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SOMBOON SIRIRAKSOPHON
SEAFDEC / Secretariat

Coral Triangle Fishers Forum, 18-20 June 12
Novotel Lami Bay, Suva, Fiji
SEAFDEC’s Role on Sustainable Fisheries
Addressing IUU Fishing and Traceability
SEAFDEC Initiatives to Combat IUU
Fishing
Needs to Achieve Fisheries Sustainability
and Combating IUU fishing
Ways Forward on
Established since 1967
  Promotion of fisheries development through
  research, training and information dissemination
During 1967-2000,
  Four key areas:
    Capture fishery technology,
    Post-harvest technology,
    Aquaculture, and
    Fisheries management;
  10 ASEAN Countries plus Japan are Members
  ASEAN-SEAFDEC Strategic Partnership of FGC
  Develop the Regionalization of the CCRF
During 2001-2010>
ASEAN-SEAFDEC Ministers adopted 2001 RES and PoA
Main programs were:
    HRD to promote; responsible fisheries &
    aquaculture, utilization of fish and fishery
    products, quality & safety standards
    Innovative fisheries management: strengthening SSF
    management, through community and co-management
    Food safety and quality assurance system, handling at sea
    Improvement of fisheries statistics
    Stock assessment and enhancement
    Strengthening joint ASEAN-SEAFDEC harmonized
    approaches and common positions
Awarded Margarita Lizárraga Medal for the biennium 2006-
2007.
During 2011- onwards >
  Required emerging issues and changing of environment
  ASEAN-SEAFDEC Ministers adopted 2011 RES and PoA
  SEAFDEC Program Framework that linked to IUU are focused
     Continued promotion of sustainable fisheries for food
     security including quality and safety standards and
     assurance system
     Traceability system of aquaculture and capture products
     through the supply chain
     Improving management concepts and approaches for
     sustainable fisheries
        Strengthen fisheries governance, and
        Required adjustment of national policy framework to combat IUU
        fishing
Increasing seriousness of IUU Fishing in ASEAN
    and SEAFDEC Meetings (ASWGFi, AFCF)
    Due to:
       Overfished
       Increasing of
       Fish demand


Occurrence of IUU fishing:
 Within the Region
 Foreign Vessels from
  outside the Region
 Import of IUU product
 IUU fishing in highseas
• Open Access Regime
  Cambodia: ~7,300 fishing boats
       ( 80% SC )
  Indonesia: ~244,500 non-pw,
       146,000 in-bm, and 165,300 out-bm (total = 555,800 )
  Malaysia: ~36,000 fishing boats (55% SC)
  Myanmar: ~32,360 fishing boats (94% SC)
  Philippines: 473,400 fishing boats (99% SC)
  Thailand: 16,432 fishing boats (31% SC)
  Brunei: 2,750 fishing boats (98.6% SC)
  Singapore: 133 fishing boats (97.7% SC)
  Vietnam: ~200,000 fishing boats
 Total ~ 1,320,000 fishing boats
Effective Fisheries management
-   MCS
-   Double Flagged
-   fishing licensing
-   boat registration
-   Data collection
-   Statistical system   Cambodian boats Trad province   Licensed boat (Pattani)

-
① Strengthening Sub-regional
  cooperation/collaboration for development of MCS
  networks and management of trans-boundary
  species
   In Gulf of Thailand:
     Vietnam, Cambodia, Thailand and Malaysia
   In Andaman Sea:
     Myanmar, Indonesia, Thailand and Malaysia
② Identified Key Issues of Fisheries Management in
  the sub-region
   Catch Data/ Effective fishing logbook system
      Artisanal fisheries/ small-scale fisheries
      Commercial fisheries, Large-scale fisheries
   Across-border fish landing / fishing
      Port Inspection/ Port Monitoring system
      Surveillance system
      Enhancing local market
      Awareness building at community
            and local government
   Fishing licensing/ Boat registration
   Awareness Campaign
③ Improving and Strengthening Vessel Registration
  and Fishing Licensing System as a Management
  Tool
  To support development of regional vessel
    records,
  To support the MCS Network through
    information sharing
④ Capacity Building to Address the IUU Fishing in
  the Region
  Building the awareness on IUU fishing Technical
    Consultation/ Expert Consultation
  Regional training to trainers on the anti-IUU
    fishing including MCS to fisheries officers
  Support MCs on development and
    Implementation of the NPOA-IUU fishing
  Provide platform for ASEAN-SEAFDEC MCs to
    discuss for Regional Approach to all
    International Fish-Trade related issues
    including IUU fishing Issue.
⑤ Using of VMS/BBO for Fisheries Management and
  against IUU Fishing
2011 ASEAN-SEAFDEC Resolution and Plan of Action
  RES7:
      Promote effective management of fishing capacity and
      use of responsible fishing technologies and
      practices, recognizing the movement towards replacing
      the “open access” to fisheries resources with “limited
      access”;
  RES8:
      Foster cooperation among ASEAN Member Countries
      and with international and regional organizations in
      combating IUU fishing; and
  RES10:
      Strengthen knowledge/science-based development and
      management of fisheries through enhancing the
      national capacity in the collection and sharing of
      fisheries data and information.
Adaptation of National Policy Framework
• Improve fisheries statistic framework;
• Effective Fisheries Management;
• Promote of co-management/ community-based
  management.
Sub-regional cooperation: MCS,
  data/information sharing
Harmonized Traceability System/Catch
Documentations for both commercial and
small scale fisheries
Catch



