SlideShare a Scribd company logo
The Case
For
Opening
Florida
Schools
How Science
Works…
If the evidence changes, the conclusion changes.
What Evidence Do We Have To
Draw Conclusions?
1. Current US and Florida COVID statistics, including cases,
hospitalizations, and deaths.
2. Studies from other countries that have reopened schools.
American Academy of Pediatrics
“the AAP strongly advocates that all policy considerations for the
coming school year should start with a goal of having students
physically present in school.”
Centers For Disease Control
The best available evidence indicates if children become infected, they are far
less likely to suffer severe symptoms. Death rates among school-aged children
are much lower than among adults. At the same time, the harms attributed to
closed schools on the social, emotional, and behavioral health, economic well-
being, and academic achievement of children, in both the short- and long-
term, are well-known and significant. Further, the lack of in-person
educational options disproportionately harms low-income and minority
children and those living with disabilities.
Source: https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/community/schools-childcare/reopening-schools.html
Current COVID
Case Statistics in
Florida
Total Case Count
Last Update: Jul 22Source: https://open-fdoh.hub.arcgis.com/datasets/florida-covid19-case-line-data/data?selectedAttribute=EventDate
Case Count Over Age 65 (High
Risk)
Last Update: Jul 22Source: https://open-fdoh.hub.arcgis.com/datasets/florida-covid19-case-line-data/data?selectedAttribute=EventDate
Case Count Under Age 65 (Low
Risk)
Last Update: Jul 22Source: https://open-fdoh.hub.arcgis.com/datasets/florida-covid19-case-line-data/data?selectedAttribute=EventDate
Conclusion
The majority of new cases are driven by the “low-risk” cohort.
Current COVID
Death Statistics in
Florida
Deaths By Date of Death
Source: https://business.fau.edu/covidtracker/data/florida-data/ Last Update: Jul 29
Case Fatality Rate By Age
Source: https://business.fau.edu/covidtracker/data/florida-data/ Last Update: Jul 29
Conclusion
For the young, the risk of death from COVID is less than the
risk of death from the flu. This risk drastically increases above
the age of 65.
Current COVID
Hospital Statistics
in Florida
Hospitalizations By Case Date
Source: https://open-fdoh.hub.arcgis.com/datasets/florida-covid19-case-line-data/data?selectedAttribute=EventDate Last Update: Jul 22
Florida ICU Capacity By County, By
Date
0
50
100
150
200
250
WASHINGTON
WALTON
VOLUSIA
UNION
TAYLOR
SUWANNEE
SUMTER
ST.LUCIE
ST.JOHNS
SEMINOLE
SARASOTA
SANTAROSA
PUTNAM
POLK
PINELLAS
PASCO
PALMBEACH
OSCEOLA
ORANGE
OKEECHOBEE
OKALOOSA
NASSAU
MONROE
MIAMI-DADE
MARTIN
MARION
MANATEE
MADISON
LEON
LEE
LAKE
JACKSON
INDIANRIVER
HOLMES
HILLSBOROUGH
HIGHLANDS
HERNANDO
HENDRY
HARDEE
GULF
GADSDEN
FRANKLIN
FLAGLER
ESCAMBIA
DUVAL
DESOTO
COLUMBIA
COLLIER
CLAY
CITRUS
CHARLOTTE
CALHOUN
BROWARD
BREVARD
BAY
BAKER
ALACHUA
County
Florida ICU Available, By County
7/8 Empty
7/9 Empty
7/12 Empty
7/15 Empty
7/18 Empty
7/20 Empty
7/29 Empty
Source:
https://bi.ahca.myflorida.com/t/ABICC/views/Public/HospitalBedsHospital?%3AshowAppBanner=false&%3Adisplay_count=n&%3Asho
wVizHome=n&%3Aorigin=viz_share_link&%3AisGuestRedirectFromVizportal=y&%3Aembed=y Last Update: Jul 29
Florida ICU Capacity (Total), By
Date
Source: https://business.fau.edu/covidtracker/data/florida-data/
Last Update: Jul 29
Florida Hospital Beds, COVID vs.
Non-COVID
Source: https://business.fau.edu/covidtracker/data/florida-data/
Last Update: Jul 29
Conclusion
Despite the case spike in the state, hospitals are not beyond
capacity.
This can change, yet the data received over the summer show
that the crisis has been managed without restrictive
lockdown measures.
COVID
Transmission
Through Children
What Are We Concerned About?
1. Children becoming sick, hospitalized, and dead. Current data show this
risk is lower than a traditional influenza virus.
2. Transmission to other children, teachers, and families - causing hotspots,
outbreaks, higher case counts, higher hospitalizations, and higher
deaths. Current data show children are not a significant infection
vector for adults.
Study 1
Outbreak investigations in Finland has not shown children to be
contributing much in terms of transmission and in Sweden a report
comparing risk of covid-19 in different professions, showed no increased
risk for teachers.
In conclusion, closure or not of schools had no measurable direct impact on
the number of laboratory confirmed cases in school-aged children in
Finland or Sweden
Source:
Sweden Public Health Agency
https://www.folkhalsomyndigheten.se/contentassets/c1b78bffbfde4a7899eb0d8ffdb57b09/covid-19-school-aged-
children.pdf
Study 2
Schools do not play a major role in spreading the coronavirus, according to the results of a
German study released on Monday.
The study, the largest carried out on schoolchildren and teachers in Germany, found traces
of the virus in fewer than 1 per cent of teachers and children.
Scientists from Dresden Technical University said they believe children may act as a “brake”
on chains of infection.
Prof Reinhard Berner, the head of pediatric medicine at Dresden University Hospital and
leader of the study, said the results suggested the virus does not spread easily in schools.
Source:
Dresden Technical University (Need Direct Source to Paper)
https://news.yahoo.com/german-study-finds-no-evidence-164704005.html
Social Distancing Is Not Needed
For Children
“Data from the Netherlands also confirms the current understanding: that children play a
minor role in the spread of the novel coronavirus. The virus is mainly spread between
adults and from adult family members to children. The spread of COVID-19 among children
or from children to adults is less common.”
• Children up to and including 12 years of age do not have to keep 1.5 metres apart
from each other and from adults. This also applies to childcare and primary education.
