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DIGITAL TRANSFORMATION OF
MIDDLE EASTADMINISTRATIONS
by Dr. Fotis Fitsilis, Scientific Service, Hellenic Parliament
2 November 2020
HBKU webinar “Digital Humanities in the MENA Region”
Structure
◦ Motivation
◦ Approach
◦ Methods and tools
◦ Challenges
◦ Conclusion
Motivation
◦ Middle East actual birthplace of bureaucracy
◦ Dominant institution of governance*
◦ Disruption through technology & algorithms
◦ Digital transformation of established bureaucratic systems
 How?
 Sustainability?
* Farazmand, 1999
Approach
◦ Adjustment of internal processes
◦ Production of legal documents
◦ Linked open data formats
◦ Leap towards web 3.0 & the semantic web
◦ Balance between domestic & international expertise
◦ Involve dynamic domestic stakeholders
◦ Data first, platform agnostic, machine consumable
◦ Mobile integration
Methods
◦ Regime of legal informatics
◦ Development of ontological models
◦ Legal document templates and data schemes
◦ Use of standards: XML, RDF, OWL,+ Akoma Ntoso*
◦ Workflow management systems
◦ Web based, collaborative & secure authoring tools
◦ AI-enhanced textual analytics
& Tools
*+
Challenges
◦ Open data production:
 Work intensive
 Additional pressure on administrations
◦ Scarce resources
◦ Resistance to change
◦ Inappropriate organizational structures
◦ Non-standardized tools and methods
 Bureaucracies confronted with tough decisions
CONCLUSIONS
… and outlook
◦ Two basic options
1. Natural evolution
2. Aggressive (disruptive) approach
◦ A thing for the Qatari NPRP – Cluster?
◦ Pilot program for selected public entities
◦ Re-education of public administrators
◦ Vision:
‘An ecosystem of linked open governance
data and services’
Thank you!
fitsilisf@parliament.gr
https://fitsilis.gr

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Digital Transformation of Middle East Administrations

  • 1. DIGITAL TRANSFORMATION OF MIDDLE EASTADMINISTRATIONS by Dr. Fotis Fitsilis, Scientific Service, Hellenic Parliament 2 November 2020 HBKU webinar “Digital Humanities in the MENA Region”
  • 2. Structure ◦ Motivation ◦ Approach ◦ Methods and tools ◦ Challenges ◦ Conclusion
  • 3. Motivation ◦ Middle East actual birthplace of bureaucracy ◦ Dominant institution of governance* ◦ Disruption through technology & algorithms ◦ Digital transformation of established bureaucratic systems  How?  Sustainability? * Farazmand, 1999
  • 4. Approach ◦ Adjustment of internal processes ◦ Production of legal documents ◦ Linked open data formats ◦ Leap towards web 3.0 & the semantic web ◦ Balance between domestic & international expertise ◦ Involve dynamic domestic stakeholders ◦ Data first, platform agnostic, machine consumable ◦ Mobile integration
  • 5. Methods ◦ Regime of legal informatics ◦ Development of ontological models ◦ Legal document templates and data schemes ◦ Use of standards: XML, RDF, OWL,+ Akoma Ntoso* ◦ Workflow management systems ◦ Web based, collaborative & secure authoring tools ◦ AI-enhanced textual analytics & Tools *+
  • 6. Challenges ◦ Open data production:  Work intensive  Additional pressure on administrations ◦ Scarce resources ◦ Resistance to change ◦ Inappropriate organizational structures ◦ Non-standardized tools and methods  Bureaucracies confronted with tough decisions
  • 7. CONCLUSIONS … and outlook ◦ Two basic options 1. Natural evolution 2. Aggressive (disruptive) approach ◦ A thing for the Qatari NPRP – Cluster? ◦ Pilot program for selected public entities ◦ Re-education of public administrators ◦ Vision: ‘An ecosystem of linked open governance data and services’