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Juvenile justice in
Estonia
Jako Salla, Estonian Ministry of Justice
28.11.2013
Content
• Brief statistics
• Policy
• Prevention
Children who commit crimes
Average length on pretrial proceedings in months
Number of minors in closed facilities
Mediation
Policy priorities
• Coalition agreement
– School attendance

• Criminal Policy Guidelines
– Prevention of recidivism
– Prevention of juvenile crime
• Early identification of children at risk
– State level child protection system
– Evidence based parenting program

• Problems in school environment
– Inclusive education, controversies, bullying
Policy priorities

• Prevention of juvenile crime
– Juvenile committies
• Quality, speed of procedure

– Reform schools
• Repeat offending, support on leaving

–
–
–
–
–

Speed of criminal procedure
Reduction of alcohol consumption
Internet crimes
Sex offender treatment
Cooperation networks
Development plan for reducing violence
• In addition to topics already mentioned…
• Young victims of violence
• Sexual violence
– Knowledge and skills of police and judiciary

• Domestic violence
Coming up in the future
• Primary prevention – SCHOOL & HOME
– Government support for after school
activities for municipalities
– Implementation of school based universal
prevention programs (Good Behaviour
Game, Botvin Life Skills)
– Skills and the role of teachers
– Parenting skills
Coming up in the future

• Secondary prevention: child protection
– New child protection law
• Qualification
• State supervision
• State responsibilities in complicated cases

– Parenting skills
– Decriminalization of status offences
– Juvenile committees reform
– Youth work
Coming up in the future

• Tertiary prevention: police and justice
system
–
–
–
–

Age 14/15 & 18/21
Children & prison
Evidence based programs
New procedural code of misdemeanours
• Child protection

– Special conditions children
• Shock imprisonment
• Early release
• Criminal records
To sum up:
• All prevention levels must be involved,
sharing of responsibility
– 1 goal vs several goals
– Networking in all levels

• Effective and appropriate practices must be
preferred
• In addition to doing the right things, they
must be done in a right way
– Evidence based practices
– Evaluation
Thank you!

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Juvenile justice in Estonia

  • 1. Juvenile justice in Estonia Jako Salla, Estonian Ministry of Justice 28.11.2013
  • 2. Content • Brief statistics • Policy • Prevention
  • 4. Average length on pretrial proceedings in months
  • 5. Number of minors in closed facilities
  • 7. Policy priorities • Coalition agreement – School attendance • Criminal Policy Guidelines – Prevention of recidivism – Prevention of juvenile crime • Early identification of children at risk – State level child protection system – Evidence based parenting program • Problems in school environment – Inclusive education, controversies, bullying
  • 8. Policy priorities • Prevention of juvenile crime – Juvenile committies • Quality, speed of procedure – Reform schools • Repeat offending, support on leaving – – – – – Speed of criminal procedure Reduction of alcohol consumption Internet crimes Sex offender treatment Cooperation networks
  • 9. Development plan for reducing violence • In addition to topics already mentioned… • Young victims of violence • Sexual violence – Knowledge and skills of police and judiciary • Domestic violence
  • 10. Coming up in the future • Primary prevention – SCHOOL & HOME – Government support for after school activities for municipalities – Implementation of school based universal prevention programs (Good Behaviour Game, Botvin Life Skills) – Skills and the role of teachers – Parenting skills
  • 11. Coming up in the future • Secondary prevention: child protection – New child protection law • Qualification • State supervision • State responsibilities in complicated cases – Parenting skills – Decriminalization of status offences – Juvenile committees reform – Youth work
  • 12. Coming up in the future • Tertiary prevention: police and justice system – – – – Age 14/15 & 18/21 Children & prison Evidence based programs New procedural code of misdemeanours • Child protection – Special conditions children • Shock imprisonment • Early release • Criminal records
  • 13. To sum up: • All prevention levels must be involved, sharing of responsibility – 1 goal vs several goals – Networking in all levels • Effective and appropriate practices must be preferred • In addition to doing the right things, they must be done in a right way – Evidence based practices – Evaluation