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Insights for preparing NDCs aligned with the outcome
of GST1
Ministry of Environment
By: Beatrice CYIZA
DG-ECC, MoE Rwanda
3 April 2024
Ministry of Environment
Introduction
 Climate change is a global concern
 Current NDCs are expected to fall short of meeting the global long-term
temperature goal set by the Paris Agreement.
 The 1st GST noted that much more action is needed now, on all fronts and by
all actors, if the long-term goals of the Paris Agreement are to be met.
 According to the Paris Agreement in its Article 4.19, “all Parties should
strive to formulate and communicate long-term low-greenhouse gas
emissions development strategies” (LT-LEDS) to the UNFCCC.
2
Ministry of Environment
Alignment of NDCs and LT-LEDS
 To align next NDCs with the 1.5oC temperature goal and with LT-LEDS, countries
need to consider the following:
✓ Contextualize the Paris agreement climate goal and GST1 outcomes –
assess gaps and opportunities for improvement.
✓ Identify key emitting sectors and design NDCs to address emissions per
sector, while including both mitigation and adaptation actions
✓ Assess climate scenarios as part of country’s long-term strategies
✓ Set ambitious targets considering GST1 and country context
✓ Stakeholder engagement for all-inclusiveness.
✓ Financial and capacity development needs
✓ Establish robust MRVs to ensure implementation and enhance
transparency.
3
Ministry of Environment
Rwanda’s long-term vision on climate change
 Rwanda adopted the Green Growth and Climate Resilience Strategy
(2023 – revising the 2011 strategy), to ensure Rwanda becomes a
developed, low carbon and climate resilient by 2050.
 This long-term goal is a shared vision in the country’s Vision 2050.
 The goal is expected to be achieved trough 4 thematic programme
areas
✓ Green Industrialization and Trade
✓ Green Urban Transition and Integration
✓ Sustainable Land Use and Natural Resource Management
✓ Vibrant Resilient Green Rural Livelihoods
4
Ministry of Environment
Rwanda’s NDC
5
 Rwanda’s revised NDC set more ambitious targets for the period to
2030.
✓ a 38% reduction of greenhouse gas emissions (energy, IPPU, waste
management, transport, agriculture nature-based conservation initiatives).
✓ enhancing resilience to climate change effects through adaptation
measures in priority sectors namely water, agriculture, land, forestry,
human settlement, transport, health, and mining.
 Funding requirements are estimated at $11 billion through 2030:
✓ For mitigation interventions: $5.7 billion.
✓ For adaptation interventions: $5.3 billion.
 Enabler: policy and institutional framework, stakeholder engagement
6

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CCXG global forum, April 2024, Beatrice Cyiza

  • 1. Insights for preparing NDCs aligned with the outcome of GST1 Ministry of Environment By: Beatrice CYIZA DG-ECC, MoE Rwanda 3 April 2024
  • 2. Ministry of Environment Introduction  Climate change is a global concern  Current NDCs are expected to fall short of meeting the global long-term temperature goal set by the Paris Agreement.  The 1st GST noted that much more action is needed now, on all fronts and by all actors, if the long-term goals of the Paris Agreement are to be met.  According to the Paris Agreement in its Article 4.19, “all Parties should strive to formulate and communicate long-term low-greenhouse gas emissions development strategies” (LT-LEDS) to the UNFCCC. 2
  • 3. Ministry of Environment Alignment of NDCs and LT-LEDS  To align next NDCs with the 1.5oC temperature goal and with LT-LEDS, countries need to consider the following: ✓ Contextualize the Paris agreement climate goal and GST1 outcomes – assess gaps and opportunities for improvement. ✓ Identify key emitting sectors and design NDCs to address emissions per sector, while including both mitigation and adaptation actions ✓ Assess climate scenarios as part of country’s long-term strategies ✓ Set ambitious targets considering GST1 and country context ✓ Stakeholder engagement for all-inclusiveness. ✓ Financial and capacity development needs ✓ Establish robust MRVs to ensure implementation and enhance transparency. 3
  • 4. Ministry of Environment Rwanda’s long-term vision on climate change  Rwanda adopted the Green Growth and Climate Resilience Strategy (2023 – revising the 2011 strategy), to ensure Rwanda becomes a developed, low carbon and climate resilient by 2050.  This long-term goal is a shared vision in the country’s Vision 2050.  The goal is expected to be achieved trough 4 thematic programme areas ✓ Green Industrialization and Trade ✓ Green Urban Transition and Integration ✓ Sustainable Land Use and Natural Resource Management ✓ Vibrant Resilient Green Rural Livelihoods 4
  • 5. Ministry of Environment Rwanda’s NDC 5  Rwanda’s revised NDC set more ambitious targets for the period to 2030. ✓ a 38% reduction of greenhouse gas emissions (energy, IPPU, waste management, transport, agriculture nature-based conservation initiatives). ✓ enhancing resilience to climate change effects through adaptation measures in priority sectors namely water, agriculture, land, forestry, human settlement, transport, health, and mining.  Funding requirements are estimated at $11 billion through 2030: ✓ For mitigation interventions: $5.7 billion. ✓ For adaptation interventions: $5.3 billion.  Enabler: policy and institutional framework, stakeholder engagement
  • 6. 6