• Young people aged 13 until 18 years old (i.e. 17 years old and younger) do not have to
stay 1.5 metres apart from each other. In secondary schools, this applies to all pupils,
regardless of their age.
Source:
Rijksinstituut voor Volksgezondheid en Milieu
https://www.rivm.nl/en/novel-coronavirus-covid-19/children-and-covid-19
Denmark – Infection Rate Stays
Under 1 After Schools Reopened
Source:
Statens Serum Institute
https://www.ssi.dk/aktuelt/nyheder/2020/status-for-smittetrykket-i-danmark-29-april-2020
NIPH – No Evidence Children Are
Key Drivers
Can children transmit the virus, and if so, to whom?
Current evidence suggest that children can transmit SARS-CoV-2, but there is no evidence that
children are key drivers of transmission. Evidence is sparse, and it is too early to conclude firmly about
the role children play in transmission of SARS-CoV-2.
What are the measurable effects of school closures?
We have not identified directly applicable data, but limited evidence based on experiences from the
SARS outbreak in Beijing in 2003 suggest that school closure had limited impact on transmission
control.
Source:
Norwegian Institute Of Public Health
https://www.fhi.no/en/publ/2020/The-role-of-children-in-the-transmission-of-SARS-CoV-2-COVID-19-1st-update/
Opening Schools Does Not Lead To
Case Spikes
“Countries that have reopened schools
after passing the peak of the epidemic
show no immediate spike in new cases
so far.”
“We’ll continue to track reopening patterns.
But in the meantime, it remains true that
countries that reopened schools 25-30 days
after their peak don’t tend to show a change
in trend in new cases.”
(May 29, 2020)Source:
Center for Global Development
https://www.cgdev.org/blog/back-school-tracking-covid-cases-schools-reopen
https://www.cgdev.org/blog/back-school-update-covid-cases-schools-reopen
Opening Schools Does Not Lead To
Case Spikes
Source:
Wall Street Journal
https://www.wsj.com/articles/is-it-safe-to-reopen-schools-these-countries-say-yes-11590928949
A number of countries that have reopened schools in the past two months have
reported no resulting increase in coronavirus infection rates, an encouraging sign for
authorities around the world that are contemplating how and when to safely bring
children back to the classroom.
Opening Schools Does Not Lead To
Case Spikes
Source:
The Guardian
https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/may/18/french-minister-tells-of-risks-of-missing-school-as-more-pupils-return-
covid-19
The reopening of schools in 22 European countries has not led to any significant
increase in coronavirus infections among children, parents or staff, a
videoconference meeting of education ministers from around the EU has heard.
No Evidence Of Secondary
Transmission - Ireland
We examined Irish
notifications of SARS-CoV2 in
the school setting before
school closures on 12 March
2020 and identified no
paediatric transmission.
This adds to current evidence
that children do not appear
to be drivers of
transmission, and we argue
that reopening schools should
be considered safe
accompanied by certain
measures.
Source:
Ireland Health Services
https://www.eurosurveillance.org/content/10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2020.25.21.2000903#abstract_content
No Evidence of Secondary
Transmission - Australia
“Our investigation found no
evidence of children infecting
teachers.”
Source:
National Center For Immunisation Research and Surveillance
http://ncirs.org.au/sites/default/files/2020-
04/NCIRS%20NSW%20Schools%20COVID_Summary_FINAL%20public_26%20April%202020.pdf
School Closures Are Not Effective
Compared to Other Interventions
• Based on our model, we compare the effectiveness of NPIs in the early
stages of the outbreak. The closure of venues is associated with a
reduction in the number of new cases by 33 % (95% credible interval [CrI]
16–47 %). The reduction is lower for work bans on non-essential business
activities (28 %; 95% CrI 10–42 %) and border closures (26 %; 95% CrI 13–
37 %). School closures yield a reduction of only 11 % (95% CrI 0–27 %)
and its relative impact is one of the lowest among the various policy
measures considered in this analysis.
Source:
Swiss National Science Foundation
https://www.medrxiv.org/content/10.1101/2020.04.16.20062141v1.full.pdf
Conclusion
Children are not a statistically significant transmission risk.
Caveats
Most studies are outside the United States.
Outcomes inside US could change due to demographics,
population health, obesity rates, mutations in the virus, and fall
seasonality.
Unless the data change, the conclusion must remain the same.
Health Care Workers Can’t Go To
Their Jobs
“ Our model estimates that if the infection mortality rate of COVID-19 increases
from 2·00% to 2·35% when the health-care workforce declines by 15·0%, school
closures could lead to a greater number of deaths than they prevent.”
Source:
Lancet
https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lanpub/article/PIIS2468-2667(20)30082-7/fulltext
School Closures Increase Inequality
“The summer holiday in most American schools is estimated to contribute to a loss
in academic achievement equivalent to one month of education for children with
low socioeconomic status; however, this effect is not observed for children with
higher socioeconomic status.6
Source:
Lancet
https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lanpub/article/PIIS2468-2667(20)30084-0/fulltext
Child Abuse Goes Undetected
“Teachers, coaches and health care professionals, people trained to recognize child
abuse, "are just not seeing these kids,” said Daphne Young, chief communications
officer for Childhelp, a child-welfare organization with a national abuse hotline.”
Source:
Lancet
https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lanpub/article/PIIS2468-2667(20)30084-0/fulltext
Conclusion
The risks for children are vastly higher if schools stay closed.

