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Carbon Benefits Project Training Event for the
Online Training
Eleanor Milne
Overview of the Carbon Benefits Project
(CBP) Tools
The CBP Modelling Tools
From 2006 IPCC Guidelines
Biomass C
Stock Changes
Non-CO2 GHG Emissions
from Burning
Soil C Stock
Changes
Soil N2O
Emissions
CH4 and N2O
from Manure
Rice Methane
Enteric Methane
The Carbon Benefits Project
To provides tools for GEF and other land
management projects to;
Estimate
Track
Report
C stock changes and GHG emissions (carbon
benefits) which result from land management
projects (in comparison to a baseline)
The Tools
Assessment Tools
Who are the tools aimed at?
-Managers and potential managers of GEF or other land management
projects
- Others at GEF implementing and executing agencies
-Anyone wanting to estimate the GHG impact of land management
activities
Who could the output be used by?
-GEF and other Program Officers wanting reports from multiple projects in
a standardized format
-Those wanting multiple reports from projects in different focal areas,
countries, project types, etc.
-Those deciding which projects to fund
Features of the CBP Tools
 Online
 User friendly
 Can be used at any stage of a
project
 Can be used for different types of
projects with different amounts of
data
 Gives spatially explicit output
 Gives a report in a standard
format
Impact of the project over the baseline
Initial Land Use
Baseline Scenario
Project Scenario
Project activities:
- Reduced grazing, protection of rangelands
- Reforestation/Afforestation
Carbon
Benefit
Central principle of C and GHG
accounting
Emissions rate = “Activity” ☓ “Emission factor”
Central principle of C and GHG
accounting
Emissions rate = “Activity” ☓ “Emission factor”
What is being done
E.g.
• Area being planted to trees
• Amount of fertilizer applied
• Number of dairy cattle
Central principle of C and GHG
accounting
Emissions rate = “Activity” ☓ “Emission factor”
What is being done
E.g.
• Area being planted to trees
• Amount of fertilizer applied
• Number of dairy cattle
Emission per unit of activity
E.g.
• Growth rate for 5-20 yr poplar
• N2O emission per unit N
applied
• Enteric CH4 emission for
lactating females
Reporting
Module
Project
Information
Module
Toolkit advisor Project Description
Module
Simple
Assessment
Detailed
Assessment
Dynamic
Modelling
Guidance Module
Assessment Tools
Socioeconomic Tools
Reporting
Module
Project
Information
Module
Toolkit advisor Project Description
Module
Simple
Assessment
Detailed
Assessment
Dynamic
Modelling
Guidance Module
Assessment Tools
Socioeconomic Tools
Name of project, funding
agency etc.
Name of project, funding
agency etc.
Where project
activities are
Advice on
measurements to take,
which tools to use
Tools
Reporting
Module
Project
Information
Module
Toolkit advisor Project Description
Module
Simple
Assessment
Detailed
Assessment
Dynamic
Modelling
Guidance Module
Assessment Tools
Socioeconomic Tools
Reporting
Module
Project
Information
Module
Toolkit advisor Project Description
Module
Simple
Assessment
Detailed
Assessment
Dynamic
Modelling
Guidance Module
Assessment Tools
Socioeconomic Tools
Name of project, funding
agency etc.
Name of project, funding
agency etc.
Where project
activities are
Advice on
measurements to take,
which tools to use
Tools
Reporting
Module
Project
Information
Module
Toolkit advisor Project Description
Module
Simple
Assessment
Detailed
Assessment
Dynamic
Modelling
Guidance Module
Assessment Tools
Socioeconomic Tools
Reporting
Module
Project
Information
Module
Toolkit advisor Project Description
Module
Simple
Assessment
Detailed
Assessment
Dynamic
Modelling
Guidance Module
Assessment Tools
Socioeconomic Tools
Name of project, funding
agency etc.
Name of project, funding
agency etc.
Where project
activities are
Advice on
measurements to take,
which tools to use
Tools
Reporting
Module
Project
Information
Module
Toolkit advisor Project Description
Module
Simple
Assessment
Detailed
Assessment
Dynamic
Modelling
Guidance Module
Assessment Tools
Socioeconomic Tools
Reporting
Module
Project
Information
Module
Toolkit advisor Project Description
Module
Simple
Assessment
Detailed
Assessment
Dynamic
Modelling
Guidance Module
Assessment Tools
Socioeconomic Tools
Name of project, funding
agency etc.
