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ANTENATAL CARE
 DEFINITION:Systematic supervision (examination
and advice) of a women during pregnancy is called
antenatal (prenatal) care. The pregnancy is of 9
months, and it is divided into 3 trimesters (each one
has 3 months).
 Aim: Aim is to achieve at the end of a pregnancy a
healthy mother and a healthy baby. This care should
begin soon after conception and continue
throughout pregnancy.
OBJECTIVES
 Promote, protect and maintain the health of the mother during
pregnancy.
 Detect “high-risk” pregnancies and give the mother’s special
attention.
 Foresee complication and prevent them.
 Remove anxiety and fear associated with delivery.
 Reduce maternal and infant mortality and morbidity.
 Teach mother, elements of childcare, nutrition, personal hygiene
and environmental sanitation.
 Sensitize the mother to the need for the family planning.
REGISTRATION
REGISTRATION
Register yourself at the nearest health facility as soon as
pregnancy is detected.
 Four antenatal check ups are essential for a
pregnant woman:
1. First ANC Check up - As soon as the period is
missed or within first three months of missing the
period.
2. Second ANC Check up In 4th – 6th month of
pregnancy.
3. Third ANC Check up In 7th – 8th month of
pregnancy.
4. Fourth ANC Check up In 9th month of pregnancy.
Regular ANC visits protect you and your baby from
complications and ensures healthy mother and child.
ANTENATAL CHECK-UP
 Get your Hb
Blood pressure(BP)
urine, weight and abdomen checked
at every visit.
Ensure that you receive IFA tablets and
two doses of Inj. Tetanus Toxoid (TT).
 Always consult your MO if necessary
orreferred.
Get your weight checked. (Average
weight gain during pregnancy is 9 -
11 kg).
Haemoglobin estimation helps
in early detection and
treatment of anaemia
Detection of albumin and
sugar saves you and your
baby from serious conditions
Get your blood pressure checked
to detect high BP which can be
dangerous for you and your
baby.
Abdominal Check-up during
ANC helps in assessing foetal
growth and its well- being
TETANUS TOXOID INJECTION
Tetanus Toxoid Injection protects both mother and baby
from
Tetanus which is one of the life threatening conditions.
Get two doses of T.T. injection at one month
interval.
IRON FOLIC ACID (IFA) TABLETS
 During pregnancy 100 tablets of iron and folic acid will be given.
 One tablet of IFA is to be taken daily starting from the fourth month of
pregnancy.
 If you are anaemic, you will be advised to take two IFA tablets daily, one
DIET DURING PREGNANCY
• Need to eat one extra meal a day during pregnancy.
• Take milk and dairy products like curd, buttermilk, paneer-these are rich in
calcium, proteins and vitamins.
• Eat fresh/seasonal fruits and vegetables as these provide vitamins and
iron. Cereals, whole grains and pulses are good sources of proteins.
• Green leafy vegetables are a rich source of iron and folic acid.
• A handful (45 grams) of nuts and at least two cups of daal provide daily
requirement of proteins in vegetarians.
• For non-vegetarians, meat, egg, chicken or fish are good sources of
proteins, vitamins and iron.
RICH SOURCES OF IMPORTANT
NUTRIENTS
A well balanced diet consisting
of a variety of food helps in the
growth of the baby and
prevents anaemia
BOWEL CARE
 AVOIND CONSTIPATION
 REGULATION OF DIET TAKING PLENTY OF
FLUIDS, VEGETABLES & MILK.
Wash your hands with soap and water
before every meal and after attending toilet
Clip your nails regularly
CLEANLINESS
PERSONAL HYGIENE PREVENTS
ACQUIRING INFECTION AND ALSO FROM
TRANSMITTING TO THE BABY
Daily bath & careful against
CLOTHING, SHOES & BELT
WEAR LOOSE
COMFORTABLE, COTTON
GARMENTS
AVOID HIGH HEELSHOES &
CONSTRICTING BELT
DENTAL CARE
CARE OF
BREAST
Breast
engorgement
may cause
discomfort
during late
pregnancy. A
well-fitting
brassiere can
give relief.
CARE OF
THE
BREASTS
Have 8 hours of sleep at night and at least 2 hours rest during the day.
• Lie on your left side as it increases the blood supply to the foetus.