More Related Content

What's hot

Covid 19 Pandemic and Educational Innovations and Development of Nigerian Ter...
Covid 19 Pandemic and Educational Innovations and Development of Nigerian Ter...Covid 19 Pandemic and Educational Innovations and Development of Nigerian Ter...
Covid 19 Pandemic and Educational Innovations and Development of Nigerian Ter...
ijtsrd
 
THE IMPACT OF COVID-19 ON LEARNING -THE PERSPECTIVE OF THE GHANAIAN STUDENT. ...
THE IMPACT OF COVID-19 ON LEARNING -THE PERSPECTIVE OF THE GHANAIAN STUDENT. ...THE IMPACT OF COVID-19 ON LEARNING -THE PERSPECTIVE OF THE GHANAIAN STUDENT. ...
THE IMPACT OF COVID-19 ON LEARNING -THE PERSPECTIVE OF THE GHANAIAN STUDENT. ...
eraser Juan José Calderón
 
Impact of Covid-19 on Education Across the World
Impact of Covid-19 on Education Across the WorldImpact of Covid-19 on Education Across the World
Impact of Covid-19 on Education Across the World
Dr. Amarjeet Singh
 
What's Next? Lessons on Education Recovery
What's Next? Lessons on Education RecoveryWhat's Next? Lessons on Education Recovery
What's Next? Lessons on Education Recovery
UNICEF Office of Research - Innocenti
 
Term paper Career Planning in Covid-19
Term paper Career Planning in Covid-19Term paper Career Planning in Covid-19
Term paper Career Planning in Covid-19
NuseraTajrin
 
Education - One Year into the COVID Pandemic, Alexander Patzina
Education - One Year into the COVID Pandemic, Alexander PatzinaEducation - One Year into the COVID Pandemic, Alexander Patzina
Education - One Year into the COVID Pandemic, Alexander Patzina
StatsCommunications
 
Maternal_Labor_07222012
Maternal_Labor_07222012Maternal_Labor_07222012
Maternal_Labor_07222012
Sean Sall
 
A study on student's perception towards Online Learning during COVID -19 Pand...
A study on student's perception towards Online Learning during COVID -19 Pand...A study on student's perception towards Online Learning during COVID -19 Pand...
A study on student's perception towards Online Learning during COVID -19 Pand...
Jenisha Gandhi
 
Knowledge, Attitude and Practices of School Children on Prevention and Contro...
Knowledge, Attitude and Practices of School Children on Prevention and Contro...Knowledge, Attitude and Practices of School Children on Prevention and Contro...
Knowledge, Attitude and Practices of School Children on Prevention and Contro...
Premier Publishers
 

What's hot (9)

Covid 19 Pandemic and Educational Innovations and Development of Nigerian Ter...
Covid 19 Pandemic and Educational Innovations and Development of Nigerian Ter...Covid 19 Pandemic and Educational Innovations and Development of Nigerian Ter...
Covid 19 Pandemic and Educational Innovations and Development of Nigerian Ter...
 
THE IMPACT OF COVID-19 ON LEARNING -THE PERSPECTIVE OF THE GHANAIAN STUDENT. ...
THE IMPACT OF COVID-19 ON LEARNING -THE PERSPECTIVE OF THE GHANAIAN STUDENT. ...THE IMPACT OF COVID-19 ON LEARNING -THE PERSPECTIVE OF THE GHANAIAN STUDENT. ...
THE IMPACT OF COVID-19 ON LEARNING -THE PERSPECTIVE OF THE GHANAIAN STUDENT. ...
 