Name of project, funding
agency etc.
Where project
activities are
Advice on
measurements to take,
which tools to use
Tools
Reporting
Module
Project
Information
Module
Toolkit advisor Project Description
Module
Simple
Assessment
Detailed
Assessment
Dynamic
Modelling
Guidance Module
Assessment Tools
Socioeconomic Tools
Reporting
Module
Project
Information
Module
Toolkit advisor Project Description
Module
Simple
Assessment
Detailed
Assessment
Dynamic
Modelling
Guidance Module
Assessment Tools
Socioeconomic Tools
Name of project, funding
agency etc.
Name of project, funding
agency etc.
Where project
activities are
Advice on
measurements to take,
which tools to use
Tools
The Tools
Simple
Assessment
Detailed
Assessment
Assessment Tools
Default data provided, choose from drop-down menus
What is needed to use it?
-A computer with an internet connection
-Information on land management activities and where they occur
-An idea of land use/management under a baseline and a project scenario
Who is it suitable for?
- Suitable for use in projects without many resources for C monitoring &
reporting
- Also suitable for use by those developing project proposals
- Available in English, Chinese, Spanish, Russian, French and Portuguese
The Tools
Simple
Assessment
Detailed
Assessment
Assessment Tools
Can create own crop/ grass/ forest/ agroforestry types and systems
Can use project specific emission factors
What is needed to use it?
Same as Simple Assessment plus:
- Specific information on crop/grass/forest species and systems
- Optional measurements to improve emission factors
- Resources and facilities for field sampling and lab analysis (to varying extents)
Who is it suitable for?
- Projects wanting to reduce uncertainties in emissions estimations
- Suitable for use in projects with more emphasis on C benefits
Reporting
Module
Project
Information
Module
Toolkit advisor Project Description
Module
Simple
Assessment
Detailed
Assessment
Dynamic
Modelling
Guidance Module
Assessment Tools
Socioeconomic Tools
Reporting
Module
Project
Information
Module
Toolkit advisor Project Description
Module
Simple
Assessment
Detailed
Assessment
Dynamic
Modelling
Guidance Module
Assessment Tools
Socioeconomic Tools
Name of project, funding
agency etc.
Name of project, funding
agency etc.
Where project
activities are
Advice on
measurements to take,
which tools to use
Tools
Cost Benefit Analysis
DPSIR
Reporting
Module
Project
Information
Module
Toolkit advisor Project Description
Module
Simple
Assessment
Detailed
Assessment
Dynamic
Modelling
Guidance Module
Assessment Tools
Socioeconomic Tools
Reporting
Module
Project
Information
Module
Toolkit advisor Project Description
Module
Simple
Assessment
Detailed
Assessment
Dynamic
Modelling
Guidance Module
Assessment Tools
Socioeconomic Tools
Name of project, funding
agency etc.
Name of project, funding
agency etc.
Where project
activities are
Advice on
measurements to take,
which tools to use
Tools
Report
CBP Modelling System
What Data are Required?
Details on Land Use and
Management Activities that will
be changed as part of the
project.
CBP Modelling System
Data Requirements - Example
Include only the Land
Use and Management
Activities that have or
will change as part of
the Sustainable Land
Management Project.
---
This will allow you to
assess the Carbon &
Greenhouse Gas
Benefits of the project.
