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Alfred Bernhard Nobel :
THE MERCHANT OF DEATH
 He was born on 21st October 1833 in Stockholm, Sweden.
 He died when he was 63 on 10th December 1896 in Sanremo,
Italy .
 His brothers were called Ludvig, Emil Oskar and Robert
Nobel.
 His parents were called Caroline Andrietta Ahlsell and
Immanuel Nobel.
About Alfred Nobel
Alfred Bernhard
Nobel he is a introvert
 inventor of dynamite
 invented ballistite
 he invented Gelignite or blasting gelatin
 held 350 patents and established 90 armaments
factories
 he wrote a tragic play titled Nemesis
 The Monument to Alfred Nobel was created in his
honour in Saint Petersburg.
 synthetic element nobelium is named after him
The Explosives Was Several
Decades In The Making
 Alfred Nobel worked in the private laboratory of Professor T. J. Pelouze,
a famous chemist. There he met the young Italian chemist Ascanio
Sobrero who, three years earlier, had invented nitro-glycerine, a highly
explosive liquid.
 It was considered too dangerous although its explosive power greatly
exceeded that of gunpowder, the liquid would explode in a very
unpredictable manner if subjected to heat and pressure. Alfred Nobel
became very interested in nitro-glycerine.
Dynamite
 Alfred Nobel concentrated on developing nitro-glycerine as an
explosive.
 To make the handling of nitro-glycerine safer Alfred Nobel mixed
nitro-glycerine with kieselguhr would turn the liquid into a paste
which could be shaped into rods of different size.
 He patented it in 1867
 Became "Europe's richest vagabond".
Dynamite Construction
A. Diatomaceous earth (or any other type of
absorbent material) soaked in nitro-glycerine.
B. Protective coating surrounding the explosive
material.
C. Blasting cap.
D. Electrical cable (or fuse) connected to the blasting
cap.
Ballistite
 Smokeless propellant.
 Mixture of equal parts of nitrocellulose and nitro-glycerine with 10%
of camphor.
 Alfred Nobel patented it in 1887
 Soon it replaced the use of black powder.
 This invention paved the way for Nobel prize.
 The incident in 1888 may have triggered the train of reflection that
culminated in his bequest for the Nobel Prizes.
 That year Alfred’s brother Ludvig had died while staying
in Cannes, France.
 The French newspapers reported Ludvig’s death but confused him with
Alfred, and one paper sported the headline “Le marchand de la mort est
mort” (“The merchant of death is dead.”)
 Perhaps Alfred Nobel established the prizes to avoid precisely the sort
of posthumous reputation suggested by this premature obituary.
Nobel Prize
 In the will he drafted in 1895, Nobel instructed that most of his
fortune be for “to those who, during the preceding year, shall have
conferred the greatest benefit on mankind.”
 These prizes as established by his will are the Nobel Prize
 The prize is awarded for the categories Physics , Chemistry
, Physiology or Medicine , Literature , and the Nobel Prize
for Peace.
 The first distribution of the prizes took place on December 10,
1901.
Nobel Prize facts
 Most of The Youngest Nobel Laureates are from physics
 The Nobel Prize amount for 2017 is set at Swedish kronor (SEK)
9 million per full Nobel Prize.
 Physicist hold high number of Nobel prize
 "Family Nobel Laureates“
 Common fields for Physics Laureates is particle physics
 1916, 1931, 1934, 1940, 1941, 1942 Are the years without prize
“humanity will draw more good than evil from new discoveries”.
Special thanks to Tim Berners-Lee and Robert
Cailliau.
Images are taken from Google images
P.S. information are from naked science.org

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Alfred nobel

  • 1. Alfred Bernhard Nobel : THE MERCHANT OF DEATH
  • 2.  He was born on 21st October 1833 in Stockholm, Sweden.  He died when he was 63 on 10th December 1896 in Sanremo, Italy .  His brothers were called Ludvig, Emil Oskar and Robert Nobel.  His parents were called Caroline Andrietta Ahlsell and Immanuel Nobel. About Alfred Nobel
  • 3.
  • 4. Alfred Bernhard Nobel he is a introvert  inventor of dynamite  invented ballistite  he invented Gelignite or blasting gelatin  held 350 patents and established 90 armaments factories  he wrote a tragic play titled Nemesis  The Monument to Alfred Nobel was created in his honour in Saint Petersburg.  synthetic element nobelium is named after him
  • 5.
  • 6. The Explosives Was Several Decades In The Making  Alfred Nobel worked in the private laboratory of Professor T. J. Pelouze, a famous chemist. There he met the young Italian chemist Ascanio Sobrero who, three years earlier, had invented nitro-glycerine, a highly explosive liquid.  It was considered too dangerous although its explosive power greatly exceeded that of gunpowder, the liquid would explode in a very unpredictable manner if subjected to heat and pressure. Alfred Nobel became very interested in nitro-glycerine.
  • 7. Dynamite  Alfred Nobel concentrated on developing nitro-glycerine as an explosive.  To make the handling of nitro-glycerine safer Alfred Nobel mixed nitro-glycerine with kieselguhr would turn the liquid into a paste which could be shaped into rods of different size.  He patented it in 1867  Became "Europe's richest vagabond".
  • 8. Dynamite Construction A. Diatomaceous earth (or any other type of absorbent material) soaked in nitro-glycerine. B. Protective coating surrounding the explosive material. C. Blasting cap. D. Electrical cable (or fuse) connected to the blasting cap.
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  • 11. Ballistite  Smokeless propellant.  Mixture of equal parts of nitrocellulose and nitro-glycerine with 10% of camphor.  Alfred Nobel patented it in 1887  Soon it replaced the use of black powder.  This invention paved the way for Nobel prize.
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  • 13.  The incident in 1888 may have triggered the train of reflection that culminated in his bequest for the Nobel Prizes.  That year Alfred’s brother Ludvig had died while staying in Cannes, France.  The French newspapers reported Ludvig’s death but confused him with Alfred, and one paper sported the headline “Le marchand de la mort est mort” (“The merchant of death is dead.”)  Perhaps Alfred Nobel established the prizes to avoid precisely the sort of posthumous reputation suggested by this premature obituary. Nobel Prize
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  • 15.  In the will he drafted in 1895, Nobel instructed that most of his fortune be for “to those who, during the preceding year, shall have conferred the greatest benefit on mankind.”  These prizes as established by his will are the Nobel Prize  The prize is awarded for the categories Physics , Chemistry , Physiology or Medicine , Literature , and the Nobel Prize for Peace.  The first distribution of the prizes took place on December 10, 1901.
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  • 17. Nobel Prize facts  Most of The Youngest Nobel Laureates are from physics  The Nobel Prize amount for 2017 is set at Swedish kronor (SEK) 9 million per full Nobel Prize.  Physicist hold high number of Nobel prize  "Family Nobel Laureates“  Common fields for Physics Laureates is particle physics  1916, 1931, 1934, 1940, 1941, 1942 Are the years without prize
  • 18. “humanity will draw more good than evil from new discoveries”. Special thanks to Tim Berners-Lee and Robert Cailliau. Images are taken from Google images P.S. information are from naked science.org