Impact of Covid-19 on Education Across the World
Impact of Covid-19 on Education Across the WorldImpact of Covid-19 on Education Across the World
Impact of Covid-19 on Education Across the World
 
What's Next? Lessons on Education Recovery
What's Next? Lessons on Education RecoveryWhat's Next? Lessons on Education Recovery
What's Next? Lessons on Education Recovery
 
Term paper Career Planning in Covid-19
Term paper Career Planning in Covid-19Term paper Career Planning in Covid-19
Term paper Career Planning in Covid-19
 
Education - One Year into the COVID Pandemic, Alexander Patzina
Education - One Year into the COVID Pandemic, Alexander PatzinaEducation - One Year into the COVID Pandemic, Alexander Patzina
Education - One Year into the COVID Pandemic, Alexander Patzina
 
Maternal_Labor_07222012
Maternal_Labor_07222012Maternal_Labor_07222012
Maternal_Labor_07222012
 
A study on student's perception towards Online Learning during COVID -19 Pand...
A study on student's perception towards Online Learning during COVID -19 Pand...A study on student's perception towards Online Learning during COVID -19 Pand...
A study on student's perception towards Online Learning during COVID -19 Pand...
 
Knowledge, Attitude and Practices of School Children on Prevention and Contro...
Knowledge, Attitude and Practices of School Children on Prevention and Contro...Knowledge, Attitude and Practices of School Children on Prevention and Contro...
Knowledge, Attitude and Practices of School Children on Prevention and Contro...
 

Similar to Case To Reopen Schools

news-the-delta-variant-and-kids-heres-what-parents-should-know
news-the-delta-variant-and-kids-heres-what-parents-should-knownews-the-delta-variant-and-kids-heres-what-parents-should-know
news-the-delta-variant-and-kids-heres-what-parents-should-know
sami tizga
 
Peds.2020 0834
Peds.2020 0834Peds.2020 0834
Peds.2020 0834
gisa_legal
 
Covid-19 And Its Effects On Education of Children: Reflecting On the Importan...
Covid-19 And Its Effects On Education of Children: Reflecting On the Importan...Covid-19 And Its Effects On Education of Children: Reflecting On the Importan...
Covid-19 And Its Effects On Education of Children: Reflecting On the Importan...
Kingsley Chiwayula
 
Webinar: How to Answer Parents' Questions on COVID-19 Vaccinations and Children
Webinar: How to Answer Parents' Questions on COVID-19 Vaccinations and ChildrenWebinar: How to Answer Parents' Questions on COVID-19 Vaccinations and Children
Webinar: How to Answer Parents' Questions on COVID-19 Vaccinations and Children
de Beaumont Foundation
 
SUPRIYA.pptx
SUPRIYA.pptxSUPRIYA.pptx
SUPRIYA.pptx
shresthanagesh
 
Parents meet with School Board re: COVID-19
Parents meet with School Board re: COVID-19 Parents meet with School Board re: COVID-19
Parents meet with School Board re: COVID-19
PLZ Company Inc.
 
US Kindergarten Vaccination Exemptions Reach All-Time High
US Kindergarten Vaccination Exemptions Reach All-Time HighUS Kindergarten Vaccination Exemptions Reach All-Time High
US Kindergarten Vaccination Exemptions Reach All-Time High
The Lifesciences Magazine
 
Feb COVID update
Feb COVID updateFeb COVID update
Feb COVID update
EducationNC
 
GROUP-8-RESEARCH-DRAFT-2.docx
GROUP-8-RESEARCH-DRAFT-2.docxGROUP-8-RESEARCH-DRAFT-2.docx
GROUP-8-RESEARCH-DRAFT-2.docx
MaritesFlorentino
 
Enhancing comprehensive growth and development of children in covid pandemic ...
Enhancing comprehensive growth and development of children in covid pandemic ...Enhancing comprehensive growth and development of children in covid pandemic ...
Enhancing comprehensive growth and development of children in covid pandemic ...
Enoch Snowden
 
Higher Education Faced the Challenges during Covid 19
Higher Education Faced the Challenges during Covid 19Higher Education Faced the Challenges during Covid 19
Higher Education Faced the Challenges during Covid 19
ijtsrd
 
6Health and SafetyJupiterimagesStockbyteThinkstockLe.docx
6Health and SafetyJupiterimagesStockbyteThinkstockLe.docx6Health and SafetyJupiterimagesStockbyteThinkstockLe.docx
6Health and SafetyJupiterimagesStockbyteThinkstockLe.docx
alinainglis
 
Final Research Paper- Dumont.docx
Final Research Paper- Dumont.docxFinal Research Paper- Dumont.docx
Final Research Paper- Dumont.docx
ChristianDumont10
 
School immuniz eblog
School immuniz eblogSchool immuniz eblog
School immuniz eblog
Amanda (Mandy) Knittle
 
telehealth covid
 telehealth covid telehealth covid
telehealth covid
ssuser390e96
 
Running head covid 19 pandemic in the u.s.a.
Running head covid 19 pandemic in the u.s.a.                     Running head covid 19 pandemic in the u.s.a.
Running head covid 19 pandemic in the u.s.a.
ssusere73ce3
 
The Role of Science Education in Secondary Schools in Curbing Covid 19 Pandemic
The Role of Science Education in Secondary Schools in Curbing Covid 19 PandemicThe Role of Science Education in Secondary Schools in Curbing Covid 19 Pandemic
The Role of Science Education in Secondary Schools in Curbing Covid 19 Pandemic
ijtsrd
 