CBP Modelling System
Data Requirements for Forestland
• Locations of native forest or plantations,
extent of interventions (ha)
• Forest / Plantation System Type
• Age Range (<= 20 years or > 20 years)
• Natural Losses:
• Fire (%/year)
• Wind (%/year)
• Pest/Disease (%/year)
• Other (drought, etc.) (%/year)
• Timber Harvests (m3/year)
• Fuelwood Gathering (m3/year)
CBP Modelling System
Data Requirements for Grassland
• Locations of Grassland Systems, extent of interventions
• Grassland Condition (Improved, Nominal/Native, Degraded)
• Fertilizer Applications – Amount of Fertilizer, % Nitrogen
• Burn Frequency
• Silvopasture system type (if applicable)
• Silvopasture Tree Type
• Silvopasture Tree Age Range (<= 5 years, 5-8 yrs, 8-30 yrs, > 30 yrs)
• Natural Losses:
• Fire (%/year)
• Wind (%/year)
• Pest/Disease (%/year)
• Other (drought, etc.) (%/year)
• Timber Harvests (m3/year)
• Fuelwood Gathering (m3/year)
CBP Modelling System
Data Requirements for Perennial Cropland
• Locations of Perennial Cropland Systems, extent
of interventions
• Crop Type
• Fertilizer Applications – Amount of Fertilizer, %
Nitrogen
• Tree Age Range (<= 5 years, 5-8 yrs, 8-30 yrs, > 30
yrs)
• Natural Losses:
• Fire (%/year)
• Wind (%/year)
• Pest/Disease (%/year)
• Other (drought, etc.) (%/year)
• Timber Harvests (m3/year)
• Fuelwood Gathering (m3/year)
CBP Modelling System
Data Requirements for Annual Cropland
• Locations of Annual Cropland, extent of
interventions
• Cropping System / Crop Rotations
• Management Status – Improved?
(Fertilization, irrigation, cover crops,
legume in rotation, use if high-yielding
varieties)
• Tillage System (Full, Reduced, No tillage)
• Fertilizer Applications – Amount of
Fertilizer, % Nitrogen
• Residue Management (Burned,
Collected, Grazed, Retained)
CBP Modelling System
Data Requirements for Agroforestry
• Locations of Annual Cropland, extent of
interventions
• Cropping System / Crop Rotations
• Management Status – Improved?
(Fertilization, irrigation, cover crops,
legume in rotation, use if high-yielding
varieties)
• Tillage System (Full, Reduced, No tillage)
• Fertilizer Applications – Amount of
Fertilizer, % Nitrogen
• Residue Management (Burned,
Collected, Grazed, Retained)
•Natural Losses:
•Fire (%/year)
• Wind (%/year)
• Pest/Disease (%/year)
• Other (drought, etc.)
(%/year)
• Timber Harvests (m3/year)
• Fuelwood Gathering (m3/year)
CBP Modelling System
Data Requirements for Settlements
• Locations of Settlements, extent of
interventions (# of Trees or Crown Cover %)
• Tree Types
• Tree Age Range (<= 20 years or > 20
years)
• Natural Losses:
• Fire (%/year)
• Wind (%/year)
• Pest/Disease (%/year)
• Other (drought, etc.) (%/year)
• Timber Harvests (m3/year)
• Fuelwood Gathering (m3/year)
CBP Modelling System
Data Requirements for Wetlands
• Area extent of Wetlands
CBP Modelling System
Data Requirements for Livestock
• Number of Livestock (Non-Dairy Cattle,
Dairy Cattle, Swine, Goats, Sheep, Poultry,
Camels, Buffalo, Horses, Mules and Asses,
Rabbits and other small mammals
• Number of months during the year
Livestock are present in the Project
Activity Area
• Percent of Manure Management
Systems utilized (Pasture/Range/Paddock,
Dry Lot, Anaerobic Lagoon, Anaerobic
Digester, Burned for Fuel).
Definition of Terms
• IPCC: Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
• Polygon: A spatial area associated with project
activities, generally larger than ~10 ha in size, with
clearly defined boundaries.
• Point: A spatial area associated with project
activities, generally less than ~10 ha in size.
• Project Activity Area / Intervention Area: A point or
polygon where sustainable land management project
interventions are expected to occur.
Definition of Terms, continued
• Carbon Benefits: Carbon stock changes plus GHG
emissions. We interchangeably use the term carbon
benefits and greenhouse gas (GHG) benefits in the
CBP.
• GHG Flux: Emission of greenhouse gases from land
use practices is shown as a positive (+) flux value,
whereas sequestration of carbon is shown as a
negative (-) flux value. All flux is expressed in CO2
equivalents (CO2e).
Units, etc.
• Area: hectares
• Carbon / Greenhouse Gas flux: Mg (tonnes) CO2e
• Time frame: Up to the user!
