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Health 8
UNIT 2: Family Life
Pregnancy-related Concerns
and Pre-natal Care
MR. CARLO JUSTINO J. LUNA
Malabanias Integrated School
Angeles City
“
Pregnancy is a
time of many
changes.
New Beginning
Humans are reproduced through
sexual reproduction.
Fertilization
◎is a reproductive process
wherein half of genes of the
father and mother combine to
form a single cell
Implantation
◎the attachment of the
developing cells to the
uterus
Pregnancy
◎is the time when a
new cell is formed
during fertilization,
grows, and
develops into a
baby in the
woman’s uterus
◎is the time when
a woman carries
a developing
fetus in her
uterus
Pregnancy
◎developing
human from the
time that the
ovum and the
sperm cell unite
until the end of
the 8th week
Embryo
◎developing
human from the
8th week until
birth
Fetus
A normal
pregnancy
generally lasts
until 9 months
or 38-40 weeks.
◎Emotional anguish
◎Possible health risks
◎Limited life options
Risks of Unplanned /
Unwanted Pregnancy
Teenage pregnancies
are premature because
they occur in mothers
who may be too young
and/or immature to care
for a child adequately.
Risks of Unplanned /
Unwanted Pregnancy
1. Teens at 15 and younger face
a 60% higher risk of death
during pregnancy and child
birth than young mothers at
the age of 20.
Statistics
2. Babies born to young teenage
mothers are 2 to 3 times more
likely to die during their first
year than babies born to older
mothers.
Statistics
3. Teen mothers are twice more
likely to have low birth weight
infants (at risk of physical and
mental defects as well as
increased risk of dying).
Statistics
4. 70% of teen mothers get no
medical care at all during
critical first months of
pregnancy and 25% get no
prenatal care at all.
Statistics
5. Even with good prenatal care,
teenager mothers are more
likely to have premature labor
and to deliver low birth-weight
babies.
Statistics
6. Young teen mothers are likely
to drop out of school and face
high risk of unemployment,
poverty, and dependence on
parents.
Statistics
7. If they marry due to
pregnancy, their risk of break
up or separation is high.
Statistics
8. The young mother is more
likely to be angered and
disillusioned by her baby’s
demands and may become
an abusive parent.
Statistics
Changes in the
Mother’s Body
◎Produces hormones that make
pregnant woman nauseated
(morning sickness)
◎Enlarged breasts and prepared
to produce milk
Changes in the
Mother’s Body
◎The woman’s uterus stretches
to hold a full-sized newborn
baby
◎Experiences swelling of legs,
difficulty in sleeping,
restlessness, and irritability as
the fetus gets larger
Changes in the
Mother’s Body
◎Many women feel clumsy or
uncomfortable too because of
the changes taking place.
Nourishing the Baby
◎The fetus gets its nutrition from food
the mother eats.
◎To ensure the health of the fetus,
the mother needs to eat healthy
foods and takes special vitamins.
◎She should get regular medical
checkups to protect her health and
health of the growing fetus.
Normal Phyical Changes and
Symptons Throughout
Pregnancy
◎Fatigue
◎Sleep problems
◎Breast changes
◎Hair changes
◎Back pain/sciatica
◎Hemorrhoids/constipation
Normal Phyical Changes and
Symptons Throughout
Pregnancy
◎Morning sickness
◎Heartburn
◎Varicose veins
◎Leg cramps
◎Pelvic ache/hip pain
◎Nosebleeds/bleeding gums
Normal Phyical Changes and
Symptons Throughout
Pregnancy
◎Stretch marks, itchiness, and other
skin changes
◎Hand pain, numbness, or weakness
(carpal tunnel syndrome)
◎Changes in the vaginal discharge
1st Trimester
Phases of Pregnancy
 week 1 - 12
 missed menstrual
period
 breast tenderness,
morning sickness,
fatigue
2nd Trimester
Phases of Pregnancy
 week 13 - 27
 start to look
pregnant and
wear maternity
clothes
 physical
discomforts
2nd Trimester
Phases of Pregnancy
 Week 16: The top
of the uterus
(fundus) will be
about halfway
between the pubic
bone and the
navel
2nd Trimester
Phases of Pregnancy
 Week 27: The
fundus will be
about 2 inches
(5cm) or more
above the navel
3rd Trimester
Phases of Pregnancy
 week 28 to giving
birth
 discomfort as the
belly gets bigger
 sleep problems
Complications of Pregnancy
Special Condition Prevention and Management
Nausea/Improper
body weight
Small frequent feedings instead of three large meals and high
carbohydrates, low fat foods such as crackers and jelly and
liquids should be taken between meals
Toxemia
(blood poison)
Proper nutrition, intake of iron and folic acid as prescribed by
the physician
Morning sickness Intake of folic acid as prescribed by the doctor
Anemia
(RBC deficiency)
Proper nutrition
Diabetes Fluid intake, proper nutrition, and exercise
Constipation Fluid intake, eat fruits and vegetables
Activity: Paper Plate
Cut out pictures of different
foods and paste them on a
paper plate. Remember that
these foods are what a woman
should be eating during
pregnancy.
