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=skIfNR5oWTw
Sound
Microphones – Shotguns/Boom
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OFFdWa8Orgk
Sound
Microphones – Shotguns/Boom
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=i-0o6miil9E
Sound
Microphones – Shotguns/Boom
Audio - Intermediate - ADR Quality on Set http://youtu.be/upQNo406fpE
Sound
Microphones – Shotguns/Boom
http://vimeo.com/69015893
Sound
Microphones – Lavalier
http://www.ehow.com/video_2280220_what-lavalier-microphones.html
Sound
Microphones – Lavalier
http://youtu.be/CSWzefMLsuo
Sound
Microphones – Comparisons
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pnC9RcDyDus
Sound
Microphones – Comparisons
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pnC9RcDyDus
Sound
Microphones – Connections
Sound
Dynamic Range
Noun: The range of acceptable or possible volumes of
sound occurring in the course of a piece of music or a
performance.
The ratio of the largest to the smallest intensity of
sound that can be reliably transmitted or reproduced
by a particular sound system, measured in decibels
Audio Level / Gain / Amplification – Exposure
Dynamic Range – Exposure Latitude
Automatic Gain – Automatic Exposure
High Volume Distortion – Overexposure
Low Volume Noise - Underexposure
Sound
Levels
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JwRwOgYx9_Q
Sound
Double System Recording
http://vimeo.com/10568081
Sound
Double System Recording
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YotLJBipkds
Sound
Double System Recording
Quick and Simple Lav Mic using a Smartphone http://youtu.be/VZgFSgDAkm8
Sound
Double System Recording
Use a Digital Voice Recorder for great Video Sound http://youtu.be/67lGcAK2U9g
Sound
Double System Recording
http://vimeo.com/8829985
Sound
Double System Recording
http://vimeo.com/13715848
Sound
Double System Recording
http://youtu.be/v8ZiPjNH22M
http://vimeo.com/11329136
Sound
Wind Noise – Wind Screens
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YzROaWF8iCM
Sound
Wind Noise – Wind Screens
http://youtu.be/MFa7gmzfNCI
Sound
Wind Noise – Room Tone
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=snETeThgVms
Sound
Wind Noise – Room Tone
http://vimeo.com/24028843
Sound
http://vimeo.com/17863627
Sound
http://youtu.be/Bb1jWDa8JIc
Sound
Professional Tips
Linden Hudson on Vimeo
http://vimeo.com/user3291610
Sound
Diegetic/Non-Diegetic
http://vimeo.com/14579184
Sound
Diegetic/Non-Diegetic
The Amazing Non-Diegetic Sound Balloons http://vimeo.com/9058570
Sound
Diegetic/Non-Diegetic
Diego Stocco - The Making of DTS Sound Signature http://vimeo.com/22975181
Sound
Foley
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RKTDkr_Oeig
Sound
Foley
Mr. Foley https://vimeo.com/20606655
Sound
Foley
What is Foley Sound by Sound Ideas http://youtu.be/OONaPcZ4EAs
Foley Sound Effects For Film http://youtu.be/D5CK0HH6xBk
Learn ADR and Foley Sound! http://youtu.be/ktr-a5fSl-k
Foley Sounds In Premiere Pro CS5 – Demo http://youtu.be/lKCjw1lqJWg
Sound
Sound Design
Train of Thought https://vimeo.com/15263537
Sound
Sound Design
Building A Wall https://vimeo.com/9998489
Sound
Sound Design
The Last Ten https://vimeo.com/39625508
Sound
Post Production
Worldizing: a sound design concept - by Walter Murch
http://youtu.be/_py6jVyOqUY
Sound
Post Production
http://youtu.be/aVNyziuolh0
Sound
Summary
http://youtu.be/jKYmSeKOkXs

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EMC 3150 Audio Lecture