CDS:                    Transfer
Catch
Documentation
Scheme                  Caging
SDP:                                CDS
Statistical Document
Program                Processing

CERTIFICATES:
parts of the Scheme     Export
                                          SDP
                        Import
Purposes of Traceability System/ Catch
Documentations Scheme (CDS)
 to monitor the international trade in fish-
  product;
 to identify the origins of fish imported into
  or exported from ….
 to determine whether fish imported into or
  exported from …are legally fishing
 to gather catch data for the scientific
  evaluation of the stocks.
 Better integration of commercial and artisanal/
  SS-fisheries into CDS (RFMOs Members) or SDP.
 Guidelines for smooth operation may required
 Sharing experience for best practice on
  developing of logbook or landing data system./
 Thinking of new device for better tracking such as
  electronic tag
 Link the issue to Licensing system
 Capacity building
 Link to life fish trade within the region: Exploring
  on ASEAN Catch certification to facilitate intra-
  regional trade of fish and fisheries product;
 Link to SSF and domestic market: requires a
  national policy framework for establishment of
  Community-based and co-management;
 Awareness building: through ICT.
Implementation of RPOA in SE Asia - Successes, Challenges and Needs

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Implementation of RPOA in SE Asia - Successes, Challenges and Needs

  • 1. SOMBOON SIRIRAKSOPHON SEAFDEC / Secretariat Coral Triangle Fishers Forum, 18-20 June 12 Novotel Lami Bay, Suva, Fiji
  • 2. SEAFDEC’s Role on Sustainable Fisheries Addressing IUU Fishing and Traceability SEAFDEC Initiatives to Combat IUU Fishing Needs to Achieve Fisheries Sustainability and Combating IUU fishing Ways Forward on
  • 3. Established since 1967 Promotion of fisheries development through research, training and information dissemination During 1967-2000, Four key areas: Capture fishery technology, Post-harvest technology, Aquaculture, and Fisheries management; 10 ASEAN Countries plus Japan are Members ASEAN-SEAFDEC Strategic Partnership of FGC Develop the Regionalization of the CCRF
  • 4. During 2001-2010> ASEAN-SEAFDEC Ministers adopted 2001 RES and PoA Main programs were: HRD to promote; responsible fisheries & aquaculture, utilization of fish and fishery products, quality & safety standards Innovative fisheries management: strengthening SSF management, through community and co-management Food safety and quality assurance system, handling at sea Improvement of fisheries statistics Stock assessment and enhancement Strengthening joint ASEAN-SEAFDEC harmonized approaches and common positions Awarded Margarita Lizárraga Medal for the biennium 2006- 2007.
  • 5. During 2011- onwards > Required emerging issues and changing of environment ASEAN-SEAFDEC Ministers adopted 2011 RES and PoA SEAFDEC Program Framework that linked to IUU are focused Continued promotion of sustainable fisheries for food security including quality and safety standards and assurance system Traceability system of aquaculture and capture products through the supply chain Improving management concepts and approaches for sustainable fisheries Strengthen fisheries governance, and Required adjustment of national policy framework to combat IUU fishing
  • 6. Increasing seriousness of IUU Fishing in ASEAN and SEAFDEC Meetings (ASWGFi, AFCF) Due to: Overfished Increasing of Fish demand Occurrence of IUU fishing:  Within the Region  Foreign Vessels from outside the Region  Import of IUU product  IUU fishing in highseas
  • 7. • Open Access Regime Cambodia: ~7,300 fishing boats ( 80% SC ) Indonesia: ~244,500 non-pw, 146,000 in-bm, and 165,300 out-bm (total = 555,800 ) Malaysia: ~36,000 fishing boats (55% SC) Myanmar: ~32,360 fishing boats (94% SC) Philippines: 473,400 fishing boats (99% SC) Thailand: 16,432 fishing boats (31% SC) Brunei: 2,750 fishing boats (98.6% SC) Singapore: 133 fishing boats (97.7% SC) Vietnam: ~200,000 fishing boats Total ~ 1,320,000 fishing boats