Birth
◎the passage of
a baby from its
mother’s uterus
to the outside of
her body
During birth, the
uterus contracts
many time and
pushes the baby
through the vagina
and outside the
mother’s body.
Birth
Labor
◎is the process that lasts from
the time contractions start
until the delivery of the child
and the placenta
◎lasts a different amount of
time for every woman and
every pregnancy
THREE (3) DISTINCT
STAGES OF LABOR
1st Stage
◎Begins with the first contraction and
lasts until the cervix has opened
enough to allow the baby to pass
through.
THREE (3) DISTINCT
STAGES OF LABOR
2nd Stage
◎Starts when the cervix is completely
open and lasts until the baby is
delivered.
THREE (3) DISTINCT
STAGES OF LABOR
3rd Stage
◎is the final stage of labor
◎is when the placenta is delivered
◎In this stage, the mother’s uterine
contractions push the placenta or
“afterbirths” out of her body. At this
time, the birth is completed.
Mother’s Role During
and After Pregnancy
1. Avoid stressful activities
2. Do light exercises
3. Eat nutritious foods
4. Avoid vices
5. Have the regular and necessary
prenatal and post-natal checkups
Father’s Role During
& After the Wife’s Pregnancy
1. Take care of the mother and the baby
2. See to it that the mother gets the necessary
prenatal and post-natal checkups
3. See to it that the necessary immunizations
for the baby are followed as scheduled
4. Provide healthy diet meals for the mother
and the child
How to Take Care of
a Pregnant Woman
1. Accompany her in a daily exercise
2. Makes her relax by listening to music
3. Gives her lots of water to drink
4. Gives her nutritious food to eat
5. Checks if she sleeps by lying on the left
side of her body
6. Accompany her during regular and as
needed prenatal checkups
Breastmilk
◎ is the best food since it contains
essential nutrients suitable for the
infant’s needs
◎ is the nature’s first immunization,
enabling the infant to fight potentially
serious infections
Breastfeeding
◎ is the traditional and ideal form of
infant feeding, meeting an
infant’s nutritional needs for his
first four to six months of life
Lactation
◎ is the period of milk production
initiated by the prolactin hormone
in the mammary glands
Advantages of
Breastfeeding
1. It is economical and nutritious.
2. It promotes emotional bonding
between the child and the mother.
3. Mother’s milk has an antibody that
protects the infant from certain
diseases.
◎means a child from the time of
complete delivery to 30 days
old
Newborn
◎is a simple procedure to find
out if the baby has congenital
metabolic disorder that may
lead to mental retardation or
even death if left untreated
Newborn Screening
◎NBS is ideally done on the 48th
to 72nd hour of life.
◎However, it may also be done
after 24 hours from birth.
When is NBS done?
◎A few drops of blood are taken
from the baby’s heel, blotted
on a special absorbent filter
card, and then sent to a
Newborn Screening Center
(NSC)
How is NBS done?
◎Physician
◎Nurse
◎Medical technologist
◎Trained midwife
Who will collect the
sample for NBS?
Where is NBS available?
◎NBS is available in hospitals,
lying-ins, rural health units,
health centers, and some
private clinics.
◎If babies are delivered at
home, babies may be brought
to the nearest institution
offering NBS.
Activity: Sing It!
Sing the songs “Anak” and “Sa
Ugoy ng Duyan”.
Thanks!
Mr. Carlo Justino J. Luna
Malabanias Integrated School
Angeles City
Credits
Special thanks to all the people who
made and released these awesome
resources for free:
◎Presentation template by
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◎Photographs by Unsplash
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123healthunit2-2prenancy-relatedconcernsandpre-natalcare-161018095107.pdf

  • 1. Health 8 UNIT 2: Family Life Pregnancy-related Concerns and Pre-natal Care MR. CARLO JUSTINO J. LUNA Malabanias Integrated School Angeles City
  • 2. “ Pregnancy is a time of many changes.
  • 3. New Beginning Humans are reproduced through sexual reproduction.
  • 4.