• Greenhouse Gases included in the inventory:
• Carbon Dioxide (CO2)
• Methane (CH4)
• Nitrous Oxide (N2O)
• To become familiar with the CBP system
• Understand the information/data needed to use
the CBP tools
• To have a go at using some of the CBP tools with
sample data
• Have a go using the CBP tools with your own data
• Provide us with comments/feedback
Aims of the Training
Carbon Benefits Project Toolkit
Web Site
www.carbonbenefitsproject.org
http://groups.google.com/group/cbp-users
User Group
Contact for more information
Dr Eleanor Milne eleanor.milne@colostate.edu

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1 overview of the cbp tools and data requirements

  • 1. Carbon Benefits Project Training Event for the Online Training Eleanor Milne Overview of the Carbon Benefits Project (CBP) Tools
  • 3. From 2006 IPCC Guidelines Biomass C Stock Changes Non-CO2 GHG Emissions from Burning Soil C Stock Changes Soil N2O Emissions CH4 and N2O from Manure Rice Methane Enteric Methane
  • 4. The Carbon Benefits Project To provides tools for GEF and other land management projects to; Estimate Track Report C stock changes and GHG emissions (carbon benefits) which result from land management projects (in comparison to a baseline)
  • 5. The Tools Assessment Tools Who are the tools aimed at? -Managers and potential managers of GEF or other land management projects - Others at GEF implementing and executing agencies -Anyone wanting to estimate the GHG impact of land management activities Who could the output be used by? -GEF and other Program Officers wanting reports from multiple projects in a standardized format -Those wanting multiple reports from projects in different focal areas, countries, project types, etc. -Those deciding which projects to fund
  • 6. Features of the CBP Tools  Online  User friendly  Can be used at any stage of a project  Can be used for different types of projects with different amounts of data  Gives spatially explicit output  Gives a report in a standard format
  • 7. Impact of the project over the baseline Initial Land Use Baseline Scenario Project Scenario Project activities: - Reduced grazing, protection of rangelands - Reforestation/Afforestation Carbon Benefit
  • 8. Central principle of C and GHG accounting Emissions rate = “Activity” ☓ “Emission factor”
  • 9. Central principle of C and GHG accounting Emissions rate = “Activity” ☓ “Emission factor” What is being done E.g. • Area being planted to trees • Amount of fertilizer applied • Number of dairy cattle
  • 10. Central principle of C and GHG accounting Emissions rate = “Activity” ☓ “Emission factor” What is being done E.g. • Area being planted to trees • Amount of fertilizer applied • Number of dairy cattle Emission per unit of activity E.g. • Growth rate for 5-20 yr poplar • N2O emission per unit N applied • Enteric CH4 emission for lactating females
  • 11. Reporting Module Project Information Module Toolkit advisor Project Description Module Simple Assessment Detailed Assessment Dynamic Modelling Guidance Module Assessment Tools Socioeconomic Tools Reporting Module Project Information Module Toolkit advisor Project Description Module Simple Assessment Detailed Assessment Dynamic Modelling Guidance Module Assessment Tools Socioeconomic Tools Name of project, funding agency etc. Name of project, funding agency etc. Where project activities are Advice on measurements to take, which tools to use Tools
  • 12. Reporting Module Project Information Module Toolkit advisor Project Description Module Simple Assessment Detailed Assessment Dynamic Modelling Guidance Module Assessment Tools Socioeconomic Tools Reporting Module Project Information Module Toolkit advisor Project Description Module Simple Assessment Detailed Assessment Dynamic Modelling Guidance Module Assessment Tools Socioeconomic Tools Name of project, funding agency etc. Name of project, funding agency etc. Where project activities are Advice on measurements to take, which tools to use Tools