• Avoid hard work such as lifting heavy weight.
• Do not overexert yourself and delegate few tasks to others.
Adequate rest gives you physical and mental
relaxation which is good both for you and the
baby
EXCERCISE
COITUS
 Contact with the husband to be avoided during the
first trimester & last six weeks.
 Generally, coitus is not restricted during pregnancy.
Release of prostaglandins and oxytocin with coitus
may cause uterine contractions.
 Women with increased risk of miscarriage or
preterm labor should avoid coitus if they feel such
increased uterine activity.
TRAVEL
• Travel by vehicles having jerks is better to be avoided,
especially in first trimester and the last 6 weeks.
• The long journey is preferably to be limited to the second
trimester.
• Rail route is preferable to bus route. Travel in pressurized
aircraft is safe up to 36 weeks.
• Air travel is contraindicated in cases with placenta previa,
preeclampsia, severe anemia and sickle cell disease.
Prolonged sitting in a car or aeroplane should be avoided due
to the risk of venous stasis and thromboembolism.
TRAVEL
SMOKING, ALCOHOL & DRUGS
• In view of the fact that smoking is injurious to health, it is better to
stop smoking not only during pregnancy but even thereafter.
•Heavy smokers have smaller babies and there is also more chance
of abortion.
• Similarly, alcohol consumption is to be drastically curtailed or
avoided, so as to prevent fetal maldevelopment or growth restriction
FAMILY SUPPORT
• Family behaviour and
attitude should be pleasant
and encouraging.
• Family should ensure
provision of healthy diet
and timely visits to health
facility.
• Avoid delay in contacting
medical facility when
labour starts or in case
of a complication.
• Adequate finance and
transport should be
arranged beforehand.
• A blood donor should be
identified for any
unforeseen emergencies.
Care and support by husband and
mother-in-law gives emotional
support and confidence in child
bearing
DANGER SIGNALS DURING PREGNANCY
IF ANY COMPLICATIONS OCCUR- SEEK HELP IMMEDIATELY
TO PRESERVE YOUR HEALTH AND LIFE
Severe pain in abdomen.
Generalised weakness,
easy fatigability
and breathlessness.
Bleeding per vaginum
Excessive swelling in
legs.
Convulsions
Fever
 Health Education on Antenatal care

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Health Education on Antenatal care

  • 1.
  • 2. ANTENATAL CARE  DEFINITION:Systematic supervision (examination and advice) of a women during pregnancy is called antenatal (prenatal) care. The pregnancy is of 9 months, and it is divided into 3 trimesters (each one has 3 months).  Aim: Aim is to achieve at the end of a pregnancy a healthy mother and a healthy baby. This care should begin soon after conception and continue throughout pregnancy.
  • 3. OBJECTIVES  Promote, protect and maintain the health of the mother during pregnancy.  Detect “high-risk” pregnancies and give the mother’s special attention.  Foresee complication and prevent them.  Remove anxiety and fear associated with delivery.  Reduce maternal and infant mortality and morbidity.  Teach mother, elements of childcare, nutrition, personal hygiene and environmental sanitation.  Sensitize the mother to the need for the family planning.
  • 5. REGISTRATION Register yourself at the nearest health facility as soon as pregnancy is detected.  Four antenatal check ups are essential for a pregnant woman: 1. First ANC Check up - As soon as the period is missed or within first three months of missing the period. 2. Second ANC Check up In 4th – 6th month of pregnancy. 3. Third ANC Check up In 7th – 8th month of pregnancy. 4. Fourth ANC Check up In 9th month of pregnancy. Regular ANC visits protect you and your baby from complications and ensures healthy mother and child.
  • 6. ANTENATAL CHECK-UP  Get your Hb Blood pressure(BP) urine, weight and abdomen checked at every visit. Ensure that you receive IFA tablets and two doses of Inj. Tetanus Toxoid (TT).  Always consult your MO if necessary orreferred.
  • 7. Get your weight checked. (Average weight gain during pregnancy is 9 - 11 kg). Haemoglobin estimation helps in early detection and treatment of anaemia Detection of albumin and sugar saves you and your baby from serious conditions
  • 8. Get your blood pressure checked to detect high BP which can be dangerous for you and your baby. Abdominal Check-up during ANC helps in assessing foetal growth and its well- being
  • 9. TETANUS TOXOID INJECTION Tetanus Toxoid Injection protects both mother and baby from Tetanus which is one of the life threatening conditions. Get two doses of T.T. injection at one month interval.