  • 5. Fertilization ◎is a reproductive process wherein half of genes of the father and mother combine to form a single cell
  • 6. Implantation ◎the attachment of the developing cells to the uterus
  • 7. Pregnancy ◎is the time when a new cell is formed during fertilization, grows, and develops into a baby in the woman’s uterus
  • 8. ◎is the time when a woman carries a developing fetus in her uterus Pregnancy
  • 9. ◎developing human from the time that the ovum and the sperm cell unite until the end of the 8th week Embryo ◎developing human from the 8th week until birth Fetus
  • 10. A normal pregnancy generally lasts until 9 months or 38-40 weeks.
  • 11. ◎Emotional anguish ◎Possible health risks ◎Limited life options Risks of Unplanned / Unwanted Pregnancy
  • 12. Teenage pregnancies are premature because they occur in mothers who may be too young and/or immature to care for a child adequately. Risks of Unplanned / Unwanted Pregnancy
  • 13. 1. Teens at 15 and younger face a 60% higher risk of death during pregnancy and child birth than young mothers at the age of 20. Statistics
  • 14. 2. Babies born to young teenage mothers are 2 to 3 times more likely to die during their first year than babies born to older mothers. Statistics
  • 15. 3. Teen mothers are twice more likely to have low birth weight infants (at risk of physical and mental defects as well as increased risk of dying). Statistics
  • 16. 4. 70% of teen mothers get no medical care at all during critical first months of pregnancy and 25% get no prenatal care at all. Statistics
  • 17. 5. Even with good prenatal care, teenager mothers are more likely to have premature labor and to deliver low birth-weight babies. Statistics
  • 18. 6. Young teen mothers are likely to drop out of school and face high risk of unemployment, poverty, and dependence on parents. Statistics
  • 19. 7. If they marry due to pregnancy, their risk of break up or separation is high. Statistics
  • 20. 8. The young mother is more likely to be angered and disillusioned by her baby’s demands and may become an abusive parent. Statistics
  • 21. Changes in the Mother’s Body ◎Produces hormones that make pregnant woman nauseated (morning sickness) ◎Enlarged breasts and prepared to produce milk
  • 22. Changes in the Mother’s Body ◎The woman’s uterus stretches to hold a full-sized newborn baby ◎Experiences swelling of legs, difficulty in sleeping, restlessness, and irritability as the fetus gets larger
  • 23. Changes in the Mother’s Body ◎Many women feel clumsy or uncomfortable too because of the changes taking place.
  • 24. Nourishing the Baby ◎The fetus gets its nutrition from food the mother eats. ◎To ensure the health of the fetus, the mother needs to eat healthy foods and takes special vitamins. ◎She should get regular medical checkups to protect her health and health of the growing fetus.
  • 25. Normal Phyical Changes and Symptons Throughout Pregnancy ◎Fatigue ◎Sleep problems ◎Breast changes ◎Hair changes ◎Back pain/sciatica ◎Hemorrhoids/constipation
  • 26. Normal Phyical Changes and Symptons Throughout Pregnancy ◎Morning sickness ◎Heartburn ◎Varicose veins ◎Leg cramps ◎Pelvic ache/hip pain ◎Nosebleeds/bleeding gums
  • 27. Normal Phyical Changes and Symptons Throughout Pregnancy ◎Stretch marks, itchiness, and other skin changes ◎Hand pain, numbness, or weakness (carpal tunnel syndrome) ◎Changes in the vaginal discharge
  • 28. 1st Trimester Phases of Pregnancy  week 1 - 12  missed menstrual period  breast tenderness, morning sickness, fatigue
  • 29. 2nd Trimester Phases of Pregnancy  week 13 - 27  start to look pregnant and wear maternity clothes  physical discomforts
  • 30. 2nd Trimester Phases of Pregnancy  Week 16: The top of the uterus (fundus) will be about halfway between the pubic bone and the navel
  • 31. 2nd Trimester Phases of Pregnancy  Week 27: The fundus will be about 2 inches (5cm) or more above the navel
  • 32. 3rd Trimester Phases of Pregnancy  week 28 to giving birth  discomfort as the belly gets bigger  sleep problems
  • 33. Complications of Pregnancy Special Condition Prevention and Management Nausea/Improper body weight Small frequent feedings instead of three large meals and high carbohydrates, low fat foods such as crackers and jelly and liquids should be taken between meals Toxemia (blood poison) Proper nutrition, intake of iron and folic acid as prescribed by the physician Morning sickness Intake of folic acid as prescribed by the doctor Anemia (RBC deficiency) Proper nutrition Diabetes Fluid intake, proper nutrition, and exercise Constipation Fluid intake, eat fruits and vegetables
  • 34. Activity: Paper Plate Cut out pictures of different foods and paste them on a paper plate. Remember that these foods are what a woman should be eating during pregnancy.
  • 35. Birth ◎the passage of a baby from its mother’s uterus to the outside of her body
  • 36. During birth, the uterus contracts many time and pushes the baby through the vagina and outside the mother’s body. Birth
  • 37.