Uni unicef covid-kids
Uni unicef covid-kidsUni unicef covid-kids
Uni unicef covid-kids
Paperjam_redaction
 
Covid 19 risk mitigation
Covid 19 risk mitigationCovid 19 risk mitigation
Covid 19 risk mitigation
TengkuIsmail2
 
1. Coalition ProposalVaccination Policy for Infectious Disease P.docx
1. Coalition ProposalVaccination Policy for Infectious Disease P.docx1. Coalition ProposalVaccination Policy for Infectious Disease P.docx
1. Coalition ProposalVaccination Policy for Infectious Disease P.docx
monicafrancis71118
 

Similar to Case To Reopen Schools (20)

news-the-delta-variant-and-kids-heres-what-parents-should-know
news-the-delta-variant-and-kids-heres-what-parents-should-knownews-the-delta-variant-and-kids-heres-what-parents-should-know
news-the-delta-variant-and-kids-heres-what-parents-should-know
 
Peds.2020 0834
Peds.2020 0834Peds.2020 0834
Peds.2020 0834
 
Covid-19 And Its Effects On Education of Children: Reflecting On the Importan...
Covid-19 And Its Effects On Education of Children: Reflecting On the Importan...Covid-19 And Its Effects On Education of Children: Reflecting On the Importan...
Covid-19 And Its Effects On Education of Children: Reflecting On the Importan...
 
Webinar: How to Answer Parents' Questions on COVID-19 Vaccinations and Children
Webinar: How to Answer Parents' Questions on COVID-19 Vaccinations and ChildrenWebinar: How to Answer Parents' Questions on COVID-19 Vaccinations and Children
Webinar: How to Answer Parents' Questions on COVID-19 Vaccinations and Children
 
SUPRIYA.pptx
SUPRIYA.pptxSUPRIYA.pptx
SUPRIYA.pptx
 
Parents meet with School Board re: COVID-19
Parents meet with School Board re: COVID-19 Parents meet with School Board re: COVID-19
Parents meet with School Board re: COVID-19
 
US Kindergarten Vaccination Exemptions Reach All-Time High
US Kindergarten Vaccination Exemptions Reach All-Time HighUS Kindergarten Vaccination Exemptions Reach All-Time High
US Kindergarten Vaccination Exemptions Reach All-Time High
 
Feb COVID update
Feb COVID updateFeb COVID update
Feb COVID update
 
GROUP-8-RESEARCH-DRAFT-2.docx
GROUP-8-RESEARCH-DRAFT-2.docxGROUP-8-RESEARCH-DRAFT-2.docx
GROUP-8-RESEARCH-DRAFT-2.docx
 
Enhancing comprehensive growth and development of children in covid pandemic ...
Enhancing comprehensive growth and development of children in covid pandemic ...Enhancing comprehensive growth and development of children in covid pandemic ...
Enhancing comprehensive growth and development of children in covid pandemic ...
 
Higher Education Faced the Challenges during Covid 19
Higher Education Faced the Challenges during Covid 19Higher Education Faced the Challenges during Covid 19
Higher Education Faced the Challenges during Covid 19
 
6Health and SafetyJupiterimagesStockbyteThinkstockLe.docx
6Health and SafetyJupiterimagesStockbyteThinkstockLe.docx6Health and SafetyJupiterimagesStockbyteThinkstockLe.docx
6Health and SafetyJupiterimagesStockbyteThinkstockLe.docx
 
Final Research Paper- Dumont.docx
Final Research Paper- Dumont.docxFinal Research Paper- Dumont.docx
Final Research Paper- Dumont.docx
 
School immuniz eblog
School immuniz eblogSchool immuniz eblog
School immuniz eblog
 
telehealth covid
 telehealth covid telehealth covid
telehealth covid
 
Running head covid 19 pandemic in the u.s.a.
Running head covid 19 pandemic in the u.s.a.                     Running head covid 19 pandemic in the u.s.a.
Running head covid 19 pandemic in the u.s.a.
 
The Role of Science Education in Secondary Schools in Curbing Covid 19 Pandemic
The Role of Science Education in Secondary Schools in Curbing Covid 19 PandemicThe Role of Science Education in Secondary Schools in Curbing Covid 19 Pandemic
The Role of Science Education in Secondary Schools in Curbing Covid 19 Pandemic
 
Uni unicef covid-kids
Uni unicef covid-kidsUni unicef covid-kids
Uni unicef covid-kids
 
Covid 19 risk mitigation
Covid 19 risk mitigationCovid 19 risk mitigation
Covid 19 risk mitigation
 
1. Coalition ProposalVaccination Policy for Infectious Disease P.docx
1. Coalition ProposalVaccination Policy for Infectious Disease P.docx1. Coalition ProposalVaccination Policy for Infectious Disease P.docx
1. Coalition ProposalVaccination Policy for Infectious Disease P.docx
 

Recently uploaded

Essential Tools for Modern PR Business .pptx
Essential Tools for Modern PR Business .pptxEssential Tools for Modern PR Business .pptx
Essential Tools for Modern PR Business .pptx
Pragencyuk
 