  • 13. Reporting Module Project Information Module Toolkit advisor Project Description Module Simple Assessment Detailed Assessment Dynamic Modelling Guidance Module Assessment Tools Socioeconomic Tools Reporting Module Project Information Module Toolkit advisor Project Description Module Simple Assessment Detailed Assessment Dynamic Modelling Guidance Module Assessment Tools Socioeconomic Tools Name of project, funding agency etc. Name of project, funding agency etc. Where project activities are Advice on measurements to take, which tools to use Tools
  • 14. Reporting Module Project Information Module Toolkit advisor Project Description Module Simple Assessment Detailed Assessment Dynamic Modelling Guidance Module Assessment Tools Socioeconomic Tools Reporting Module Project Information Module Toolkit advisor Project Description Module Simple Assessment Detailed Assessment Dynamic Modelling Guidance Module Assessment Tools Socioeconomic Tools Name of project, funding agency etc. Name of project, funding agency etc. Where project activities are Advice on measurements to take, which tools to use Tools
  • 15. Reporting Module Project Information Module Toolkit advisor Project Description Module Simple Assessment Detailed Assessment Dynamic Modelling Guidance Module Assessment Tools Socioeconomic Tools Reporting Module Project Information Module Toolkit advisor Project Description Module Simple Assessment Detailed Assessment Dynamic Modelling Guidance Module Assessment Tools Socioeconomic Tools Name of project, funding agency etc. Name of project, funding agency etc. Where project activities are Advice on measurements to take, which tools to use Tools
  • 16. The Tools Simple Assessment Detailed Assessment Assessment Tools Default data provided, choose from drop-down menus What is needed to use it? -A computer with an internet connection -Information on land management activities and where they occur -An idea of land use/management under a baseline and a project scenario Who is it suitable for? - Suitable for use in projects without many resources for C monitoring & reporting - Also suitable for use by those developing project proposals - Available in English, Chinese, Spanish, Russian, French and Portuguese
  • 17. The Tools Simple Assessment Detailed Assessment Assessment Tools Can create own crop/ grass/ forest/ agroforestry types and systems Can use project specific emission factors What is needed to use it? Same as Simple Assessment plus: - Specific information on crop/grass/forest species and systems - Optional measurements to improve emission factors - Resources and facilities for field sampling and lab analysis (to varying extents) Who is it suitable for? - Projects wanting to reduce uncertainties in emissions estimations - Suitable for use in projects with more emphasis on C benefits
  • 18. Reporting Module Project Information Module Toolkit advisor Project Description Module Simple Assessment Detailed Assessment Dynamic Modelling Guidance Module Assessment Tools Socioeconomic Tools Reporting Module Project Information Module Toolkit advisor Project Description Module Simple Assessment Detailed Assessment Dynamic Modelling Guidance Module Assessment Tools Socioeconomic Tools Name of project, funding agency etc. Name of project, funding agency etc. Where project activities are Advice on measurements to take, which tools to use Tools Cost Benefit Analysis DPSIR
  • 19. Reporting Module Project Information Module Toolkit advisor Project Description Module Simple Assessment Detailed Assessment Dynamic Modelling Guidance Module Assessment Tools Socioeconomic Tools Reporting Module Project Information Module Toolkit advisor Project Description Module Simple Assessment Detailed Assessment Dynamic Modelling Guidance Module Assessment Tools Socioeconomic Tools Name of project, funding agency etc. Name of project, funding agency etc. Where project activities are Advice on measurements to take, which tools to use Tools Report
  • 20. CBP Modelling System What Data are Required? Details on Land Use and Management Activities that will be changed as part of the project.
  • 21. CBP Modelling System Data Requirements - Example Include only the Land Use and Management Activities that have or will change as part of the Sustainable Land Management Project. --- This will allow you to assess the Carbon & Greenhouse Gas Benefits of the project.