  • 38.
  • 39. Labor ◎is the process that lasts from the time contractions start until the delivery of the child and the placenta ◎lasts a different amount of time for every woman and every pregnancy
  • 40. THREE (3) DISTINCT STAGES OF LABOR 1st Stage ◎Begins with the first contraction and lasts until the cervix has opened enough to allow the baby to pass through.
  • 41. THREE (3) DISTINCT STAGES OF LABOR 2nd Stage ◎Starts when the cervix is completely open and lasts until the baby is delivered.
  • 42. THREE (3) DISTINCT STAGES OF LABOR 3rd Stage ◎is the final stage of labor ◎is when the placenta is delivered ◎In this stage, the mother’s uterine contractions push the placenta or “afterbirths” out of her body. At this time, the birth is completed.
  • 43. Mother’s Role During and After Pregnancy 1. Avoid stressful activities 2. Do light exercises 3. Eat nutritious foods 4. Avoid vices 5. Have the regular and necessary prenatal and post-natal checkups
  • 44. Father’s Role During & After the Wife’s Pregnancy 1. Take care of the mother and the baby 2. See to it that the mother gets the necessary prenatal and post-natal checkups 3. See to it that the necessary immunizations for the baby are followed as scheduled 4. Provide healthy diet meals for the mother and the child
  • 45. How to Take Care of a Pregnant Woman 1. Accompany her in a daily exercise 2. Makes her relax by listening to music 3. Gives her lots of water to drink 4. Gives her nutritious food to eat 5. Checks if she sleeps by lying on the left side of her body 6. Accompany her during regular and as needed prenatal checkups
  • 46. Breastmilk ◎ is the best food since it contains essential nutrients suitable for the infant’s needs ◎ is the nature’s first immunization, enabling the infant to fight potentially serious infections
  • 47. Breastfeeding ◎ is the traditional and ideal form of infant feeding, meeting an infant’s nutritional needs for his first four to six months of life
  • 48. Lactation ◎ is the period of milk production initiated by the prolactin hormone in the mammary glands
  • 49. Advantages of Breastfeeding 1. It is economical and nutritious. 2. It promotes emotional bonding between the child and the mother. 3. Mother’s milk has an antibody that protects the infant from certain diseases.
  • 50. ◎means a child from the time of complete delivery to 30 days old Newborn
  • 51. ◎is a simple procedure to find out if the baby has congenital metabolic disorder that may lead to mental retardation or even death if left untreated Newborn Screening
  • 52. ◎NBS is ideally done on the 48th to 72nd hour of life. ◎However, it may also be done after 24 hours from birth. When is NBS done?
  • 53. ◎A few drops of blood are taken from the baby’s heel, blotted on a special absorbent filter card, and then sent to a Newborn Screening Center (NSC) How is NBS done?
  • 55. Where is NBS available? ◎NBS is available in hospitals, lying-ins, rural health units, health centers, and some private clinics. ◎If babies are delivered at home, babies may be brought to the nearest institution offering NBS.
  • 56. Activity: Sing It! Sing the songs “Anak” and “Sa Ugoy ng Duyan”.
  • 57.
  • 58.
  • 59. Thanks! Mr. Carlo Justino J. Luna Malabanias Integrated School Angeles City
  • 60. Credits Special thanks to all the people who made and released these awesome resources for free: ◎Presentation template by SlidesCarnival ◎Photographs by Unsplash
  • 61. Presentation design This presentation uses the following typographies and colors: ◎ Titles: Nixie One ◎ Body copy: Varela Round You can download the fonts on this page: http://www.google.com/fonts/#UsePlace:use/Collection:Nixie+One|Varela+Round Click on the “arrow button” that appears on the top right Yellow #f8bb00 Orange #ed4a00 Fucsia #e8004c Blue #00acc3 Aqua #00d1c6 Lime #bbcd00 Green #65bb48 Gray #617a86 Light Gray #a1becc You don’t need to keep this slide in your presentation. It’s only here to serve you as a design guide if you need to create new slides or download the fonts to edit the presentation in PowerPoint®
  • 62. SlidesCarnival icons are editable shapes. This means that you can: ● Resize them without losing quality. ● Change fill color and opacity. ● Change line color, width and style. Isn’t that nice? :) Examples:
  • 63. Now you can use any emoji as an icon! And of course it resizes without losing quality and you can change the color. How? Follow Google instructions https://twitter.com/googledocs/status/730087240156643328 ✋👆👉👍👤👦👧👨👩👪💃🏃💑❤😂 😉😋😒😭👶😸🐟🍒🍔💣📌📖🔨🎃🎈 🎨🏈🏰🌏🔌🔑 and many more... 😉