  • 8. Effective Fisheries management - MCS - Double Flagged - fishing licensing - boat registration - Data collection - Statistical system Cambodian boats Trad province Licensed boat (Pattani) -
  • 9. ① Strengthening Sub-regional cooperation/collaboration for development of MCS networks and management of trans-boundary species  In Gulf of Thailand: Vietnam, Cambodia, Thailand and Malaysia  In Andaman Sea: Myanmar, Indonesia, Thailand and Malaysia
  • 10. ② Identified Key Issues of Fisheries Management in the sub-region  Catch Data/ Effective fishing logbook system  Artisanal fisheries/ small-scale fisheries  Commercial fisheries, Large-scale fisheries  Across-border fish landing / fishing  Port Inspection/ Port Monitoring system  Surveillance system  Enhancing local market  Awareness building at community and local government  Fishing licensing/ Boat registration  Awareness Campaign
  • 11. ③ Improving and Strengthening Vessel Registration and Fishing Licensing System as a Management Tool To support development of regional vessel records, To support the MCS Network through information sharing
  • 12. ④ Capacity Building to Address the IUU Fishing in the Region Building the awareness on IUU fishing Technical Consultation/ Expert Consultation Regional training to trainers on the anti-IUU fishing including MCS to fisheries officers Support MCs on development and Implementation of the NPOA-IUU fishing Provide platform for ASEAN-SEAFDEC MCs to discuss for Regional Approach to all International Fish-Trade related issues including IUU fishing Issue.
  • 13. ⑤ Using of VMS/BBO for Fisheries Management and against IUU Fishing
  • 14. 2011 ASEAN-SEAFDEC Resolution and Plan of Action RES7: Promote effective management of fishing capacity and use of responsible fishing technologies and practices, recognizing the movement towards replacing the “open access” to fisheries resources with “limited access”; RES8: Foster cooperation among ASEAN Member Countries and with international and regional organizations in combating IUU fishing; and RES10: Strengthen knowledge/science-based development and management of fisheries through enhancing the national capacity in the collection and sharing of fisheries data and information.
  • 15. Adaptation of National Policy Framework • Improve fisheries statistic framework; • Effective Fisheries Management; • Promote of co-management/ community-based management. Sub-regional cooperation: MCS, data/information sharing Harmonized Traceability System/Catch Documentations for both commercial and small scale fisheries
  • 16. Catch CDS: Transfer Catch Documentation Scheme Caging SDP: CDS Statistical Document Program Processing CERTIFICATES: parts of the Scheme Export SDP Import
  • 17. Purposes of Traceability System/ Catch Documentations Scheme (CDS)  to monitor the international trade in fish- product;  to identify the origins of fish imported into or exported from ….  to determine whether fish imported into or exported from …are legally fishing  to gather catch data for the scientific evaluation of the stocks.
  • 18.  Better integration of commercial and artisanal/ SS-fisheries into CDS (RFMOs Members) or SDP.  Guidelines for smooth operation may required  Sharing experience for best practice on developing of logbook or landing data system./  Thinking of new device for better tracking such as electronic tag  Link the issue to Licensing system  Capacity building
  • 19.  Link to life fish trade within the region: Exploring on ASEAN Catch certification to facilitate intra- regional trade of fish and fisheries product;  Link to SSF and domestic market: requires a national policy framework for establishment of Community-based and co-management;  Awareness building: through ICT.