A draft Ukraine-Russia treaty from April 2022
A draft Ukraine-Russia treaty from April 2022A draft Ukraine-Russia treaty from April 2022
A draft Ukraine-Russia treaty from April 2022
dynamo777
 
Youngest c m in India- Pema Khandu Biography
Youngest c m in India- Pema Khandu BiographyYoungest c m in India- Pema Khandu Biography
Youngest c m in India- Pema Khandu Biography
VoterMood
 
13062024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
13062024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf13062024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
13062024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
FIRST INDIA
 
Snigdha-Sreenath-Minor-v-Travancore-Devaswom-Board-WPCNO-39847-OF-2023-2024-L...
Snigdha-Sreenath-Minor-v-Travancore-Devaswom-Board-WPCNO-39847-OF-2023-2024-L...Snigdha-Sreenath-Minor-v-Travancore-Devaswom-Board-WPCNO-39847-OF-2023-2024-L...
Snigdha-Sreenath-Minor-v-Travancore-Devaswom-Board-WPCNO-39847-OF-2023-2024-L...
bhavenpr
 
在线办理(latrobe毕业证书)拉筹伯大学毕业证Offer一模一样
在线办理(latrobe毕业证书)拉筹伯大学毕业证Offer一模一样在线办理(latrobe毕业证书)拉筹伯大学毕业证Offer一模一样
在线办理(latrobe毕业证书)拉筹伯大学毕业证Offer一模一样
ckn2izdm
 
MAGNA CARTA (minimum 40 characters required)
MAGNA CARTA (minimum 40 characters required)MAGNA CARTA (minimum 40 characters required)
MAGNA CARTA (minimum 40 characters required)
Filippo64
 
Howard Fineman, Veteran Political Journalist and TV Pundit, Dies at 75
Howard Fineman, Veteran Political Journalist and TV Pundit, Dies at 75Howard Fineman, Veteran Political Journalist and TV Pundit, Dies at 75
Howard Fineman, Veteran Political Journalist and TV Pundit, Dies at 75
LUMINATIVE MEDIA/PROJECT COUNSEL MEDIA GROUP
 

Recently uploaded (8)

Essential Tools for Modern PR Business .pptx
Essential Tools for Modern PR Business .pptxEssential Tools for Modern PR Business .pptx
Essential Tools for Modern PR Business .pptx
 
A draft Ukraine-Russia treaty from April 2022
A draft Ukraine-Russia treaty from April 2022A draft Ukraine-Russia treaty from April 2022
A draft Ukraine-Russia treaty from April 2022
 
Youngest c m in India- Pema Khandu Biography
Youngest c m in India- Pema Khandu BiographyYoungest c m in India- Pema Khandu Biography
Youngest c m in India- Pema Khandu Biography
 
13062024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
13062024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf13062024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
13062024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
 
Snigdha-Sreenath-Minor-v-Travancore-Devaswom-Board-WPCNO-39847-OF-2023-2024-L...
Snigdha-Sreenath-Minor-v-Travancore-Devaswom-Board-WPCNO-39847-OF-2023-2024-L...Snigdha-Sreenath-Minor-v-Travancore-Devaswom-Board-WPCNO-39847-OF-2023-2024-L...
Snigdha-Sreenath-Minor-v-Travancore-Devaswom-Board-WPCNO-39847-OF-2023-2024-L...
 
在线办理(latrobe毕业证书)拉筹伯大学毕业证Offer一模一样
在线办理(latrobe毕业证书)拉筹伯大学毕业证Offer一模一样在线办理(latrobe毕业证书)拉筹伯大学毕业证Offer一模一样
在线办理(latrobe毕业证书)拉筹伯大学毕业证Offer一模一样
 
MAGNA CARTA (minimum 40 characters required)
MAGNA CARTA (minimum 40 characters required)MAGNA CARTA (minimum 40 characters required)
MAGNA CARTA (minimum 40 characters required)
 
Howard Fineman, Veteran Political Journalist and TV Pundit, Dies at 75
Howard Fineman, Veteran Political Journalist and TV Pundit, Dies at 75Howard Fineman, Veteran Political Journalist and TV Pundit, Dies at 75
Howard Fineman, Veteran Political Journalist and TV Pundit, Dies at 75
 