  • 22. CBP Modelling System Data Requirements for Forestland • Locations of native forest or plantations, extent of interventions (ha) • Forest / Plantation System Type • Age Range (<= 20 years or > 20 years) • Natural Losses: • Fire (%/year) • Wind (%/year) • Pest/Disease (%/year) • Other (drought, etc.) (%/year) • Timber Harvests (m3/year) • Fuelwood Gathering (m3/year)
  • 23. CBP Modelling System Data Requirements for Grassland • Locations of Grassland Systems, extent of interventions • Grassland Condition (Improved, Nominal/Native, Degraded) • Fertilizer Applications – Amount of Fertilizer, % Nitrogen • Burn Frequency • Silvopasture system type (if applicable) • Silvopasture Tree Type • Silvopasture Tree Age Range (<= 5 years, 5-8 yrs, 8-30 yrs, > 30 yrs) • Natural Losses: • Fire (%/year) • Wind (%/year) • Pest/Disease (%/year) • Other (drought, etc.) (%/year) • Timber Harvests (m3/year) • Fuelwood Gathering (m3/year)
  • 24. CBP Modelling System Data Requirements for Perennial Cropland • Locations of Perennial Cropland Systems, extent of interventions • Crop Type • Fertilizer Applications – Amount of Fertilizer, % Nitrogen • Tree Age Range (<= 5 years, 5-8 yrs, 8-30 yrs, > 30 yrs) • Natural Losses: • Fire (%/year) • Wind (%/year) • Pest/Disease (%/year) • Other (drought, etc.) (%/year) • Timber Harvests (m3/year) • Fuelwood Gathering (m3/year)
  • 25. CBP Modelling System Data Requirements for Annual Cropland • Locations of Annual Cropland, extent of interventions • Cropping System / Crop Rotations • Management Status – Improved? (Fertilization, irrigation, cover crops, legume in rotation, use if high-yielding varieties) • Tillage System (Full, Reduced, No tillage) • Fertilizer Applications – Amount of Fertilizer, % Nitrogen • Residue Management (Burned, Collected, Grazed, Retained)
  • 26. CBP Modelling System Data Requirements for Agroforestry • Locations of Annual Cropland, extent of interventions • Cropping System / Crop Rotations • Management Status – Improved? (Fertilization, irrigation, cover crops, legume in rotation, use if high-yielding varieties) • Tillage System (Full, Reduced, No tillage) • Fertilizer Applications – Amount of Fertilizer, % Nitrogen • Residue Management (Burned, Collected, Grazed, Retained) •Natural Losses: •Fire (%/year) • Wind (%/year) • Pest/Disease (%/year) • Other (drought, etc.) (%/year) • Timber Harvests (m3/year) • Fuelwood Gathering (m3/year)
  • 27. CBP Modelling System Data Requirements for Settlements • Locations of Settlements, extent of interventions (# of Trees or Crown Cover %) • Tree Types • Tree Age Range (<= 20 years or > 20 years) • Natural Losses: • Fire (%/year) • Wind (%/year) • Pest/Disease (%/year) • Other (drought, etc.) (%/year) • Timber Harvests (m3/year) • Fuelwood Gathering (m3/year)
  • 28. CBP Modelling System Data Requirements for Wetlands • Area extent of Wetlands
  • 29. CBP Modelling System Data Requirements for Livestock • Number of Livestock (Non-Dairy Cattle, Dairy Cattle, Swine, Goats, Sheep, Poultry, Camels, Buffalo, Horses, Mules and Asses, Rabbits and other small mammals • Number of months during the year Livestock are present in the Project Activity Area • Percent of Manure Management Systems utilized (Pasture/Range/Paddock, Dry Lot, Anaerobic Lagoon, Anaerobic Digester, Burned for Fuel).
  • 30. Definition of Terms • IPCC: Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change • Polygon: A spatial area associated with project activities, generally larger than ~10 ha in size, with clearly defined boundaries. • Point: A spatial area associated with project activities, generally less than ~10 ha in size. • Project Activity Area / Intervention Area: A point or polygon where sustainable land management project interventions are expected to occur.
  • 31. Definition of Terms, continued • Carbon Benefits: Carbon stock changes plus GHG emissions. We interchangeably use the term carbon benefits and greenhouse gas (GHG) benefits in the CBP. • GHG Flux: Emission of greenhouse gases from land use practices is shown as a positive (+) flux value, whereas sequestration of carbon is shown as a negative (-) flux value. All flux is expressed in CO2 equivalents (CO2e).
  • 32. Units, etc. • Area: hectares • Carbon / Greenhouse Gas flux: Mg (tonnes) CO2e • Time frame: Up to the user! • Greenhouse Gases included in the inventory: • Carbon Dioxide (CO2) • Methane (CH4) • Nitrous Oxide (N2O)
  • 33. • To become familiar with the CBP system • Understand the information/data needed to use the CBP tools • To have a go at using some of the CBP tools with sample data • Have a go using the CBP tools with your own data • Provide us with comments/feedback Aims of the Training
  • 34. Carbon Benefits Project Toolkit Web Site www.carbonbenefitsproject.org http://groups.google.com/group/cbp-users User Group Contact for more information Dr Eleanor Milne eleanor.milne@colostate.edu