Editor's Notes

  1. The Chairperson, Distinguished delegates, Ladies and gentlemen, Good Morning/Afternoon
  2. promotion of sustainable fisheries development to strengthen the capability of member countries through research, training and information dissemination”
  3. promotion of sustainable fisheries development to strengthen the capability of member countries through research, training and information dissemination”
  4. Past Decade Activities during 2001-2010 – focused on enhancing regional technical cooperation among ASEAN-SEAFDEC Member Countries by involving both government and private sectors through appropriate framework and logistic arrangements by all possible means with a view to reduce disparities and promote solidarity among the Member Countries, of which priority was given to the important issues affecting sustainable fisheries development in the region. Moreover, the importance of the multi-functionality of fisheries focusing on poverty alleviation, livelihoods, and food security was also considered. The main programs were focused on: Human resource development in all aspects of fisheries such as responsible fisheries and aquaculture, maximizing the utilization of fish and fishery products, and on quality and safety standards including the application HACCPInnovative fisheries management, by improving the management concept and approaches for sustainable fisheries, such as strengthening small-scale fisheries management through the promotion of rights-based fisheries management, co-managementStock assessment and enhancement, strengthening the coastal resource assessment capabilities using the national or SEAFDEC research vessels under a cost-sharing policy, and in addition, promoting the regional framework on rehabilitation of fisheries resources and habitats/fishing grounds through resource enhancementPromotion of responsible and sustainable aquaculture, including the development of environment-friendly aquaculture, development of the nutrition-efficient feeds and feeding management, and good aquaculture practicesDisease diagnosis and surveillance of existing highly virulent diseases as well as new emerging diseasesFood safety and quality assurance system particularly on the analysis and detection of chemical and antibiotic residuesImprovement of regional fisheries statistical systems and mechanismsStrengthening joint ASEAN-SEAFDEC harmonized approaches and common positions on priority issues affecting ASEAN-SEAFDEC Member Countries, including those related to international trade in fish and fishery products
  5. Taking into account the required emerging issues and changing of the environment such as those relating to the impact of climate change, fish trade related issues, poverty alleviation and livelihoods, fisheries sustainability and food safetyIn 2011 the ASEAN-SEAFDEC Ministers on fisheries adopted the 2011-ASEAN-SEAFDEC Resolution and Plan of Action. SEAFDECprograms would focus on:Continued promotion of sustainable aquaculture development including accelerating awareness and capacity building in fish health management while stock enhancement would emphasize on internationally threatened and over exploited speciesIncluding the quality and safety standards and assurance system especially the food safety of aquaculture products, and traceability system of aquaculture and capture products through the supply chainImproving management concepts and approaches for sustainable fisheries by emphasizing on fisheries governance, and the required adjustment of national policy-management framework to combat IUU fishing through regional cooperation on MCS and improvement of information/data collection, as well as on the promotion of community-based fisheries management or/and co-management under the new concept on ecosystem approach to fisheries
  6. RES7. Promote better management of fishing capacity and use of responsible fishing technologies and practices, recognizing the movement towards replacing the “open access” to fisheries resources with “limited access” through rights-based fisheries, and at the same time, secure the rights and well-being of inland and coastal fisheries communities;RES8. Foster cooperation among ASEAN Member Countries and with international and regional organizations in combating IUU fishing;RES10. Strengthen knowledge/science-based development and management of fisheries through enhancing the national capacity in the collection and sharing of fisheries data and information;
  7. During the past decade, many attempts had been initiated to improve fisheries management with the fundamental objective of reducing IUU and destructive fishing. The seriousness of this concern has been increasingly expressed through discussions and recommendations in various meetings and consultations such as those of the SEAFDEC Council, the ASEAN Fisheries Consultative Forum (AFCF), the SEAFDEC Regional Advisory Committee (RAC) on Fisheries Management in Southeast Asia, the Regional Plan of Action (RPOA) to Combat IUU Fisheries, as well as during the Meetings of the ASEAN Heads of State especially at the launching of the roadmap for ASEAN Economic Community.
  8.  In improving the management of fishing capacity and ensuring that fishing effort do not exceed the availability of resources in the ASEAN countries, the establishment of good and systematic schemes for the registration of fishing vessels, and the development of processes to issue license to fish are the basic requirements. From the comprehensive records on vessels, gear and people involved in fishing, reliable catch data and report on actual fishing effort could be derived. Information on vessels is also critical in developing effective Monitoring, Control and Surveillance (MCS) networks, which are instrumental for the cooperation on management of fishing capacity and support the efforts to combat IUU fishing, in order to achieve long-term sustainability of marine resources and coastal habitats. National arrangements that would facilitate the control and enforcement of laws and regulations should therefore be developed to ensure, maintain and conserve fisheries resources and habitats.
  9.  The 13th Meeting of the FCG/ASSP recommended that a common catch documentationscheme for the Southeast Asian region should comply with the requirements of RFMOs aswell with those imposed by importing countries, e.g. USA and EU countries, in order tofacilitate intra-regional trade of fish and fishery products,