Case To Reopen Schools

  • 2. How Science Works… If the evidence changes, the conclusion changes.
  • 3. What Evidence Do We Have To Draw Conclusions? 1. Current US and Florida COVID statistics, including cases, hospitalizations, and deaths. 2. Studies from other countries that have reopened schools.
  • 4.
  • 5. American Academy of Pediatrics “the AAP strongly advocates that all policy considerations for the coming school year should start with a goal of having students physically present in school.”
  • 6. Centers For Disease Control The best available evidence indicates if children become infected, they are far less likely to suffer severe symptoms. Death rates among school-aged children are much lower than among adults. At the same time, the harms attributed to closed schools on the social, emotional, and behavioral health, economic well- being, and academic achievement of children, in both the short- and long- term, are well-known and significant. Further, the lack of in-person educational options disproportionately harms low-income and minority children and those living with disabilities. Source: https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/community/schools-childcare/reopening-schools.html
  • 8. Total Case Count Last Update: Jul 22Source: https://open-fdoh.hub.arcgis.com/datasets/florida-covid19-case-line-data/data?selectedAttribute=EventDate
  • 9. Case Count Over Age 65 (High Risk) Last Update: Jul 22Source: https://open-fdoh.hub.arcgis.com/datasets/florida-covid19-case-line-data/data?selectedAttribute=EventDate
  • 10. Case Count Under Age 65 (Low Risk) Last Update: Jul 22Source: https://open-fdoh.hub.arcgis.com/datasets/florida-covid19-case-line-data/data?selectedAttribute=EventDate
  • 11. Conclusion The majority of new cases are driven by the “low-risk” cohort.
  • 13. Deaths By Date of Death Source: https://business.fau.edu/covidtracker/data/florida-data/ Last Update: Jul 29
  • 14. Case Fatality Rate By Age Source: https://business.fau.edu/covidtracker/data/florida-data/ Last Update: Jul 29
  • 15. Conclusion For the young, the risk of death from COVID is less than the risk of death from the flu. This risk drastically increases above the age of 65.
  • 17. Hospitalizations By Case Date Source: https://open-fdoh.hub.arcgis.com/datasets/florida-covid19-case-line-data/data?selectedAttribute=EventDate Last Update: Jul 22
  • 18. Florida ICU Capacity By County, By Date 0 50 100 150 200 250 WASHINGTON WALTON VOLUSIA UNION TAYLOR SUWANNEE SUMTER ST.LUCIE ST.JOHNS SEMINOLE SARASOTA SANTAROSA PUTNAM POLK PINELLAS PASCO PALMBEACH OSCEOLA ORANGE OKEECHOBEE OKALOOSA NASSAU MONROE MIAMI-DADE MARTIN MARION MANATEE MADISON LEON LEE LAKE JACKSON INDIANRIVER HOLMES HILLSBOROUGH HIGHLANDS HERNANDO HENDRY HARDEE GULF GADSDEN FRANKLIN FLAGLER ESCAMBIA DUVAL DESOTO COLUMBIA COLLIER CLAY CITRUS CHARLOTTE CALHOUN BROWARD BREVARD BAY BAKER ALACHUA County Florida ICU Available, By County 7/8 Empty 7/9 Empty 7/12 Empty 7/15 Empty 7/18 Empty 7/20 Empty 7/29 Empty Source: https://bi.ahca.myflorida.com/t/ABICC/views/Public/HospitalBedsHospital?%3AshowAppBanner=false&%3Adisplay_count=n&%3Asho wVizHome=n&%3Aorigin=viz_share_link&%3AisGuestRedirectFromVizportal=y&%3Aembed=y Last Update: Jul 29
  • 19. Florida ICU Capacity (Total), By Date Source: https://business.fau.edu/covidtracker/data/florida-data/ Last Update: Jul 29
  • 20. Florida Hospital Beds, COVID vs. Non-COVID Source: https://business.fau.edu/covidtracker/data/florida-data/ Last Update: Jul 29
  • 21. Conclusion Despite the case spike in the state, hospitals are not beyond capacity. This can change, yet the data received over the summer show that the crisis has been managed without restrictive lockdown measures.
  • 23. What Are We Concerned About? 1. Children becoming sick, hospitalized, and dead. Current data show this risk is lower than a traditional influenza virus. 2. Transmission to other children, teachers, and families - causing hotspots, outbreaks, higher case counts, higher hospitalizations, and higher deaths. Current data show children are not a significant infection vector for adults.
  • 24. Study 1 Outbreak investigations in Finland has not shown children to be contributing much in terms of transmission and in Sweden a report comparing risk of covid-19 in different professions, showed no increased risk for teachers. In conclusion, closure or not of schools had no measurable direct impact on the number of laboratory confirmed cases in school-aged children in Finland or Sweden Source: Sweden Public Health Agency https://www.folkhalsomyndigheten.se/contentassets/c1b78bffbfde4a7899eb0d8ffdb57b09/covid-19-school-aged- children.pdf
  • 25. Study 2 Schools do not play a major role in spreading the coronavirus, according to the results of a German study released on Monday. The study, the largest carried out on schoolchildren and teachers in Germany, found traces of the virus in fewer than 1 per cent of teachers and children. Scientists from Dresden Technical University said they believe children may act as a “brake” on chains of infection. Prof Reinhard Berner, the head of pediatric medicine at Dresden University Hospital and leader of the study, said the results suggested the virus does not spread easily in schools. Source: Dresden Technical University (Need Direct Source to Paper) https://news.yahoo.com/german-study-finds-no-evidence-164704005.html
  • 26. Social Distancing Is Not Needed For Children “Data from the Netherlands also confirms the current understanding: that children play a minor role in the spread of the novel coronavirus. The virus is mainly spread between adults and from adult family members to children. The spread of COVID-19 among children or from children to adults is less common.” • Children up to and including 12 years of age do not have to keep 1.5 metres apart from each other and from adults. This also applies to childcare and primary education. • Young people aged 13 until 18 years old (i.e. 17 years old and younger) do not have to stay 1.5 metres apart from each other. In secondary schools, this applies to all pupils, regardless of their age. Source: Rijksinstituut voor Volksgezondheid en Milieu https://www.rivm.nl/en/novel-coronavirus-covid-19/children-and-covid-19