  • 10. IRON FOLIC ACID (IFA) TABLETS  During pregnancy 100 tablets of iron and folic acid will be given.  One tablet of IFA is to be taken daily starting from the fourth month of pregnancy.  If you are anaemic, you will be advised to take two IFA tablets daily, one
  • 11. DIET DURING PREGNANCY • Need to eat one extra meal a day during pregnancy. • Take milk and dairy products like curd, buttermilk, paneer-these are rich in calcium, proteins and vitamins. • Eat fresh/seasonal fruits and vegetables as these provide vitamins and iron. Cereals, whole grains and pulses are good sources of proteins. • Green leafy vegetables are a rich source of iron and folic acid. • A handful (45 grams) of nuts and at least two cups of daal provide daily requirement of proteins in vegetarians. • For non-vegetarians, meat, egg, chicken or fish are good sources of proteins, vitamins and iron.
  • 12. RICH SOURCES OF IMPORTANT NUTRIENTS A well balanced diet consisting of a variety of food helps in the growth of the baby and prevents anaemia
  • 13.
  • 14. BOWEL CARE  AVOIND CONSTIPATION  REGULATION OF DIET TAKING PLENTY OF FLUIDS, VEGETABLES & MILK.
  • 15. Wash your hands with soap and water before every meal and after attending toilet Clip your nails regularly CLEANLINESS PERSONAL HYGIENE PREVENTS ACQUIRING INFECTION AND ALSO FROM TRANSMITTING TO THE BABY Daily bath & careful against
  • 16. CLOTHING, SHOES & BELT WEAR LOOSE COMFORTABLE, COTTON GARMENTS AVOID HIGH HEELSHOES & CONSTRICTING BELT
  • 18. CARE OF BREAST Breast engorgement may cause discomfort during late pregnancy. A well-fitting brassiere can give relief. CARE OF THE BREASTS
  • 19. Have 8 hours of sleep at night and at least 2 hours rest during the day. • Lie on your left side as it increases the blood supply to the foetus. • Avoid hard work such as lifting heavy weight. • Do not overexert yourself and delegate few tasks to others. Adequate rest gives you physical and mental relaxation which is good both for you and the baby
  • 21. COITUS  Contact with the husband to be avoided during the first trimester & last six weeks.  Generally, coitus is not restricted during pregnancy. Release of prostaglandins and oxytocin with coitus may cause uterine contractions.  Women with increased risk of miscarriage or preterm labor should avoid coitus if they feel such increased uterine activity.
  • 22. TRAVEL • Travel by vehicles having jerks is better to be avoided, especially in first trimester and the last 6 weeks. • The long journey is preferably to be limited to the second trimester. • Rail route is preferable to bus route. Travel in pressurized aircraft is safe up to 36 weeks. • Air travel is contraindicated in cases with placenta previa, preeclampsia, severe anemia and sickle cell disease. Prolonged sitting in a car or aeroplane should be avoided due to the risk of venous stasis and thromboembolism.
  • 24. SMOKING, ALCOHOL & DRUGS • In view of the fact that smoking is injurious to health, it is better to stop smoking not only during pregnancy but even thereafter. •Heavy smokers have smaller babies and there is also more chance of abortion. • Similarly, alcohol consumption is to be drastically curtailed or avoided, so as to prevent fetal maldevelopment or growth restriction
  • 25. FAMILY SUPPORT • Family behaviour and attitude should be pleasant and encouraging. • Family should ensure provision of healthy diet and timely visits to health facility. • Avoid delay in contacting medical facility when labour starts or in case of a complication. • Adequate finance and transport should be arranged beforehand. • A blood donor should be identified for any unforeseen emergencies. Care and support by husband and mother-in-law gives emotional support and confidence in child bearing
  • 26. DANGER SIGNALS DURING PREGNANCY IF ANY COMPLICATIONS OCCUR- SEEK HELP IMMEDIATELY TO PRESERVE YOUR HEALTH AND LIFE Severe pain in abdomen. Generalised weakness, easy fatigability and breathlessness. Bleeding per vaginum Excessive swelling in legs. Convulsions Fever