  • 27. Denmark – Infection Rate Stays Under 1 After Schools Reopened Source: Statens Serum Institute https://www.ssi.dk/aktuelt/nyheder/2020/status-for-smittetrykket-i-danmark-29-april-2020
  • 28. NIPH – No Evidence Children Are Key Drivers Can children transmit the virus, and if so, to whom? Current evidence suggest that children can transmit SARS-CoV-2, but there is no evidence that children are key drivers of transmission. Evidence is sparse, and it is too early to conclude firmly about the role children play in transmission of SARS-CoV-2. What are the measurable effects of school closures? We have not identified directly applicable data, but limited evidence based on experiences from the SARS outbreak in Beijing in 2003 suggest that school closure had limited impact on transmission control. Source: Norwegian Institute Of Public Health https://www.fhi.no/en/publ/2020/The-role-of-children-in-the-transmission-of-SARS-CoV-2-COVID-19-1st-update/
  • 29. Opening Schools Does Not Lead To Case Spikes “Countries that have reopened schools after passing the peak of the epidemic show no immediate spike in new cases so far.” “We’ll continue to track reopening patterns. But in the meantime, it remains true that countries that reopened schools 25-30 days after their peak don’t tend to show a change in trend in new cases.” (May 29, 2020)Source: Center for Global Development https://www.cgdev.org/blog/back-school-tracking-covid-cases-schools-reopen https://www.cgdev.org/blog/back-school-update-covid-cases-schools-reopen
  • 30. Opening Schools Does Not Lead To Case Spikes Source: Wall Street Journal https://www.wsj.com/articles/is-it-safe-to-reopen-schools-these-countries-say-yes-11590928949 A number of countries that have reopened schools in the past two months have reported no resulting increase in coronavirus infection rates, an encouraging sign for authorities around the world that are contemplating how and when to safely bring children back to the classroom.
  • 31. Opening Schools Does Not Lead To Case Spikes Source: The Guardian https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/may/18/french-minister-tells-of-risks-of-missing-school-as-more-pupils-return- covid-19 The reopening of schools in 22 European countries has not led to any significant increase in coronavirus infections among children, parents or staff, a videoconference meeting of education ministers from around the EU has heard.
  • 32. No Evidence Of Secondary Transmission - Ireland We examined Irish notifications of SARS-CoV2 in the school setting before school closures on 12 March 2020 and identified no paediatric transmission. This adds to current evidence that children do not appear to be drivers of transmission, and we argue that reopening schools should be considered safe accompanied by certain measures. Source: Ireland Health Services https://www.eurosurveillance.org/content/10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2020.25.21.2000903#abstract_content
  • 33. No Evidence of Secondary Transmission - Australia “Our investigation found no evidence of children infecting teachers.” Source: National Center For Immunisation Research and Surveillance http://ncirs.org.au/sites/default/files/2020- 04/NCIRS%20NSW%20Schools%20COVID_Summary_FINAL%20public_26%20April%202020.pdf
  • 34. School Closures Are Not Effective Compared to Other Interventions • Based on our model, we compare the effectiveness of NPIs in the early stages of the outbreak. The closure of venues is associated with a reduction in the number of new cases by 33 % (95% credible interval [CrI] 16–47 %). The reduction is lower for work bans on non-essential business activities (28 %; 95% CrI 10–42 %) and border closures (26 %; 95% CrI 13– 37 %). School closures yield a reduction of only 11 % (95% CrI 0–27 %) and its relative impact is one of the lowest among the various policy measures considered in this analysis. Source: Swiss National Science Foundation https://www.medrxiv.org/content/10.1101/2020.04.16.20062141v1.full.pdf
  • 35. Conclusion Children are not a statistically significant transmission risk.
  • 36. Caveats Most studies are outside the United States. Outcomes inside US could change due to demographics, population health, obesity rates, mutations in the virus, and fall seasonality. Unless the data change, the conclusion must remain the same.
  • 37.
  • 38. Health Care Workers Can’t Go To Their Jobs “ Our model estimates that if the infection mortality rate of COVID-19 increases from 2·00% to 2·35% when the health-care workforce declines by 15·0%, school closures could lead to a greater number of deaths than they prevent.” Source: Lancet https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lanpub/article/PIIS2468-2667(20)30082-7/fulltext
  • 39. School Closures Increase Inequality “The summer holiday in most American schools is estimated to contribute to a loss in academic achievement equivalent to one month of education for children with low socioeconomic status; however, this effect is not observed for children with higher socioeconomic status.6 Source: Lancet https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lanpub/article/PIIS2468-2667(20)30084-0/fulltext
  • 40. Child Abuse Goes Undetected “Teachers, coaches and health care professionals, people trained to recognize child abuse, "are just not seeing these kids,” said Daphne Young, chief communications officer for Childhelp, a child-welfare organization with a national abuse hotline.” Source: Lancet https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lanpub/article/PIIS2468-2667(20)30084-0/fulltext
  • 41. Conclusion The risks for children are vastly higher if schools stay closed.